US 1494656 A
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3 Sheets-Sheet l R, F. WHERLAND Filed oct. 2o.
ELECTR I CAL BURGLAR ALARM May 2o 1924.
so FOB/5R7- F WHERLAND ATTORNEYS.
May 20 1924. 1,494,656
R. F. WHERLAND ELECTRICAL BURGLAR ALARM lvVE/v TORI ROBERT F'WHERLA/vo.
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1,494,656 R. F. WHERLAND ELECTRI CAL BURGLAR ALARM Filed Oct. 2O 1921 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 ATTofP/VE Y6.
Patented May 20, 1924.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ROBERT F. WHERLAND, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA. ASSIGNOR TO WHERLAND I ALARM-COMPANY, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA.
ELECTRICAL BURGLAR ALARM.-
Applicaton led ctober 20, 1921.
To all 'whom it may concern;
Be it known that I, ROBERT F. IVHERLAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Minneapolis, in the county of Hennepin and State. of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electrical Burglar' Alarms, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to electrical burglar alarms. and an object is to provide a device suitable for use in banks or other places by means of which an alarm will be caused to operate by a burglar when he attempts to remove currency or bills from a drawer or from a container on the counter or in the vault containing the same. Another object is to provide means by which the alarm will be operated when the burglar tampers with the container by attempting to open it or by drilling into the same.
The full objects and advantages of my invention will appear in connection with the detailed description, and the novel features embodied in my inventive idea will be particularlyY pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings which illustrate one form in which my invention may be embodied,
Fig.'1 is a top plan view of a container. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view thereof with a portion broken away to show electrical connections. Fig. 3 is a View on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 showing a loose bottom in the containerand currency placed thereon. Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing another form of loose .bottom in place with currency thereon. Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but Showing the currency removed. Fig. 6 is a view in section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 2. Fig. 7 is a View similar to Fig. 6 showing how the electric circuit is completed when an attempt is made to pull out the cable of wires from the container. Fig. 8 is a View showing a Wiring diagram of a burglar and tire alarm system containing my invention.
Referring to the construction shown in the drawings, I provide a container designated in general by the numeral 1() and having a bottom member 12. This container may be located in any suitable place such as at the position occupied by the cashier in a bank and may be of such size as to provide any desired number of compartments for containing currency, bills or valuable docu- Serial N'o. 509,139.
ments. In the embodiment shown, there are three of these compartments designated by the numerals 14, 16 and 18, and these compartments are provided with a talse bottom 20 on the lower side of which is secured a metal plate 22. The'space between the bottom 12 and the false bottom 20 is lined with two layers of metal 24 and 26 separated by insulating material 28. The layer of metal 26 is connected by a wire 3() with a bus bar 32 while the outer layer of metal 24 is connected by a wire 34 with a bus bar 36 and the metal plate 22 is connected by a wire 38 with the bus bar 36, all as will be evident from Fig. 2. A wire is connected to the bus bar 36 and a wire 42 is connected to the bus bar 32, these two wires being part of an electrical circuit connecting with a suitable source ot electricity and including an alarm or signal device, as will appear later. Secured to the bus bar 32 are three spring tingers 44, 46 and 48. the resiliency of which tends to bring their free ends into contact with the bus bar 36, and these lingers are positioned so as to extend under the middle portions of the compartments 14, 16 and 18 respectively. Secured to the free ends of these fingers are upstanding pins 50 which pass through openings in the false bottom 2O so as to be capable of extending for a short distance up into the compartments which contain the currency. I provide two forms of loose bottoms such as designated by the numerals 52 and 54, these loose bottoms being of, a size to fit removably into the compartments 14, 16, 18, and rest upon the false bottom 20. The loose bottom 52 is provided with an aperture so positioned that the pin 50 is adapted to pass therethrough as shown in Fig. 5. When currency designated at C is in a compartment having the loose bottom 52 therein, the weight of this currency is sufficient to depress the pin 50 and the fin er 44, 46 or 48 according to the particu ar compartment. When the currency is removed, one of these fingers comes into contact with the busbar 36 as shown in Fig. 5, and bridges the same with the bus bar 32 so that a circuit is completed with the source of electricity to which the Wires 40 and 42 are connected. It is contemplated that only one of the. loose bottoms 52 shall be used, and this may be placed in any one of the compartments so as to vary the arrangement as desired. It is intended that the other Cil lll
compartments shall contain the loose bottoms 54. -The loose bottoms 54 are not adapted to allow the pins 50 to come up intov contact. with the currency but are of suticient weight to keep the, pins depressed. These', bottoms are shown lprovided on their upper sides with dummy pins 57 which occupy the position which would be occupied by the pin 50 if the bottom 52 were in place.
This makesit impossible to tell by feeling just `which -compartment is the one into which the pin 50 extends except the currency be first removed. In case an attempt is made to drill down into the lower space 1n 5 the drawer for the purpose of holding down ling through the insulation 28 will connect the two metal layers 24 and 26 and since these layers are connected respectively with the bus bars 36 and 32 the circuit will be completed and the alarm will be sounded. Secured to one end of the bus bars 36 is a spring finger 56 which'extends toward the correspondingend of the bus bar 32 so that Y the free end of this finger overlaps the free end of a contact member 58 carried by the bus bar 32 these two members beingfnormally out of contact due to the resiliency of the finger. One end of a cordis se cured to the finger 56 and this-cord passes through an openin 62 lin the bottom member 12 of the container so that the other end of the cord may be.readilyincorporated in the cable of wires associated with the compartment. When the wire 60 is thus attached and an attempt is made to pull out the cable the finger 56 is drawn into engagement with the contact member 58, thus y,
completing the circuit `and causing the alarm to sound. Thel manner in whlch the alarm is sounded when a circuit is completed at the container in any of the ways revlously mentioned will now be described with reference to'hig. 8. The wire 40 is v connected to one side of a battery 64 and the .wire 42 is connected to the other side` of this battery. 'The wire 42 includes the; coil of an electromagnet 66, the armature 68 of adapted to be supplied with current from a c as;
batteryl 7 6 when a switch 78 is closed. This arrangement'allow's the batteries72 and 76 -the electromagnet.
meaeee to be used interchangeably so that the matter of renewal is an easy matter. Included in the circuit 70 is the coil of an electromagnet having an armature 82 which isnormally attracted away from a contact point 84 by the passage of electric current through When the electromagnet 66 previously referred to is energized the armature 68l is attracted, thus breaking the circuit 70 and the armature 82 of the electromagnet 80v comes into engagement withv the contact point 84. This completes a circuit 86 in which isincluded a bell lor signal device 88 and which is supplied with electric current from a battery 90. A push button 92 may be placed in any convenient position so that the cashier may close the circuit through the wires 40 and 42 to sound the alarm at any time he may wish. I, have shown a switch 94 in the circuit 70 and when this switch is open, the current can no longer pass directly through the circuit 70 but will be caused to pass through a-shunt circuit 96 joined with the'portion of the circuit 7 0 connected with the electromagnet 80. Fuses such as 98, 100, and 102 placed in the shunt circuit are effective in case of fire inl case'the switch 94 is open to cut oi current from the electromagnet- 80 and thus cause the alarm to be sounded. Av switch `104 is placed in the circuit of the wire 42. This.- switch may be an ordinary switch and it Y changes the loose bottom 52 from one` co'mpartment to another, and also when he removes and replaces currency from the compartment containing this loose bottom.
When the currency lis removed from this compartment, a weight may be substituted for the currency in order to'hold'the pin 50 depressed, and thus prevent the alarm from continuously sounding. The'container for the currency, bills or documents `may be a standard drawer which is chan ed only on causes. the circuiti-through the alarm tobe closed. The alarmbox may have outer. and inner layers 106 and 108 separated by insulation and connected respectively with the l wires 40 and42 so that it the alarm box -is drilled` or tampered with, the circuit -through the 40 and 42 be'closed and the previously described.
Referring to Fig. 8, 110 designates a clock which electrically connects to the circuit of the vault door and which opens to the battery 64 compartments and currency is and closes this circuit at the desired time.,
No one can tamper with the lock or open the' vault door when the clock closes the circuit without sounding the alarm. This can only be done uponu'the arrival Vof such time as the clock is set to open the circuit. A volt meter is designated at 112 which is for -testing the conditions. of the battery while fuses 114 protect the battery in the alarm box against short circuits on the lines leading to thei volt meter from the alarm box. 116 designates a pin which holds the circuit open when the coil "of the electromagnet-66 has been energized. The alarm will continue sounding until this pin is lifted.
A loose bottom 52 is placed in one of the placed upon this bottom in the com down the pin 50 but this currency is not used by the cashier during the day since he uses currency only from the other compartments which are provided with the loose bottoms 54. Therefore there is no liability of the cashier causing. the alarm to be operated when he removes currency while performing his duties which require him to pay out currency or to make change. The loose bottom 52 may be changed from onejcompartment to another from time to time as desired by the cashier who is the only onewho knows the particular arrangement with the result that other persons attempting to remove currency will take it from this compartment as well as from the other compartments and hence cause the alarm to be operated. When the currency placed on the loose bottom 52 is removed, the particular one of the spring fingers associated with the compartment is permitted to engage the busbar 36 whereby a circuit is completed from thebattery 64 through the wire 42 including the electromagnet 66, the busbar 32, the particular spring finger just referred to, the bushar 36 and back through the wire 40. When the electromagnet 66 is thus energized. the circuit 70 is broken. thus allowmg the armature 82 of the electromagnet to come into engagement with the crontact point 84. This completes the circuit 86 connected with the battery 90 which leads through the alarm 88, thereby causing the latter to be operated. Since the metal plate 22 is connected by the wire 38 with lthe busbar '36 as shown in Fig. 2 if this metal plate is drilled through for the purpose of reaching one of the spring fingers 44, 46
partment to hold` and 4.8 for the ,purpose of holding down the particular finger, then the busbars 32 and 36 will be connected through the wire 38, the metal plate 22, the metal of the drill and the spring finger, thereby completing the circuit as just described. Since the outer layer of metal 24 of the container is connected by a Wire 34 with the bus bar 36 and the lnner layer of metal 26 is connected by a wire 30, with the busbar 32, if these layers of metal be drilled through the busbars will be connected through the metal drill and the circuits will be completed as stated above.
l. An electrical burglar alarm comprising a container with compartments for receiving currency, a false bottom in said container, two bus bars below said false bottom, spring fingers secured to one of said bus bars, an alarm and upwardly projecting pins secured to the free ends of said fingers, and adapted to extend through openings in said false bottom into such position that the weight of the currency in any one ofthe compartments will depress the corresponding one of said pins and the removal of said currency will allow Said pin and the associated fin r to rise and bridge said bus bars for complgeeting an electrical circuit to operate the alarm.
2. An electrical burglar alarm comprising a container with compartments for receiving currency, a false bottom in said container, two bus bars below said false bottom, spring fingers secured to one of said bus bars, an alarm upwardly rojecting pins secured to the free ends ci) said fingers and adapted to extend through openings in said false bottom into such position that the weight of currency in any one of the compartments will depress the corresponding one of said pins and the removal of said currency will allow said pin and the associated lfinger to rise and bridge said bus bars for completing an electrical circuit to operate the alarm, a metal plate secured to the lower side of said false bottom and a connection between said plate and the bus bar which is adjacent said pin whereby a circuit will be completed when said plate is drilled through so that the alarm will be operated.
3. An electrical burglar alarm comprising a container with compartments for receiving currency, a false bottom in said con tainer,.two bus bars below said false bottom, spring fingers secured to one of said bus bars, an alarm upwardly projecting pins secured to the free ends of said fingers and adapted to extend through openings in said false bottom into such position that the weight of currency in any one of the compartments will depress the corresponding one of said ins and the removal of said currency will) allow said pin and the as- .loo
sociated finger to rise and bridge said busbars for completing an electrical circuit to operate theralarm, a lining consisting of two layers of metal separated by insulation in the space below said false bottom, a connection between one of said layers and one of said bus bars, and a connection between the otherl of said layers and the other of said bus bars whereby a circuit will be completed when said lining is drilled through so that the`alarm will be operated.
4. An electrical burglar alarm comprising a container with compartments for receiving currency, a false bottom in 'said contalner, two bus bars below said false bottom, spring fingers secured to one ofsaid bus bars, an alarm upwardly projecting pins secured to the free ends of said fingers and adapted to extend through openings in said false bottom into such position that the Weight of currency in any one of the ,compartments will depress the corresponding one ofsaid ins and the removal of said currency wili) allow said pin and the associated linger to rise and bridge said bus bars for completing an electrical circuit to operate the alarm, another spring finger secured to the bus barv which is adjacent said pin, a contact member secured to the other bus bar in such position as to be engaged by the free end of vsaid spring finger when the latter is depressed, and a wire secured to said spring finger for depressing the same to complete the circuit and operate the alarm when an attempt is made to pull out the cable.
5. An `electrical burglar alarm comprising a container with compartments for receiving currency, a false bottom in said container, two bus bars below said false bottom,
spring fingers secured to one of said bus rency will allow said pin and the associatedl finger to rise and bridge said bus bars for completing an electrical circuit to operate the alarm, a loose bottom adapted to be placed in any one of said compartments between said false bottom and the currency, said loose bottom having an opening through which said pin is adapted to extend, and
loose bottoms for the other compartments, said last mentioned loose bottoms being adapted to hold the associated spring fingers in depressed position so that currency may be removed without operating the alarm.
ln testimony whereof I hereunto afx my signature.
' ROBERT F. WHERLAND.