US 1494454 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 20, 1-924. 1 49 44 54 Y ca. 0. WANNER TOY AEROPLANE Filed Oct. 25 1923' ?ate nted May 20, 1924.
UNITED STATES eEoneE D. WARNER, GT-DAYTON, 01:10.
Application filed ocm 'aa, 1923. Serial 610,222..
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Gsonon D. 'WANNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toy Aeroplanes or the like, of which the following is a specification. reference being bad therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to improvements in toy aeroplanes of the gliding type.
The object attained in the invention consists in the knock-down form of construction which adapts the glider for convenient handling in bulk. as in packing for shipping, and in stocking for distribution. The form of construction also lends itself to convenience in assembling the parts one with another, and is effective to minimize breakage both in handling the toys in bulk and also in their normal use in which they receive more or less rough handling.
In the accompanying drawings, the glider is illustrated in a preferred form of construction. including suitable modifications as to detail features.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the glider;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of Fig. 1:
Figs. 3 and 4 are detail views illustrating modifications of construction.
As shown the glider consists of the body or fuselage 1, main plane 2. elevating and stabilizing plane 3, rudder 4, landing gear 5. buffer 6, plane assembly slots 7 and 8, and'in the modified construction, plane assembly slots 9 and 10, and slot clamp bands 11 and 12.
The fuselage consists of an integral piece of light wood, part 1, provided with a slot at its forward end which may be open as shown in form 7, or closed as shown in form 9, to receive the plane 3, the slot being cut at a suitable angle to set the plane at an angl which will be effective to elevate the glider as it is projected into the air, the plane also acting to stabilize the same in its liding movement. Provision is also made In the length of slot 7 for moving plane 3 forward or rearward relative to part I, to regulate the stabilizing action of the plane. To hold the plane against movement in the slot an elastic element in any suitable form, as illustrated in the rubber parts 6, 11 and 12, is slipped over the end of part 1, the pressure thus exerted on the part on opposite sides -adjacent theslot being sufficient to hold the plan'e firmly in position. Partsfi and 12 a'lso'act' asbufi'ersfor. the toy .in a
nose dive to the ground o in head-onlcolliv sioiis with other ob ject s..-
The assembly slot for the main plane 2 may 'be'closeda's shown in form 8, or open to the end of part 1 as shown in form 10, plane 2 being readily detachable from part 1 in either form. Provision is also made in the length of the slots, as in slots 7 and 9, to adjust the plane forward and rearward to obtain the best stabilizing effect of the glider. Vith the open slot an elastic band 11 is employed to hold the plane in position. With the closed form of slot, the friction of part 1 on opposite sides of the plane will be sutficient to hold the same in position.
The yielding support of the planes of the glider relative to the fuselage also tends to minimize breakage of the planes upon the glider striking the ground or colliding with other objects.
The rudder is secured to the fuselage in any suitable manner, as by gluing one part to the other. .The landing ear 5, as here shown is in the form of a flexible bow having its opposite ends set in part 1 and glued. This part acts to break the force of impact as the glider strikes the ground upon descending and also to cause the same to rebound gracefully in successive movements until it comes to rest. Part 5 is not essential to the operation of the toy except as to the rebounding gliding action, in all other respects performance will be substantially the same without the addition of this part.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. A toy aeroplane includingin combination with a fuselage slotted adjacent its opposite ends, a main plane and an elevating plane assembled in the respective slots and adapted to be adjusted therein axially to selected positions relative to the fuselage whereby to effect stabilization of the toy.
2. A toy aeroplane including in combination with a fuselage and a main plane supported thereon, a slotformed in the fuselage and an elevating plane supported in sald slot and adapted to be adjusted variably axially of the fuselage therein, and retained in a selected position by constriction of the slot whereby to effect stabilization of the to. g A toy aeroplane including in combination with a fuselage and a main plane sup orted thereon, a slot formed in the fuseage and an elevating plane supported in said slot at an angle to the longitudinal plane of the fuselage and adjustable in the plane of said angle axially of the fuselagea'nd retained in the slot invariable positions of adjustment by compression means acting to constrict the slot.
4. A toy aeroplane including in combination with a fuselage and a main plane supported thereon, a slot formed in the fuselage, an elevating plane supported in said slot, and an elastic element applied to the fuselage adjacent the slot to hold said plane in posltion therein.
5. A toy aeroplane including in combination with a fuselage and a main plane sup position therein, said element projecting beyond the end of the fuselage and acting as a butler therefor. 6. A toy aeroplane including in combination with a fuselage, slots in the fuselage open to its opposite ends, a main plane and a lesser plane supported in the respective slots, and means acting to constrict the slots whereby to said slots.
In testimony whereof, I ture.
secure the planes yieldingly in aflix my signa- GEORGE D. WANNER.