US 1475224 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 27 1923. 1,475,224,
s. DE ORLOW S KATE Filed Feb. 5, 1922 Patented Nev. 27, reas.
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STEPHEN DE ORLOW, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF T HUGO J'.
ULEB/ICH, OF DETRGFTv'IICHIG-AN. Y
Application filed February 3, 1922. Serial No. 533,843.
p To all whom t mayconcern.' Y
13e' it known that l, STEPHEN DE QRLow, a citizen of the United States, and residing at Detroit, in the county of Wayne andv State of Michigan, have invented a new and Improved Skate, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates tov ice skates havn ing interchangeable runners, and its objectV is to provide a skate of this character with attaching plates adapted to besecured to the sole and heel of a shoe and so constructed that the runner can be readily attached thereto and which plates are so formed that they will not prevent the wearer walking on rthe shoe and will not necessitate cutting of the sole or heel in order to admitthe brackets which support the runner. f
This invention consists in a pair of supporting plates adapted to the sole and heel of a shoe and provided with raised portions provided with slots,`a runner, a pair of brackets, one for the heel and the other for the Sole, each bracket made of two clamp members having hooks at their-ends adapted to extend through the slots in the supporting plates and having their other ends adapted to engage the runner, and means to cause the two clamp members of each bracket to grip the runner.
It also consists in the details of construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a shoe with this improved skate attached thereto. Fig. 2 isbottom plan thereof. Fig. 3 is a section. on the line 3--3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a transverse section of the heel plate. Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a perspective of a clamp member. Fig. 7 is a side elevation of an attachment for the toe of the runner. Fig. 8 -is' a bottom plan thereof. Fig. 9 is a section on the line 9-9 of Fig. 8.
Similar reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views. Y
The runner 1 of the skate shown in the drawing is preferably formed with two operative edges 2 and 3 so that the skate can be used for distance or for fancy skating. 1t isl also preferably formed with slots 4 to reduce its weight and with holes 5 to receive the bosses 6 on the clamp members 7 and 8 which are used in pairs to constitute brackets whereby the runner may be attached to the supporting plates 9 and 10. it will be understood that the clamping members forming either the front or rear bracket-may be provided with only one boss so that the bracket may swing on the runner eitherforward or backward as the shoe changes its shape. y
The sole plate 9 is of any desired size and has a pressedvout portion 12, preferably rectangular, .formed 'with slots 13, and a circumferential rib 1a of the same height as the portion 12. rFhis plate is secured to the solel by means of screws 16. The clamp members for the front bracket have outwardly extending shoulders 17 to engage `thepressed-out portion 12 of the plate 9 and end lips 18 adapted to be hooked through A the slots 13 and then swung tothe position Shown in Fig. The clamp member 7 has a central hole to receive the screw 19 while the member 8 has a threaded boss 22. preferably formed by punching and drawing, tol
receive this screw. The kbosses 6 may be easily vformed to iit the holes 5 in the runner fairly snugly and when the screw 19 is `tightened the runner becomes rigidly attachedto the sole plate.
The heel plate 10 has a pressed out portion 23 similar to the portion 12 on the sole plate and for the same purpose. The slots 13 forthe clamp members 7 and 8 will again be the same. The bracket supporting the rear end of the runner is preferably the same in all respects as that supporting the front end. I prefer to form the ruimer with a few eXtra holes 5 for the bosses 6 sov that a runner of a particular length may be adapted to shoes of different sizes.
I have found that when sailing on skates it is desirable to provide means to prevent the crusts of snow, often found on open ice, from crowding in between the front end of the runner, the front bracket yand the front portion of the sole of the shoe. Skaters may be tripped by such crusts of snow and when traveling at high speeds under the pull of the sails, may be seriously injured. To prevent this, a nose 25 may be attached to the runner, as shown in Fig. 7, the runner being formed with circular depressions 26 at each side of its front end and with grooves 27.- rhe nose or prow noses or prows will cut the crusts of. snowr ner and-'saidV platespthebraeketsfbeig eachv is'preferably of two Apartsheld together by the bolt 28, each part having anlinternal rib 29 adapted to lit the groove 27 and a boss 30 to yenter the depression 26. These so that they will offer very little obstruction to the skater. Y
The details and proportions of the sev` eral parts of this sl'r'ater'nay all. be changed by those skilled in the art without depart- ,ing` from the. spirit o-mynventon'as set forth in the following claims'.
I elaimsl. A skate consisting of a runner, sole and heel plates, brackets detachably oon necting' the runner andr said plates, the brackets being` 1each formed of two independent clamping members attaoh'e'd to the runner by a screw, saidplateslnd" Clamping members-being formed with interengaging portions iwhereby the brackets 'and runner are held rigid relative to said plates 2. A skate consistingof e runner, sole and heel plates, brackets d eta' `3h"ably` conneeting the runner to thev plates', the brackets bengeac'h formed of two 'independent clamping members, and means to secure themz toV the runner, said plates andjclmping members being formed with interengaging portions wherebythe racketsv and runner are held rigid'relative to said plates.
3. A skateTY consisting olf a runner, y sole and heel plates,b1iac'l` `ets Connecting the runformed of two clampingmeinbers Iattached to Ithe runner byY ascew," the Vplates kbeing formed .with i pressed-set fpftios pfpvidsd withsiots andthe Clamping members being l,formed withhooks to detaehably engage in said slots. v
4f. Askate consisting of a ruimer, sole and heel plates1r brackets connectingthe runner and vsaidplatesa the brackets being each formed of two clamping members attached to the runner by a screw, the plates being formed with pressed-out portions provided 'withslots and the clamping members being :to ,the runner*by a's'erevv, therunner being fformed with holes randthe clampingr members,being` formed with bosses'ito extend into these holes toform a rigidI connection with 4the,itilnner, plates and Clamping mem- 'bers beiiivgfforin'ed with interen'gagingportions whereby the .brackets and runner are held rigd'relative tov said plates.
skate consistinglof Ia runner', sole and heel plates, brackets clonnfeictingthe runner and said plates, the brackets b e'il'g 552.1911 Yformed of two Aclamping members attached to the runner, byx'a screw, and nosel denerv and eitendiiiii; upward A towrd the sole plate, said plates rrranfd Inenibers being Afroriiiel with 'iiiterengaging/ portions whereby the brackets and runner 'aire held rigidfieimve isid pines.
STEPHEN Dn oRL'ow.