US 1500266 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 8, 1924. 1,500,266
J. D. PRIMM, SR
HUT FOR SWINE 7 Filed April 13 1 2 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 WITNESSES INVENTOR v Primm 5r.
A TTORNEYS Patented July 8, 1924.
UNITED STATES JAMES DARREL PRIMM, $3., or ATHENS, ILLINOIS.
HUT FOR SWINE.
Application filed April 13, 1922'. Serial No. 552,117.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES D. PRIMM, Sr, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Athens, in the county of Menard and 1 State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Huts for Swine, of which the following is a specification.-
. This invention relates to a hut for swine;
Among the objects of the invention is to provide a structure of the above character which is particularly adapted for housing brood sows when farrow-ing; which is adapted to serve as comfortable quarters for sow and litter of pig's during any period of a year; and which may withstand rough usage without bungee-maligned.
It is also an important object of the in vention that the hut be portable.
A further object of the invention is that the hut be constructed so that the small pigs may find safety from the sow, and avoid being laid upon by the sow.
Other objects will hereinafter appear in the detailed description to follow.
The invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a swine hut constructed in accordance with the present invention,
Figure 2 is a central vertical transverse sectional view of the same,
Figure 3 is a central longitudinal section a1 view of the hut, and
Figure 4 is a detail view of one of the door ropes.
Referring to the drawings more particularly the preferable construction includes a frame F, Figures 2 and 3,.said frame comprising preferably three verticals 10 for each side of structure, and one vertical member 9 for each end of structure; an upper and lower longitudinal member 11 and 12 respectively, for each side of structure, and an upper and lower cross member 13 and 1e respectively, for each end of structure.
A plurality of rafters 15 extend upwardly from each upper longitudinal frame member 12, and said rafters are secured at their upper end to a longitudinal member 16. The rafters 15 support the roof R which preferably consists in the two slanting sec-. tions 17 and 17', roof section 17 consisting a in two end portions 18 and pair of doors 19, which are hinged to the portions 18 by strap hinges as at 201 The pair of doors of roof section 17 'preff erably fold or swing toward each other for closing, and are provided with'a latch 18 and staple 19 by which the same may be secured when closed.
Each end wall of the structure consists door'22 which is connected to the gable portion by the butt hinges 23. Centrally of each end wall portion 21 is'provided a window 24 which is hinged as at 25; Y
'Each side wall of the structure consists in a relatively narrow upper section 26 and aflap door 27 which is hinged to the upper section by preferably three butt hinges28. The flap door 27 of one side wall preferably the south wall, is provided with an entrance door 29. which is hinged as at 30 to fiapdoor 27 and carries a hook 31 which is adapted to engage with staple 32 on door 27 for holding door .29 closed.
Adjacent each lower corner of each end flap door 22 is secured a short rod 33 by staples 34, said rod in each instance extending beyond the associated vertical edge of flap door and terminating in an eye 35 adapted to be engaged by a hook 36 pivoted to the similar corners of each'of the side flap doors 27 and thereby to secure the side flap doors 27 and end flap doors 22 in their lowered or closed positions.
Each end flap door 22 and also each side flap door-27 is provided adjacent its lower edge with a pair of spaced staples 37. Two pairs of cables 38 are provided, each cable having secured to each of its ends a hook adapted to be engaged with the pair of staples 37 upon each side flap door or each end flap door. Centrally of the roof R is driven a spike 40, said spike having its head protrudingas shown in Figure 1.
To each vertical framememberQ and also to each vertical frame member 10 there is.
secured a pair of plate brackets 41 by suitable screws 42. The brackets are secured a predetermined distance above the lower ends in the upper or gable portion 21 and a flap of members 9 and l0 and serve to support a r 7 runner R. The runner R extending'along the sides and ends consists in two strips and said strips are in turn suitably. secured to the bracket plates 41.
As before stated the hut is particularly adapted for housing a sow and litter of pigs. If it is during cold weather-the end flap ,doors22 and side flap doors 27 should be closed and locked andentrance door 29- opened. The windows 2 f may be also opened. During severe weather the doors 29 may be closed and also windows 24.
During warm and hot Weather the flap doors 22 and 27 may be raised and so held. A cable 38 is provided for each door and when it is desired to raise the doors, the hooks 39 of each cable are connected with the staples 37 of the associated door and the intermediate portion of each cable is hitched over the spike 40. The flap doors will then be held open as shown in Figure 3. The roof doors 19 may be closed and likewise the windows 24. The flap doors so extended alford a considerable shaded area for the sow and pigs.
It should be mentioned that the function of runner R is to permit a retreat for the small pigs and thus prevent being crushed by the mother. This-is of considerable importance to hog raisers.
While I have shown and described the preferred form of my invention, I wish it to be understood that I am aware of the fact that the construction, combination and ar-' rangement of parts may be changed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention as indicated by the appended claims.
What I claim is 1. Ina hut of the character described, a pair of side walls each comprising a single door hinged for upward swinging movement, and a cable for each door adapted to have its ends connected thereto and its middle portion attached to the roof of the hut for holding the door in an upwardly swung position.
2. A hut of the character described, comprising a frame, a roof therefor, hinged end and side walls adapted to be swung out wardly and upwardly, said walls serving as doors, a cable for each door, said cable having its ends adapted to be connected to the door, and a spike driven centrally of the roof and adapted to permit the intermediate portion of each cable to be hitched thereto whereby to retain the doors in raised position.
JAMES DARREL PRIMM, SR.