US 1479651 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
am. 1, 92 v 1,479,52
E. G. CLEMENTS DEVICE FOR MARKING PARKING LIMITS FOR VEHICLES Filed June 29. 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet i Jam. 1, 1924 HA'ZfiSE i E. s. CLEMENTS DEVICE FOR MARKING PARKING LIMITS FOR VEHICLES Filed June 29. 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fatented den. 1, i242,
snares used. 6
CLEMENTS, @F WASHINGTQN, DISTRICT OF @DL'UMBIA.
DEVICE 59R G PARKING FOR VEHIGLES.
Application filed June 29, 1923.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, Evnnn'rr G. CLEM- mv'rs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Washington, in the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Devices for Marking Parking Limits for Vehicles; and I do.
hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates broadly to improve ments in street trafiic indicators and more particularly to such traili'c indicators-as are employed to mark the limits of zones prohibiting parking of road vehicles.
in most of our cities police regulations prohibit the parking of road vehicles-within certain given radii of fire hydrants, entrances to public buildings, etc. Restricted parking areas are also often provided a given distance from street corners in business districts and at other strategic places for the safety of pedestrians.
Heretofore the limits of such zones have been but poorly indicated, when marked at all. Portable pedestal signs bearing the words No parking between these signs, or No parking to corner, etc., and white striping on the curbing and street have been the only arking limit indicators em loyed. Such mo es of marking and indicatlng the limits of restricted zones have failed to prevent encroachment on and crowding of the limits of such areas by drivers of vehicles, when parking. This violation of traflic regulations has beeii due largely to inadequate indicators, as the t pes heretofore referred to depend "for their efliciency solely upon their visibility.
To obviate thedraw-backs previously referred to and rovide an indicator of simple design and e cient and reliable usage, I combine with the usual visible indicator means whereby hysical indication will be a preciated by t e driver of a vehicle who,
violates the limits of such a restricted zone.
It is therefore the primary object of my invention to provide a permanent indicator for marking the limits of zones'prohibiting parking of 'road vehicles, which will be visible to the'driver of road vehicles and its purpose readilycomprehended thereby and adapted to give physical warning that the limit of a restricte area has been encounderial No. 643,532.
tered, if unnoticed by the driver, by so positioning an indicator as to actually obstruct the free movement of the vehicle beyond the limits of said area.
A further object of my invention is to provide a device of this character adapted tobe readily positioned and attached to (sitreet curbings and gutters of conventional esign.
A still further object oi my invention is to construct and so position a device of this character as to provide the minimum resistance to water flow in a gutter in which it is located, and to permit the cleaning of such gutter, by sweeping, etc, without laterally moving the indicator from its fixed position. I
It is also an object oi my invention to provide a device of this character which will be simple and inexpensive in construction and positive and reliable in operation, as will be hereinafter more fully descri and claimed.
Beferringto the accompanying drawings which are made a part of this specification, and in which similar reference characters indicate similar parts:
Figure'l is a perspective view illustrating one form of my invention as it is intended for use in marking limits of restricted zones at fire hydrants.
Fig. 2 is a vertical transversesection taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, showing the interior of the raised grating and its curb attaching means.
Fig. 3 is a-transverse section, similar to Fig. 2, showing a modified form of my in vention, permitting the grating to be swung vertically relative to the curb engaging means, and also showing means for ad uSting the base of the grating relative to the surface of the gutter.
F ig. 4 is a top plan view of the modification illustrated in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a further modified form of my invention illustrating the curb attaching means which permits the grating to be swung vertically, as shown in dotted lines.
Fig. 6 is a side elevation, partly in section, of the modification shown in Fig. 5. g
Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view of a gratin made in accordance with my invention, s owing the curbing cut away immediately behind the grating to permit the installation of illuminating means, and
Fig. 8 is a still further modified form of my invention illustrating my marker formed integral with the curbing or as a solid masonry unit secured thereto. In this figure the,marker is intended to indicate the limit of a parking zone at street corners.
In the drawings the portions indicated as A represent the usual street or highway gutter and 1B the sidewalk curbing. Both .of these elements, as shown, with the exception of the modification, illustrated by Fig. 8,
may be of any well known or approved de-.
sign or construction permitting the use of my invention in conjunction therewith and need no particular description hereinafter? In Figs. 1,.to 7, inclusive, my invention is illustrated as an arcuate grating 1, prefer-- ably formed of metal, such as cast iron, and constitutes a vertical curbing en aging plate portion 2 from which grating ars 3 extend outwardly and downwardly in arouate form to a semi-circular, horizontally extending basesupport 4;. The curbing engaging portion 2, as illustrated in Figs, 1 to 4, inclusive, includes a plate portion 5 extending at substantially right angles thereto and adapted to rest on the upper surface of the curbing "B and embrace the outer ed e thereof. Warning indication such as t e word Stop may be embossed or otherwise displayed on the surface of plate 5 as is indicated at 6, and apertures 7 and 8 formed therein for the insertion of expansion bolts to anchor the grating in fixed relation with the curbing B and gutter A. The base portion 4 constitutes a semi-circular ring extending horizontally from the lower extremity of the curbing engaging portions 2 and is formed on its under surface with a series of spaced supportin feet 9. In Figs. 3 and 4: the supporting eet 9 are shown capable of adjustment for the purpose of levelling the grating/1 on gutters having an uneven surface and to this end bosses 10 are formed on-the inner surface of the semi-circular base portion 4 between two adjacent arcuate bars 3 through which bolts 11 are threaded.
lit is also desirable under some circumstances to construct the device in such a manner that the grating 1 may be readily swung out of the gutter when sweeping or otherwise cleaning the streets, and permit the grating to be returned to its initial position in the gutter. lln Figs. 3 and 4 T have shown the vertical curbing en aging plate 2 connected to the horizontal y disposed indicator plate 5 by hinged portions 12. The indicator plate 5 being rigidly secured to the upper surface of the curbing B by expansion belts or otherwise, permits the grating 1 to be readily swung vertically about the axis of the hinged portion 12 out of the tter A'and onto the upper side of the cur ing B, as is shown in dotted lines in a eraeei Fig. 3'. lfn cases where the indicator plate 5 is not employed as. a portion of the device, such as in Figs. 5 and 6, the curbing portion 13 is adapted to support the grating 1 in raised position. In Fig. 7 the curbing B is shown cut away immediately behind the grating to provide a mounting for an illuminating means such as an electric bulb 1ndicated at 16, the purpose of which will be readily understood.
The zone marker heretofore described comprises a raised grating 1, preferably formed of metal and constitutes an article .of manufacture adapted for ready attachment to curbingssuch as are in general use. In Fig. 8 ll have shown my invention as constituting a rigid portion of the Curbing B andlgutterA and in this form the marker may be constructed of stone, concrete, etc., and the gutter A widened if desired at this point, as is clearly shown in this figure.
In use the .marker forming the subject matter of m invention is intended to form a rigid an permanent indicator of the limits of zones prohibiting parking of road vehicles and as such is adapted to be formed integral with or as an attachment to curbings and gutters of street highways adjacent iwhich road vehicles are required to park by The purpose of my invention is to provide a device which will ive physical warning to drivers of road ve icles upon encounteringmy raised marker, when due to carelessness, inadvertence, or darkness, they have violated a restricted zone, whereupon the vehicle will be backed a sufficient, distance to clear the limits of the zone.
As police regulations require that vehicles be parked a given nulnber of inches from curbings of street highways, it is obvious that my marker will extend across the gutter a sufficient distance to obstruct free passage of a vehicle if unnoticed. The raised surface of the marker is preferably formed arcuate as is clearly'shown in the drawings, whereby the impact due to encountering same will not in any we damage the vehicle or its occupants. t will also be noted, by reference to the drawing, that the marker is shown as an arcuate grating, spaced from the surface of the gutter by feet so as to permit water flowing in the gutter to pass therethrough unobstructed.
What I claim is:
1. A vehicle parking indicator for street highways comprising a member fixed in position adjacent an edge of the highway and having an arcuate wheel-abutting surface adapted to protrude laterally into the highway.
2. A parking limit indicator comprising a raised grating having gutter and curbing engaging portions.
3. A parking limit indicator comprising a raised grating having gutter engaging portions and portions adapted for attachment to the curbing.
4. A parking limit indicator comprising a raised grating having means for attachment to street curbings whereby said indicator may be swung into or out of the gutter. 5. A parking limit indicator comprising an arcuate marker having substantially fiat gutter and curbing enga ing portions.
6. A parking limit in icator comprising a raised grating adapted to embrace an edge of the street curbing and extend into th gutter.
7. A parking limit indicator comprising a raised grating having an angular curbengaging portion and an arcuate portion adapted to extend into the gutter.
8. In combination with a street curbing and its gutter,, a parking limit indicator comprising an obstructive element mounted I against lateral movement in said gutter and adjacent said curbing. 9. In combination with a street curbln andits gutter, a raised indicator mounted a jacent said curbing in said gutter and having an arcuate upper surface.
10. An indicator for marking the limits of zones prohibiting parking of road vehicles comprising a grating having ground and curb-engaging portions and raised portions adapted to obstruct free passage of a vehicle thereover.
13. A parking zone marker and indicator.
for street highways comprising a pair of independent obstructive elements fixed relative to each other adjacent the highway curbing to designate said zone therebetween and adapted, while in operative position to permit the passage of a vehicle thereover,
substantially as described.
14. A device for indicating the limits of. zones prohibiting parking 0 vehicles adjacent the curbing of street highways comprising slightly elevated means fixed against lateral movement at the limits of said zones and adapted, while in operative position, to permit passage of a vehicle thereover.-
In testimon whereof I aflix m si nature.
E ERETT G. OLE TS.