US 1491086 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Apr 22 1924'.
M. M. DESSAU SLIPPER Filed OCl'.. 29. 1923 ga fj @L Patented Apr. a2, i924.
Urrea sT MORLAND MICHOLL DESSAU, F LONDON, ENGLAND.
Application tiled October 29, 1923. Serial No. 671,561.`
T o all wlwm. it may concer/n.'
it known that I, MORLAND Mrc'HoLr.
' DESSAU, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at London, En land, have invented Improvements in or elating to Slippers, of which the following is' a speciication.
The object of the present invention is to eHect certain improvements in foot wear and is directed more particularly to the production of slippers for use by bathers whether in-doors or out-of-doors, such-slippers, in the former case, ensuring a good foot hold at all times Whilst standing in the bath and, in sea bathing for example, protecting the feet against 'damage or ain due to obstacles frequently encounters on the shore. A n
Foot wear according to the present invention com rises both an upper and a sole each made o crpe or smoked sheet rubber or one of crpe and the other of smoked sheet, the thicknesses of the various parts being appropriately chosen to ,suit the duties to be performed. The upper may comprise a complete golosh without straps or other suitable fastening means, and may be perforated or have parts removed. The upper, or individual parts of theupper, may tbe united to a relatively thick sole by a marginal member of crpe rubber for example made to adhere to theunder or upper side of thesole and to the inner or outer side of the upper or parts of the upper by means of a rubber cement orother adheslve substance.
, In some cases an inner as well as 4an outer rubber sole may be employed the two being spacedl apart at localized regions by forming one or other with cross ribs, like, or interposing a skeleton or other separating member for the purpose of im arting resilience or stiiness to the w ole.
Preferably said separating means are alsol of rubber `and if desired the inner and outer sole may be both-so attached to a marginal uniting-member of a depth constituting a containerl that a pneumatic sole results in which case filling material other than rubbei', that may advanta ously be spongy, may ,be emplo ed inclu in felt, wedding or the like, said material Yeing eiectively protected against the action of water or moisture. a y
The outer sole may be dat or haven. heel.
The rubber may be vulcanized in any suitstuds or the` able or known way 'but advantageously by the Peachey cold process.
The accompanying drawings illustrate several wa s of carrying the invention into pract1ce, ig. 1 being a perspective view of a foot covering suitable for bathers for instance. Fig. 2 is a sectional View showing the form Whicha covering such as shown in Fig. 1 approximately assumes when the upper margin is stretched. Figs. 3 to 6 are de-4 tail sections of various ways'of uniting. an upper to a sole. Fig. 7 is a perspective view of another form of covering such as a bath slipper, and Fig. 8 is a fragmentary view of a modified detail of Fig. 7. In Fig. l a is an upper of cr e rubber having a sole, shown at b in i 2, of smoked plantation sheet, an externa and in'y ternal marginal reinforcement c and a heel stifener d or counter of smoked sheet. As made, the sole in lieu of being lat is lnaturally somewhat curved so as topresent a convex surface interiorly. The act of inserting the foot and stretching of the margin c results in the sole having a tendency to arch inwards at the centre due to the transverse contraction of the waist of the slipper, and so fit the foot in a snug manner yet without tightness. p
The upper a may be-secured to the sole b by a strip e of rubber in either of the ways shown in Figs. 3 to 6 respectively or in any analo ous way. A
In ig. 7 the slipper comprises a toe piece f or crpe rubber with margin g united to a sole h of smoked sheet and having a sock lining z' also of smoke sheet. The sock lining i which may be secured to the sole h by rubber latex can be replaced by a sole of any other suitable grade of rubber or of material rendered waterproof, Fig. 8 instancing a portion of an ordinary loofah which treated withl latex maybe secured to the sole.
Further the bath slipper shown in Fig. 7 although shown without a heel support may rovided therewith if so desire or swimmers, foot gear having perforated outer soles may be employed and in cases where good foothold is desirable an outer. sole having slots or openings therein, and the whole being covered by an insole or layer of crpe rubber may be employed.
Whatl I claim is A slipper comprising a sole and an upper los of highly elastic smoked sheet rubber, Said sole being of a length greater than the distance between the heel and toe of the slip-v per and united with the upper so as to r0- vide an intermediate inward arching o its surface, whereby when the edge of the footopening is distended by the entry of the foot into the slipper, the distance vbetween MORLAND MICHOLL DESSAU.