US 1477867 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 3%, 1923.
D. W. DODSON BUILDING WALL Filed Feb. 20, '1922 Patented Dec. 18, 1923.
TATES DAVID W. DODSON, OF VVICHI'IA, ILANSAS.
Application filed February 20, 1922. Serial No. 537,701.
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that 1, DAVID W. DODSON, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Wichita, county of Sedgwick, State of Kansas, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Building alls, of which the following is a complete specification.
The present invention relates to building construction, and one of the objects in view is to devise an improved form of wall construction in which block sections or units, such as hollow tile sections, may be employed for the curtain structure and retained in assembled relation by suitable tie rods threaded through the tile and secured to the corner or intermediate or partition columns.
A further object is to provide a sectional structure of this character in which the corner or partition columns may likewise be composed of superposed units adapted for retaining engagement with the series of tie connections used for supporting the assembled curtain structure.
It is a still further object to devise a curtain and column structure both of sectional type and having the sections of the column structure of hollow formation adapted for the pouring of concrete material therein, whereby the wall and columns may be correctly assembled and accurately alined prior to the pouring of the concrete and thus providing substantially integral column structures and at the same time insuring the correct structural relation of the wall sections in their final completed condition.
lVith these general objects in view, as well as minor objects as will appear in the courseof the detail specification, the invention will now be described by reference to the accompanying drawing illustrating one form of construction which I have devised for embodying the improvements, after which the novel features therein will be set forth in the appended claims.
In the drawing Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating a portion of a wall embodying the improved construction, and including portions of a curtain, corner, and intermediate column structures;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the lower sections of the wall, omitting the concrete material and vertical reinforcing rods from the column sections;
Figure 3 is an enlarged perspective view of one of the tile sections used in the cur tain structure;
Figure 1 is an elevation of the open side of one of said tile sections;
Figures 5 and 6 are perspective views of one of the corner column sections and one of the partition or intermediate column sections, respectively; and
Figure 7 is a perspective view of a form of column section for use in connection with double curtain walls.
Referring now to the drawing in detail, this illustrates the curtain structure portion of the wall as comprising a plurality of hollow tile blocks or sections 10 arranged in vertical position and in staggered relation upon a suitable foundation 12. One side edge of each of the blocks or sections 10 is formed with a tongue 14 closing up that side of the block with the exception of tiercd openings 15 adapted for the passage of a plurality of tie-rods 16 used for securely retaining the curtain wall structure in as-' sembled relation between the column structures, as herein-after described.
The opposite or open side of each tile block or section 10 is formed with a groove 17, thus enabling the tile blocks or sections to be matched together in the relation shown in Figure 1, with the tongues 14 and grooves 17 of adjoining blocks interlocking for firmly bracing the sections of the curtain wall and preventing any tendency of the tile from moving in either direction out of the plane of the wall.
Each of the hollow tile blocks or sections- 10 is formed with a plurality of transverse partitions 18 which divide the space within each tile section into a plurality of horizontal passages 19 communicating severally with the openings 15 of that section. These passages 19 render more convenient the operation of threading the tie-rods 16 through the tile sections, and for further facilitating this threading operation the said passages 19 are each tapered at that end forming the approach to the corresponding opening 15, as indicated at 20 (see Figures 2 and 4).
For use with the type of curtain structure above described, I have also devised a sectional column structure adapted both for corners in the wall and also for either intermediate or partition columns. For use at the corners of the wall, 1 provide a plurality of hollow column sections 22 adapted to be mounted in superposed relation with their hollow interiors 23 registering (see Figure 2) so that each column structure may be filled with concrete material 24 by the usual pouring operation, in which connection suitable reinforcing rods 25 may also be used for bracing and strengthening purposes. For engagement with the corresponding sides of the curtain wall structures, the sev eral corner column sections 22 may be formed with grooves 26 for engagement with the tongues 14 of the tile blocks or sections 10, as shown in Figures 1 and 2. In the case of intermediate or partition columns, I employ a set of hollow column sections 22' adapted to be mounted in superposed relation upon the foundation 12 with the interiors of tne sections in registered relation for the filling of the column with reinforced concrete material, in the same way asthe corner sections, as already described' For retaining engagement with the sides of the curtain structure, these column sections 22 may be provided with lateral extensions 27 formed with either grooves 28 or tongues 29 for the reception of the tongues 1 1 and grooves 17, respectively, of the tile blocks or sections of the curtain structures between which the column sections 22 are interposed. In the event that the column sections 22 are located at a partition point, the said sections are formed with projections 27 extend ing inwardly for engagement with the curtain structure of the partition wall.
The column sections 22 and 22 are preferably made of the same height as the tile blocks 10, and the grooves 26 and 28, and the tongues 29 of the column sections 22 are provided with a set of tie-rod openings 32 adapted to be brought in register with the openings 15 of the tile at the sides of the curtain wall, so that the ends of the series of tie-rods 16 may be projected through said-openings 32 into the interior of the column sections, where the rods are threaded and provided with clamp nuts 34 for the purpose of securely clamping the rods in firmly anchored position to the interior of the columns. The interior of each column section is further provided with a set of anchor plates or strips 35 through which the ends of the corresponding tie-rods 16 may be threaded and against which the nuts 34: may be firmly clamped without danger of effecting any damage to the column sections.
The type of column section used is further adapted to be employed in connection with double curtain wall structures, by simply providingthesection with means for retaining engagement with the sides of two of such curtain wall structures, as illustrated in Figure 7, where the column section 22' is formed with a pair of extensions 27 at names? each side of the section, and these extensions assembled without the pouring of" any concrete material until the tile block sections and the column sections are completely matched up and secured together in upright position upon the foundation 12. The operation of assembling the units or sections of both the columns and curtain wall will be readily understood, a complete or full-size tile block 10 being matched with each of the column sections, and half-size tile blocks 10" being also employed in order to produce the staggered arrangement of the tileblocks represented in Figures 1 and 2. Prior to the addition of another column section, the column section already in position is secured to the tie-rods 16 of the curtain structure which is already in place, by'the application of the nuts 3%, as shown in Figure 2. In this connection, it will be apparent that the operation of threading the rods through the tile blocks and the accuracy of this operation are greatly facilitated by the formation of the sets of passages 19 and openings 15 communicating with the passages 19 by the tapered approaches 20 shown in Figure 2. After the curtain structure and corresponding columns have been constructed to the desired height, with the tie-rods 16 binding the same together, the wall is then ready for the pouring of the column sections, although forwalls of lighter construction it is possible that even the addition of the concrete material may be dispensed with and the construction still retain sufficient rigidity and firmness for practical purposes. However, I prefer, in most cases of heavier construction to fill each of the column structures with'concrete material reinforced by the wires 25 as illustrated in Figure 1, thus resulting in solid and substantially integral column structures, firmly binding the sections of each column together and rigidly bracing and securing the curtain structures in the position into which they have been assembled. The main features of advantage which are afforded by this type of sectional construction are found in the fact that all parts of the wall, and including the columns, may be matched together and the accuracy of the wall and corner outlines preliminarily obtained before the'final setting operation of the wall, so that the wall is in practically complete condition before any of the concrete material is poured into the interior of the columns. After this reinforced concrete has been added to the columns, and allowed to permanently set, the permanent accuracy of the walls alignment and the correct matched relation of the different parts thereof are thereafter insured, be cause of the efiective anchoring function of the solid concrete columns as exerted through its tie connections with the sectional curtain structure. It is well understood that the column structures are the principal loadcarrying part of the wall, and by the reinforcement of these portions of the wall the same is enabled to withstand the heaviest loads due to weight and wind pressure; and in this connection it may be pointed out that the improved sectional construction above described may be variously adapted for meeting different conditions by simply speci tying column structures of proper material and size to meet the particular requirements, together with a curtain structure correspondingly matched up to meet the require ments of that part of the wall, which ourtain structure may be of materially lighter construction than would be required in case a column structure of any other form were used.
It will thus be apparent that l have devised a practical and efiicient construction for embodying the proposed features of improvement, although minor changes therein may be made without materially departing from the principle of the invention. Thus, it will be understood, that the arrangement of the tile blocks or sections might be at right angles to the method of alignment shown in the drawing. in case the tie-rods 16 were to be omitted, and various other alterations might be adopted to suit different conditions of use. I therefore desire to reserve the right to make such changes or modifications as may properly fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. In a building wall, a curtain structure comprising a plurality of block sections, a column composed of superposed hollow-sections haying the interiors thereof registering and adapted to be filled with concrete to provide a substantially integral column structure, said column sections and adjacent edge of the curtain structure being of tongue and groove formation for interlocking engagement, and tie-rods threaded through said block sections and having one end of each rod in retaining engagement with one of said column sections.
2. In a building wall, a curtain structure comprising a plurality of block sections, a column composed of superposed hollow sec tions having the interiors thereof registering and adapted to be filled with concrete to provide a substantially integral column structure, an anchor plate arranged vertically within said column sections, tie-rods threaded through said block sections and having one end of each rod extending into said column sections and projecting through said retaining plate, and nuts mounted on the ends of said rods in clamping engagement with said plate.
3. In a building wall, a curtain structure comprising a plurality of block sections, a pair of columns each composed of superposed hollow sections having the interiors thereof registering and adapted to be filled with concrete to provide a substantially integral column structure, tie-rods threaded through said block sections and having the ends thereof extending into said column sec tions, and nuts mounted on the ends of said rods for retaining engagement with the interiors of said column sections.
In witness whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
DAVID W. DODSON.