US 1476652 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. M. SHORE CIGARETTE APPLIANCE Filed May 12, .1920 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
INVENTOR WITNESSES x I ATTORNEYS Dec. 4, 1923. 1,475,652
M. M. SHORE CIGARETTE APPLIANCE Filed May 12, 1920 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ilmimli WITNESSES INVENTOR A TTORNEYS ceases see. a, teas.
rare era i was MORE/IS MAYER SHORE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed May 12, 1920. Serial No. 380,751.
' clear, and exact description.
It is well appreciated that numerous mechanical devices for manually rolling cigarettes have been placed on the market.
These cigarette rollers as they are commonly termed, have proven for the most part cumbersome, and ineflicient. Another defect has been experienced in that a tobacco pouch and paper book has had to be carried.
Incident to the carrying of three separate -members, to Wit, the tobacco receptacle,
cigarette roller and papers. and more particularly the former two, it is well understood that a great loss of tobacco occurs in filling the cigarette roller with the requisite amount of tobacco, and that the papers contained in the book loose their usefulness due to the fact that the covers closing the same become crumpled, resulting in a creasingof the papers to such an extent that they are incapable of being properly rolled.
With this in mind, I have constructed a tobacco appliance which shall present in a single, compact unit areceptacle for the tobaoco, a cigarette roller and a container for the papers.
Reference is had to the attached sheets'of drawings as illustrating ractical embodiments of my invention, an in which- 7 Figure 1 is a side view of an appliance constructed in accordance with my inven-' tion.
Figure 2 is an end view thereof.
Figure 3 is a partly sectional side view of the device as illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a. sectional end view taken along the lines 44 of Figure 1.
Figure 5 is a. sectional view taken along the lines 55 of Figure 3.
Figure 6 is a detail view of certain of the parts forming the roller.
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken along lines 7-7 of Figure 3.
Figure 8 is a side view of a slightly modified form of unit.
. Figure 9 is a detail of paper-holder assohie-ted therewith.
Figure 10 is a perspective view of a form of paper holder which may be conveniently utilized in connection with the unit, and
F igures 11, 12, 13and 14 illustrate modified details of certain of the parts of the cigarette roller.
In these views the reference numeral 15 designates a container, adapted to receive tobacco, which container preferably presents an} exterior conforming to the shape of a conventional tobacco tinl Arranged within such a container 15 and extending at an angle to the surface of the same (as illustrated in the drawings, however, only in the case of the embodiment of Fig. 1), a baffle 16 may be conveniently provided, which baflie establishes a compait ment 16', the baflie being formed with an opening 17 for a purpose hereinafter more fully specified.
Referring now more particularly to the device as illustrated in Figures 1 to 7 it will be seen thataccess to the interior of the container 15 may be had by providing an opening 18 through one of the side walls of the same, which opening is normally closed by means of a door presenting spaced side walls 19', one of said walls being conveniently provided with inwardly extending integral fingers 20, adapted to retain a-pack of papers 21 in applied position. This door may be provided with a tab 22. and catch 22' to facilitate the opening of the same, to permit access through the opening 18 to the container 15.
It will also be seen that a compartment 23 may conveniently form part of the receptacle 15, this compartment conveniently housing a number of matches.
Now with a view of providing means which will permit of a rolling of cigarettes, which is adapted to co-operate with the container 15 and form a part of the complete unit, I. conveniently extend a portion of the container 15 as at 24 to provide a sleeve to afford a bearing for certain rotatable but non-slidable parts of the cigarette roller. Of these last-mentioned parts, one is a rotatable tube 25 and the other an independently rotatable worm 29.
Such tube is formed with a cut-out por I tionmarked 26 in Fig. 6 so as to align with a similar opening 26' shown in Fig.3 in compartment16 when the tube is rotated to ing of the same.
the location shown in said Fig. 3 preparatory to rolling a cigarette; the tube having a knurled knob 27 attached to the projecting end thereof so as to permita ready turn- This projecting end of the tube, as shown best in Fig. 3, is a substantially cylindrical, centrally bored but otherwise solid prolongation of the tube proper.
Only two other structural features of tube 25 remain to be mentioned at this point. One of these features isa slight projection shown clearly at 25 of Fig. 3, for a purpose to be explained in a moment; and an annular groove 31 on the exterior of prolongation 25' and having a depression 31' therein, as best shown in Fig. 7. This annular groove takes the free inturned end of a spring finger 32 suitably anchored at its other end on the extended portion 24. of the container, so that the inturned end offinger 32 may be snapped into and out. of depression 31. by a slight manual twist of' knob 27.; thereby, while restraining tube 25 against endwise movement, to permit the tube to be angularly adjusted as shown in Fig. 3, as during rolling of a cigarette, and to permit tube 25 to be rotated 180 from the disposition last mentioned, as to close the opening 16 when the roller is not in use; and also so that the knob 27 may be used to give the tube 25 a plurality of myolutions in initially winding a cigarette paper around the same as the first step in rolling a cigarette as hereinafter described under Operation.
The other of said slidable but non-rotatable parts of the cigarette roller is a worm 29 having a straight axial shank 29' at one end extending loosely through the. central bore in the prolongation 25 of tube 25; this worm being rotatable independently of the tube by means of a terminal fingerpiece 30 located beyond knob 27.
The only remaining part of the cigarette roller is a rotatable and slidable member on tube 25, to wit, a slotted sleeve 28, such as shown in Figs, 1, 12, 13 or 14. Such\sleeve is loose on and therefore slidable along the tube, as'will be seen from a comparison of Figs. 1 and 3, for gradual movement of the sleeve along the tube toward final separation therefrom at the left of Fig. 3 as the cigarette C is being formed;-.all as will be hrreinafte'r more fully explained'under Operation. k H
Such sleeve, as shown best in Figs. 1 and 4, is slotted longitudinally, and may be formed atone side of the slot with a curved lip. as indicatedatg28' Figs. 1 and 14. Such sleeve is further provided, as indicated at. 20 in Fig. 3,-with atransverse slot for detachable engagement with projection 25? of tube 25; these-parts ,being presentmerely for acting as an iimpositive lock for holding '32 into depression 31.
the sleeve 28 against unintended sliding movement along tube 25, as while the out- 1 fit is being carried in the pocket of a smoker, but a lock which is readily releasable to set the parts for the rolling of a cigarette.
of the papers 21 is inserted at a long or side edge thereof, as shown in Fig. 4, into the longitudinal slot of sleeve 28; such aper being inserted, where the sleeve 28 'of fig. 1 is the one used, so that a marginal end portion of the sheet projects at the left end of the sleeve, and: such projecting marginal portion should be. long enough to permit the same to be twisted into the portions 21 and 21 of Fig. 3, when the step described in the paragraph immediately following is completed.
Upon the knob 27 now being turned the paper will pass around the tube 25 to vlie in the'space between the outer face of the tube and the inner face of sleeve 28. Upon the rear edge'of the paper reaching a point at which it is about to pass into this space, that is, becomes arranged as shown in Fig. 5, the tube 25 may be turned to redispose the slot as shown in Fig. 5, andsuch edge may be moistened and pressed in and so made to adhere to the body of the now completely rolled paper. b
Next, if the sleeve 28 be that shown in Fig. 3, the outer marginal portion of the,
paper is twisted by hand as shown at 21.
. The final step, and the one whereby the paper tube in sleeve 28 and surrounding tube 25 has to be'filled and packed with tobacco by the actuation of worm 29, is now performed by turning finger-piece 30. Of course, just before this operation, it ismade certain that tube 25 is angularly adjusted as shown in Fig. 3, by snapping spring finger .A very important functioning of the present apparauts now occurs, on actuation of worm 29, in that not only will the filled cigarette actually begin to travel to the left ofFig. ltoward and past thepoint shown in Fig. 3, but the sleeve 28 ;will travel in unison with the cigarette and thus absolutely preclude any chance of damage to .th-elatter, and also to case of the sleeve 28 of Fig. 1: Should the cigarette be projected completely from over attain the followingadvantages, even in the material injury will follow except possibly the loss of a little tobacco from the mouthpiece end of the cigarette; as the sleeve 28 .willfal-l with the cigarette and protect the same. As a matter of fact, however, it is invaeea intended that the sleeve be grasped when about nine-tenths projected, at which point actuation of the worm is ceased, because by then the cigarette will be quite tightly packed and to the point required to leave its rear end free of tobacco to be slightly puckered in the mouth of the smoker; whereupon the sleeve and contained cigarette are manually drawn oil the tube and free of the worm. With sleeve 28 and the cigarette now removed from the remainder of the roller, pushing on the twisted end of the tightlypacked cigarette will slide the same in the sleeve to cause the mouth-piece end of the cigarette to project slightly; which latter end is then placed between the lips of the smoker, there gripped, and the sleeve 28 drawn free. Or such pushing operation last mentioned may be dispensed with if sleeve 28 is made slightly shorter than shown in Fig. 3 relative to the length of the ciga-' r-ette paper, so that the mouth-piece end of the cigarette will always be projected from the right-hand end of said sleeve.
Adverting now to Figs. 12, 13 and 14, where are shown sleeves 28 of various types but all employable with the embodiment of Fig. 1 in place of the sleeve 28 there shown, the sleeve of Fig. 12 is provided with a crimped end having a line of surfaces extending as shown along what may be termed a fraction of .a cylindrical spiral. When such a sleeve'is used, hand-twisting'of the end of the cigarette to be ignited'later, may be dispensed with, as it has been found that such a construction automatically twists and crimps in such end of the cigarette during the initial operation of wrapping the paper around tube 25. found that practically the same result is obtained when a sleeve 28 shaped at its outer end as indicated at 44: in Fig. 13 is 7 used, due to the rounded contour provided inside the sleeve at such end, provided the paper is first inserted so that its edge of insertion curls slightly into such end. It will be understood in this connection that the outer end of the cigraette will be crushed into the required extent by the rolling up of the paper on tube 25, and that such shaping of the cigarette end will be made sulficiently permanent due to the tight packing of the tobacco in th 3 cigarette by the worm before cigarette and sleeve start to move on It has also beenbetween sleeve and tube as described in connection with Figs. 1 and 3; whereupon, before actuating the worm, the gate is swung down to lie across the outer ends of sleeve and tube, thereby squeezing and crushing in the protruding marginal portion of the cigarette paper to an extent sufficient for the purpose intended. After the cigarette is partially packed with tobacco by the ensuing actuation of the worm and is about ready to begin to'move along tube 25 with sleeve 28, the gate may again be. thrown to the position shown in Fig. 14,-; or, as has been found practical-in a properly designed model, a slight cant may be given to the end edge of sleeve 28 against which the gate is adapted to lie, sufficient automatically to kick the gate up and out of the way when endwise pressure on the cigarette increases to the point where the cigarette should beclose the end of the container, this end cap being conveniently provided with a tab 34 serving to normally close the end of thecigarette roller to prevent the wasting of any tobacco grains. If it is desired, however, the sleeve 28 may be provided with a tab 34,
"which may be hingedly secured to the sleeve as at 34 Also the paper receptacle may conveniently include a hingedly mounted plate provided with inwardly projecting integrally extended portions 36 adjacent its end edges, that edge adjacent its point of hinging being conveniently provided with inwardly extending integral strips 37, the portions 36 and strips 37 conveniently forming a retaining pocket serving to hold the pack of apers,
eferring more particularly to Figure 10, it will be seen that the paper pack receiver may conveniently include a singlennit comprising encircling band 38 extending parallel to the inwardly projecting ends 39 of the plate 420, such plate also having inwardly extending integral fingers as has been inl dicated by the reference numeral 20in Figure 1, serving to properly retain ,the pack of papers, a hinge 41 being secured to one of the side edges of the plate 40, and securing said blade to the band 38.
@bviously the structure of the helical strip may be varied, the same being formed, as has been indicated in Figure 11 bymeans of a round piece of wire 4-2. Phe structure of the sleeve 28 is also subject to variation, as in the case of the embodiment of Fig. 1, as shown and already described 1n connection with Figs. 12, 13 and 14-.
Obviously other modifications pf structure m g e res t d to w hout in the least having a longitudinal slot for 'approximatedeparting from the scope of my claims, which read- What I claim is 1. In a-cigarette roller of the kind including a tube about which a cigarette paper is to be curled, and means for admitting tobacco to the inner end of the tube, the outer end of which tube is open, the combination with means for feeding such tobacco from the inner to the outer end of the tube, of a removable sleeve slidably and rotatably mounted on the tube, said sleeve ly its entire length and said sleeve fitting the tube loosely enough to permit said paper to be curled around the tube between the latter and the sleeve.
2. The cigarette roller defined in claim 1, wherein said sleeve is provided with a longitudinal lip alongside its slot, for facilitat ing the insertion of a lon edge of a cigarette paper through the s 0t and a subsequent rolling ofsuch-paper into a tube, and for afi'ording a limited rotational movement of the sleeve relative to the tube for facilitating the moistening andthen the affixing to the remainder of the cigarette tube of the finally curled P p o 3. The cigarette roller defined in claim 1,
long edge of the cigarette wherein means are carried by said sleeve at its outer end for automatically crimping the corresponding end of the cigarette paper as the latter is curled.
reac es 4. The cigarette roller defined in claim 1, wherein integral means are carried by said sleeve at its outer end. for automatically crimping the corresponding end of the cigarette paper as the latter is curled.
5. The cigarette roller defined in claim 1,
wherein said sleeve is partially closed at its outer end and there shaped and arranged automatically to crush in toward the axial line of the tube the marginal portion of the said tube one for operation to rotate said worm independently of a rotation of the tube and the other for operation to rotate the tube independently of a rotation of the worm.
7. The cigarette roller defined in claim 1, wherein said feeding means is a worm rotatable inside said tube, and manually operable members are' provided and per- 1 manently protruded beyond the inner end of said tube one for operation to rotate said worm independently of a rotation of the tube and the other for operation to rotate the tube independently of a rotation of the worm, said members being rotatable members concentrically rotatable.
MORRIS MAYER SHORE.