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Publication numberUS1483694 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 12, 1924
Filing dateFeb 2, 1921
Priority dateFeb 2, 1921
Publication numberUS 1483694 A, US 1483694A, US-A-1483694, US1483694 A, US1483694A
InventorsStukey Albert F
Original AssigneeStukey Albert F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Breathing corrector
US 1483694 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 12 1924. 1,483,694

A. F. STUKEY BREATHING CORRECTOR Filed Feb. 2, 1921 Patented Feb. 12,1924.

UNITED STTES ALBERT r. STUKEY, or nas'r noLLYwoon; CALIFORNIA.

BREAXIHING GOB/RECTOR.

Application filed February 2, 1921. Serial No. 441,761.

To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, ALBERT F. STUKEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at East Hollywood, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Breathing Corrector, of which the following is a specification An object of this, invention is to provide a simple and efficient means for closing the oral orificeto prevent breathing through the mouth so that respiration will be possible only through the nose in a natural way. The purpose of this invention is to provide a simple and harmless means for correcting breathing so that a person habitually addicted to respiration with open mouth can acquire the faculty of correct respiration without suffering or laborious endeavor; In other words. the mouth is closed by an inoffensive and harmless appliance that is not unsightly and also not cumbersome or disagreeable to the wearer.

To that end I provide a membrane adapted to be fitted within the mouth between the gums and lips with marginal means for straddling the membranous protrusions that are located centrally between the gums and lips. As is well known these protrusions are quite large and very tender and I provide means for protecting them from irritating contact with the breathing corrector by recessing the margin of my device.

Another object of the invention is to prevent mouth breathing for the purpose of eliminating various ailments usually attributed to improper breathing and also to prevent dryness of that organ, for as well known the mouth when continually open becomes dry so that the lips are parched, tongue cracked and gums sore, all of which invites trouble to mouth and teeth. It is sometimes contended that decay of teeth is directly caused by the enamel cracking on account of dryness; and also pyorrhea and other gum troubles are sometimes thought to be caused by an unnatural condition of the gums induced by a continual open mouth; and a diseased mouth ultimately results in diseased lungs and eventually an unnatural condition of the whole physical system.

Another object of this invention is to prevent snoring which is accomplished by damming the oral orifice so that mouth sounds are prevented.

Other objects, advantages and features of invention may appear from the accompanying drawings, the subjoined detail description and the appended claim.

The accompanying drawing illustrates the invention. Figure 1 is an illustration ofthe breath ing corrector in use. r,

Fig. 2' is a diagrammatic sectional View, on line 00 Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic cross section,on

line 022 Fig. 2. i Fig. 4 is a front elevation of the appli-- ance, about actual size for an adult person.

Fig. 5 is a section on line, :0 Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmental cross sec tion, on line a, Fig. 5,

Fig. 7 is a front elevation of the resilient frame, detached.

Fig. 8 is a modified form of the appliance constructed without the resilient frame shown in Fig. 7. f l

' Fig. 9 is an enlarged fragmental section,

on line 00 Fig. 8, showing the actual size of the modified form.

Fig. 10 is a front elevation of a. slightly modified form of the appliance shown 111 Fig. 4.

The breathing corrector is preferably formed with a flexible spring-wire frame 1 comprising a rubber tube 2 in which is inserted a spring wire 3, and tothe tube 2 is integrally connected a rubber membrane or dam 4.

The wire 3 is shaped to normally hold the tube 2 and attached membrane 4 in the form of an elliptical concavo-convex lens, but is of a resiliency that will permit the frame to be bent into position as shown in Figs. 2, 3, to occupy space between inner membrane of checks and lips and outer membrane of the gums without imparting an outward pressure on cheek and lips that is disagreeable to the wearer.

In order to make the appliance as comfortable as possible the frame 1 is constructed with an inward curve 5 on its upper side that forms a recess in the margin of the breathing corrector that straddles the ligamentous protrusion that is located centrally between the upper gums and the upper lip; and opposite to curve 5, wire 3 is cut away at 6 so that the soft flexible tube portion 7 bridging this gap 6 adjusts itself over the ligamentous protrusion that is located centrally between the lower gums and the lower lip to eliminate any irritation thereto, or as shown in Fig. 8, I provide both an upper I ice and lower. recess 5,5 to straddlethe'upper and lower ligamentous protrusions between.

any flexible material that is sanitary, easily cleansed and inoffensive to the wearer.

Preferably I use rubber and silk. V

In the modified forms shown in Figs. 8

and 9, the frame is constructedentirely ofrubber that is hardened sufliciently to have considerable resiliency and to this frame is vulcanized the edges of the membrane 4:. Also this frame has upper and lower curved portions 5, 5 to fit over or straddle. the ligamentous protrusion connecting theupper and lower lips and the upper and lower gums, respectively. p

AS seen by a con'iparisonof the forms shown in Figs. 5 and 9 the edge of the preferred formshownin 'Fig 5 embodying the spring-wire frame can be made much smaller than the modified form (shown in Fig. 9) and thereby affords the wearer all possible comfort.

It is understood that any form of retaining means may be employed that will serve to retain the membrane so as to prevent breathing through the mouth.

In practice the appliance may be easily inserted into place when it is desired to cor rect improper breathing.

This may be upon retir ng at night or at any other time when occasion demands.

It will be retained so securely that there acemont but r. n gers at any tegrally connected to said tube; and arein.

forcing spring wire inserted in said tube, said wire adapted to holdsaid tube and dam in'the form of an elliptical concavo-convex.

lens and said wire having a central portion thereof bent inward toward the center of the rubberda-m and arranged so that the marginal tube is held out of irritating contact with the ligamentous protrusion between the upper gums and the upper lip, and said wire having its ends spaced apart in said marginal tube opposite to the inward bent portion thereof to leave a soft portion of the marginal edge not reinforced so that the soft portion not reinforced will over-lay the ligamentous protrusion between the lower gums and the lower lip when said breathing corrector is arranged in a mouth with the inward bent portion thereof astride the upper ligamentous protrusion between the upper gums and lip; V

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles, California, this Qtth day of January, 1921.

' ALBERT r. STUKEY.

Witness I JAMES R. TOWNSEND.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2627268 *Mar 2, 1951Feb 3, 1953Leppich Elsa LAntisnoring device
US2867212 *Dec 27, 1957Jan 6, 1959Nunn Jr William ASnore stopping mouthpiece and process of making same
US4459105 *Oct 19, 1981Jul 10, 1984Klein Paul EOral screen teeth positioner
US4543950 *Apr 11, 1984Oct 1, 1985Keys Jr Richard HPatient's mouthpiece
US5642738 *Jul 11, 1996Jul 1, 1997Lilly, Jr.; Frank T.For insertion between the lips and gums
US5755219 *May 14, 1996May 26, 1998Thornton; W. KeithDevice for improving breathing
US5954048 *Apr 16, 1997Sep 21, 1999Thornton; W. KeithDevice and method for improving breathing
US5983892 *Jun 19, 1997Nov 16, 1999Thornton; W. KeithDevice for improving breathing
US6155262 *Jan 21, 1997Dec 5, 2000Thornton; W. KeithMethod and apparatus for adjusting a dental device
US6209542Jan 31, 1996Apr 3, 2001W. Keith ThorntonCombination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep
US6247926Jan 17, 2000Jun 19, 2001W. Keith ThorntonOral appliance having a bonding layer and methods for fitting and relining same
US6263877Feb 19, 1997Jul 24, 2001Robert A. GallSnore prevention apparatus
US6305376Sep 9, 1999Oct 23, 2001W. Keith ThorntonDevice and method for improving breathing
US6374824Apr 12, 1999Apr 23, 2002W. Keith ThorntonDevice for improving breathing
US6405729Apr 5, 2000Jun 18, 2002W. Keith ThorntonOral appliance for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6464924Apr 5, 2000Oct 15, 2002W. Keith ThorntonHomopolymer of caprolactone initiated with a diol
US6516805Mar 31, 1997Feb 11, 2003W. Keith ThorntonApparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep
US6571798Apr 5, 2000Jun 3, 2003W. Keith ThorntonDevice for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6604528Apr 22, 2002Aug 12, 2003Lloyd P. DuncanAcid reflux and snoring device
US6675802May 8, 2001Jan 13, 2004W. Keith ThorntonDevice for improving breathing incorporating a detachable venting seal
US6857428Oct 24, 2002Feb 22, 2005W. Keith ThorntonApplying a deformable mask sheet against a portion of the user's face surrounding nostrils and fitting to facial bone structure and features; allowing to become nondeformable; sleep disordered breathing; snoring; obstructive sleep apnea
US7174895May 1, 2003Feb 13, 2007W. Keith ThorntonDevice and method for improving a user's breathing
US7243650Jul 12, 2004Jul 17, 2007Thornton W KeithCustom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same
US7597103Feb 13, 2007Oct 6, 2009W. Keith ThorntonDevice and method for improving a user's breathing
US7677889Jul 30, 2007Mar 16, 2010Thornton W KeithDevice and method for forming a custom oral appliance
US7721741May 22, 2009May 25, 2010Thornton W KeithOral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US7748386Apr 6, 2006Jul 6, 2010Thornton W KeithOral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US7909035Jul 6, 2006Mar 22, 2011Airway Technologies, LlcMulti-chamber mask and method of forming the same
US7963284Aug 18, 2004Jun 21, 2011Airway Technologies, LlcCustom fitted mask and method of forming same
US7992558Sep 11, 2007Aug 9, 2011Airway Technologies LlcStability medical mask
US8020276Nov 29, 2007Sep 20, 2011Airway Technologies, LlcSystem and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance
US8151799Oct 15, 2009Apr 10, 2012Hazard James TMouthpiece for opening nasal passages
US8236216Jun 26, 2007Aug 7, 2012Airway Technologies, LlcSystem and method for forming a custom medical mask using an orientation device
US8316857Jun 7, 2010Nov 27, 2012Airway Technologies, LlcOral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US8316858Jun 7, 2010Nov 27, 2012Airway Technologies, LlcSystem for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask
US8356603Jul 2, 2010Jan 22, 2013Airway Technologies, LlcOral appliance for treating a breathing condition
US8573224Sep 28, 2010Nov 5, 2013Airway Technologies, LlcCustom-molded oral appliance and method of forming
US8607796Feb 25, 2010Dec 17, 2013Airway Technologies, LlcApparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device
US8662084Apr 5, 2011Mar 4, 2014Airway Technologies, LlcUniversal oral appliance with a universal coupler
US8671946Apr 5, 2011Mar 18, 2014Airway Technologies, LlcCustom dental appliance and method of creating a custom dental appliance
US8783261Apr 5, 2011Jul 22, 2014Airway Technologies, LlcApparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing
US8839795Sep 10, 2008Sep 23, 2014Jose Duran Von ArxFace and mouth muscle stimulator
US20110315141 *Feb 24, 2010Dec 29, 2011Eran LaviIntra-oral continuous positive airway pressure (cpap) interfaces
US20120301846 *Feb 1, 2011Nov 29, 2012Muriel MizrahiDental treatment aid device
EP0982013A1 *Aug 25, 1999Mar 1, 2000Pueyo Lourdes SanchezDevice to prevent snoring
WO2009034205A1 *Sep 10, 2008Mar 19, 2009Von Arx Jose DuranFace and mouth muscle stimulator
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/859, 128/848
International ClassificationA61F5/56
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/566
European ClassificationA61F5/56B