US 1493856 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented May 13, 1924.
UNITED STATES PATENT oFF ICE.l
DANIEL J'. GOLDEN, OF IBROCKTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR T0 WALTER T. STALL,
CHARLES'H. DEAN, AND SAID DANIEL J. GOLDEN, A COPARTNERSHIP DOING BUSI- NESSAAS GOLDEN SPORTING SHOE COMPANY, OF IBROCXTON, MASSACHIISETTS.
Application tiled December 23, 1922.` Serial No. 608,742. i
To aZZ whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, DANIEL J. GonDEN, a citizen of the United States, reslding at Brockton, in the county of Plymouth and Y State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Sporting Shoes,
of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates particularly to shoes such as those disclosed by my Patent N o. 938,843, November 2, 1909, the outer surface of the tread portion of the outsole being provided with cleats, adapted to indent the ground and prevent slipping, and secured to the outsole and'to the insole by fastening members passing through openings in a resilient pressure-supporting plate, usually of sheet steel, interposed between the two soles.
The object of the invention is to provide the plate, when used in a football shoe, with anchoring means adapted to securely engage fastening means engaged with a supplemental cleat, and cause the latter to prevent liability of displacement of the usual oblong cleats employed in football shoes, said oblong cleats presenting elongated sides, and being liable to be wrenched loose by pressure on said sides.
The said plate and the supplemental cleatanchoring means permit the employment of a supplemental cleat, adapted to resist all stresses and strains liable to displace the oblong cleats. v
after described and claimed. I
Of the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification,-
Figure l is a side view of my inproved pressure-supporting plate embodying the invention.
Figure 2 is ure 1.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional View, taken on the median line of the forepart of a welted shoe.
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3, showing a McKay sewed shoe.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the supplemental cleat.
Figure 6 is a perspective view of one of the oblong cleats.
The same reference characters indicate the same parts in all the figures.
In the drawings, 10 represents a resilient a section on line 2--2 of Figpressure-supporting plate, formed to be interposed between the insole 12 and an outsole 13 of a sporting shoe, and provided with openings arranged to 'receive fastening members W ich securecleats 15.
In a football shoe the cleats are oblong, and usually composed of sole leather lifts cemented together and secured by fastening` members, such as nails 17, driven through lholes formed for their reception in the cleats, and through openings in the plate 10, the fastening members as here shown, being clenched on the inner sole.
rIhe openings in the plate 10 are in this case, oblong slots 18, arranged in the marginal portion of the plate, as shown by Figure .Y
The plate 10 is positioned on one of the soles before the soles are assembledy and secured to each other and to the upper 19. In the welted shoe shown by Figure 3, the plate is first applied to the insole 12. In the Mc- Keg sewed shoe shown by Figure 4, the plate is rst applied to the outsole 13.
To prevent liability of endwise and edgewise shpping of the plate on the sole to which it is applied7 I provide the plate with integral spurs 20, projecting from one side of the plate and In the welted shoe the spurs project inward and enter the insole, and in a McKay sewed shoe the spurs project outward and enter the outsole.
To enable the plate to be used with either of the described shoes, I form il-shaped slits 20, in the plate, these extending from side to side of the plate and forming the edges of V-shaped spurs 20. The operation of cutting the sllts does not displace the metal forming the spurs, and leaves the sides of the spurs iiush with the sides of the plate, so that the plate may be adapted for use in adapted to enter the sole. I
either make of shoe, by bending the spurs l cured to the central portion of the plate, the boss being internally threaded and adapted to engage the threaded portion of the screw 28, as shown by Figures 3 and 4. The central portion of the tread face of the outsole is provided with an orifice 25, receiving the boss 24. Said boss is preferably provided with an annular 'thin edged flange 26, attached by rivets 27 to the plate 10.
It will be seen that the boss 24 and the screw 23 engaged therewith, provide a strong connection between the supplemental cleat and the plate 10y confining the cleat against the tread face of the outsole, and adapted to resist pressure exerted 'in directions which would be liable to displace the oblong cleats 4 y 15, the form of the supplemental cleat being such that it is adapted to resist pressure against any side of the cleat.
The supplemental cleat 22 is preferably formed as a truncated pyramid as shown by Figure 5, having side faces of uniform area and located at uniform distances from the screw 23, so that the supplemental cleat is adapted, by its form, and by the screw 23 and the boss 24, whereby it is positively secured to the plate, to cause a uniform resistance to pressure, tending to tip the cleat in any direction.
It is desirable to provide the cleats 15 with two opposite side facesy each of major area exceeding that of either of the side faces of the cleat 22, and two side or end faces of major area, as may be seen by comparing Figures 5 and 6. If the marginal cleats 15 were pyramidal, and each had been side faces of equal area, and if each cleat 15 were positively secured to the insole like the supplemental cleat, these cleats would be too bulky, heavy7 and clumsy, there being usually six cleats 15. The oblong form of the cleats 15 renders it necessary to secure each cleat b a row of nails, the thickness of these cleats ing insufficient to permit the use of relatively large attaching screws 23. It will be seen, therefore, that the supplemental cleat 22 and the securing means therefor, characterized as above stated, enables said cleat., when embedded in the ground, to support the vmajor portion of thestrain exerted on the series of cleats, and prevent liability of tipping displacement of the cleats 15 by strain exerted on their major side faces, and resisted only by the nails 17.
In a shoe of the character stated, comp-rising an outsole, an insole and a resilient pressure-supporting plate interposed between said soles, and provided at its marginal portion with oblong openings, oblong cleats projecting from the marginal portion of the tread face of the outsole, and nails extending through the oblong cleats and into the two soles and clinched in the insole; the describedimprovement comprising a supplemental cleat projecting from the central portion of the said tread face, and means positively securin the supplemental cleat to the supporting p ate and clamping it against said tread face, said means including an internally threaded boss having a flange riveted to the supporting plate, said boss projecting Athrough an orifice in the outsole, and an attaching screw extending through the supplemental cleat and engaged with said boss, the' supplemental cleat being formedy and the said securing means adapted, to
cause a uniform resistance to pressure tending to tip the supplemental cleat in any direct-ion, so that said cleat, when embedded in the ground, acts to prevent liability of displacement of the oblong cleats by pressure exerted on the major side faces of the latter.
In testimony whereof I have aflixed my signature.
DANIEL J. GOLDEN.