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Publication numberUS1494407 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1924
Filing dateJan 10, 1921
Priority dateJan 10, 1921
Publication numberUS 1494407 A, US 1494407A, US-A-1494407, US1494407 A, US1494407A
InventorsBeach Oren M
Original AssigneeBeach Oren M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Small-arms-practice apparatus
US 1494407 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 20 {1924.

0. M. BEACH SMALL ARMS PRACTICE APPARATUS Filed Jan. 10. 1921 4. 11 .20 26 256 Z5 Z5 m Wm! [M I EJ',

61%, 21. Mad BY gmvwhmg A TTOR/VEY Patented May 2%, 1924.

l STATES OEEN M. BEAQH, OF RYE, NEW YORK.

SMALL-ARMS-IPRACTICE APPARATUS.

Application filed January 10, 1921. Serial No. 436,334.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, OREN M. BEACH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rye, Westchester County, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Small-Arms-Practice Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification.

My invention relates to means for instructing and training individuals in the use of small arms, and the same has for its object more particularly to provide a simple, eflicient and convenient apparatus to enable one to become skilled in the art of aiming and firing of small arms, such as revolvers and rifles.

Further, said invention has for its object to provide an apparatus of the character specified, whereby the muscles of the hand and arm required for aiming and firing may be trained and strengthened.

Further, said invention has for its object to provide an apparatus in which the resistv ance of the trigger may be controlled or varied, at will, by the operator.

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.

To the attainment of the aforesaid objects and ends, my invention consists in the novel details of construction, and in the combina tion, connection and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described and then pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings showing 35 an illustrative embodiment of the invention- 1 Figure 1 is a side elevation partly broken away and in section, showing one form of apparatus constructed according to, and em bodying my said invention, and

Figure 2 is a plan view or top view there- In said drawings, 10 designates the apparatus as a whole, and as illustrated, simulates an automatic magazines pistol. The apparatus may be constructed of wood, metal or other materiahand in order to yield the best results the same should have the same weight and balance as the particular dling ofwhich an individual is to be trained. The apparatus comprises essentially a barrel 11, a handle 12, and a trigger guard 13.

The fixed handle part 12 is suitably re cessed to receive the several operating parts,

arm which is simulated. and for the han-' I 4 mal position and be retained by the detent including a movable part 14:, which is maintained normally projected against stops 15 by springs 16 disposed in sockets 17 provided in the handle 12. The inner endsof the springs 16 rest upon followers 18 carried by adjusting screws 19 extending into the handle from its rear edge whereby the tension of said springs may be varied.

20 denotes pins provided upon the rear side of the movable handle part 14 and extending rearwardly therefrom and into openings 21 in the handle whereby to guide said movable part 14. Y The upper pin 20 is pivotally secured. to the lower end of a bell-crank lever 22 which I0 is mounted upon a pivot 23 secured to the handle. The other end of said bell-crank lever 22 is pivotally secured to a bearing 24 depending from the under side of a detent 25 which is rigidly secured at its rear end to the body of the apparatus.

The forward end of the detent 25 is reduced in thickness so asto form a spring portion 26 intermediate its secured end and the nose 27 of the detent.

28 denotes the rear sight, which for convenience, may be provided upon the upper side of the detent.

Below the said detent 25 is arranged a stop 29 which is secured to the body of the apparatus and serves to limit the downward movement of the free end of the detent, and also to act as an anvil against which the detent is adapted to strike after the same has been actuated by the trigger 30.

The trigger is pivotally secured to the handle 12 within the trigger guard 13. The upper end 29' of said trigger is curved so thatthe same will raise the free end of the detent 25 and cause the portion of said detent immediately to the rear thereof to strike forcibly against the stop or anvil 29.

when the trigger has been pulled to its full extent, and thereby produce a click similar to that produced when the hammer of a pistol or other small arm strikes the firing pin, or a cartridge.

In order to maintain the finger portion of the trigger 3O normally projected, and to restore the upper end thereof to its nor- 25. the handle 12 is provided with a socket 31 in which is disposed a coil spring 32 having its forward end bearing against the rear side cf'the trigger 30.

iii)

The operation of the apparatus is as follows The apparatus is grasped by its handle 12 in the same manner as the pistol which it simulates, and the index finger placed upon the finger portion'of thetrigger 30.

The thumb and remaining fingers which engage and surround the fixed handle part 12 and movable member 14 are then caused to draw back the movable handle part 14 and overcome the resistance of the springs 17, At the same time, the upper pin will move the lower vertical end of the bellcrank lever 22 rearward and cause the upper end of its horizontal member to move slightly downward and increase the resistance to movement of the free end of the detent 25v and hold the same quite firmly against the upper side of the stopor anvil 29.

When pressure of the index finger is increased upon the trigger and the lower portion thereof forced rearwardly, the upper end thereoi is caused to move forwardly and raise the nose 27 of the detent 25 until the resistance of said detent is overcome and the nose 27 caused to drop to the rear of the upper end of said trigger 30. Simultaneously, the portion 26 of the detent to the rear of said nose will strike 'forcibly against the upper side of the stop or anvil 29 and produce the click indicating that he operation of firing has been performed.

As soon as the pressure upon the trigger is released, the spring 32 willcause the trigger and its associated parts to be restored to their initial positions ready to repeat the operation described.

By intelligent use and practice with my said apparatus, it becomes possible in short time toteach and train one in the proper and efficient use of small arms, and to develop the muscles of the hands and arms to the extent necessary to acquire the hold without which accurate shooting is impossible. 7

It is to be noted that by means of my said apparatus, the pull of the trigger may be controlled, or varied'a'lt will by the operator in pressing against the movable handle part 14, and that the resistance to pressure of the said handle part 14 may be'inc'reased or diminished, as desired, by'actu'ating the adjusting screws 19.

Further, it is to be noted that my invention is not limited to the precise form of weapon simulated in the drawings, but that the same may be readily applied to the various types of small arms. 7

Having thus described my said invention what I claim and desire to secure'b-y Letters Patent is: V v

1. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, amembei to be actuated thereby, and a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part operatively associated with said trigger for controlling the pull thereof, substantially as specified.

2. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a detent for retaining said trigger and adapted to be actuated thereby, and a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part operatively associated with said detent for controlling the pull of said trigger, substantially as specified.

3. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a member to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, and means for resisting the movement of said movable part and varying the pull of said trigger, substantially as specified.

4. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a. trigger, a spring-detent for retaining said trigger and adapted to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, and means for resisting the movement or" said movable part and for varying the tension of said spring detent, substantially as specified.

5. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a member to be actuated thereb a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, means for resisting the movement of said movable part, and means for varying the action of said resisting means and for controlling the pull of said trigger, substantially as specified.

6. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a spring-detent for retaining said trigger and adapted to be actuatedthereby, a handle comprising a fined part and a movable part, means for resisting the movement of said movable part, and means for varying the action of said resisting means and the tension of saidspring detent, substantially as specified.

7. An apparatus oi the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a member to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fired part and a movable part controlling the pull of said trigger, spring means for resisting the movement of said movable part, and means for varying the tension of said spring means, substantially as specified.

8. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a member to be actuated there by, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part operatively associated with said member for controlling the pull of said trigger, means for guiding said movable part with respect to said fixed part, and

means for resisting the movement of said movable part, substantially as specified.

9. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a member to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part operatively associated with said trigger for controlling, at will,

the pull of said trigger, said fixed part having sockets therein, and springs disposed within said sockets engaging said movable part for resisting the movement thereof, substantially as specified.

10. An apparatus of the character describe-d simulating a small arm and oomprising a trigger, a member to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, and means connecting said movable part with the member adapted to be actuated by said trigger whereby to vary, at will, the pull of said trigger, substantially as specified.

11. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a detent to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, and means connecting said movable part with the detent for controlling the pull of said trigger, substantially as specified.

12. An apparatus of the character described simulatingasmall arm and comprising a trigger, a detent for retaining said trigger and adapted to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part for controlling at will, the pull of said trigger, resilient means interposed between said fixed and said movable parts, and means connecting said movable part with said detent whereby to vary the tension with which said detent resists the movement of said trigger, substantially as specified.

13. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a detent for retaining said trigger and adapted to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, resilient means interposed between said fixed and said movable parts, means connecting said movable part with said detent whereby to vary the tension with which said detent resists the movement of said trigger, and means for varying the tension of said resilient means, substantially as specified.

14. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a spring-actuated detent for retaining said trigger and to be actuated thereby, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, springs interposed between said fixed and said movable parts, and a lever having one end connected to said movable part and its other end connected to said spring-actuated detent whereby to resist the movementthereof, substantially as specified.

15. An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a spring-actuated detent for retaining said trigger and to be actuated thereby, a stop for said detent, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, spring means interposed between said fixed and movable parts, pins for guiding said movable part with respect to said fixed part, a lever having one end connected to one of said pins and its other end connected to said spring-actuated detent whereby to adjustably resist the movement thereof, substantially as specified.

16, An apparatus of the character described simulating a small arm and comprising a trigger, a spring-actuated detent for retaining said trigger and to be actuated thereby, a stop for said detent, a handle comprising a fixed part and a movable part, spring means interposedbetween said fixed and movable parts, means for varying the tension of said spring means, pins for guiding said movable part with respect to said fixed part, and a lever having one end connected to one of said pins and its other end connected to said spring-actuated detent whereby to adjustably resist the movement thereof, substantially as specified.

Signed at the city of New York, county and State of New York, this 8th day of January, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-one.

OREN M. BEACH.

Witnesses:

CONRAD A. DIETERICH, JOSEPH G. QUINN, J r.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5451162 *Oct 4, 1991Sep 19, 1995Armament Systems & ProceduresMock training weapon and method of training law enforcement personnel using same
US8684737 *Apr 1, 2011Apr 1, 2014Derrick A JordanHandgun trigger training device and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification42/106, 434/16
International ClassificationF41A33/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41A33/00
European ClassificationF41A33/00