US 1499540 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented duly l, 1924i.
WILLIAM C. LEA., OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed February 24, 1921. Serial No. 447,381.
To all whom t 'may concern.'
Be it known that l, WILLJAM C. LEA, a citizen of the United States, a resident of the city of Los Angeles, county of Los Angeles, State of California, have invented a new and useful Window Construction.l of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to window construction, v being more particularly a window` Fig. 1 is a face View, partly in section, ofj a window construction embodying the preferred form of my invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of one of the sashes shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary vertical sectional view of the` complete window.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional plan view of the complete window.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged face view of a modified form of sash mounting, and
Fig. G is adiagrammatic view of one of the sashes showing different positions of the same.
The window frame is entirely constructed of metal, being made of angle irons secured together' and arranged `as shown more particularly in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawings. The head frame 11 is made of three angle irons 12, 13 and 14 secured together by means of rivets 15 in such relation to each other that the irons 1 3 and 14 form a channel 16, one flange of the iron 12 extending upwardly into the masonry indicated at 17.
The meeting rail of the frame is also made of three angle irons 20, 21 and 22 secured together by means of rivets 23, the two irons 21 and 22 forming a channel 24 and one flange of the iron 2() extending upwardly on the` inside of the frame to form a stop for the sash.
The sill or bottom rail consists of two angle irons 25 and 26 secured together by means of rivets 27, such irons being cemented or otherwise fastened to the sill indicated at 28. The iron 25 is arranged with one flange extending upwardly on the inside of the frame to form a stop` for the sash and the iron 26 is arranged with one flange exteliding downwardly over the face of the s1 The side rails of the frame are similarin construction, each consisting of three angle irons 30, 31 and 32 secured together by means of rivets 33, one flange of the iron 30 extending into the jamb 34 and one' flange of the iron 31 extending in the same plane f inwardly therefrom. One flange of the iron 32 extends parallel to the. inwardly extending flange of the iron 31 and with such flange forms a track or guide 35 for the sash rollers, hereinafter described. The inwardly .y
extending flange on the iron 31 forming such track is narrower than the opposite iange of the iron 32 forming the track so that the sash may swing freely past the iron 31 against the iron 32. d i
It is understood that the windowframe is preferably made integral, that is, the head rail, meeting rail and sill rail are brazed or welded together.
The upper and lower sashes and 41 are similar in construction and operat-e in the same manner. Each such sash consists of a top rail 42, stiles 43 and a lower or bottom rail 44. Each stile consists of two angle irons 45 and 46 secured together by means of rivets 47. y
The top rail of each sash consists of two angle irons and 51 secured together by means of rivets 52 and the bottom rail consists of a single angle iron 53. The bottom and top rail of each sash is brazed or welded to the stiles in any well known manner.
Each sash is provided with two rollers 55, one on each side at the top, being mounted on straps 56' secured to the stiles or side rails of the sash by means of rivets or in any other suitable manner. Each sash is also provided with an arm of lever 57, the lower end of which is pivotally mounted by means of a pin 58 on a plate 59, which plate is secured to the side frame of the window by means of screws 60 which pass through slots 61 in the plate 59. The upper end of each arm 57 is pivotally connected to the sash a short distance above the middle of the sash by means of a pin which is mounted on a strap 71 secured to the side rail or stile of thesash in any suitable manner.
The sashes are each provided with glass retaining-.meansg-'wheh consist lof vwebs 65, suchj websbeing'ormed on the irons 46, 51 and 53 of each sash, it being understood that the panes of glass'are-placed against such webs and retained therein by putty, as is usually done.
When the slashes are closed, they assume the full line positionishwn'lin Fig. 2" and .as shown in Figs. `3 and4, in which positionf'it' 'wi-l'lbejfnoted that the upper .or top 'rails'l'of il"the -"sa'shes Fenter the channels 'frnledinjthe head offthe frame and in the faseringfran.A Y
Both sashes are operated in the same finanner'f'andthedeseription 'of the opera- Etion Lo'f"ione-"sashlwill` apply tothe other. 'Takingffor example, "the lower sash, when in elosed -`posi'tic'm, the topy rail 42 of the fsashfenters'thechannel 24 and the lower Irailef-'the sash strikes against the angle 25 'fofi-thelsill, "the siderails of the sash setting 'against `the inside'of the irons 32 forming af Itliefsi'de frame of the window. The
sash is lopenedbyf pushing the lower part 'off'thelsame outwardly, as shown in dotted llinesfin Fig. 2, the rollers '55 guiding "jthefrnpper end of thel sash and the arms "'57 determining the position of the sash -withrelation lto `V`the. 'window frame. These arms are so proportioned and voon- -neetedfi-.e' the window' Lfaune and sash that :the out-ward *movement of the lower part Yof"tlr'ie'fsashmay be continued until the sash assumes the full line position, as shown in "#Fig. ;5, for the movement may be further @eontinued'until the sash assumes the dotted vline positionfdshown in Fig. V5, in which bsition the outside of thewindow or sash *accessible to the inside of the window A:3f-for cleaning' purposes.
The sash, when in the full line position shown yin Fig. 5,'permi'ts a full and unob- `struct/edfopening 'of the entire window. It
'is understoodthat the upper sash may be perated in the same manner, the top rail 4vofthe upper sash entering the channel 16 so that in both cases, that is, when the lower .andl top sash are closed, weather cannot lenter over the top of the sash.
The lower part of the sash is also weather proof as the angle iron 20 extends upwardly .61 tightened, such being` the only adjustmentnecessaryin'mounting the sash in 'the frame.
In the form shown in'Figi I use a sliding block or plate pivotally mounted on the upper end of each sashby means of a pin or loose rivet 76. By using a. plate or block instead of a roller, more friction is produced and the upper end of the sash,
while. freelyl movable, is not so easily moved by wind or other accidental cfa-uses.
l' claim as my invention:
' The combination forming a window construction comprising a metal frame, the head of said frame consisting of two angle irons arranged to 'form a channel, an angle iron extending upwardly therefrom and rivets for securing said irons together, a meeting rail for said frame consisting of three angle irons, two of said irons forming a channel, the third iron extending upwardly therefrom and rivets for securing said irons together, a bottom member for said frame consisting oi" two angle irons arranged with loppositely extending anges and rivets for securing said irons together, side members for said frame consisting of three angle irons, two of said irons being arranged to form a track, the third iron extending away from said track and rivets for securing such irons together,
a sashfor said frame arranged to extend into said channel in closed position, and a roller on each side of Said sash arranged to ride in said track in the sidemembers of said frame.
In testimony whereof, l have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles, California, this 17th day of February, 1921.
WILLIAM C. LEA.