US 1484367 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 19 1924. 1,4s4,367
s. c. vlNcENT UMBRELLLA vmed April 12. 1922 I atbozwu Patented Feb. 19, 1924.
.Application-filed -Aprl 12, '1922. Serial No. 551,'786.
To. all -wiwm z't may concern: v
Be it known that SIDNEY C. VINOENT, citizen of United States, residing at Baltimore-city, in the State of-Maryland, -has invented certain new and iuseful Improvements in Umbrellas, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in umbrellas.
The lobject of the .invention is toiso construct an-umbrel-.la with regard tosimplicity and cheapness thatit will bev available for emergency use, -either Ias a parasol 'or Lumbrella, that is to say, an-article that will be available at a nominal price, and one which will serve both as a protection against rain and sun, as for instance, :when a 3person is caught .in-asudden rain storm, or ia situation in. which. a sun Shade .is required.
A -furthersobject -of the invention is to produce an umbrella-or parasol ofthe character .above -indicated which will serve' the emergency purposes above -mentioned, and which wizllat the. same time :possess durable characteristios even .beyond those required for such anfarticle.
A .stillfurther object -of the -invention is to so construct 'the Iumbrella that 1it may .be folded in compact form,.either 'for carry-ing or shipment.
Other objects and advantages will -become apparent from the following description.
In my construction I simplify 'the umbrella greatly andcheapen 'its cost'of-manufacture by dispensing entirely with Ithe usual brace .portion .of the ribs, and so-construct .the spreader that it serves -both to Spread the radial .ribs, andat the same time serves asa means-for looking ftheir lower ends in compact space in-parallelismv with the umbrella rod when the iumbrella is folded.
yIn the drawings illustrating the invention:
Fig. 1 is a central sectional view of the umbrella or parasol raised.
Fig. 2 is a similar view' showing thefumbrella folded.
Fig. 3 is a top plan view and partial section of the sliding rod carrier.
Fig. 4 is a cross section taken about on line 4-11 of Fig. 2, showing the manner of confining the lower ends of the ribs in cupshape part of-the spreader.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of a modified form of rib carrier, there being shown in position 'therein the inner ends ofthe two p ribs.
Referring to the'drawings, the numera] l designates the lumbrella rod, to which is secured near its upper end a stationary rib Carrier 2. This is Circular-and formed with ai-downwardly extending .hub or rsleeve 3, the whole carrier being provided with an aperture 4 for the -passage ofthe-rod 1. fRadially .arranged -in the -carrier i are a number of kenfs .5 which receive the-inner ends-of the ribsj, and the-carrieris provided with an annular groove 7-for lthe reception of a wire -.8 that :is threaded through 'thefends -of all-ofthe ribs, whereby the y-ribs are held pivotally-within the-carrier. Covering the ribs-and supported thereby isla canopy 9, Which extends from the rod 21 to :afpoint v.a little short of the outer endsvof vthe ribs as shoWn-in-Fig. 1. i
-The Knumeral 10 designatesa cap hollowed down thewrod.4 lThis purpose :is also augmented .by the Icap, 10. This capis secured to Vthe .rod in any suitable-manner, but preferably :by a short .pin13 that prevents the cap :from kmovingupwardly :on the-rod, and the 4lower edge -of theeap or flange tthereof is designed tobear .upon the upper edges of all .iof the vribs simultaneously when the umbrella is opened, and this contact, together with the l.action:of the spreader which will nowfbe described, preventstheribs from .passingabove a horizontal line, 'and therebyftogether .with-the canopy eifectually prevents the yiumbrella from turning wrong ".Thenumeral. 141 :designates .the spreader, whichisrecessed as indicated.4 at 15,,and .intersectin this recess is another recess 16 of smaller diameter than the recess 15, and the whole spreader is provided with an. aperture 17 for the passage of the umbrella* rod. The recess 16, as shown'in Fig. 1, receives the sleeve of the rib holder when the umbrella is extended, thus presenting a tem- 'raised position, or in the i in Fio' 1 porary cooperation sufliciently rigid for the purposes intended, and the recess 15, as shown in Figures 2 and 4G, receive and confine the lower ends of the ribs when thel unibrella is folded. xiVrhen the unibrella is raised, it will be noted that the outer edge or flange of the spreader engages simultaneously the under edges of all of the ribs at a point some distance beyond their pivots, and as before intimated, when the umbrella is in position shown b. i, the ribs are tightly held between the lower; edge of the lflang'e of the cap 10, and the upper edge of the flange of the spreader, thus bringing about rigidity suitable for the purpose intended. The rod near its top is provided with the usual spring catch 18, which is so positioned that when the'spreader is raised to its full extent, the upper edge of the catch will maintain it in such position, and smilarly the lower part of the rod is provided with a catch 19, which is so positioned that when the spreader is at the lower part of the rod, it will hold said rod in position to receive and confine the lower ends of all of the ribs, as shown in Fig. 4.
ln letting; down or folding the umbrella,
the catchl9 is depressed so that the spreader can come to a position slightly below the position'shown in Fig. 2 to permit the ends of the ribs to be folded in and brought to position to be confined within the recess 15 of the spreaderI when the spreader is again moved slightly upward until the catch rests against its lower end, as shown in Fig.'2.
In' the modification shown in Fig. 5, the numera] 20 designates the rb holder provided with a number ofradial recesses 21, and this rib holder is provided with an aperture 22 for the passage of the rod. It is also provided with an annular groove 23 for theV passage of the wire 8 which forms the pivot for the slightly modified ribs 24. In this construction the inner ends of the ribs are squared as indicated at 25 for engagement with the outside of the hub or sleeve 26 when the umbrella is raised, this engagement being forthe purpose of preventing the ribs from being raised aboveV a horizonal line drawn through the pivotal points for the purpose of preventing the umbrella from turning wrong side out. To enable the ribs to be folded down against the rod, they are sliiq-htly rounded as indicated at 27.
In operation to unfold the umbrella it is only necessary to pressthe catch 19, which will permit the spreader to be moved down- Lasses? Vtime the catch 18 will have come below the bottom of the spreader holding the parts in the position shown.
Asbefore intimated this uinbrella or parasol is intended primarily for temporary use, and the material used in its construction, may be any material suitable for the purpose, as for instance, the ribs may be made of wood, and the canopy may be made of paraffined or treated paper, that is to say, a paper treated in such away as to render it Waterproof, and at the same time not interfere to any appre-ciable extent, with its fiexibility, and such material will have sutlicient durability to serve for the purpose intended.
1. In an umbrella, in combination, a rod. a hollow cap secured to the upper part of said rod, a Carrier Secured tol the upper part of the rod below the cap, a plurality of ribs having 'their inner ends pivoted in said carrier, said Carrier being formed with a downwardly extending central portion embracing the rod, a spreader slidable,0n the rod and having a recess therein to receive the lower end of the central portion of the Carrier when the spreader is in its uppermost position, and means for looking the spreader'in such position. c
2. In an umbrella, in combination, a rod, a hollow cap secured ..to the upper part of the rod, a carrier slidable on the rod, ribs pivoted 'in said carrier, the Carrier being provided with a downwardly extending central portion embracing the' rod, a spreader slidable on the rod, and of less diameter than the cap and provided with a central recess adapted when the spreader is in uppermost position to receive the lower end of the central portion of the carrier, and means for looking 'the spreader and consequently the ribs in uppermost position.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
I SIDNEYVC. VINCENT. Viitnesses: i i i I F. VOLKMAN,
- M. MOCABE.