Improvement in nose-jewels and animal-markers
US 149485 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nose-Jewels and Animai-Markers.
I UNITED STATES MARTIN KINGMAN, OF PEORIA, ILLINOIS.
IMPROVEMENT IN NOSE-JEWELS AND ANIMAL-MARKERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 149, l5, dated April 7, 1874 application filed August 27, 1873.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MARTIN KINGMAN, of the city of Peoria, in the county of Peoria and in the State of Illinois, have invented a new and Improved N oseJewel and Animal- .Marker; and I do hereby declare that the foling or for auextra addition toward the prevention of the rooting of the hog.
The object of this invention is to prevent hogs from rooting, and also to enable the animal to be identified by means of a wire ring formed with a loop to receive a metallic label or tag bearing the owners mark, the device being inserted in the nose of the hog by pliers suitably constructed for the purpose, as will be hereinafter 1n ore fully explained, and pointed out in the claim.
In the drawings, A represents the ring before insertion, and consists of a bi-seginental wire, united by a loop, a, or circumflexion of said wire, which may be about half an inch in length as to the loop; the ring may be about one and a half inch in its extreme extent. The loop a acts efficiently as an additional safeguard against rooting instincts of the hog,
'as it offers, when pressed against the soil, at
leverage, which reacts upon the snout with evident efi'ect. Bis a tag or small metal plate, bearing the name of the owner of the animal to be marked, or other memorandums, and having an eye on the edge to receive the end of the ring A, whence it is slipped into the loop a, which secures the tag when the ring is closed in the act of attaching it to an animals ear, or elsewhere. (IO represent'the pinchers for inserting the ring A, or ring and tag A B, and has a hand-stop, e c, or projecting arm on the outer side of either handle, to prevent the hand of the operator from slipping too near the jaws of the same or the pivot d. A spring, f f, singly or in pairs, attached to the inner sides or side of the handles or handle, unites in keeping open the pinchers until the jaws grasp the ring A. The jaws of the pinchers are each bifurcated at their points into the teeth I) b, to form a recess between each pair of teeth of the same size or diameter of the wire which forms the ring A, and the throat of the jaws is recessed far enough to admit the point of the loop a.
The operation of the ring, ringer, and animal-marker is as follows: In ringing hogs, the segments of the ring A are placed one within either bifurcation 'b b .of the ringer G O, the loop at extending into the throat of the pinchers at the same time, and the points of the segments of the ring placed on either side of the terminal cartilage of the hogs snout, when the pinchers are closed so as to bring the before-separated points of the ring together, as in the insertion of other rings of this nature. For marking animals, the tag A, bearing the owners name or mark, or other memorandums, is first attached to the loop a, and the same process is pursued in attaching the open ends of the ring to an animals ear or other cartilage as that practiced for ringing a hog, by making the ends of the open ring meet through the same, thus closing the loop a, and securing the tag B at the farthest distance from the animals skin allowable by the diameter of the ring and extent of theloop, to avoid annoying the animal byits dangling or rubbing against the skin.
What I claim as my invention is The nose ring and animal-marker A, having a loop, a, to carry the tag B, constructed and applied substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing ringer, ring, and animal-marker combined I have hereunto set my hand this 20th day of August, 1873.
WVitnesses Lnvr 'A. LAPHAM, JAMES M. MoRsE,