US 1491552 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 22 1924. 1,491,552
S. SCHLESINGER UMBRELLA .Filed NOV. 15 1921 ATTORNEY' l Patented Apr. 22, 1924.
UNITED ST sIGMUNn sonnnsmenn, or NEW Yong, N. Y.
Application ld November '15, 1921. Serial No. 515,384.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known thatpI, SIGMUND SoHLnsIN- GER, a citizen of the United States, and resident of New York city, borough of Manhattan, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Umbrellas, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements 1n means for retaining umbrellas closed and their tip cups in cooperation with the tips of the ribs, and has particular reference to improvements in the class of umbrellas set forth in Letters Patent granted to me No# vember 20, 1917, No. 1,247,159.
In my said Letters Patent I have set forth means to retain and release the tip cup as well as the runner, and the object of my present invention is to improve retaining means for the runner and the-tip cup to assure the release of the runner and the tip cup from the rib tips practically simultaneously, whereby the umbrella may be opened, orvmay open automatically when it is provided with springs for opening it.
My invention comprises novel details of improvement that will be more fully hereinafter set forth and then pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming parthereof,wherein- Figure 1 is a detail view illustrating parts of the umbrella in an open position;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail view of the umbrella retaining devices;
Figs. 3 and 4 are sections substantially on line 3, 3, in Fig. 2, illustrating the retainer and otherparts in different positions, and
Fig. 5 is a detail perspective View illustrating my improvements. p
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
The tubular umbrella rod 1 may be of any well known construction to which the ribs 2 are pivoted at 3. The braces 4 are shown pivoted to the ribs at 5 and at 6 to the runner 7 in any usual manner. The runner 7 is shown provided with a lfitting 8 to which the braces 4 are pivoted, and to which the springs 9 are shown connected at 10, said springs being also connected with the ribs for causing automatic opening of the umbrella in a well known manner. 'A stop 1.1 on rod 1 maybe provided to engage fitting 8 to limit opening of the umbrella (Fig. 1). The foregoing parts may be of Vany well known-construction. The tip cup or tip retainer 12 is shown in hollow or against the fitting f8. The tip cup isshown i provided with a tubular extension 16 (on the side opposite the tubular portion 13) that surrounds the spring 15, and at 17 is a sleeve entering tubular extension 16 and surrounding spring 15, which sleeve is uni-ted to or formed with the fitting 8. The extension 16 and sleeve 17 telescope and the latter serves to guideV the former while they both inclose and hide the'spring. The tendency of spring 15 under expansion is to move the tip'cup or retainer away from the ribtips to the posit-ion shown in Fig. 3 tovr'elease the tips, the tubular portion 13 o'f the tip cup then abutting' against stop 14 on the runner to limit outward movement ofthe tip cup. The parts above described are substantially similar to corresponding parts set forthin my aforesaid Letters Patent.
My improved means for retaining and releasing the rrunner 'and the tip cup are as follows: A keeper 19 shown in the form of a projection or linger carried by a resiliv ent or spring acting member 2O,l is retained at 21 within tubular rod 1, which rod isv shown yprovided with a yslot l2,2 for thepassage of projection 19 and a finger piece 23 projecting throughrod 1 from member 20, the member 20 being adapted to bendl when the finger piece lis pushed inwardly. The' stop 14 is shown hollow and transversely disposed at its wall 14a to engage the adjacent edge 19a of keeper 19 yto retain lthe umbrella closed, the edge 19? of projection 19 being shown curved to slidably receive the inner edge lof wall 14a as the runner is pushed to the closed position, whereby the projectiony19 will move vinwardly to enable the wal-l 142L to pass beyond edge 19a of projection 19, as illustrated in Fig. 3. Associated with keeper 19 the member 20 carries a movable stop or Afinger .to retain the tip cup in engagement with the rib tips. The 'said movable stop is indicated at 24 pivotally vsupported -a't ,one side of member 20 at 26j. The stop 24is provided with a 'open Vended form to receivethe tips of the Cil projection or Vfinger 27 adapted to pass through the slot 22 and through a slot 28 in the runner when the latter is in the closed position and retainedV by retainer YYY19, in
which position'finger or projection 27 will oppose the adjacent end of tubular portion 13 of tip cup 12to retain the latter in position to r-ngage'the rib tips. YThe stop 24 is also adapted at its portion 24, adjacent to keeper 19, to engage the inclined portion 14b or' stop 14. The stop n24 is controlled by a spring V29 carried by member 20, which. spring is shown in the form of a wire attached to member 20 at the holes 30 therein, (Fig. 3), and also attached 'to-stop 24 by mans of apertured lug 31 thereon. The tendency of spring 29 isto tilt stop 24 respecting member20, (Fig. 5), to withdraw finger 27 from position of engagement with the runner when the umbrella is being closed. lWhen the tip cup is not retained by the projection or linger 27, the spring 1.5 will push the tip cup away from its position ot cooperation with theV rib tips. Y
Then the umbrella is being closed the runner will be pulled as usual, theY tip cup beingrin the advanced position. rlhe outer end ot wall 14a will engage the curved portion 24u of stop 24 to tilt the same upon member 2O to tend to advance linger 27, and said wall :will also engage projection 19 to depress it with member 24 to enable the wall 14a to pass beyond said projection and member, the extension 13 of the tip cup passing over projection or finger 27, at which time member 20 will be somewhat depressed within rod 1 by reason or the simultaneous engagement of stop 24 with Wall 14b and projection of finger 27 with the tip cup, although retainer 19 will be in position to engage and retain wall 14n to keep the umbrella closed, substantially as shown in Fig. 3. Vhen the rib tips are to be retained by the tip cup, said ribs are gathered together and held so that the tip cup may be slid along the ruimer, to receive the rib tips in the cup, substantially as shown in Fig. 3, the spring 15 then being placed under compression. lVhen the tip cup has been moved so that its extension 13 passes beyond the finger or projection 27 the latter will pass through slot 28 in the runner to a position in front of the outer end of eXtension 13, (Fig. 3), to prevent spring 15 from pushing the tip cup, whereby to retain the rib tips in the tip cup. Projection 27 will be retained in the position shown in Fig. 3 by reason of the outward spring tendency of the member 20 in connection with the contact of part 24EL of stop 24 with the inclined part 14b of stop 14, the tension of member 20 preponderating over the tension of the spring 29. When it is desired to open the umbrella it is merely necessary to press finger piece 23 inwardly, whereupon stop 24 will be moved with member 2O and projection 27 will be moved away from in front ot' extension13, the spring 29 tending to tilt stop 24 as the member'iQO moves with said stop, the part 24a operating against the part 14b :as a fulcrum, so that the tip cup will be quickly released upon operation of member 2O, the continued inward` movement of the latter causing retainer 19 toYV release wall 14a, so that the runner will be free to permit opening of the umbrella. When springs 9 are used therumbrella will automatically open when released from retainer 19, and if such springsrare not used the umbrella may be pushed open by hand. A feature of my improvement is that the tip cup will be quickly released upon pressing member 2O inwardly within rod 1 so that the ribs will be released from the tip cup approximately just before, and not later than, the release of the runner from retainer 19,1 which Yhas the advantage of preventing release of the runner from retainer 19 before the tip cup has released the rib tips, so that, inYY an automatically opening umbrella, the ltensionrof springs 9 will not be exerted against ribs held by a tip cup.
IlVhen theiparts are in the position in Fig. 3 finger or projection 27 will be stopped by the metal at the adjacent end 'of slot 23 against the pressure of spring 15 through extension 13 to prevent said extension from sliding over finger 27 to release the rib tips. The rear upper corner of member 2O is reduced or rounded tonot interfere with wall 14a when the umbrella opens.
Having now described my invention, what I claim is:
1. The combination of a rod and ribs pivotally connected therewith, with a runner connected with the ribs, a tip cup provided with a tubular portion slidable on the runner to move therewith, said' runner having a slot over which the tubular portion of the tip cup may pass, and a keeper movably carried by the rod to cooperate with the runner to retain the latter in a closed position, the keeper being provided `with a member movably connected with the keeper adapted to pass through said slot in the runner, and means to cause the movable member to oppose said tubular portion of the tip cup to retain the latter in coaction with the rib tips.
2. The combination of a rod and ribs pivotally connected therewith, with a runner connected with the ribs, a tip cup pro-vided with a tubular portion slidable on the runner to move therewith, said runner having a slot over which the tubular portion ot the tip cup may pass, and a keeper movably carried by the rod to cooperate with the runner to retain the latter in a closed position, the keeper being provided with a movable member having a finger to project lOl) llO
through said slot in the runner and having a portion to cooperate with the runner, and means to cause said member to rock to engage the runner and to permit the runner to travel relatively to said member.
3. The combination of a rod and ribs pivotally connected therewith, with a runner connected with the ribs, a tipcup provided with a tubular portion slidable on the runner to move therewith, said runner having a slot over which the tubular portion of the tip cup may pass, and a keeper movably carried by the rod to cooperate with the runner to retain the latter in a closed position, the keeper heilig provided with a movable member having a finger to project through said slot in the runner and having a portion to cooperate with the runner, and a spring cooperative with said member adapted to retain its projection out of relation to the runner, when the umbrella is open, the member having a portion to be engaged by the runner to move said proj ection through the slot in the runner to permit said projection to oppose the tubular member of the tip cup when the keeper retains the runner and the tip cup is in posi- `tion to retain the rib tips.
4f. In an umbrella, the combination of a rod and ribs pivotally connected therewith, with a runner connected with the ribs and provided at its outer end with a transverse wall and with an angularly disposed wall, a tip cup provided with a tubular portion slidable on the runner to move therewith, said runner having a slot over which the tubular portion of the tip cup may pass, and a keeper carried by `the rod adapted to engage the transverse wall of the runner to retain the umbrella closed, a movable member associated with the keeper and having a portion to engage said inclined wall of the runner and a projection adapted to pass through the slot of the runner adapted to cooperate with the tubular portion of the -tip cup to retain the latter in coaction with slidable on the runner to move therewith,v
said runner having a slot over which the tubular and a keeper carried by the ro-d adapted to engage the transverse wall of the runner to retain the umbrella closed, a movable member associated With the keeper and having a portion to engage said inclined wall of the runner and a projection adapted to pass through the slot of the runner adapted to cooperate with the tubular portion of the tip cup to retain the `latter in coaction with the rib tips when the umbrella is closed, and a spring cooperative with said member to tilt it to retain its projection out of the path of the runner when the umbrella is open, said inclined wall of the runner being cooperative with said member to cause its projection to pass through the slot of the runner and cooperate with the tubular po-rtion of the tip cup to retain the latter in coaction with the rib tips when the umbrella is closed. j
Signed at New York city, in the county of New York, and State of New York, this 7th day of November, A. D. 1921.
portion of the tip cup may pass,