US 1497194 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 10 1924. 1,497,194
J. NORDEN ET AL.
RADIO ALAR'I SYSTEM Filed April 13, 1922 BY M ATTORW Je; M
u'ufrran srars RADIO ALARM SYB'I.
Application filed April 18, 1922. Serial No. 552,190.
Toallwhom it may concern.
Be it known that we, Jnssn NORDEN and AN'roN FE'I'IING WALTZ, citizens of the United States, and residents, res ectivel of New York city and Brooklyn, tate of ew York, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in Radio Alarm Systems, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to alarmsystems operated by radio and has for an ob ect to rovide systems of this kind which may be installed in unitary transmitting statlons, signaling to a central receiving station by an automatic arrangement when a fire occurs, a burglary is committed or other unusual conditions arise. A further object of this invention is to rovide an apparatus of this kind which will signal a central station in a positive and distinctive manner, that can readil be distinguished from radio signals for ot or purposes. These and other ob ects of this invention will be understood from the following specification and the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 shows a wiring diagram for a central receiving station. Fig. 2 shows a transmitting station and Fig. 3 shows an arrangement that may be used in buildings rotected by this alarm system, that automatically brings the transmitting apparatus into operation when an unusual condition arises.
This invention consists more specifically in a receiving station constructed according to standard practice and greferably, though not necessarily, provide with an audible detector where an operator can receive the signals from the transmittin stations. Transmittin stations are provi ed for one or more buil ings within a radius of the receiving station; each transmitting station is arranged to transmit signals of a particular charactertistic so that the operation of one transmitter can readily be distinguished from another and thereby the particular location of the transmitter can easily be detected. Another feature of the present invention consists in transmitting signals for alarm purposes which are entirely different in character from signals used for commercial and telegraphic pur oses and which an operator can distinguis nals without confusion. This is secured in part by a tone wheel which gives a particular tone or note to the signals as received and also by the fact that the signals consist from these sigof prolonged impulses and prolonged spaces, exceedmg in time any signals used for telegraph or other urposes. The invention is arranged to be rought automatically into operation when the wiring of a closed circult 1n the building is interrupted and these signals are repeated for a period of time w en they are automatically discontinued and the receivin receive si als rom another transmitting stat on. n practice it is intended that the receiving station be located in fire stations or police stations or in direct communication therewith so that in case of a fire or burgla relief can be dispatched to the point w ere the alarm originates.
Referring to the drawings, in Fig. 1, 11 represents an antenna, 12 is the ground connection for the antenna having the transformer coil 13 which energizes the grid of detector tube 14. This establishes the circuit through transformer 15 from battery 16, according to the well-known arrangement in radio receiving apparatus. The transformer 15 connects to the grid of the amplifying tube 17 and varies the circuit from wire 20, battery 18, telephones 19 and wire 21. The detector 14 has a filament connected between wires 23 and 24 through a variable resistance to battery 22 and the amplifying tube 17 has a heated filament connected between wires 23 and 25 through a variable resistance with battery 22,the entire combination; amplifying the radio signals received on the antenna ,11 so that they are distinctl audible to an operator using the head te ephones 19.
The transmitting apparatus consists'of the antenna 31 connectin to ground 32 through the transformer 33. This transformer is energized from the transmitting apparatus hereafter to be described and o erated by the circuit established from atte 37 through wire 38, wire 39, the contact finger station is in position to of relay 41 energized, wire 43, stepping contact 44, wire 45, tone wheel 46 and wire 47 to one winding of transformer 36. The tone wheel 46 interrupts this circuit with a high frequency and energizes the circuit including the spark gap 35,.condenser 34 and one winding of the transformer 33 which in turn energizes the antenna 31 and thereby transmits the radio signals. It will be noted that signals may also be transmitted throu h the circuit from wire 39, contact finger o relay 42 energized, Wire 48, stepping contact 49,
easily distinguished in the telephone.
wire and wire 45 through the tone wheel 46 as. previously described,
The transmittin ap aratus as shown is 0 rated by the e ectric motor 56 drivin. sgdft directly connected to the tone whee 46 which drives this wheel at a high speed and thereby interrupts the circuit at a frequency of a distinctive tone which canie n shaft 65 is mounted the worm 66, enga ing worm wheel 67 on shaft 68. The en of shaft 68 is rovided with worm 69 enga ing worm w eel on shaft 71. This doubv e worm reduction drives the shaft 71 by motor 56 at a slow speed. Mounted on shaft 711 are the stepping wheels 72 and 73 arranged to transmit signals ofdififerent characteristics as desired. Wheel 72, it will be noted, as it rotates, closes the stepping contact 42 each time this contact engages a tooth and wheel 73 operates the stepping contact 49 in a similar manner. The teeth in wheel 72, it will be noted, include two teeth, then a space, followed by three teeth and then a longer space, producing a combination two-three, that is, two signals, space, followed by three signals and a longer space, for each revolution of the wheel and the wheel 78 is provided with three teeth, a long space, followed by two teeth and another long space, thus transmitting three signals,
sp'ace, followed by two signals and another space for each revolution of the Wheel. These combinations can, of course, be developed indefinitely to distinguish different stationsand by driving the shaft 71 at a low speed, the time which the transmitter consumes in sending a single signal is several times greater than any signal transmitted by the ordinary telegraph code, also the spaces are correspondingly lengthened. lit
is, of course, apparent that the receiving station will be responsive to ordinary telegraphic signals sent out from commercial stations but by adapting the arrangement here shown and transmitted comparatively long signals and long spaces as well as giving these signals a definite tone or character, they can easily be distinguished by the operator at the receiving station from other signals, transmitting at the same time, without confusion and without dificulty.
The motor 56 is operated by either relays ill or d2 which in turn are connected with the entrances to a building so as to respond to a forced entrance. The operating circuit can be traced from the battery 51 through -wires 52 and 53, contact finger of relay l1 energized, wire 54, wire 55 to motor 56 and wire 57, circuit controller 59 and wire 58 to battery. The circuit controller59 is connected to a timing device 60 which is operated in multiple circuit with motor 56 by wire 61 connecting to wire 55v and wire 62 connecting to} wire 58. This device has a aneaiec mechanism not illustrated, which after a certain time interval moves around to open the circuit controller 59 and thereby stop the motor 56. This device may also operate an audible alarm. The object in providing a timing device is to limit the time in which an alarm may be sent from any particular station so that the receiving a paratus ma be available to receive signa s from other stations. For instance, if the transmitting apparatus is brought into use it will generally be found that five minutes operation will be suficient to indicate to the operator the station where the trouble originates.; In this time if the stepping wheels make two revolutions per minute the operator would would cease and the receiving station would to other become available for respondin calls. In the wiring shown in Fig. 2, relay 4C2 operates the transmittin apparatus similar to relay 41 by contact ger which con nects wires 53 and 55 as shown. Each of these relays, when energized, sets up the circuit for operating the motor and also sets up the transmittinlgl circuit. h or instance, relay 41 sets up t e transmitting circuit operated by stepping Wheel 72 and relay 42 sets up the transmitting circuit operated by stepping wheel 73; thus there is only one transmitting circuit in use at one time, although a number of transmitting circuits may be driven by the same motor mechanism.
A suggested arrangement for wiring a building for use in connection with our invention is shown in Fig. 3. This consists of a circuit wiring around a building having doors or windows as indicated at 75 with a means at each entrance for interrupting or changing the circuit so as to operate the transmitting relay 4:1. This circuit originates in batteries 76 and 77, the central point of which is connected to ground by wire 78. One side of this battery connects by wire 79, resistance a, wire 80, resistance 6, wire 81 and resistance 85 to wire 87. The other side connects by wire 82, resistance 0, wire 83, resistance 03, wire 84: and resistance 86 to Wire 87, this wire connecting to relay 41 and through wire 88 and switch 89 toground as shown. It will be noted that a closed circuit is provided from batteries 76 and 77 which include the resistances a, b, 0, 0?, 85 and 86. If the resistance on one side of this circuit connecting to wire 87 is equal to the resistance on the other side, there will be no current through relay 41, nor through the grounded circuit. Resistances 85 and 86 are made adjustable so that this balance may readily be obtained for normal conditions. If, however, a forced entrance is made through a window or door, so as to interrupt the circuit, then one leg of the closed circuit is interrupted and a cir ting apparatus. If, however, instead of interruptln the circuit. a person should attempt to bridge the wires which rotect a door or window, this would eliminate the resistance in each leg,. such as a or b, or c or (1, thereby causing an unbalancing in the closed circuit and the unbalanced current would flow through the ground connection and relay 41, thereby energizing this relay to operate the transmitting apparatus. The same condition would also prevail if current from another battery were applied between any point of the closed circuit and ground. The switch 89 is provided so that the apparatus may be cut out-of service van alarm sytem is set in when not required. An arrangement shown on the right of Fig. 3, operating rela 42, is exactly similar to that Just described and may be ap lied to another building or to a separate ilbor in the same building. This circuit also shows a fusible link 90- which in case of fire, will disconnect one side of the circuit and thereby operate the alarm system. It is understood that in burglar alarm systems there are various methods whereby operation. The one here illustrated is a typical arrangement but we do not wish to lim1t our invention to this-arrangement .as it may be applied to an open circuit arrangement, to a p ain closed circuit arran ement or to an other system in which a clrcuit is establis ed to 0 rate the transmitting apparatus through a orced entrance or similar condition. a
In applying our invention we propose to conceal as far as ossible, the'transmitting antennae so that t e presence of the alarm system cannot readily be detected or interresponsive to an increase in controlling said rel fered with. Alsowe may operate the transmitting mechanism either by an electric motor as shown, b a clock-working motor or by a run-down device, which after a certain interval, will run down and stop. By the use of our invention, a system of burglar and fire alarm can be provided at a comparatively small expense which is easily installed and which can be operated without interference from other radio apparatus in the same range.
Having thus described our invention, we claim:
1. In a system of the class described, the combination of a radio receiver and a radio transmitter, a plurality of steppin wheels for producing signals of different 0 aracter driven by an electric motor associated with said transmitter, a relay for each stepping wheel controlling the circuit of said motor and I the transmittin circuit from each wheel and remotely ocated means nsive to tem erature changes for automatically contro ling said rela s.
2. In a system of the'cl ass described, the combination of a radio receiver and a radio transmitter, a plurality of stepp' wheels for producing signals of diflerent lfiiaracter driven by an electric motor associated with said transmitter, a relay for each stepping wheel controlling the clrcuit of said motor and the transmitting circuit from each wheel and a remotely located fusible link temperature Si ed at New Newg ifork eighth day of April, A. D. 1922.
JESSE NORDEN. ANTON FETTING vvan'rz a ork, in the county of and State of New York, this