|Publication number||US1483882 A|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 1924|
|Filing date||Jun 29, 1922|
|Priority date||Jun 29, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1483882 A, US 1483882A, US-A-1483882, US1483882 A, US1483882A|
|Inventors||Harvey William F|
|Original Assignee||Harvey William F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. F'. HARVEY Feb i9, i924 SHINGLE Filed June 29, 1922 Patented Feb. k1,9, 1924.
UNITED STATES .PATENT oFFicE..
F. HARVEY, OF EAST PATCHOGUE, NEW YORK.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM F. HRVEY,
a citizen of vthe United States, and residing at EastePatchogue, Long Island,.in the countyof Suffolk and State of New York, have, invented certain new and usefulImprovements in Shingles, of which the following isa specification, such as will enable those skilled 'in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to shingles and particularly to composition shingles, or
shingles 'composed of pitch, rubber or other compositions, andthe object of the invention is to provide ai. shingle of the class.
lfurther object being to `provide a shingle construction ofthe class specified which will prevent the passage of rain or other moisture inwardly around the separateshingles; and with these and other objects in View the invention consists 'in a shin le of thev class and for the purpose speci ed which is simple in construction, efficient in use and which is constructed hereinafter described and claimed.`
- The' invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which `the accompanying drawing forms a part, in which the sepa-rate partsof my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which Fig. 1 is a plan view showing a number of my improved sliingles coupled together; Fig. 2 a section'on the line 2-2 of Fig. lfon an enlarged scale; v
Fig. 3- a plan View of one of my im proved shingles on an enlarged scale;
Fig. 4 a sectional detail view ,on the line 4--4 of Fig. 1 and on an enlarged scale; and
Fig. 5 is a bottomplan view of one corner portion of the shingle shown in Fig. 3
e drawing and on an enlarged scale. My improved shingle is preferably cornposed of a rectangular-sheet ofV suitable composition board 5, or a board composed of vwaterproof composition material which Application led June 2,9, 1922. Serial No. 5713364.
is light, flexible and yet strong and durable,
and two sides edges of said board are cutout to form flanges 6 which are folded upon the top face ofthe board and the corner Vportlons of which are cut at an angle as -shown .at T, and the adjacent corners of which are joined by 'a binding clip 8, the other and opposite side edges of the board are cut and folded to forni flanges 9 simi-- lar Ato the flanges 6 and which are foldet inwardly upon the bottom face of the board).
and the adjacent edges of which are joined by a. clip 1()` having a projecting tongue 11, i
which is adapted to cooperateV with the clip 8 of another-board or shingle in assembling theI same. l i
In' mounting my improved shingles in connection with a roof or other structure,
,the corner portion 12 of the shingles are directed' downwardlyand one row of said shingles are placed side by side and in the Vsaine longitudinal plane,after which another row of shingles is mounted 'upon the first named shingles, andthe flanges 9 0n the bottom face of said last named shingles are passed beneath and interloeked with the flanges 6 in the top face of the first named row, as clearly shown at 13 in Fig. 2 of the drawing, and this operation' continues `until the roofstructures has been covered.
It' will be noted on a consideration of Fig. 1 of the drawing that the third row, n
or the alternate rows of shingles are placedv in the same vertical alinement, as the first row ofA shingles, and in .placing the third row of shingles in position the projecting tongues 11 ofsaid shingles passes beneath the clips' I8 on the flanges 6 of the first row of shingles and this serves to permanently retain the lower corne-r portion 12 of said thirdV row of shingles against warping orA raising from the roof structureLin other words, theinterlocking f the tongues 11 with the clips-8 serves to retain and interlock the free corner vportions 12 of `the shingles with the adjacent shingles.
In securing the shingles in connection with the roof structure, nails or tacks 14 are passed through the upper and side corner portions of said shingles for holding said shingles in position, and these nails or tacks are located between the adjacent edges of the flanges 6 .and 9 of said shingles and do not interfere with the interlocking ofthe separate shingles with each other.
It will, also be noted on a consideration l Afinish and with roof or other OfFig. y1 of' the drawing finish tlieglower edge o that' in order to shingles ofA the lower row half shingles 5a which are on one side of said half shingle two flanges extension 5b toy form an accurate and a slight used in .finishing the top edge of a roof structure,crabe-like, as well 'as tlie side edges tliereof, I t will facing' for aE roof or sleet,r Isnow and the like cannot pass `1inwardly between .the separate `shingles and leak through such roof or other structure as is possible'with-shingles of this class, as now constructed, and it will alsofbeunderstood .that the nails oi--other attaching de-` vices are concealedand protected from the* Pupo-n' -the' upper! posite edges of which .lie
weather, and a `sl'iii'igle constructed as herein shown and describedwwill render long and durable service and, Vwill also tacilitatethe' inoi.i 'n ting.of. saidgshlingles in connection structure, `it being undcrshingles stood; that when' a, row or line of havefbeen .properly placed, the reii'iainder of said shingles will automatically. assume their p ropei'v` position onltl'iey roof structure," the other.
opposite side edges of which are providedA with fiziiiges wliit-li-extend 'inwardly' upon;
theyopi-osite sideifaces of saidl shingle, 'and means 'lor ioniingg theadiaeen-t fianges. i
Q. A shingleyot lthe class' described "the" edges of.\\'hicli.aife' provided opposite #aidewit-li Hangt-sj which :extend `inwardlyiupoii the opposite stle faces of said shingle, and clips for joiningtl-ie adjacent edges ofthe a .roof for other?z structurey I` Lplace between the? separate exactly the same `asthe other, shingles merely cuttrans'versely to provide similar half shingles may be4 also be apparentthat by v the use of my improved shingles as a" other structure, rain, f
posed of a substantially rectangular sheet`l "with a projeetingfinger.
opposil e edges ofv which .fa-re,`
*when placed in *feite edges of s aidslieet having l:.inges,wl-ii ch. invention, to secure edges of'said1 'thercoih i In testimony that I claim the foregoing invention I have 'signed i ii y `name: y
3. A shingle of the class described the oppositeside edges o'fgwhich are providedliwith liangeswhich extend inwardly upon the opposite side faces of said shingle, cli s for `joining the adjacent els'res of the anges,' and one of said clips being provided with a proJecting linger.
4. A shingle of the class described coin- -p'sed of ya'substantially rectangular sheet of two .of thefsideedgesi 'of said sheet having` Hangesjvhiclrnlie u po'ti" composition material,
theiipper face ofsaid sheet, the opposite edges of saidfslieet liavingflanges which-lie on"the. bottom face of said sheetrthe'y corner portions of said flanges Ibeing miteied, and" foi connecting fthe fiangesx wherer means imitered.'4 1
o`.' A Ishingle Vof the describedv coiri4 'ot :composition materialiawo of ,the Sider edges ot' 'said sheet havingflanges which 'he y" face of 'said sheet, theiopef.;
said `sheet liavingilanges ltliegcorncr poij'tionsof said. flanges being on the bottom face'of said sheet, i
'iiiitei'jed,fclips for joining the langes'whei'e iiiitei'ed'and one of said clipsbeing provided l y'shingle' of 1 the class, described,y the provided iwi/thtlanges wl iiehv extend inwardly. upon ,the op-.f-y p ositeside'faccs of said at offsetZ coi-ner portions ofv said shingle?. and;
shinglezand means eel o 'n theoppositefacesithereot for in t'e'i'vlock` f "v ing the' separate 'shingles o ne with an `otliei;';- r
position. g e f. l7. A 'shingle' composition upon Ithe 'upper-' faceof saidsheet, the 0ppm lie'on the bottom faceof said sheet#Y and means secured to separater shingles placed in. po'sition.
A shingle of the. class describe vided? "with inwardly tu i'ned one with 'another,whenof the class described rhom-: .i f posed' of a substantially',rectangular sheet L of' the separate adiacent- "edges of said flanges at oppostic e'oifiieri por- 4tions of the shingle foij iiitei'loeltliig the .'fpi'lof flange', .and means independentot said 'f langOS'ilmi SC" for joining the adjacent edges .l
material two ol'tgthe side edges of saidislieetlhaving flanges,whicli'lie iria
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|US20030154666 *||Feb 20, 2002||Aug 21, 2003||Dinwoodie Thomas L.||Shingle system and method|
|US20030154667 *||Feb 20, 2002||Aug 21, 2003||Dinwoodie Thomas L.||Shingle system|
|US20030154680 *||Feb 20, 2002||Aug 21, 2003||Dinwoodie Thomas L.||Shingle assembly|
|U.S. Classification||52/544, 52/545, 52/552|
|International Classification||E04D1/12, E04D1/22|
|Cooperative Classification||E04D1/22, E04D1/125|
|European Classification||E04D1/12D, E04D1/22|