US 1482529 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F e j 59 J. R. TAYLOR GAS BURNER Filed May 31. 1922 Patented Feb. 5, lQZd.
barren srar rarest @FFIIQE JOHN R. TAYLOR, F MANSFIELD, DEIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE HABTEKAN-SIPRENG CUE- PANY, 0F MANSFIELD, QHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO;
Application filed May 31, 1922. Serial No. 564,993.
To all whom it'mag concern:
& it known that 1, Joan E. Tunes, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mansfield, in the county of Richland and t State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gas Burners, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in gas burners, the present embodiment of the re invention being particularly designed and adapted for use in connection with gas heaters of the radiator or mantle type.
'The primary object of the invention is to provide a generally improved gas burner of the type or class indicated which will be exceedingly simple in construction, cheap of manufacture and eflicient in use.
A further and very important object is the rovision of an improved burner of the' manifold type having its parts and features so arranged and disposed relative to each other as to provide a fluid supply chamber in which the combustible fluid is distributed and equalized as to pressure to the burner openings or gas jet nozzles throughout the entire length of the elongated burner or bar whereby an equal distribution of gas is obtained to the burner openings or ports and consequently resulting in gas jets or flames of equal length resulting in a perfecting and augmenting of combustion and increased heating efliciency of the gas burner or radiator as a whole.
A still further and important object is the provision of an improved elongated or manifold gas burner of this type having an improved arrangement or grouping of burner openings or nozzles and radiator supporting abutments adapted to support the ower edges of the hollow radiator elements or mantles and afl'ord suitable secondary assages for aflording more perfect comustion and directing the jets or flames to the'inlterior portions of the respective radiator elements so that the latter will continuously absorb and radiate heat which would otherwise be lost.
A still further object is the provision of a manifold as burner of elongated form provided with a central fluid inlet of gradually tapering form or area toward the ends of the burner together with an improved hams plate above the fluid inlet adapted to divert the combustible fluid outwardly into the tapered portions of the fluid chamber and thereby equalize the pressure and distribution of the combustible fluid to the various burner openings or nozzles.
With the above mentioned and other ends in new, the invention consists in the novel constructlon, arrangement and combination of parts, hereinafter described, illustrated in one of its embodiments in the accompanying drawings, and articularly pointed. out in the appended c aims.
Referring to the drawings, forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a front elevation of a burner constructed in accordance with this invention applied to a gas heater of the radiator or mantle type, the central or gas inlet and bafie portion thereof being broken away for the purpose of clearer illustration of the parts. i
Fig. 2, an enlarged central transverse cross sectional view of the same.
Fig. 3, a fragmentary top plan view of the burner, the radiator and back brick elements being removed for the purpose of clearer illustration of the arrangement or grouping of the burner nozzles and radiator and back brick supporting elements.
Similar numerals of reference designate like parts throughout all the figures of the drawings.
The improved burner comprises a relatively flat elongated burner member or bar 1, and a subjacent elongated manifold 1, having outwardly diverging or tapering walls 1", the walls of the burner bar 1, pro or, and
of the manifold 1 and 1 conjoint y form- 1ng a fluid supply chamber 1.
The manitold is provided on its underside with a fluid inlet 1, communicating with a suitable fluid supply pipe 1. As the terminal portion of the pi e 1 extends horizontally or in the general irection of the length of the manifold the inlet portion 1 is preferably placed somewhat beyond the longitudinal center of the burner and manifold so as to compensate somewhat tor the initial flow and pressure of the gas in the o posite end of the manifold as the gas flows t rough the fluid inlet pipe and as illustrated very clearly in Fig. l of the drawings.
By reason of the tapering of the walls l of the manifold it will be seen that the chamber 1 has its largest cross sectional area through the inlet portion thereof and Kim res
that the same is of gradually decreasin cross sectional area toward the ends of the urner bar and manifold.
The ends of the burner are provided with brackets 1', adapted to be secured to the side or end walls 2, of the heater body or casing of a heater of the type mentioned.
The burner bar or member 1 is provided upon its top side with suitabl arranged and ouped nozzles 1 adapte to enter the ower open ends of the hollow radiator sections or mantle elements 3, said nozzles 1 being surrounded by supporting abutments or flanges 1 to receive and support the lower edges of the radiator elements 3 and afford suitable secondary air passages to the respective groups of burner nozzles leading to the interior portions of the respective radiator elements. The burner may also be provided with rearwardly extending brackets 1, to receive and support the back brick or radiator wall 4.
As a means of intercepting and diverting the combustible fluid or gas as the same enters through the fluid supply pipe 1 and fluid inlet 1, the front and rear walls of the manifold are provided with a baflle plate 1 which provides subjacent branch passages 1", adapted to communicate with the respective tapered portions of the manifold and evenly distribute the combustible fluid along the burner bar 1 and equalize the pressure to the nozzles or burner openings 1 The bafiie l is preferably provided with acentral perforation 1, immediately above the inlet portion 1 of the manifold.
Havin thus described one of the embodiments 0 my invention, without having attempted to set forth all the forms in which it may be made, or all the modes of its use, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,-
1. A as burner and manifold including outward y tapering end ortions and an intermediate portion of re atively large cross sectional area having a fluid inlet spaced nearer one tapered end portion than the other, and a tuid feed pi extending along and approximately parallel with the further and tapered form provided with a fluid inletpipe and forming a fluid chamber tapering fromsaid inlet pipe to the ends of said burner, and a centrally perforated horizontal bafile in said chamber above said fluid inlet pipe adapted to intercept and divert the fluid from said inlet pipe outwardly into the tapering portions of said fluid chamber.
3. A gas burner, including a burner bar having burner nozzles, said burner bar being provided with a subjacent manifold having a fluid inlet intermediate the ends of sald burner bar, said manifold converging outwardly gradually and progressively toward the ends of said burner bar, said burner bar and subjacent manifold conjoint ly forming a fluid supply chamber having its largest cross sectional area above said inlet and gradually tapering portions extending to the ends of said burner bar, and a horizontal bafiie in said manifold above said inlet and extending parallel with said burner bar to distribute the fluid along said burner bar and equalize the pressure to said nozzles.
4. A gas burner, including a horizontal burner bar havin upwardly extending burner nozzles, said burner bar being provided with a subjacent manifold having a fluid inlet between the ends of said burner bar and manifold and converging outwardly gradually and progressively toward the ends thereof, said burner bar and manifold conjointly forming a fluid supply chamber hav ing its largest area above said fluid inlet and having a gradually tapering area toward the ends of said burner bar and manifold, and a centrally perforated baflle in said manifold above said inlet to distribute the combustible fluid along said burner bar and equalize the pressure to said nozzles.
In testimony whereof I have aihxed my