US 1502431 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
.fiuly 22, 1924.
R. W. HUBBARD HINGE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Nov. 16 1922 W INV ENTC R 4 A-x-rR NEY Patented July 22, 1924.
RICHARD HUBBARD, OF ASHTABULA, OHIO.
Application med November re, 1922, serial No. comes. Renewed June 10, 1924.
To all whom it may cimaem:
Be it known that I, RI HARD W, HUBBARD, citizen of the United States, residing at Ashtabula, in the county of Ashtab'ula and State of Ohio, have invented new anduseful Improvements in Hinges, of which the following is a specification. v
My present invention pertains to hinges and it contemplates the provision of a hinge that is highly adaptable for use in connection with motor vehicles and particularly those of the closed or sedan type wherein it is not only necessary that the hinge be of the concealed construction but saidhinge must be so constructed and arranged that the hinge connection to the door of the vehicle will not interfere with the raising and loweringof the windows of the door. p
The invention further contemplates the provision of a concealed hinge for use in connection with automobile doors that is simpl and inexpensive in construction and readily adaptable for easy and quick connection of the doors. The advantages of my hinge for thisconnection of the doors will be fully understood from the following description and claims, when the same are read in connection with the drawings, accompanying and forming part of this specification, in which:
Figure 1 is a view illustrating a portion of a door and vehicle body and showing in dotted lines the connection of the body portion of my novel hinge to said door and vehicle body.
Figure 2 is a view illustrating the door as opened.
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view of the door, body and hinge in closed position.
Figure 4: is a similar view of the hinge, door and body in open position.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the door in open position.
Figures 6, 7 and 8 are detailed views of the various elements that comprise the hinge.
Similar numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in all of the views of the drawings.
The body 1 and door 2 may be of any well known construction, and the body 1 is provided with the recess or chamber 3, and secured to the body 1 on the face thereof is a thin plate comprising the rear portion 4 and the inner facing portion of strip 5. This portion 5 is formed integral with the leaf portion 4 and the said leaf is secured to the door by means of the fastening means P and the said leaf is further provided with the inwardly dire'ct'ed portion 6 that is integral with respect to the leaf 4 and is adapted to bear on the inner wall of the chamber 3 and is also provided with pintle receiving means 7, as shown. The leaf 4 is further provided with the beveled edge 13 to permit of easy sliding of the hinged door.
Secured to the edge of the door by means of the fastening elements 8 is a plate 8 that is quite similar to the plate l and is like the plate 4: provided with an integral inwardly directed portion 9 that is provided with a central aperture and beveled edges as shown in Figure 6.
A plate that has surfaces 10 and 12 that are bent at right angles to each other is adapted to be secured by means of a pintle passing through the curled end 14 of the plate 12 to the inner end of the integral portion 6 of the plate 4. The pintle will pass through the members 7 and 14 and. securely retain the plates 10 and 12 to the plate or leaf 6.
In order to permitof easy sliding oft-he portion '10 on the integral portion 9 of leaf 8, the portion 10 is provided with the eX- tension portions 10 and when the plate 10 has been readily and easily positioned, the said portions 10 and 9 are firmly secured to each other by means of a stud 11 that passes through the portions 9 and 10.
It will be gathered from the foregoing that the device is extremely simple of construction and that when so arranged the hinge will not only be one of the concealed construction but will also be readily and easily removable from the body and door when desired and at the same time the door may be quickly and easily removed from the body without the removal of the hinge elements from door and body.
It will be manifest that the hinge is con,- structed and arranged to meet the requirements of certain large motor vehicle manufacturers as applied to what is known as swelled bodies, particularly of the closed car or sedan, coupe type, in which cars it is necessary to make a shallow mortice to permit room for the sliding of winplows in the door and body and in the hinge at hand, I have by constructing the plates 10 and 12 of L-shape in cross section brought about a shallow mortice or chamber 3 may be used and at the same time when the hinge is applied and the door closed, there will be a very small or practically invisible crack be-. tween door and body, and sufiicient opening when the door is open.
It is materially advantageous that the door be detachable in order that said door may be removed for painting purposes which is usually done after the door has been upholstered and finished otherwise and the removal of a door equipped with my hinge is a matter of slight moment and does not necessitate the removal of the hinge.
The re-enforcing of the female plate may fit over the edge of the wood or the said reenforcing may be countersunk in the discretion of the manufacturer.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that the device does not require the employment of skilled labor in orderto attach the door hinge and the hinge to the body and the removal of the door or in fact the hinge, is accomplished with nothing more than the ordinary screw driver.
Having described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. In a hinge the combination with a door and casing of a member adapted to be removably secured to the door, and having a portion formed integral therein and extending at right angles from the center thereof; said integral portion having beveled edges and an aperture therein, a second member removably secured to the casing and having a portion formed integral thereon and extending at right angles thereto; said extended portion being adapted to seat in a cutout portion of the casing, pintle receiving members formed on the inner end of the extended portion, and a plate comprising angular walls one of which is provided with edges to seat over the beveled edges of the first member and also having an aperture that registers with the aperture of the extension of the first member whereby the plate may be removably secured to the first member and the other angular wall of the plate having pintle receiving means that coact with those of the extension of the second member to receive a pintle and thereby retain the plate to the second member.
2. In a hinge the combination of a member having an integral portion formed at right angles thereto and an aperture in said portion, a second member having an integral portion formed at right angles thereto and having pintle receiving means and a plate having walls arranged at right angles to each other; one of said walls adapted to register with that of the first integral portion whereby fastening means may removably securethe plate to the first member and the other angular wall having pintle receiving means whereby a pintle may removably secure the plate to the second member.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
RICHARD W. HUBBARD. Witnesses:
MARTHA A. CosTLE, CHAS. B. Goon.