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Publication numberUS1494789 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1924
Filing dateMar 8, 1923
Priority dateMar 8, 1923
Publication numberUS 1494789 A, US 1494789A, US-A-1494789, US1494789 A, US1494789A
InventorsHerbert Abraham
Original AssigneeFrank J Aromenaker, Grant M Kromenaker
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1494789 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ROOFING Filed Margh a. 1923 l 2 a' a /0 INVENTO ATTORNEY Patented May 2Q, 1924.



Application filed March', 1923. Serial No. 62%,@6.

To eZine-710m it 'moy concern: Figure 4 is a plan view of several strips 55 Bc it l-:nown that Hnnmcnr ABRAHAM, in interlapped relation. a citizen ot' the United States. residing at The strips are made of any suitable the city, county, and State of New York, weather-resisting and waterproof prepared 5 have invented a certain new and useful linrooting material. and they are rhomboidal provenicnt in Roofing, of which the follow'- in shape. ingl is a. specification. As in the case of the roofing of which this This invention relates to certain improveis an improvement, slits 10, arranged in ments in rootings of the character disclosed pairs, are cut into the strip from one of its in patent application Serial No. 500,157,filcd longitudinal edges 11 to a depth which is.r

September' 12. 1921, by Frank J. Kroinenmore than midway toward the opposite edge 65 alter and Grant M. Kroinenaker. 12. thereby forming alternating tongues 13 That application describes rectangular' and so-called slabs 14. roofing strips siitted to torni tongues in one My improvement consists in the provision 15 oi' their longitudinal edges, and intended to of a strip of the-character described having bc laid vin overlai'iping courses. `Whcn laid, its longitudinal edges 11 and 12 oiset rela-.,710r the tongues of any strip partly overlap a. tively to each other aA distance equal to the .strip ot the next higher course with their extent of the lap Abetween the adjoining ends covered by a strip of the succeeding shingles of a course, When laid, and having course, thus producing a pleasing interparallel oblique end edges 15 and 16 which woven effect. are so disposed with relation to the slits 10 75 However, to attain the desired appearance, as to provide av strip that is both self-spacing considerable care must be exercised in lay- 'and self-aligning. ing the rooiingf The strips of the first. It Will be noted, on referring toFg. 1,

course must be laid with their ends overthat the horizontaldistance (m) from the lapped to such extent that the distances beupper lett-hand corner to the nearest slit S0 tween 'thc tongues 'of adjacent strips will be 10, or point'al, is equal to the extent that the A exactly uniform. This requires careful ends of adjacent/strips are overlapped when\V measurements on the part of the roofer and laid in a row, to form a course, as seen in` soniowhaty slows down thespeed of laying Fig-2. Furthermore, the distance (y) from the, roof The, second course, as Well as the the Upper Tight-hand COIHQI a2 t0 the nGaI'BStf succeeding courses, must be laid that the slit 10 is equal to the width, measured horitongnes ot' each strip come exactly midway ZOntally, of a slab 14, or .in other Words, to I between the tongues of the strips of the the distance between adjacent tongues 13.

.'35 murs@ below, rlhe Obliquity of the ends is such that My improvement aims to facilitate laying When the lOWelIigllffhand' c01ner b1 of a 90v by providing;- etrips of such form as to be strip registers with'the lower end b2 of the selgpaeing with respect t0 adjacent 01195 Tight-hand Sll 10 0fl One 0f t-lle tongues 13 oi the same row or course, and t0 be self- 0f the Stlp lOGlOW, aS Seen in Fig. 3, then 40 aligning with regards to those of successive the tOIlglleS Of the? tWOStI'ip'sfWill be equal-ly courses. spaced with respect to each other. 'It will 95 Tit-.h these and other objects in view, my be observed that by merely registering the invention consists in the provision of .strips point b1 of any strip with the point b2 of the of rhomboidal form hereinafter described strip immediately elow, the tongues of the and-claimed, it being understood that modiseveral ,strips are Without further 4effort fic-ations may be mede Without departing bron ht into proper relation. from the scope. of the invention. ,l In aying the strips of any course, the left- In the accompanying drawings, illustrate hand end 15 of each strip is lapped over the ing a preferred embodiment right-hand end 16 of the adjacent strip with 5G Figure 1 1s a pian view of a single strip; the` point al of the"rstmentioned strip .Figure 2 is a pian View of two strips laid superposed upon the point or corner a2 of 105 withy their ends overlapped; the latter, 'as shown in Fig. '2. This auto- Figure a. plan view of two .strips of Inatically provides the proper overla Withf out necessity ofgany measuring. As tli successive sourses; and,

e ends 15 and 16 are parallel, the lap is or uniform width throughout. Furthermore, when the ends are'lapped as described, the joints wiil fall in such'position as to be completely cov ered by portions oi the strips of the next lower and the nextupper courses. For example, on referringf'to Fig. 4 it will be noted tllatghe. joint between the two stri s ofthe intermediate @ourse B is complete y concealed'oif portions of the strips of the first course A and the third course C. The strips are so designed that each oneniustoverlap the preceding one in tl'ie right Way. -for any reason the overlapping is carried out improperly, then the error would be selfevident, since the edge 16 would extend beyond the tongue, and being visible could be 'corrected immediately.

What claim is:

1. A. roofing strip of rhomboida'l shape having tongues Aand intervening slabs along one of the longer edges, the tongue nearest Aone end being spaced from said end a dis neeeree tance defining the proper extent of the overlap of adjoining strips of acourse Whenieid, the tongue nearest the opposite end being spaced from said opposite end a 'dist-ance substantially equal to the width of a slab measured in the direction of length of the strip, the opposite longer edges being oiiset the tongue nearest the opposite end being if' spaced from said opposite end a distance substantially equal to the Width of a slab measured in the direction of length of the strip.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5369929 *Feb 1, 1994Dec 6, 1994Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5611186 *Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5666776 *Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasFor enhancing the appearance of depth of the shingle
U.S. Classification52/523, D25/139
International ClassificationE04D1/00, E04D1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/26
European ClassificationE04D1/26