|Publication number||US1479358 A|
|Publication date||Jan 1, 1924|
|Filing date||Mar 18, 1922|
|Priority date||Mar 18, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1479358 A, US 1479358A, US-A-1479358, US1479358 A, US1479358A|
|Inventors||Grover F Behringer|
|Original Assignee||American Steel Package Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Ja n. 1,1924 1,479,358
G. F. BEHRINGER METALLIC RECEPTACLE Filed March 18, 1.922
atented Jan. 1, 1924.
UNHTED STATE FFICE.
GBOVEB F. BEEBINGEB, OF DH'IANGE, OHIO, ASSIGNOB TO THE AMERICAN STEM; PACKAGE COMPANY, OF DEIIANCE, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO.
' Application filed March 1e, 192$. Serial-Ho. 8%,731.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Gnovnn F. 'BEHRINGER, a citizen of the United States, residin at Defiance, in the county of Defiance and tate of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements' in Metallic Receptacles,
of whic the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in metallic receptacles or containers, the present embodiment of the invention relating to a receptacle or container particularly designed and ads ted for use in the stora e and transportation of liquids, such as oi s paints, and the like, which require a liquid tigrht container or receptacle.
he invention relates more articularly to improvements in fastening d vices for the closure members or covers of such liquid tight containers designed not only to quickly and efiectively close and secure the closure member in position and to permit of the ready and frequent removal of such closure but to efi'ectivel close and seal the receptacle as against leakage and particularly at the opening or perforation in the contamer wall necessitated by the insertion and securing of one of the fastenin elements.
The primary object of the mvention is to provide a generally improved fastening device of the class indicated which will be exceedingly simple in construction, cheap of manufacture, and eflicient in use.
A further and very im ortant object is the provision of an im rove fastening element or member ads. to to be inserted embedded and seated in t e rece tacle wall orhead in an improved manner whereby such fastening element becomes a permanent part of the receptacle wall and eflectively seals the feetener receivin opening therein.
A still further object is the provision of improved means of forming the fastener element receiving 0 enings 1n the receptacle or container wal together with im roved means for inserting and seating said astening elements within such 0 enings whereby to effectively prevent any re ative movement between the parts.
The invention further relates to the specific form of the relatively fixed fastening element whereby the latter is adapted to be readily inserted in and secured within the rece tacle or container wall.
ith the above mentioned and other ends in view the invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and combination of parts hereinafter described, illustrated in one of its embodiments in the accompanyng drawmgs, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings, forming a part of this specification, Flg. 1 is a pers ective view of a metallic rece tacle of the rum or barrel type equip ed with a receptacle closure member an fastening element constructed in accordance with this mventlon.
Fig. 2, an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of a receptacle head and removable closure equipped with the improved fastening device the parts being 1n assembled or closed relation.
Fig. 3, a side elevation of the relatively fixed fastening element or member before being inserted and embedded and seated in the receptacle wall or head to become a permanent part of the latter and to seal the fastener receiving opening therein.
Fig. 4, a fragmentary perspective view of the receptacle wall showing the initial formation 'of one of the fastener receiving openings.
Fig. 5, a samilar view showin a successive step or stage in the formatlon' of the same preparatory to the initial insertion and embedding therein of the relatively fixed or male fastening element.
Fig. 6, a similar view showing the initial insertion of the improved fastenmg element.
Fig. 7, a similar view showing the final insertion embedding and seating of such fastening element therein.
Similar numerals of reference designate like parts throughout all the figures of the drawings.
While I have shown my improved fastening device applied to a metallic receptacle or container of the barrel or'drum ty e for the pur ose of illustration, it should e understoo that the same may be readily incorporated in or used in connection with metallic receptacles or containers of varying forms or types.
11 the present instance the c lindrical body 1, is provided with the usual heads 2, one of the latter bein provided with acentral opening provide with an inwardly extending flange 2.
The removable closure member or cover 3, is provided with an offset annular shoulder 3, corresponding substantially in diameter to the diameter of the flanged opening to be closed, said closure 3 terminating in an annular horizon ally extending rim 3, resting upon the marginal portion-of the head surrounding the opemn thereof. The overhanging rim 3" may e provided with suitably spaced fastener receiving openings 3, to receive the removable fastening elements hereinafter referred to.
Referring now to the improved relatively fixed fastening element and the means of inserting embeddin and seating the same in the race tacle wal (in the present instance the hea member provided with the closure opening and closure) it will be seen upon reference to Fig. 4 that as an initial step in the formation of the fastener receiving openin a hole or. perforation 2", is first forme the surrounding mar a1 edges thereof being punched downwar ly forming an annular flange 2, of a diameter corresponding substantially with the diameter of the tubular shaped portion or extension of the permanent fastening element'to be inserted therein. The improved relatively fixed fastening element comprises an angular shaped head 4, provided with a tubular or rin sha ed extension 4, adapted to extend wit in t e flanged portion 2 and to be beaded about the lower marginal edges of the flange 2 as hereinafter referred to. In the present instance the angular shaped head 4 is provided with a threaded opening t, adapted to receive and contain the threaded shank 5 of the removable fastening element, which, in the present instance, is in the specific form of a cap screw having a head 5*, and if desired, a slot 5, so that the fastening element may be readil turned by a wrench or a screw driver or similar tool.
As a convenient means of inserting embedding and seating the fastener element l, the latter is initially placed within the flanged opening 2, as shown in Fig. 6 of the drawings and the fastening element is then punched down so that the angular head 4 will embed itself in the surrounding metal forming a similarly shaped recess 2, within the wa ls of the head of the rece tacle, as shown most clearly in Fig.7 of t e drawin s.
y reason of this operation and the relation of the parts it will be seen that the an ular shaped block or nut 4 will interlocr with the adjacent parts and prevent turning, and as a means of holding the fastening element 4 against coming out, and particularly as a means of sealing the fastener receiving opening to revent leakage, the tubular or ring shaped extension 4 is made sufiiciently long to extend slightly beyond the edges of the flange 2 of the openmg so as to be headed or overturned as at 4 thereby forming as a whole a Very neat and efficient fastening device. When placed in the walls of a receptacle as described the same is not liable to disarrangement. and cannot come out or become broken.
Having thus described one of the embodiments of my invention, without having attempted to set forth all the forms in which it ma be made, or all the modes of its use, what claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,-
1. In combination with the wall of a receptacle provided with an opening surrounded by an inwardly extending flange, a fastening element having an irregular shaped head embedded in and interlocking with said flange, said fastening element including a tubular portion extending from said head within said flange and beaded over the end of the latter.
2. In combination with an end wall of va receptacle provided with an opening having an inwardly directed flange, a fastening element includin a head embedded in said flange and a tu ular ortion extending from said head within said flange, the end of said tubular portion being beaded over the end of said flange.
In testimony whereof I hereby aflix my signature.
GROVER F. BEHRINGER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2469441 *||Mar 6, 1945||May 10, 1949||Wright Aeronautical Corp||Locking plate|
|US2499241 *||May 10, 1947||Feb 28, 1950||Weatherhead Co||Method of making hose ends|
|US3172402 *||Jan 24, 1963||Mar 9, 1965||Jose Valicla||Portable barbecue grill|
|US3276499 *||Dec 30, 1963||Oct 4, 1966||Republic Steel Corp||Flush-driven self-piercing and clinching nut and method of securing to a member|
|US4018257 *||Dec 15, 1975||Apr 19, 1977||Cold Fasteners, Inc.||Self-flanging nut and joint construction|
|US4355452 *||Nov 12, 1980||Oct 26, 1982||Zip Heaters (Aust.) Pty. Limited||Method of forming a mounting for a tank cover|
|U.S. Classification||411/427, 403/285, 403/280, 403/281, 403/282, 292/251, 411/967|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D45/02, Y10S411/967|