|Publication number||US1482242 A|
|Publication date||Jan 29, 1924|
|Filing date||Feb 16, 1923|
|Priority date||Feb 16, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1482242 A, US 1482242A, US-A-1482242, US1482242 A, US1482242A|
|Original Assignee||Samuel Michaud|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
S. MICHAUD COMB Jan. 29, 1.924. 1,482,242
Filed Feb. 16, 1925 Sammel Mic land;
Patented -lan. 29, i924.
SAMUEL MICHAUD, or Roseanne, OREGON.
Application led February 16,4923. Serial No. 619,473.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, SAMUEL MICHAUD, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Roseburg, in the county of Douglas and State of Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combs, ofV
which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to improvements in combs, and it consists in the combinations, construct-ions and arrangements herein described and claimed.
An objectof the invention is to improve the construction of combs having detachable teeth so as to provide a comb of simplified construction, the teeth of which can be readily removed -`toV facilitate cleaning thereof or to permit replacement of broken or deformed teeth. 'i Y A further object of the invention isto provide a combof the .character described which is inexpensive Vto manufacture and thoroughly practical commercially. Y
. Other objects and advantages' will be apparent fromY thejfollowing description, considered in conjunction withthe accompanyingdrawings, in whichv- V'gure l is a view showing in side elevation a comb embodying the inventionwith portions thereof broken away and ,otherpor-v tions shown in section,
Figure 2 is a section along the lineV 2-2 of Figure l, and
Figure 3 is a perspective group view showing different elements of the comb detached from oneV another.
In carrying out the invention, I provide a plurality of teeth, two of. which are different from the remaining teeth and are adapted to be arranged at the ends of a series containing all the teeth, and a back includingf means for` engaging the teeth to removably hold them in parallel aligned relation.
, As illustrated in the drawings and shown to advantage in Figure 3, the back comprises a holder or frame designated generally at 1 and a cover or cap plate 2. The holder or frame 1 comprises afpair of elongated side plates or strips 3 and 4 respec- V tively Vwhich are held inspaced parallel' re lation by transverse strips which connect the upper edges vof the side strips at the opposite ends vthereof and-by ends as indicated zit-5 and 9, respectively, in Figs. l and 3. The side Vpla-tes or strips 3 and 4, the connecting strips 5, and the ends 9, are preferably integral with one another and the lower edge portions of the side plates 3 and 4 are offset inwardly to define shoulders 3a and 4a at a determined height above the plane of the lower edges of the side plates and preferably being inclined. The side plates 3 and 4 are bent or turned inwardly along their lower edges as indicated at 3b and 4b respectively.
The end teeth comprised in the device are indicated at 6 and the intermediate teeth are designated 7. The end teeth 6 are eX- actlv alike and the overall length of each is less than that of each of the intermediate teeth 7. Each end tooth 6 has integral shank and head portions, the head'portions having straight sidesreduced at Gato provide shoulders adap-ted to rest upon the shoulders 3ft and-4a oft-he side strips of the holder when the upper end 'of the head is in contact with the underside of one of the connecting strips 5. The head of each end tooth 6 is further reduced at its juncture with the shank portion thereof, `as indicated at 6bto provide shoulders resting upon the inwardly extending edge portions 3b and 4l? of the side strips of the holder.
The intermediate teeth 7 likewise include head and shank portions, each head portion being reduced in width to define shoulders 7a adapted to rest upon the shoulders 3a and 4a of the side strips or plates of the holder and being further reduced in width at the juncture thereof with the shank portions as indicated at 7b to conformably engage the inwardly extending edge portions of the side stripsor plates. The intermediate teeth 7 .have the head portions thereof of greater thickness than the shank portions to define opposite shoulders 7-7C' at the upper ends of the Shanks, each shoulder 7C being preferably rounded or arcuate for a purpose to be hereinafter set forth. f The head portion of each end tooth 6 is of greater thickness than the shank and extends at one side laterally of the corresponding side of the shank to provide a shoulder 6", the face of which is arcuate in contour to coliform tothe contour of each of the shoulders 7c. v
The teeth 6 and 7 are placed in the holder l between the side strips or plates 3 and 4 with the end teeth 6 at the ends of the holder in underlying relation lto the connecting strips 5. The intermediate teeth 7 are interposed between the twoi end yteeth so that all the teeth are in aligned parallel relation, Since the intermediate teeth 7 are identicalrv in construction,l the shanl; portions thereof which project from the holder will be spaced apart and the shoulders 7 at proximate sides of adjacent teeth will cooperate to provide a bottom or end wall for each opening or space between two vadjacent teeth. The shoulder 6C of each end tooth will likewise cooperate with the proximate shoulder 7 of the adjacent intermediate tooth to provide an end wall for the one end space between an end" tooth and the adjacent intermediate tooth. Since the shoulders 6 and 7 are arcuate in contour, the end walll of the space between two adj a.- cent teeth is arcuate throughout its length and in consequence no sharp corners are provided to engage with strands of hair drawn therethrough or to provide a lodgingplace for dirt and foreign matter. The inwardly turned edgesofv the side plates 3 and' 4;' Contact the teeth along a line lying substantially in a plane tangent-to the shoulders 6b and 7b, vhereby strands of hair drawn through the spaces between the teeth will' slide freely over the edge portions of theholder' andwill'Y not be caught between the holder and the teeth. 'Moreover the engagement of the holder with the teeth renders more diflicult the passage of dirt or like matter between the holder and the teeth.
The cover or cap has a body 8` which is ofchannel formation and is adapted to slidably titv the holder lwith the teeth held in the latterin the manner described, the flanges 8L-v8a'of the cap or cover being adapted to straddle the relatively wide upper portions ofthe side plates 3 and e and having inwardly turned' lower edge portions 8"-8b adapted to engage the outer facesofi the shoulders 3a and 4" to releasably hold the cap or cover upon the h-oldcr l in the position shown in Figures l and 2. rllhe cap or cover is made of a material haw ing spring qualities so that the flanges thereof will closely engage with the side strips of` the holder when the cap or cover has been slid along the holder to the position illustrated in Figures l and 2.
The flanges on the body 8 incline inwardly or are beveled at their' ends, as indicatedat 8 Vto facilitate removal and replacement of the cap or cover upon the holder. The ends 9 of the holder engage the remote walls of the end teeth G and prevent movement of the ser-ies of teeth longitudinally of the holder while at the same time preventing YVthe passage of dust andlother extrinsic matter between the heads ofthe teeth and the cover. Y Y
From the foregoing description of the various parts of the device, the operation thereof may be readily understood. The parts ofthe back which have been described,
that is the Cover or cap and the holder may be made of any suitable material, such as aluminum or other metal or material. The teeth likewise may be made of any suitable material, such as hard rubber, Celluloid or ivory. 1With the arrangement described, it is only necessary to remove the cap or cover from t-he holder to permit of the removal and replacement of any of the teeth or of all of the teeth. These teeth may be placed in the holder readilyV and retained against displacement fromV the holder by placing the cap orV cover upon the holder with the ends 9y in clamping relation to the series of teeth and in frictional contact with the remote sides ofthe head portions of the two end teeth.
It will thus be apparent that I provide a comb which is of simplified construction and which is more sanitary than combs ordinarily used, since the teeth thereof may be readily removed to permit cleaning-thereof. Moreover, my invention effects aneconomy inV that broken teeth of a comb may be replaced and the comb thus rendered suitable for continued use at a relatively slight cost and with the necessity of discarding the entire comb obviated. Y Y
v Obviously, my invention,` is susceptible of embodiment in forms other than that illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and I therefore consider as my own'all modifications and adaptations ofthe form ofthe device herein'd-isclosed which fairly `fall* within the scope o fthevappended claims..
litavingA thus described'fthe invention, what I claim is l. A; Vcomb .comprisingt a holder having a pair of spaced parallel side stripsY and transverse strips connecting the side strips together'l at their upper edges and at the opposite ends thereof, a pair of end teeth having head portions received between said side strips at opposite ends of the holder with the upper ends of said end teth engaging the under sidesl of said transverse strips, a plurality of intermediateV teeth having head portions received between said side strips and arranged Vin series between said' end teeth, a cover clampingly receiving said holder, and ends integralV with the side strips and infrictional contact with the remote walls of the'heads of said end teeth.
Q A comb comprising a holderhaving ya pair of spaced apart parallel side strips Y connected together at their ends bytransverse strips extending between Vthe upper edge portions thereof, a pair of end teeth having head portions fitting between the side plates beneath said transverse strips, a plurailty of intermediate teeth having head portions fitting between said side stripsY and between said end teeth, said side plates having. inwardlyY extending lower edge portions` Vcontactin Ysaid teeth at the juncture of the head an Y shank portions of the latter, a cover fitting uponithe holder, and means spanning the ends of said side strips for engaging with said endV teeth to hold all of said teeth against movement longitudinally of the holder.
3. A comb comprising a holder having a pair of spaced apart parallel side strips connected together at their ends by transverse strips extending between the upper edge portions thereof, a pair of end te'eth having head portions tting between the side plates beneath said transverse strips, a plurality of intermediate teeth having head portions tting between said side strips and between said end teeth, said side plates 15 shape and being made of a material having 20 inherent spring quality5 said body being adapted to embrace the side plates, and means at the ends of the side plates for sealing the ends of the holder and for friotionally engaging with the remote walls of 25 the heads of said end teeth.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3665937 *||Oct 28, 1969||May 30, 1972||Nakagawa Junichiro||Cylinder comb|
|US3855689 *||Jan 2, 1974||Dec 24, 1974||Schiffman J||Method of making a comb|
|US3961635 *||Dec 30, 1974||Jun 8, 1976||Shiseido Co., Ltd.||Hair treating liquid applicator|
|US3978870 *||Aug 18, 1975||Sep 7, 1976||Chung Sing Lin||Comb with disposable comb-teeth module|
|US4050469 *||Sep 7, 1976||Sep 27, 1977||Lin Chung Sing||Comb with disposable comb-teeth module|
|U.S. Classification||132/152, 132/158|
|International Classification||A45D24/04, A45D24/00|