US 1495146 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
"May 27 1924.
P. J. ARIENTE ET AL ORNAMENTED FABRIC AND METHOD OF ORNAMENTATION Filed June 29, 1923 Patented May 27, i924.'
UNlTEn. STATES PATENT oFFlcE.,
i PETER J'. .A RI'ENTE, OF SAYLESVI'LLE, AND LORENZ FLICK, 0F PROVIDENCE, RHPUE ISLAND,I ASSIGNORS TO'SAYLES FINISHING PLANTS, INC., OF SAYLESVILLE, RHODE v ISLAND, A CORPORATION OF RHODE ISLAND.
ORNAMENTED FABRIC AND METHOD OF ORNAMENTATION.
Application filed June 29, 1923. Serial No. 648,553.
- To all whom t may concer/n.'
Be it known that we, PETER J. ARIENTE and LORENZ FLICK, citizens of the United States, residing at Saylesville, in the county i 5 of Providence and State of Rhode Island',
and Providence, in the countyof Providence and State of Rhode Island, respectively, have invented an Improvement in Ornamented Fabrics and Methods of Ornamentation, of which the following description, in
connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification', like characters on the drawings representing like parts.
This invention relates to ornamented 15 fabrics and the method of making the same.
Heretofore, it has been proposed to decorate or ornament fabrics, such as gauze, silk, and the like, by applying thereto drops or globules of materials which melt or soften 2o under the action of heat or moisture, or
both; for instance, such material as gumarabic, either alone or mixed with pigments or coloring matter, have been utilized for decorating fabrics, but in such cases the drops orv globules of ornamenting material have been thermoplastic and soluble, so that the drops or globules have not been stable or fixed, and when subjected to heat or moisture were liable to become detached or distorted, nor could the fabric so ornamented be employed satisfactorily for dress goods or laundered without substantial destruction of the ornamental effect. v
In accordance with the present invention, the fabric is provided with insoluble permanent ornamentations containing the hard,
non-thermoplastic condensation products of phenol and formaldehyde. Since these final products are hard and infusible, the ornamentations must be ap lied to the fabric before this final conditlon is reached or during some intermediate stage of the reactions which produce the final product. It is characteristic of such condensation products that atan intermediate stage of the chemical reactions', the products are fusible and plastic, but through the action of heat or heat and pressure or by the use of other condensing agents, they can be rendered hard, insoluble and non-thermoplastic. In accordance with the method of the present invention advantage is taken' of these facts byv applying the condensation product to the fabric while the product is still liquid or plastic and then subjecting the ornamentations to a heat treatment or other agent which renders the ornamentations hard, insoluble, and non-thermoplastic and effects a permanent attachment of the ornamentations to the fabric. The result is that an ornamented fabric is produced in which the ornamentations are stable or fixed, and which may then be subjected to moisture and heat Without injury to the ornamenta tions or liabilityof detachment, even though the ornamented fabric be subjected to a laundering operation.
In carrying into effect the method of the present invention, the ornamental portions of the liquid or plastic condensation may be applied to the fabric yin any suitable Way,
either by hand or mechanical means, and such ornamental portions may be variously shaped -or arranged in related positions to may be utilized in the production of any. desired ornamental pattern or design. In
their final condition, however, the ornaments possess a high degree of physical inertness and technical properties so that the ornamented fabric may be laundered and even subjected to the `action of boiling water without injur Since the phenol condensation product is applied to the fabric while in one of the .intermediate stages ofthe chemical reaction which results in the final product, or While in a liquid 'or plastic condition, the fibres or the threads of the fabric become embedded more or less in the product or ornamentations, with the result, that when the ornamentations are treated by heat or other hardening agent in the production of the final product, they become firmly and permanently connected to the fabric and are not disturbed when the fabric is subjected to the heat and moisture of the laundering operation.' Fabrics ornamented as de.-
' scribed, are consequently well adapted for Aen ' characterize the dress goods andk other purposes, and the highv lustre and sparkling qualities which ornamentations remain fixed and unimpaired by use.
ln the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a sectional side elevation of one form of machine which may be advanta-y geously employed in carrying out the method of the present invention; and
Fig. 2 is a top perspective view of a -fabric I embodying the present invention and show 'of application of the condensation product.
ative relation with a stenciling cylinder 2 having surface perforations offpan desired shape, for depositing the condensation product upon the fabric.
ln the machine shown the fabric is laid upon a backing cloth or back grey which may be supplied conveniently from a roll 3 or other source of supply, and both are passed over guides d, .5 an to thepoint ln the present instance, aV cylinder Y is 'mounted below the stenciling cylinder 2 and theback grey and fabricl pass between the two and thence to ther driven rolls 8 fand 9.
Within the stenciling cylinder isk a condensation supply trough `or receptacle l0 having an opening which may be controlledv byy a doctor or shutter 11 to regulate the' amount of the product that shall be delivel-ed through the 'stenciling cylinder to the'fabric beneath as the latter is fed .be tween the two cylinders. rEhe trou h or receptacle 10 may be supplied with t e liquid or plastic condensation product from time to'time through a reservoir, constituted, in
the present instance, by a pipe 12 having a i 'ordinary woven construction, but it may be 115 of any character suitable for the'intended purpose, such, for instance, as'V knitted, netted, felted or leather fabric, and the normally closed bottom opening 13 which' may be uncovered by rotation of the `pipe 12 through the` medium of a handle 1&1 Y
From the construction thus far described it will bel apparent that as the fabric and back .grey pass vbetween the stenciling cylinder 2 and the roller 7, deposits of phenol condensation product will bemade upon the fabric, and that such deposits of the phenol condensation productwill be shaped inedite be wider than the fabric itself, so thatthe still plastic or liquid deposits ofhthe con-= densation product are not injured,
The baci; grey and fabric are then subjected to a heat treatment, in the present instance, which serves to convert the pantially condensed product on the fabric into the final insoluble and non-thermoplastic product, Y .l
ln the machine which isk shown as one mechanical means of carrying out the method of the present invention, a heating chamber 15 is provided which may be heated by steam or other heating medium passed through pipes 16, and the fabric with the still liquid or plastic condensation products thereon and the back grey are then passed over a guide roller l? and over a drawing roller 18 to be looped about bars 19 car ried onthe endless chain 20 which may be driven from any suitable source of'power. ylhe heating chamber 15 is of sucient extent and'suciently heated to edect a final 'chemical reaction to produce the final product which is hard, insoluble and nonthermo plastic, The construction of the heating chamber and the means for applying the phenol condensation product to the fabric do not constitute features of the present'inf vention, and are shown as one form of practical means fo-r carrying the method of the f present invention into effect.
When the liquid or lastic densation product is eposite henol conu on the fabric, it will embed in itself res or, lo@
threadsof the fabric, and consequently when the phenol condensation is subjected to its final treatment to harden and render it insoluble and non-thermoplastic, the deposits or ornainentations will be pernia i055 nently secured to the fabric to such a degree, that they will be unadected by subsequent exposure to moistureV and heat, either or both, and the c itself may be laundered without disturb g depositsy or ornament.' or altering the shape oi ene ornamentations' themselvea y.
ln Fig. 2 the fabric 2i is shown kas of phenol ycondensation products are shown as.
or design, it being understood that the shape of the ornamentations, or theirsize or extent and color may bey varied indefinitely withii the scope of the'present invention.;
lill) frelation between the iio tionsandthe fabric in accordance with the openings in the stene M-bric ornamented byl" deposits of a les ciling cylinder. rlhe fabric and back grey phenol condensation product, such as dethen ass betweenthe driven rollers 8 and scribed, suitable for dress goods and a 9 which may have appropriately formed y t of uses where ornamented selvage engaging portions which act only dbsired. Such a fabric may be on the selvages of the back grey which may to heat and moisture and even be iso laundered without injury to they hard, insoluble, and non-thermoplastic ornamentations, which are permanently secured to the fabric by the fibres or threads being embedded in the condensation product.
The term non-thermoplastic7 as applied to the ornaments of the fabric is herein employed to designate that the material 'of the ornaments is substantially infusible and does not soften or become plastic under conditions of use or When subjected to the heat and moisture of a laundering operation; and
use or by the water during laundering. Anythe term insoluble as herein employed means that the material of the ornamentations is unaffected by moisture incident to of the condensation products of phenol and formaldehyde which result in the linal hard,
insoluble, and infusible What is claimed is v 1. The method of ornamenting fabrics,
which consists in placing deposits of a phenol condensation product on the fabric in spaced relation while in liquid or plastic bondition, and then subjecting the deposits to the action of an agent which renders the deposits hard, insoluble and non-thermoplastic and fabric.
2. The method of' 4o'rnamentin fabrics, which consists in placing ont e fabric separated de osits of a henol,condensationilembedded.'
As Vav new. article of manufacture, a pliable fabri'cbrnamented by spaced hard vdeposite ofl "an indurated, insoluble, nonproduct whi e in a li'uid-or plastic -condition, 'and then subjectmgthe deposits toa heat treatment 'which renders'them insoluble and non-thermoplastic and v4 Recta a nent connection with the fabric.
perma- 3. The method of ornamenting fabrica-zi lacing on the fabric injr separated relation eposits of a phenol condensation product while in a li uid or plas-J vwhich consists in tic. condition, maintaining vthe c aracteristic flexibility of the fabric Substantially unina1y paired, and then subjecting'thefabric and deposits to a heat treatment which renders the deposits hard, insoluble, 'andnon-the'rmoplastic and effects a permanent connection 'with the fabric. A' -V -i 4f. The method of ornamenting fabrics,
' whichl consists in placing on dierent porproduct can be used.4
permanently-secures them to the'f'l s "t ermo lastic the deposits hard, insoluble, and non-thl`- moplastic and eifects a permanent connection with the fabric that it may be subjectedv to heat and moisture Without injury Vto the separated deposits.
5. As a new article of manufacture, a
pliable fabric ornamented by separated hard depositsof va condensation product permanently secured to the fabric and unaffected by heat and moisture.
6. A. new article of manufacture for dress goods characterized .by a pliable fabric having separated deposits of a hard condensation product forming ornamentatons yun affected by heat and moisture and in which portions'of the fabric are permanently embedded.
7. As a newarticle of manufacture,I an ornamented pliable fabric the ornamentat-ions of which are permanenti thefabric at intervals and embody an in- Soluble, hard, nonfthermoplastic condensation product of phenols and formaldehyde in "which fibres of the fabric are permanently thermoplastic condensation product of "'.pheno'ls and formaldehyde permanently secured to' the if abrio by the condensation 9. .AS a' 'ew article of manufacture, an ornamented'vpliable fabric having thereon aced deposits of a har insoluble, noncondensation product in lwhich bres of the fabric'are permanently .embedded and capable of being laundered Without injury to the ornamentations.
secured to In testimony whereof, We have signed our y names tov this specification.
PETER J. Anm-NTE. .LORENZ FLICK.