|Publication number||US1498111 A|
|Publication date||Jun 17, 1924|
|Filing date||Mar 24, 1919|
|Priority date||Mar 24, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1498111 A, US 1498111A, US-A-1498111, US1498111 A, US1498111A|
|Inventors||Nelsen Alfred N|
|Original Assignee||Nelsen Alfred N|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (22)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Fume 3 7, 1924 ,498,ll1
l A. N. NELSEN TENT FOR CAMPING;
Filed March 24, 1919 '4 Sheets-Sheet. l
W n e sa?, I
Hwa N Nelse'f June 27 1924. `1,49s,1 11
A. N. NELsEN TENT FOR CAMPING Filed March 24, 1919 z .smenvsneer 2 Patented June 17, 1924.
ALFRED N. `NEI'JSIEJIT, OF LONG BEACH, CALIFQRNIA.
TENT FOR CAMPING.
Application led March 24, 1919. Serial No. 284,845.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, ALFRED N. NELSEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Long Beach, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Tent for Camping, of which the following is a specification. j
The invention relates to improvements in tent construction and tent accessories for camping; and consists of the new and useful features and in the improved construction, combination and arrangement of parts the purpose of which will be. apparent to those skilled in the art, from a consideration of the preferred form 4of construction herein shown.
The principal object of this invention is to provide a tent with folding and disconnecting parts which may be assembled into a compact bundle of small size; and which parts maybe easily and quickly re-assembled into a substantial tent which will be spacious, comfortable and convenient.
Another object of this invention is to provide a tent with removable back, front and side curtains, that will be'especially adapted for open air sleeping or resting. y Another object of t is invention is to provide a rigid and substantial support for the canopy 1of the tent when the back, front and side curtains are removed, which support has a firm anchorage inthe sand or ground. j
Another object of the invention is to provide on the canopy support a table which when not in use may be elevated to a position where it will be entirely out of the way.
Another object of this invention is to provide on the upper end of the canopy support a receptacle 1n which articles of value ma be placed.
ther objects, advantages and features of invention will apdpear from the drawings, the subjoined etail description and the appended claims.
The drawings illustrate the invention.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of three of the tents embod ing the elements of this invention, erecte on'the seashore.
Fig. 2 is a central vertical section through a tent; the staff of the canopy support, table and anchor not being in section.
Fig. 3 is a plan view ofthe sleeping or rest mat removed from the tent.
Fig. 4 is a section on the line ant-* of Fig. 3 showing at one end the adjustable head sup ort and means for holding the body of tk e mat in a flattened position.
.F1g. 5 '1s a plan view of the frame assoclated with the mat, part of the. spacing rods being broken awa Flg. 6 1s a side elevation of the mat frame 1n fo ded position.
Fig. 7 is a section taken on the line a-f of Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is a section taken on the line 00L-:v8 of Fig. 2, witlrparts omitted, showing the table 1n plan view.
Fig. 9 is a section taken on the line :0-039 of Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is -a side view of the table re- ;noved-from the staff and in folded posiion.
Fig. 11 is' a section taken on the line :r11-m11 of Fig. 2 showing the canopy support withvthe canopy removed.
Fig. 12 is a section taken on the line mi2-m12 of Fig. 11, parts broken away and parts omitted and an altered position of the zanopy supporting arms -shown by dotted mes.
Fig. 13 is a section taken on the line @CIL-m13 of Fig. 2 showing the joint of the canopy stati". l
Fig. 14 is a perspective view of the bottom part of the canopy sta showing the means for driving and anchoring the sta' in the sand or ground.
Fig. 15 is an enlarged view of what is shown in the upper left hand corner of the tent in Fig. 2.
Fig. 16 is a si/de elevation of the hand piece for attaching to the socket end of the staff when the latter is to be screwed into the sand or ground.
In detail, the tent is supported by the staff 2 which consists of the lower and upper parts 3 4 that are connected by the screw and socket joint 5.
Adjacent the lower end of the part 3 there is securedftheauger 6 which is preferably constructed of-sheet metal cut to form an extended helical blade withan inner ange 7 which may be nailed or riveted to the Vpart 3; and when this auger 6 is to be driven into the sand or ground, the hand lever 8 shown in side elevation in Fig. 16 and in dotted lines in Figs. 2 and 13 has its threaded ex.
tension 9 screwed in the socket on the upper end of the part 3 forming thereby an auger which may be used to drive the helical end of said post into the sand or ground,
metal adjacent the bottom z principle; and
specific construction in that respect, as the 14 are secured the In ordinary sand, however, such as is found at the sea shore, the hand lever is not required to sink the part 3 into the sand a sufficient distance to firmly hold the staff, as such operation may be easily accom lished without such aid.
The idea of securing a helical strip of of a part for the purpose of sinking and holding the part in the ground is broadly new and-basic in I do not limit myself to any invention is broadly new and admits of various lchanges and modifications, a right to such of which as do not depart fromthe spirit of the invention.
After the. part 3 is embedded in the ground or sand of the screw joint 5.
The upper end of the stati` has the reduced portion 10 over which is fitted the tubular ange 11 of the receptacle 12.
To the bottom 13 o the receptacle 12, there are secured one wing each of the eight hinges 14 spaced apart radially from the center of said receptacle.
To the other wing/of each of said hinges arms 15 which normally hang at right angles to the bottom of said receptacle and folded down toward one another, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 12.
When the arms 15 are extended to support the top canopy 16 of the tent, they are secured to the bottom 13 of the receptacle 12 by means of the bolts 17 and thumb nuts 18; said arms being adapted to extend radially from a common center and spaced equal distances apart. In the drawings this top canopy formation is shown as being square; but
. it may be made round, oblong or any other 'I up shape for its purpose without departing from the spirit of this invention.
The arms 15 are preferably of a length which when extended their outer ends will form an imaginary square,- or any other shape that may be desired, according to the lengths of the different arms. ends are secured the buttons 19 and 2O by which the tent curtains 21 and 22 and 16 are secured to the arms; said curtains preferably made of Ncanvas.
The curtain 21 encloses the back and sides of the tent, the'top edge being secured to the buttons 19 and 20 as stated.
The bottom edge of the piece 21 is turned and secured to form the pockets 24 laround the bottom edge, said pockets adapted to be filled with earth or sand, the weight of which is designed to hold the curtain 21 in place without additional fastenings.
The part 22 is adapted to be used as a closure of tent front, and 'it is provided with pockets adjacent its bottom edge to contain stay weights. It is buttoned to the arms in and the handle removed,` 'the part 4 is attached to the part 3 by means To these outer a similar manner and is provided with the buttons 23 by means of which it may be secured to the part 21.
The top canopy 16 is provided with the opening 25 at its center and adapted to fit over the end of the extension staff 2, and to restupon theupper end of the cylindrical flange 11. It is buttoned to the radial arms 15, its edges 26 overlapping the sides 21 and 22. l
The receptacle 12 has in its outer wall 27 the cut away portion 28 having the raised portion 29 which contacts with the under side of the top canopy 16; the cut away portion forming an opening through which articles may be placed inthe receptacle 12.
The tent is provided with a rest or sleeping mat 30 formed of collapsible parts, the body 31 being of air tight material, adapted to be inflated through the tube 32, as shown in Fig. 3. In the center of said body isformed the opening 33 large enough to fit around the staff 2; and the mat is placed in position as soon as the staff 2 is secured in place. in the ground and before the other parts of the tent are erected.
The mat is held in` place by means of the collapsible frame 35. This frame is formed of the paralleling longitudinal bars 36 formed in twp parts pivoted together by the pins 38, and these bars are spaced apart at one end by the rod 37, and pivotally connected to these ends of the bars are one end of the arms 39 having near their center the bar 40 and to which short legs 41.
34 having the head rest Y Pivotally Vmounted-on the rod 37 is one of l the notched latch bars 42 the notches of which are adapted to engage the pins 43 on the short legs 41 to hold the head rest 35 in any desired position.
As shown inFigs. 2 and 4, the mat 30 has near its forward end and on the underside thereof-the cut away portion 41 which permits the forward end of the frame 34 to be inserted in the pocket 45, and the bars 36 in the'side pockets v46- and 47, as shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 7.
If desirable, the interior of the mat 30 may be provided with the .wall 48 to divide vthe mat into a plurality partments.
Before the tent is erected and immediately after the mat 30 is in place over the staff 2` a table 49 having an opening 50 substantially the diameter of and fitting .the staff 2 is placed thereon. After the tent is erected this table is adapted to be moved' or down on, the staif 2. The table 49 is formed of the parts 51 and 52 which arel joined together by the hinges 53 on the top side of the table; and by means of these hinges and the weight of the parts 51 aud 52 the lower edge of the of connected comtable around the hole will pinch against the post 3 and hold the table in any desired position.
In order to furnish a larger gripping area to the table on the post 3 extensions 54 and can be secured to the parts 51 and 52 so that these extensions will contact with the staff and hold the table against downward movement.
Any material placed upon the table 49, such as books, lunch or packages will add their weight to additionally pinch the contacting edges thereof 4more firmly against the staff so that when weighted the table is locked against downward movement until the pressure is released by lifting on the parts 51 and 52. In this manner-"the table may be positioned at any desired height on the. staff.
As shown in the three views in Fig. 1, the tent may be entirely enclosed as in A: or open except the curtain 22 which is used as a sun shade or wind break, as in B; or it may be used entirely open, except for the top canopy, as in C.
This invention admits of modifications and changes, and the right is reservedto all such alterations as are purely mechanical equivalents in struc-ture and operation to those herein disclosed.
1. In a tent, an anchored staff; a receptacle on the top of said Staff; radial arms secured to said receptacle; and a canopy over said arms said receptacle being provided with a wall having cutaway portions, the upper edges of said -wall contacting with the canopy and forming an enclosure; ac-
cess to which may be had through said cutaway portions.
2. In a tent, an anchored staff; a receptacle on the top of said staff; radial arms secured to said receptacle; a canopy over said arms; said receptacle being provided with a wall having cutaway portions, the
.upper edges of said wall contacting with the canopy and forming an enclosure; access to which may be had through said cutaway portions; and curtains under said canopy attached to said arms.
3. In a tent, an anchored staii'; a receptacle on the top of said staff; arms secured to said receptacle; side curtains having their top edges attached to the outer ends of said arms; pockets on the bottom edges of said 'sides whereby said sides may be weighted; and a canopy over said staff and attached to said arms; said receptacle functioning with said canopy to form an enclosure.
4. In a tent, a stati; a rece tacle on the top of said stai; arms hinged to the bottom of said receptacle so that said arms can fold toward one another; bolts in the bottom of said receptacle for holding said arms ln a plane parallel with the bottom of said receptacle; and a canopy and curtains attachable to said armsj said receptacle being provided with a vwall having cutaway portions, the upper edges of said wall contacting with the canopy and forming an enclosure; access to which may be had through said cutaway portions.
5.` In a tent, a staff supporting said tent; an anchor supporting said staff; a folding table on said stati' said table hinged so that its downward pressure pinches said sta and prevents downward movement of said table.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles California, this 13th day of March 1919.
A. N. NELSEN. Witnesses:
WM. M. GENTLE, JAMES R. TowNsEND.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2910994 *||May 8, 1957||Nov 3, 1959||Joy Kenneth E||Inflatable inclosure|
|US2915074 *||Apr 16, 1956||Dec 1, 1959||Mist O2 Gen Equipment Company||Patient treatment enclosure and frame|
|US3406698 *||Jun 9, 1966||Oct 22, 1968||Ralph G. Hutchison||Modern teepee tent|
|US3859673 *||Mar 22, 1973||Jan 14, 1975||Sr Arthur E Meyerhoff||Shelter for use adjacent the side of a swimming pool|
|US4364193 *||Dec 31, 1979||Dec 21, 1982||John Visco||Portable blind|
|US9309662 *||Jul 25, 2013||Apr 12, 2016||Carlo Alberto Vazquez||Elevated living space assembly and method|
|US20140366459 *||Dec 14, 2012||Dec 18, 2014||Gary Olson||Personal Storm Shelter|
|U.S. Classification||135/96, 135/120.1, 135/99, 135/118, 52/2.19, D21/837|
|International Classification||E04H15/62, E04H12/22, E04H15/58, E04H15/32, E04H15/20|
|Cooperative Classification||E04H15/20, E04H2015/208, E04H15/62, E04H12/2223, E04H15/58, E04H15/324|
|European Classification||E04H15/32C, E04H12/22A1B, E04H15/58, E04H15/20, E04H15/62|