|Publication number||US1492387 A|
|Publication date||Apr 29, 1924|
|Filing date||Oct 17, 1922|
|Priority date||Oct 17, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1492387 A, US 1492387A, US-A-1492387, US1492387 A, US1492387A|
|Inventors||Pool Solomon C|
|Original Assignee||Pool Solomon C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A ril' 29, 1924. 1,492,387
5. C.- POOL ANTI-MOUTH INHALER Filed Oct. 17, 1922 breath through the mouth.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
sonontonoroor, OFNEW YORK, N. Y.
V ANTI-MOUTH INHALER.
Application filed-October 17,1922. Serial No. 595,178.
To all whom it may concern:
-Be it known that I, SOLOMON G. POOL, :a citizen of the -United States, residing: at 315 West57th Street, New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, have inventeda new anduseful Anti- Mouth Inhaler, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to a device for the prevention of mouth inhalation at alltimes when worn (while conversing, exercising,
and so forth) the object being to instruct in, and accustom the userto, the nasal method of inhalation, which method I believe -is, ,and is generally regarded as, the better and more sanitary manner :of breathing.
One form of the ln-vention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which liigure 1 is a perspective view; Fig. 2 rear face view; Fig. 3 is a section on line 83 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 is a section on line 4 4 of Fig.- 2.
13, is a movable piece in entirety; 16 16 are;guides;and17 -17 elastic bands or cords. 13 isconnected, by means of guides, with'the fixed or largest ,part (hereinafter always called the major ;piece). (18 hereinafter is sometimescalled the minor piece). Said major and minor pieces in conjunction with the valve 11, which all fit closely together at all points of=contact,.completely cover or encase the mouth. Said valve isfor preventing the intake of airand permitting the outlet of 15 15 15 are members'of 13 and co-operate withsaid l3. 18 18 18 and 19 are attachmentqpieces for holding the devicein place.
7 The saidmajor piece contains a member 10 which extends and fits, on a curved edge or surface, over the upper portion of the -mouth (between the nose and upper. lip) and 10 10 extend along the sides of the month (between the'cheeks and mouth) ,13 contains a member 14 with curved edge 015' surface extending along and-under'the lower portion of the month (between the lower lip and chin, following along the natural indentation found thereat); and saidlmajor piece contains a casing 10. The aforesaid major and minor pieces are attached by means'of guides 16 16 and also joined by elastic'bands 17 17 to prevent them easily becoming separated, said 17 v17 being fur-, 'ther referred to hereinafter. .111 'is 'a valve of thin light -material *with' a hinge at 12.
18 at 18 and attachable at 18 by means of top of the head and visatta'ched at 10* 1'0. 18 18* are extensions of 18 withstoppieces a hook andloop oreye said 19. being.- elastic.
19 is to extendaround the neck and maybe made of various lengths or-adjustableat 19 The above-said cords are detachablefrom the device at 10*10, for purpose of reit is to hold the device steadily inposition (which i is :practicable, as theupp'er inner portion of the mouth always remains .stationary with (respect to the lower, andthe upperlip consequently rarely, if ever, de-
scends below the normal position while talking and in-any other uses of the mouth for breath exhalations). 19 is elastic for the purpose of enabling the wearer to turn the consist of two cords instead ofone, each attaching at different points, in the same line as 18, lengthwise on the sides of the major piece (Fig. 1), a suflicient distance apart to hold the device somewhat more securely in place; however, this rearrangement is not especially necessary. 15 and 15 15? are members of 13 and encircle thechin, and 15 fits underneath the chin. Said 15 may be made of pliable or flexible material and consequently bent or forced upwardor downward so as to conform properly with the contour of the lower part of; the face of the wearer. 15 and 15 15 0may' be made of the same material as other main, parts. of the device or of wire whole of 13 balance and work together more straightlyand smoothly along the aforesaid guides 16 16.
The elastic bands .17 17 previously referred to, are detachable and whenattached will assist, by tension, to bring13 upward to'its propergplace, ifsaid 17 17 are short .enough for that purpose, or'thesaid bands ,placementor for any other purpose. Said l cord 18 is non-elastic for the reason that may be longer sofas neither to assist nor interfere "at all with the movement or 13. Said 17 17 will also permit, partly or entirely, of the separation of 13 from themajon piece, for the purpose of cleansing, oiling, repairing, replacing or any other: purpose desired.
' in connection with 10 (Fig. 1).
"serves for points'of attachment for 17 17, as well as incidentally the additional pur- 20 is cut away, so as t o make a curved piece, except near where it joins the major pieceand where it forms part of the casing Said 20 also pose of bracing the major piece to strengthen the device.
llis member of 20 a'ndforms, in conjunction with the upper edges of 10, the seat of the valve 11. i
10 10 may be of greater or less thickness, according to the material used and the comfort of the wearer required, and the edges more or less inclined to the sides. The
\ 'major piece may be longer or shorter,or
the whole device larger or smaller, as necessary for various conformations of faces.
' 'The' device, in main, may be constructed of aluminum, duralumin, gun-metal-or other metal or any suitable substance.
10 and 14 maybe'cut, formed, moulded,
altered or otherwise made so as to have either more or less curvatures than shown 1n the drawlng, in order, properly to fit the wearer. I
The use and operation of my invention are as follows: After making the necessary adjustment of cords, the main part of the device is preferably, first, placed over the mouth and thenon-elastic cord is carried over the crown of the head; and, next, the
' elastic cord is brought around the neck and attached'to a projection on the side of the deviceor, by means of hook and eye or loop, to an extension of the non-elastic cord. When thus placed in position the device will operate, whenever the mouth is opened; and closed, by the minor piece moving along, or
telescoping, within the major piece, the two pieces being held together by means of leaders or guides. The minor piece contains a transverse plate attached to the sides of the 1 J said minor piece with a curved edge running along and fitting into the indentation between the lower lip and chin and which transverse plate will. contribute, by pressure,
.pose of causing the minor piece to to the 'moving of the minor piece downward and upward within the'major piece upon the opening and closing of the mouth. This movement be assisted by the elastic bands attached to the major and minor pieces which elastic bands will be caused (by means of the aforesaid transverse plate and the part underneath the chin) to extend with the opening of the mouth and which bands will contract with the closing of the mouth, this contraction thus helping to bring the mlnor piece back to its former position and the parts ofthe minor p ece extending around and underneath the chin will serve the puroperate more'truly along its guides.
he valve which is attached by a hinge to the uppermostouter portion 01" the major piece, and which valve is normally seated upon theborders of the opening in the upper portion of "the major piece, will be raised from its seat, or opened, by and for the-outlet of breath and will be reseated, or closed,
upon any attempted intake of air into the mouth. 'The combinationconsisting-oi the major and minor pieces and-the valve completely acovers or 'encases the outside of the mouth.
This combination-will permit the wearerto open and close the mouth for speaking or any other necessary purpose while preventing the intake of air throughthe "mouth, thus compelling the wearer to use the nostrils for inhalation at all times when worn, the pur-- pose being to train and accustom the wearer to the habit of nose inhalation so as eventual ly to-Inake use of this habit at all ordinary times.
perfectly and thus, or' otherwise, not entirely prevent the intake of air through the mouth, it would nevertheless serve for training and instructional purposes by the cutting off of so large an intake of airthrough the mouth and the sound caused by the sharp closing of the valve would give notice of any attempted'mouth inhalation which is sought to be Prevented. 1
I claim: a
1. In an anti-mouth inhaler, a major piece constituting a casing extending along the sides and over the mouth of the wearer with an opening in the upper part thereof for the Even should the device notfit the wearer outlet of breath and provided with guides,
and a minor piece-adapted tomove along said guides within the major piece and having a transverse plate with acurved edge to fit into the indentation between the lower lip and chin. V
2. In an anti-mouth inhaler, a] major piece constituting a casing extending along the sidesand over the mouth of the wearer with an opening in the upper part thereof, a valve closing said opening and adapted to open P for the outlet of breath, and said major piece provided with guides, and a minor piece adapted to move along said guides within the major piece and having a transverse plate with a curved edge to fit into the indentation between the lower lip and chin.
3. In an anti-mouth inhaler, a major piece, a movable minor piece with a transverse plate secured to the upper part thereof; and elastic bands secured to said transverse plate and to the major piece for attaching the major and minor pieces together, and for assisting in the operation of the minor piece within the major piece.
4. In an anti-mouth inhaler, a major piece, a movable minor piece with a transverse plate secured to the upper part thereof, and a part of said minor piece adapted to extend around and under the chin, and elastic bands secured to the transverse plate of the minor piece and to the major piece.
5. In an anti-mouth inhaler, a major piece with projections on each of the sides thereof, a non-elastic cord attached to said projections and adapted to extend around the head of the wearer and an elastic cord secured to an end of said non-elastic cord and adapted to extend around the neck and removably attached to the other end of said non-elastic cord for holding said major piece in place.
SOLOMON C. POOL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5717993 *||Jan 2, 1997||Feb 17, 1998||Roberts Rena B||Post-surgery lip and chin protector|
|US6123082 *||Oct 3, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||Resmed Limited||Device for preventing or reducing the passage of air through the mouth|
|U.S. Classification||128/857, 128/848|