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Publication numberUS1502865 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1924
Filing dateAug 21, 1920
Priority dateAug 21, 1920
Publication numberUS 1502865 A, US 1502865A, US-A-1502865, US1502865 A, US1502865A
InventorsFerry Moody Lewis
Original AssigneeFerry Moody Lewis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic pump
US 1502865 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 29, 1924. 7 1,502,865 F. MOODY HYDRAULI G PUMP Filed Aug. 21 1920 66 I awa ,am/

' Patented July 29, 1924.

UNITED. .STATES 1,502,865 PATENT- OFFICE.

LEWIS FERRY MOODY, 0F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

mmumo ruin.

Application filed August 21, 1920. Serial No. 405,185:

To aZZ whom it:may concem:

Be it known that I, LEWIS FERRY MOODY,

a citizen of the United States residing at Philadelphia, in the county of lhiladelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented.

certain new and useful Improvements in Hydraulic Pumps, of which the following is shaft position, and one in which the outflow will be gradually decelerated along smooth spiral lines and without losses due to eddies and disturbances and sudden changes of direction of the flow.

The usual method of recovering the discharge velocity from the impeller of a ump by the use of a large number of smal diffusion vanes is either very inefficient or completely ineffective In order to recover velocity head of water efiiciently it is necessary to use long gradually tapering passages in order that the velocity may be reduced very gradually. If the rate of velocity reduction is too great the water will refuse to follow the walls of the passage and energy consuming eddies will be created; and furthermore, the desired velocity reduction will not be secured beyond the reduction due to loss of energy. If a large number of difl'usion vanes are used, and it is endeavored to accomplish the diifusion by making each passage long in comparison with its cross-section so that the velocity reduction may be sufliciently gradual, it will then follow that a very large amount of surface friction will be introduced. A comparison between the use of a large number of smaller passages and a few large passages may also be viewed by comparing the efiiciency of a small hydraulic machine with a large one of homologous design.

head at discharge from the impeller rather than to provide many smaller passages for this purpose. In the present invention, it

is proposed to accomplish the velocity reduction by wrapping. either a single large difiusion passage around the circumference of the discharge space from the. impeller or to use a small number of such diffusion spaces, such as two.

In the accompanying drawings illustratingihe invention i Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view-of one embodiment in "a pump having, an axial intake and discharge, and

Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are similar views of modi-' fications. p

In theembodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 1 the supply pipe 5 which may be coaxial with the pump or may approach the pump at a moderate angle as shown, brings the inflow into the axial direction at 6 where it is spread by the conical nose 7 and guided on slightly diverging lines to the impeller 8. Here the flow is engaged by the rotating-impeller blades and driven to the. right. The discharge from the impeller has a whirl around the axis and an annular diflt'usion space 10 is provided containing no vanes and in which the water can whirl freely. This chamber diverges from the axis and gradually curves into the 'axial direction. When the water reaches to approach-the axis once more in a convergent passage 12.

If the convergent passage 12 remained free the whirling of the discharge would increase again according to the relation just mentioned between radius and whirl. To continue the difiusing action, and produce a gradual decrease in velocity in place of theincrease that would otherwise takeplace, a helical wall 15 is provided producing long spiral helical chambers wrapped around the surface of revolution 16 forming the core or inner boundary of the diffuser.

In the form shown in Fig. 1 this wall 15 is a single helicoidal wall or plate of varying pitch, wrapped around the central wall 16 of conoidal form. The diameter acrossthe helix, that is the diameter "across the central wall, varies from point to point along the helix. wall increases in the direction of flow sufil- The pitch of the helical ciently to produce the desired diffusion. The diffuser passage is bounded on the outside by a second conoidal casing 17, the word conoidal here being used to denote broadly a surface of revolution. The helicoidal wall 15, if a single one is used will be wrapped a considerable distance, such as 360, around the axis or, if necessary, to obtain the required velocity reduction, it will be wrapped around more than a complete revolution. The dilfusion space will then continue until the velocity has been reduced sufliciently to permit the discharge velocity head to be passed into the discharge pipe 18 withouta material loss in head. In this way the whirling component of the discharge velocity from the impeller willbe reduced to a low value along smooth lines efficiently converting the velocity head of whirl into effective pressure head in the discharge.

The pump parts may be made of castings bolted together as shownwith the core 16 supported from the outer casing 17 by the spiral rib 15. The core 16 in turn supports the bearing 19 for the pump shaft 20 which may also be supported by the base of nose 7 supported from the outer casing 22 by stays 23. The pump shaft may either be arranged with the impeller overhung or the shaft may be oppositely directed and pass through a stuffing box on the suction side (Fig. 2), the motor or drive being on the opposite side from that shown in Fig. 1.

The diffusion chamber may also be made largely of plate steel 17 (Fig. 2) the helical wall 15' and core 16' being made of the same material. In this arrangement the beginning of the helical wall 15 is shown as a short cast iron bafiie or nose piece 30 and the core 16' will have a cast iron cap 31 supported by stay vanes 32 from the casing 17 which merely conform to the flow lines and are intended solely for mechanical support. In Fig. 2 the intake 35 is a contracting volute casing having a central core 36 for the shaft 20 so that the pump impeller is supported between two bearings 41 and 42-. In the form shown in Fig. 2 not only will the whirling component of the flow be reduced in the manner above set forth but by reason of the constantlyjexpanding passage the component of flow which is directed along the axis of the pump will be reduced and converted into pressure head.

In Fig. 3 two oppositely directed pumps P and P discharge into a casing 50 having two diffusion spaces 51, 52 merging into a single outlet volute 53 carried around the axis of the pump impellers 54, 55 in a position midway between them.

In the modification illustrated in Fig. 4 the helical guiding wall 60 is made double having a front 61 and a rear 62 tapering together at each end but separated at the middle to permit an inspection 0g 64:

to be provided. By this the space within the core or inner body 66 is left open to access from outside the pump.

In the construction shown in Fig. 1 the pitch of the helical wall 15 shouldprogressively increase in order to provide a passage of sufficiently increasing cross-sectional area at right angles to the flow lines to cause a decrease in velocity, the increasing pitch of the helical wall causing the flow lines to become more and more axial in direction so that though the cross sectional areas at right angles to the axis may decrease the cross sectional areas across the flow lines will progressively increase. In the construction shown in the remaining figures the diffusion passage as it progresses becomes what may be termed deeper, that is, the distance between the central core and the outer wall becomes greater. In such a case a progressive widening of the passage by increasing the pitch of the helical side wall may not in all cases be necessary.

The diffusion action in all cases would be produced first by an enlarging, diverging, annular chamber free of vanes, then a continuation of this chamber containing if nec essary for mechanical reasons stay vanes designed to conform to the flow and to interfere as little as possible with it, and finally a long helical diffusion space wound around the circumference of the inner boundary wall of the space. The outflow by these means is continuously and gradually decelerated as to all its components so that a. maximum portion of its veocity head is efiiciently converted into effective pressure head in the discharge. In pumps of the spiral type to which this invention applies the recouery of the energy of the water discharged from the impeler is an extremely important part of the hydraulic action of the pump, since this energy represents a value, in high speed pumps of this type, which is large compared to the net head against whichthe pump is delivering."

I claim:

1. In a hydraulic pump the combination with a rotary impeller, of a diffuser receiving the discharge therefrom and comprising an annular vane-free passage followed by a-plurality of helical passages, the discharge from each of said helical passages being directed along the axis of the helix.

2. In a hydraulic pump the combination with a rotary impeller, of a diffuser receiving the discharge therefrom and comprising an annular spreading vane-free passage followed by a plurality of helical passages, the dischar e from each of said hellcal passages being directed along the axis of the helix.

3. Ina hydraulic pump the combination with a rotary impeller, of a diffuser receiv ing the discharge therefrom and compr's ing an annular passage alternately diverging guiding it.

and converging and containing a curved guidin wall in said converging portion so that said portion of the passage is gradually enlarging at all points in the direction of flow to continuously decelerate the outflow and reconvert its velocity head into pressure head. a

4. In a hydraulic pump in combination with a rotary impeller, a diffuser receiving the discharge therefrom and comprising an annular assage continuously increasing in area in t e direction of flow and having a helical wall interposed therein to gradually deceleratethe flow.

5. In a hydraulic pump in combination with a rotary impeller, a diffuser receiving the discharge therefrom and comprising an annular passage continuously increasing in area in the direction of flow and having a helical wall of varying pitch interposed therein-to gradually decelerate the flow.

6. An annular diffuser for a hydraulic pump having its passage graduallyenlarg- I ing in the direction offlow and comprising.

a central core member tapering toward the impeller axis in the direction of the discharge.

7. An annular diifuser for a hydraulic pump having its passage gradually enlarging in the direction of flow and comprising a central core member tapering toward the impeller axis in the direction of the dis-.

charge, and a helical wall surrounding said core member.

8. An annular diffuser for a hydraulic pump having its passage gradually enlarging in the direction of flow and comprising a central core member tapering toward the impeller axis in the direction of the discharge, and a helical wall of varying pitch surrounding said core member.

9. In a hydraulic pump the combination with a rotary impeller receiving the flow from an axial throat passage, of a diffuser receiving the discharge fromsaid impeller and comprising an annular passage diverging at its inner surface to a diameter greater than the outer wall of said throat and then converging and adapted at all'points to continuously decelerate the outflowand convert its velocity head into pressure head.

10. A diifuser fora hydraulic pump comrising means for guiding the discharge rom the impeller outward away from the axis and means for guiding said discharge back toward the axis, comprising means for continuously decelerating the outflow while 11. Apparatus for regaining the velocity head of the discharge from a rotary pump impeller comprising means for guiding said discharge outward away from the impeller axis, gradually turning said discharge parallel to said axis and then direct ng said discharge inward toward the axis, said guid- 13. Apparatus for regaining the velocity head of the discharge froma rotary pump impeller comprising means for guiding said discharge outward away from the impeller axis, gradually turning said discharge parallel to said ax s and then directing said discharge inward toward the axis on helical lines of varying pitch, said guiding means being adapted to gradually and continuously decelerate the flow.

14. Apparatus for regaining the velocity head of the discharge from a rotary pump impeller comprising means for guiding said discharge outward away from the impeller axis,gradually turning said discharge parallel to said axisand then directing said discharge inward toward the axis'on helical lines of varying pitch to continuously decelerate said discharge. 7

.15. In a hydraulic pump the combination with an outer casing having a portion enlarging in the direction of flow, a pump impeller within said casing and in proximity to said enlarging portion thereof, and means for decelerating the discharge from said impeller comprising inner and outer walls and an intermediate helical wall in said casing interposed in the flow and having both of its surfaces in contact with the flow.

16. In a hydraulic pump the combination with an outer casing having a portion enlarging in the direction of flow, a pump impeller within said casing and in proximity to said enlarging portion thereof, and means for decelerating the discharge from said impeller comprising a core member and a helical wall between said core member and said casing.

17. In a hydraulic pump the combination with a pump impeller having a diagonally outward discharge, of a diffuser chamber receiving said discharge and guiding it outward on diverging lines and means for subsequently decelerating saiddischarge comprising a casing bounded bydnner and outer surfaces of revolution and containing helical guiding means interposed in the flow and having both of its surfaces in contact with the fiow.

18. A diffuser for a hydraulic pump comprising a portion diverging from the axis followed by a portion converging toward the axis, said diverging portion being vane-free,

" prising a portion diverging from the axis followed by a portion converging toward the axis, said diverging portion being vane-free,

but said converging portion containing a small number of helical guiding vanes.

20. A hydraulic pump 'having a casing formed with a contracting volute intake passage and a discharge passage formed with a central core, a rotary impeller having a shaft journaled in the wall of said intake passage and in said core and a helical wall surrounding said core and forming a diffusing passage which gradually enlarges in the direc tion of flow.

21. A hydraulic pump having a casing formed with a contracting volute intake passage and a discharge passage formed with -a central core therein, a rotary impeller having a shaft journaled in the wall of said intake passage and in said core and a helical wall of increasing pitch surrounding said core and forming a, diffusing passage which gradually enlarges in the direction of flow.

22. A hydraulic pump having a volute intake casing contracting to a neck and then expanding into an annular passage, an impeller in said passage, a shaft on which said impeller is mounted, the wall of said "casing being'extended inwardly to provide a bearing for said shaft, stay vanes connecting said bearing with the wall of said'casing and a plurality of helical d'scharge passages communicating with said annular passa e. In a pump the combination with a r0- tary high speed impeller, of a diffuser receiving the discharge therefrom and comprising an annular vane-free passage followed by a plurality of helical passages, the discharge from each of said helical passages being directedalong the axis of the helix.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3168048 *Sep 23, 1963Feb 2, 1965Dengyosha Mach WorksFull range operable high specific speed pumps
US3225537 *Oct 1, 1964Dec 28, 1965Fred E ParsonsFluid and vehicle propelling device
US3351022 *Oct 29, 1964Nov 7, 1967Westinghouse Electric CorpFluid pump
US4063849 *Feb 12, 1975Dec 20, 1977Modianos Doan DNon-clogging, centrifugal, coaxial discharge pump
US5167489 *Apr 15, 1991Dec 1, 1992General Electric CompanyForward swept rotor blade
US5246339 *Jul 10, 1992Sep 21, 1993Abb Flakt AbGuide vane for an axial fan
US6595746 *Apr 24, 1998Jul 22, 2003Ebara CorporationMixed flow pump
US7736597 *Mar 20, 2006Jun 15, 2010Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LpPumping apparatus and process for polymerization in loop reactors
US8354063Apr 30, 2010Jan 15, 2013Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LpPumping apparatus and process for polymerization in loop reactors
US9006149Jan 14, 2010Apr 14, 2015The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.High-throughput biological screening
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/211.2, 415/208.2, 415/219.1, 415/218.1, 415/73
International ClassificationF04D3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04D3/00
European ClassificationF04D3/00