US 1475659 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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Patented Non. 27, i923.
`application alec necember 4,1922.
To all rollio/m, t may conce/m.'
Be it known that l, li1 enormer; E. ifrnoH- MEL-tn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ashland, in the county of Schuyt kill and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful improvements in Urnamental Hand-Woven Fabrics and Methods of Making the Same, of which the following is a specification7 reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to fabrics and methods of making the same, and particularly to the method of making' a fabric, which method is particularly adapted for use in making sweaters, scarfs, afghans and the like. y
@ne of the objects of this invention is to provide a method whereby an article may be made very quickly and simply by relatively unskilled persons and yet very brilliant and attractive eects may be secured. Furthermore, the method includes the use of a base or foundation fabric which has itself an ornamental designV and which foundation fabric becomes an inevitable part of the color scheme and design of the completed article.
A further object of the invention is to construct the woven fabric on a base or foundation of another woven fabric, this base or foundation fabric being' so formedas not only to form an Ornamental and integral part of the completed fabric but so formed as to permit of very wide variations in treatment `being used and permitting of very decorative effects being secured by very simple means.
@ther objects will appear in the course of the following description.
- My invention isfillustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure l illustrates a fragment of the base or foundation fabric;
Figure 2 is a face view showing diagrammatically the manner in which colored wools are woven in and outby hand through the meshes of the base Or foundation fabric;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary view of a portion of a scarf or like article which has been woven in accordance with my invention;
Figure l is a face view of the blank or i foundation fabric used in making a sweater or like article; l
Referring particularly to Figure l, it will be seen that the foundation'fabric l() consists of net so woven as to provide a MAKlNG Slliil.
Serial No. 04,776.
series of open knots ll spaced other` the knots being connected by strands l2 so that the knots ll are located at the four'corners of an approximately ysquare opening 13. The knots ll are so formed as to leave a central Opening let in each knot. ln constructing any article as, for instance, a scarf, sweater or the like, a piece of the foundation fabric l() is taken of suf* iicient length and breadth to form the complete article,v and woolen yarn of sufficient weight and designated l5 is woven back and forth over and under the connecting strands 'l2 and through the openings i3 from one edge of the blank of foundation fabric to the other until the. entire fabric to any desired degree has been filled with the yarn This yarn is relatively heavy so that'the strands of yarn will practically fill up the openings 13 and will partly overlie the knots ll. Y v
in Figure 2 l show a fabric wherein a line of the openings or spaces' 13 has been filled up by three strands of yarn. For instance7 the yarn l5 is doubled, as illustrated, and carried in and out across the fabric over one connecting strand 12,beneath the next adjacent connecting strand, then over the next connecting strand and under the next, and so on across the entire width of the fabric, rlhe yarn may be doubled, as illustrated in Figure 2, and thus woven in and out through the fabric l0 and then a third strand, designated 15a, is woven backward and forward through the fabric betwee strands l5 and reversely to the strands 157 that is where the strands l5 pass beneath a connecting portion l2 the strand 15d passes over this connecting portion. This weaving in and out may be done by the' use of a bodkin or any other instrument of the same character and designated in the drawing A. Obviously more than three strands of `wool may be woven in and out through the spaces l0 if desired. Obviously the strands l5 might be of wool of one color and the strand l5 of wool of another color7 or both the strands 15 and l5 might be of the same color, or the double strand might be of two different colors and the strand l5n of still another color.V Furthermorait is ob# vious that instead of passing alternately above and below the connect-ing portions l2 of the fabric 10, the strands i5 and l5 might pass over two of the strands l0 and then beneath oneor two strands and then again from each the fil)
over tivo and so on. Thus a great variety of different weaves may be used upon this foundation. i l
'In Figure 3 l have illustrated the coinpleted fabric, and it will be noted that the knots, as l Ahave termed them, lil form an integral part of the design and thus if the foundation fabric is of contrasting color to the Wools which are used therewith, the completed fabric will present a very con plicated appearance, as if it had required great skill to Weave it. l have illustrated in Figure 3 also that, 'for instance, in forming a scarf or any other article the ends of the strands l5 and l5m may be tied, as at i6, at the borders of the fabric and the ends of the strands be left free, as at 17, to form a fringe or other finish for the garment. Obviously strands of Wool to form a fringe may be tied into the fabric l0, this 'fringe being of a Wool of a different color from the wool which is used to form the body por tion of the completed fabric. y .v
The maker of the fabric may leave the knots llvto show so that these knots form an ornamental part ofthe laattern, and this is a preferable method of forming the fabric, but it is obvious `that strands 1,8, as illustrated in Figure 3, might be woven at intervalsthrough the openings 1d of the knots ll in and out in precisely the same Way that the strands l5 or l5Ct are fivoven in and out of the opening 13, and theseA strands 18 might be` of a color contrasting strongly with the strands l5 or 15a. These strands i8 might be `vvoven at right vangles to the strands l5 or` 15L 'seas to cross over on the exterior of the fabric. vAny number of strands may be used vfor each course of openings i3. vIt ywill benoted that if three strands are used an appearance yof a chain stitch is formed Which is found veryl attractive. y
ln Figure fc l 'have illustrated the blank formed of the fabric l() and which con-- stitutes the foundation. for a sweater. This blank B is preferably ,madeof onerpiece -with a central opening for the neck. After the yarn has been woven through the meshes ofthe blank B the blank is folded upon itself and stitched along theside edges b in an obvious manner. Obviously the blank may be formed to provide sweater having` short sleeves, long sleeves or no sleeves, and the neck may be fornied'in any desired fashion. Wilreferably in Weaving Aas long a strand of un used 'as is possible. Where sections are to be pieced, one section of the foundation fabric is laid upon theother sect-ion and then the yarn YWoven through 'the tivo sections. At the edges of the'lsweater the foundation fabric may be doubled Iback for tivo or three meshes Vand then theyarn Woven through in the same manner "as through a single thickness of n'et. When the Weaving is finished the collars and cuffs.. which ray be made by crocheting or in any other suitable manner, stitched to the com leted sweater or other garment on the sewing machine. Collars and cuffs may be knitted in the usual manner, crocheted or otherwise formed for application tothe completed garment.
Garments or other articles formed as described by my method and with the foundation fabric illustrated in Figure l are capable of great variations in design and the effectis particularly rich and beautiful. The Work obviously may be very easily done and requires but a minimum of time.
lt will be understood, of course, that the net foundation may have'a'ny desired color with which the colors of the Worst/ed or yarn used will contrast or blend so that,'as before stated, the netnot'only lforms la yfoundation upon 'which the yarn'iscarried but a part of the total color scheme and Adesign Vof the articlervvhich is being made. Y A
TWhile I have illustra-ted a particular form of net foundation lO, l donot Wish to be limitedito this particularform, though the particular foundation usedisof great value because of the fact that the knots occurring at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse strands' of the fabric form an integral part of the design itself and add very greatly tothe richness and 'beauty of thedesign, While at the same'tii'ne the'central openings in these knots permit of the use of auxiliary strands leither extending transversely or longitudinally ofthe fabric or diagonally thereof, which enhance the richness and beauty of the fabric.
While I have heretofore referred kto the use of Woole'n yarns', it is to'be understood that the term yarn is used to include silk, ivoolen or cotton yarns.
I claim 1. A method of forming'a fabric which consists in using a relatively coarse 'open mesh net as a foundation, said net havin-g longitudinal and transverse strands 'and open knots at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse strands, and rWeaving strands of yarn in and 4out through the meshes of the foundation net until said meshes have been filled Withyarn whereby to form a complete fabric wherein the knots constitute an integral part of the design.
2. A method of forming a fabric Which consists in using asa foundation a relatively coarse open mesh'nethaving longitudinal and transverse strands and substantially annular knotsI atjthe intersections of the longitudinal and transverse strands,'and Weavru inglstrands of yarn in'and out parallel to each other through the meshesof thefoundatin net until said meshes have been lled with yarn, and Weaving yarn 'in and out through the openings in said'knots.
3. A fabric comprising a foundation of.
relatively large open mesh net having longitudinal and transverse strands and substantially annular knots at the intersection ot' the transverse and longitudinal strands, and a filling of yarn Woven through the meshes of the net.
4. A fabric comprising a foundation of relatively large open mesh net having longitudinal and transverse strands and annular knots at the intersection oi' the trans verse and longitudinal strands, the spaces between said knots being filled with strands ol yarn extending in the same direction and woven in and out over and under the strands oi the net, certain of the strands of yarn being Woven reversely to the remainder of the strands of yarn7 said meshes being thereby filled with yarn to thereby form a fabric wherein the knots constitute an integral part ot the design. f
5. A fabric comprising a foundation or' relatively large mesh net having longitudi nal and transverse strands and substantially annular knots at the intersection of the vtransverse and longitudinal strands, and a lling of yarn of diiferent color from the color of the net woven back and forth through the meshes of the net and lling said meshes, the knots constituting an integral part of the design, the strands of yarn extending in the same direction but certain of the strands being Woven reversely to certain other strands to produce an ornamental pattern.
ln testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.
FREDERICK E. STROHMEIER.