US 1499592 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
my u 11924.' www2 P. G. PHILLIPS GARMENT CLAMP AND THE LiKE Filed Dec. 28. 1923 Patented duly l, IgE-4l..
Pnnor e. PHILLIPS, or RYE, IvnwYonK.
-GAIrI/IENT CLAMP ANDTIIE LIKE. v
Application filed December 28, 1923. Serial No. 683,093.
To all whomy t may concern:
j Be it' known that I, PERCY Gr. PHILLIPS, a citizen of the United States of America,
in Garment Clamps and the like, of which the following is a specification. j
This invention relates to garment clamps and the like, such as might be used in `con nection with sleeve holders. An object of the invention is to produce a simple, yet durable clamp that might b e used for holding garments, of fine texture and delicate in nature, firmly, and without injury the-reto.
A further object of the invention is to produce a clamp of this class that is especially adapted for sleeve holding purposes, wherein it is necessary7 and advisable to employ clamps that are not bulky, but that are rather dainty and not cumbersome, andyet must be of considerable strength and capable of holding qualities.
Another object of the invention is to pro-l duce a clamp of this class that `is adapted to hold the garment between its jaws, by means of a plurality of bights formed in the garment by the `novel arrangement of the jaws, and in such manner as not 'to injure the garment, but to ensure tenacity of grip eX- tending over an appreciable area thereof, whereby the liability to tear is reduced to a minimum.
It is a further object of the invention'to so construct the bight formingv portions of the garment gripping jaws that thebights formed are` not clamped between the inner faces of the jaws, as only the material surrounding the bights and adjacent thereto are vin clamped contact with the said faces, so that injury to the material at the apeXes of the bights is eliminated and the strain on the garment is not entirely borne by the bights therein but is partly borne by the fiat portions of theJ said jaws surrounding the said bights. So far as is known, it is new in the art to provide clamps with gripping jaws adapted to form bights in the material, and so arranged that dat portions of the jaws surrounding the bights impinge the material therebetween, thus aiding in the gripping thereof, while the major portion of the material of each of the lbights contacts with but one of the jaws or theV bight forming portion thereof. j
It is known that clamps have been made wherein bights have been formed in the material between the clamping jaws, but 'in each'instance all the material of the bights has been closely confined between the metal of t-he'jaws in a crushing manner, and if the bight forming portions of the jaws w-ere not made to a nicety of lit, sufficient friction f was' not supplied to retain the clamp and garment in' engagement, when normal, but sudden strain was imposed thereon, or the fabric was injured by the crushing action of the jaws. j
In other instances intermeshing teeth have been formed on the jaws, between which the material was clamped by the formation of a. plurality of bights, but these bights were so positioned and shaped, that when sudden normal strain was imposed, the teeth would pelnetrate the material and a tear would resu t.
The present invention contemplates the use of clamping jaws having provision therein to form bights in the material of theV garment, the said bights being formed by nonpenetrating portions, so located and shaped as tov afford the; greatest frictional resistance against slippage when the garment and clamp are subjected to normal strains, and obtaining this result without impinging the material of the bights between hard surfaces, and by clamping the material surrounding the bights vbetween fiat portions of the said aws.
The invention further consists in certain features of construction and arrangement which will be fully understood from a description of the drawings andthe claims hereinafter given.
y Of the drawings. j
Figure 1 represents in side elevation a pair of clamps assembled for use as `a sleeve holder.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of Figure l.
F igurev 3 isan enlarged top plan view of one of the clamps.
F'gure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3 but showing the ltop clamp jaw removed.
.Figure 5 is a section on the line 5-5 Figure 3. j
Figure ure 5.
Figure 7 is 6 isa section on the line 6-6 Figan'menlarged View of the left end of Figure '5` showing the jaws as they j would appear when open.
Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 7 but showing the jaws as closed. y l' 'but it will be understood Vthat it is not limited tothatparticular use as it is obvious that it is equally valuable for other lpurposes wherein the servicesv of a clamp of this classis required.
As the clamp was primarily designed for sleeve holdinguse, provision has been made to secure two of them together as 10 and 11, by. an endless and preferably elastic band 12, and as the said clamps are alike, a description of one will suffice for both.
The clamp member 10 is composed of a lowerl jawm'ember 13, havingr` a loop 14 formed therein by bending the said member backwardly over itself as at 15, and has ears 16, adapted to receive a pivot pin 17,' which passes through holes of the ears 18, of the upper jaw member 19, to thereby pivota'lly mount said jaw 19.
l A spring 2O normally retains the said jaws in closed position and for the purpose of compactness, the portion 15, has a hole 21,'therein into which a portion of the spring 20 projects to 'thereby lessen the height of the assembled clamp.
As the two clamps l() and 11, are held in operative'relation 'by an endless band 12, it is desirable to so arrange the clamps, that in case of breakage or wear of a band av new band may be readily attached, and for this purpose the portion 15 is separated from 'the' main body .13 suliiciently to form a somewhat restricted passage 22, to the loop 14.
An important feature of the invention consists in the novel arrangement of the clamping jaws, whereby the material is held therebetween by bights formed therein while the material immediately surrounding the bights is clamped by flat surfaces of f the said jaws.
The jaws and 19 at their gripping ends, see Figures 4, 7, and 9, are somec what wider at 23 than the bodies thereof,
the jaw 13 has upstanding ribs 24 and 25 at each end of the hole 26, and which are preferably blunted and devoid of sharp corners, and of a length and breadth that ensures against penetration of the material.
. Thev upperjaw 19y also has a holer27 therein into which the said ribs 24 and 25 may project, and is provided -with downwardly extended bightforming rib like adapted to enterthe hole 26.
lIt will be noted that there is a clearance between each rib and the adjacent walls of the hole it enters, and preferably so, as it is not desired to tightly clamp the bights at the sides thereof, but rather to contact with the material lightly, but sulliciently to take up undue slack, as by so doing, the material is not injured during the formation of the bights.
llVhen the material is inserted between the jaws, it will assume approximately the position shown by dotted lines Figure 7, and upon closure of the jaws, the ribs 2S and 29 will force it downwardly into the hole 26 to form the bights 35 and 86, and the flat under face of the jaw 19, will form the material over the ribs 24 and 25 into bights 37 and 38, and thereafter, the material surrounding the bights and between the inner surface of the jaws will be clamped.
It will be readily seen that the formation of the bights lends frictional resistance against slippage, and when the material surrounding the bights is clamped, a garment holding device is obtained that is not injurious to line fabrics and which holds with a harmless tenacity not heretofore obtained in clamps of this class.
The arrangement of the ribs shown herein is one suitable for the use intended, but it will be understood that the arrangement thereof might be changed as also the size and shape, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Having described -the invention I claim:
1. In a garment clamp of the class described, a pair of relatively movable jaws; means to normally retain said jaws in clamped position; and a plurality of ribs extending from the inner faces of said jaws; said jaws each having a hole therein adapted to receive the ribs of the other jaw, said ribs entering said holes in a manner whereby garment material may be freely pressed into said holes to thereby form bights, said jaws being adapted to clamp the material surrounding said bights upon the formation thereof.
2. In a device of the class described, a pair of relatively movable jaws; means to retain said jaws in normally closed position; said jaws lia-ving openings therein adjacent the gripping ends thereof; a rib adjacent each'end of one of the openings and adapted to freely enter the opening of the other jaw; a rib adjacent each side of the other opening and adapted to freely enter the opening of the first mentioned jaw; and clamp surfaces surrounding each of said holes and adapted to clamp the garment therebetween.
3. In a device of the class described, a pair of relatively movable jaws each of which is provided with an opening at the gripping position thereof, and each of which is provided with ribs adapted to enter the opening of the other jaw, the said ribs of one jaw being angularly arranged to the ribs of the other jaw, all of said ribs being arranged to enter their respective openings in such manner as to afford an appreciable clearance between said ribs and the adjacent walls of their respective openings; and means to normally retain said jaws in clamped position.
4. A garment clamp having gripping aws adapted to form a plurality of bights in a garment; said jaws having receptacles at the gripping portions thereof; said jaws also having bight forming projections there,- on; certain of said bights being formed by the projections of one jaw entering the receptacle of the other jaw; and other of said bights being formed by the projections of the second jaw entering the receptacle of the first aw whereby unclamped bights are formed on each side of the material between the jaws, the said jaws being adapted to iirmly clamp the material surrounding said bi hts.
I). In a device of the class described, a pair of relativelv movable jaws one of which has an opening therein, and a transversely arranged rib at each end of said opening; the other of said jaws also having an opening, and a longitudinally arranged rib at each side of said opening, each pair of ribs of a jaw being adapted to freely enter the opening of the other jaw to thereby form a plurality of bights in the material to be clamped; and means to normally retain said jaws in clamped position.
6. In a device of the class described, a pair of relatively movable jaws; means to normally retain said jaws in clamped osition; bight forming means projecting irom the inner face of each jaw; a hole in each jaw adapted to receive the bight forming means of the other jaw, said bight forming means entering said holes in a manner whereby garment material may be freely pressed into said holes to thereby form bights therein, said aws being adapted to clamp the material surrounding said bights upon the formation thereof. l
Signed by me at Rye, New York, this 24th day of Dec. 1923.
PERCY G. PHILLIPS.