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Publication numberUS147710 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 17, 1874
Filing dateNov 19, 1873
Publication numberUS 147710 A, US 147710A, US-A-147710, US147710 A, US147710A
InventorsJudson L. Thomson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in barrels
US 147710 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1. L. THoM'soN.-

Barrels.

Patented Feb. 17,1874.

Nmnlo.

WITNESSES WMV@- Z001; Aornegs.

Jonson L. THOMSON, or sYeAoUsE, new YORK, Assienon or ONEHALF HIS RIGHT TO FRANCIS N. DAVIS, OF BELOIT, WISCONSIN.

IMPROVEMENT lN BARRELS.

Specification forming part of'Letters Patent No. lfl'l, dated February 17, 1874; application filed November 19, 1873. 4

To all whom it may concern:

Beit known that I, J UnsoN L. THOMSON, of Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga and State of New York, have invented a new Improve`= nient in Barrels; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the saine, reference being-had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a perspective view of a barrel constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the same. Fig. 3 is a plan view of asheet Of paper-board cut in the proper shape for forming the body of the barrel, and Fig. 4.- is a perspective view of one of the barrel-heads.

Similar letters of reference indicateV corresponding parts in the several figures of the drawings.

My invention has for its object to provide for general use a barrel or cash which snail be cheaper in construction, possess greater strength, and occupy less room, than an ordinary wooden barrel of the same capacity, and` which shall, at the same time, be water-proof, and nearly air-tight when headed up. To this end the invention consists, rst, in constructing the body of the barrel from one sheet of compacted paper-board in the form of a cylinder of uniform diameter, and in providing it with hoops and heads, as I will presently set forth. It consists, secondly, in constructing` the heads in such a manner as to afford the necessary hold for handling the barrel, and to protect the body when the barrel is rolled upon the ground. It consists, lastly, in the method of securing the ends of the paper-board together in constructing the body of the barrel, as I will hereinafter describe.

The material from which the body of the barrel is formed consists of one or more layers or sheet-s of paper or paper-board compacted together by the application of pressure, and rendered waterproof, as described in my applica tion for Letters Patent iiled contemporane- Onsly herewith. l

In constructing the barrel Iiirst takea sheet of this board cut to the proper size, with dovetailed ends, as shown in Fig. 3, and bend it up to form the cylindrical bodyA, with the dovetails fitting into each other, and secured in place bythe staples or doublepointed nails B. These staples are driven through the dovetailed ends straight or inclined edges overlapping each other, and secured together by the staples. In l this case" the inside `strip O may be omitted or applied, as preferred. D D are the hoops, made of the compressed board, and joined together at the ends by staples. They are arranged at or near bot-h ends of the barrel and at the center, as many being employed as may be desirable or necessary. Their edges should be beveled off to prevent them from being abraded Or torn in handling. They may also be covered with canvas or other stout cloth before being applied to the barrel, or, instead of paper-board, wooden hoops may be used. I prefer, however, to use the board hoops as being the most economical. E E are the heads, in this instance made of wood, to t into the ends of the barrel, and with a iiange, F, rest ing against the edges thereof to form a tight joint, and prevent such heads from being forced too far within the barrel. The flanges also project beyond the body of the barrel somewhat, and form bearing-edges,upon which the barrel may be rolled without the body coming in contact with the ground or iioor. By this con struction the body and hoops are protected against accident when the barrel is rolled along. The heads are alsoV formed with a concentric groove, Gr, in their outer faces, by which the barrel may be grasped in handling, and which also afford the necessary hold for chine-hooks when the barrels are hoisted and lowered byV rope tackle. The heads are secured in place by nails or staples B, driven into their edges through the ends of the barrel and its end hoops, as shown. Instead of constructing the heads of wood, they may be made of thick paper-board pressed into the requisite shape, or formed from paper-pulp pressed and molded. The wooden heads, however, I regard as the cheapest, and, perhaps, the best. The paper ornamental colors after being compressed, and

above described, occupy much less rooni for much space, and only set up when required boards are generally water-proofed lwhile bciiig condensed in the process of manufacture; but the barrels themselves may be also painted or varnished upon the inside and outside, to increase their capability for resisting the action of Water, and to produce a neat and ornamental finish.

For certain kinds of barrels the boards are embossed by indcntations, in any suitable {igand in some instances they are painted with before they are formed into barrels.

Barrels and casks constructed in accordance Wit-h my invention,and in the cylindrical forni storage and transportation than ordinary barrels or casks of the saine capacity. For cxaniple, one hundred and twenty-live or thirty ilourbarrels constructed as I propose can be transported iii a freight-car which would hold but one hundred wooden iiour-barrels of the same capacity. A large amount is, therefore, saved in transporting or storing the filled barrels. Instead of constructing the barrels at one place, and then transporting them to another to be filled, the bodies, hoops, aiidhcads are cut in the proper dimension at the manu factory, and shipped in bundles or packages to the mill or place where they are to be used, and there set up and iinished, the setting up and iinishing of a barrel being accomplished in about three minutes. Thousands of barrels may thus be kept in store without occupying for use. A still greater saving is, therefore, effected in storage room.

The whole cost of aiinished flour-barrel made in the best manner is from forty to fifty per cent. less than the cost of a Wooden flour-barrel of the saine capacity. It is also stronger and more durable than the latter, and affords/i sign.

l-Iaving thus described ni y inif'cntion, Wh at I claim is l. A barrel or eask having its body formed of a single sheet of compressed paper-board, bent into cylindrical form, and provided with wooden heads and compressed paper hoops, substantially as described, for the purpose specified. i

2. The head of the barrel constructed with an edge flange, F, projecting beyond the bod y of the barrel, and provided with a concentric groove in its outer face to afford the necessary hold in applying or reinovin g the head, and in handling the barrel, substantiallyas described.

3. A barrel or eask having its body formed of a single sheet of compressed paper-board, bent into cylindrical form, and secured together at its edges by a dovetailcd joint and double pointed nails, substantially as dcscribed.

4. The interior stiftening-piece C, coinbined with the body of the barrel, to protect and cover the dovctailed joint, substantially as described.

.TUDSON Ii. THOMSON.

Witnesses:

N Davis, F. A. ELLsWonriI.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2993634 *Nov 15, 1957Jul 25, 1961Burdette Wilkins WilliamLaminated container
US4234182 *Jan 30, 1978Nov 18, 1980Camilleri Thomas MLiner for deck chute
US5940935 *Apr 23, 1998Aug 24, 1999Nice-Pak ProductsHinge connection
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D3/22