US 1494044 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 13, 1924. 1,494.044
A. WARD ET AL CATAMEN I AL GARMENT Filed Aoril 27. 1923 E mum Won @atented May 13, 1924.
ABRAHAM WARD ZULTUS W. GULDS'MITH, YORK. E. Y.
Application filed April 27, 1923. Serial No. 634,950.
To (LIZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, ABRAHAM WARD and J UmUs W. GonnsMiTn, citizens of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Catamenial Garments, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a catamenial 1 garment adapted to be worn to prevent injury, such as by soiling, to the usual garments worn, the garment comprising a pair of trunks constructed in a novel manner, this type of garment being commonly known in the trade as a step-in.
The invention has for a eneral object to provide a novel catamenial garment of this type which will be sanitary, and which will be more comfortable and hygienic in use than such garments of this type as have heretofore been worn.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the followingdescription and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
Fig. 1 of the drawings is a perspective 2 view showing one embodiment of my improved catamenial garment.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken just above the elastic waist band.
853 Fig. 3 is a similar view to Fig. l but showini a modified construction.
ig. 4 is a fragmentar horizontal sectional view taken at a point between the waist band and one of the leg apertures.
As here embodied our improved catamenial garment comprises a single sheet of rubber which is suitably shaped to provide the front and rear body portions 10 and 11 of the garment and which is of narrowed ea width between its ends as at 12, where it engages between the limbs of the user. These front and rear elements 10 and 11 are connected or joined at the sides in spaced relation to each other by means of non-elastic ee fabric inserts 14:, which are comparatively short in vertical dimension, extending from the top of the garment down to the top edges of the leg openings 15. These inserts, as will he understood are united along the full at length of their side edges to the edges of the rubber sheet and they arc preferably made of a material having considerable porosity, such as linen mesh fabric.
Extending around the garment, just below the top edge thereof, is an elastic waist band 17 which is preferably attached to the inner face of the garment as shown, being secured in place by suitable stitching. In order to prevent danger of tearing of the rubber sheet, which is of very light weight the side inserts are attached to the waist band 17 when the latter is stretched under considerable tension, while the rubber member is attached to the waist band is under lesser tension, so that normally the convolutions in the insert 7 are deeper than those in the rubber member under normal conditions, as clearly shown in Fig. 2.
In the embodiment in Figs. 3 and 4: we have provided a means for varying the width I of the inserts 14: at the bottom thereof so as to vary the hip measurement with respect to the waist measurement when desirable. As there shown each insert is arranged to have a pleat or fold 20 made therein which widens from the top downward. Secured at opposite ends to the insert, and spaced vertically thereof, are a number of cords 21, these cords being secured at oneend to the outer face of the insert and at the opposite end to the inner face of the insert. The respective ends of the cords are secured to the insert at laterally spaced points on the latter, the lateral spacing of the points increasing progressively from the top of the garment downward. These cords are passed through eyelets 22 in the inserts arranged in vertically spaced relation near one side of the latter, and have looped therethrough the single cord 24 which is also engaged with suitable hooks 25, or eyelets if desired, arranged in vertically spaced relation adjacent the opposite side of the insert. This single cord is preferably permanently attached at one end while its opposite end may be removably we attached in any suitable manner, it being understood that the cord will be of sufiicient len h to allow for adjustment of the width of t 0 insert.
Because of the particular arrangement of the cords 21, which is clearly shown in the drawing, they pull on both sides of the pleat in the insert when the cord 24 is tightened and thus act to retain said pleat or fold lying flat in place, and this pleat automatically no accommodates itself to the form of the wearor of the garment when the cord 24 is tightened.
Our im roved catameniai garment is both comfortab ie and hygienic, affording full rotection, while the porous nature of the inserts 14 allows for circulation of air.
While we have described our improved ste -ins to be used as catamenial garments, it 15 to be understood that the right is re served to its use also as baby pants and to all modifications coming within the scope and spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described our invention what we claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is as tollows:
1. A catemenial garment comprising a main bod element or sheet rubber, and side inserts 0 open mesh fabric, and an elastic Waist band extending around said garment, said elastic bend normally hoidin the rubber end "fabric elements in conventions at the point Where they engage the band, the convoiutions or" the fabric insert being normaiiy dee er then those of the rubber sheet to cause t e latter to be stretched to nonconvoluted form before the said inserts.
2.. A catameniai garment comprising a, resin body element of non-porous material, end side inserts of porous material, and means including cords attached at opposite ends to the inner and outer faces respectiveiy of the inserts and passing through eyelets therein for holding said inserts in pleated form.
In testimony whereof we have afixed our siatures,
ABRAHAM WARD. JULIUS W, GOLDSMITH.