US 1503069 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
juiy 29 192%.
.J. A. B. SMITH TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed Dec. 22 1920 2 Shee1s-$beet 1 July 29, 1924.
J. A. B. SMITH TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed Dec. 22. 1920 2 SlzeeLs-Sheev- 2 Patented July 29, 1924.
umrsn srarss PTENT QFFICE.
JESSE A. B. SMITH, OF STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR T UNDERWOOD TYPE- WRITER COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.
Application filed December 22, 1920. Serial I To. 432,376.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Jnssn A. B. SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Stamford, in the county of Fairfield and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Typewriting Machines, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to sheet collating means, and is an improvement on my copending applications Serial .No. 405,018, filed August 21, 1920 (now Patent No.
1,489,224, dated April 1, 1924), and Serial No. 407,651, filed September 2, 1920. The invention is shown applied to an Underwood standard typewriting machine.
It is one feature of this invention to provide proper guiding means for sheets of different widths such as astatement-sheet and a ledger-sheet. A ledger-sheet usually containsall the matter found on the statementsheet'and in addition is provided with an extra column or two for the transfer of old balances, etc. Thetwo sheets may therefore be aligned along the same gage at one edge, but separate gages mustbe provided at their othenedges corresponding to the different widths. Since the wider sheet must-pass beyond the gage of the narrower sheet, said gage is made of less height than the other gages so that the wider sheet may pass thereover and contact with an extra gage having a. flange of greater height. It will be seen that the gages for the wider sheet form with the rear paper-table a guiding chute, and
machine of this type tends to obstruct access to the tabulator stops or to the selectors of a computing machine, it is a featureiof this invention to provide a pivoted rear papertable capable of: being swung forwardly to allow such access. Means are provided for locking the paper-table in its rearward position.
A further feature is the provision of novel means for pivotally mounting the rear paper-table.
Another feature is the provision of means said sheets are inserted at the front of the machine.
Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.
In the accompanying drawings,
Figure l is a general perspective view of a typewriter carriage with the invention applied thereto.
Figure 2 is a front view showing therelative positioning of the gages.
Figure 3 is a view showing the relative positioning of a statement-sheet and a ledger-sheet. 7 t
Figure l is a vertical sectional View showing the mounting of the rear paper-table.
' Figure 5 is an enlargement. of the papertable and gage in Figure 4 showing the detailed structure.
Figure 6 is a plan view of a portion of Figure 5.
Figure? 'is a horizontal section of the paper-table and is designed to show the'relative heights of the flanges on the end gages and the secondary gage.
A cylindrical platen l is supported by means of an axle 2, journaled in end frames 3, of a carriage at supported on a rear rail 5 and a front rail (not shown). The usual pressure rolls Gand paper-apron Tnormally contact with the platen. Co-operating with the platen at the rear thereof is a papertable 10 of much greater length than those used ordinarily. Because of this additional length the table tends to block access to tabufor allowing the free movement of the sheets rearwardly clear of obstructions when .1
lator stops, or, as here shown, column selectors (indicated in Figure 4 by the numeral 11). The paper-table is therefore of a construct-ion which permits it to be swung forwardly to the dotted-line position of Figure 4, thus allowing ready access to the mechanism at the rear of the machine. To this end the paper-table comprises two. parts, indicated in Figures 5 and 6, as 12 and 13. The
lower part 12 has portions of its surface de-,
- The rod thus forms a pivot about which the paper-table maybe swung. The lower part 12 terminates near its sides in forked member" 18 adapted to be attached to the end walls The paper-table. terminates at its upper end in the usual turnedover portion 20.
' Gages 21, 22. are adapted to be slidably mounted on the paper-table at the turnedoveiiportion and for this purpose they are each provided with turned-over portions which extend. beyond the end of the table. They then follow a parallel course for some distance back along the turned-over end of the paper-table. A screw 26 passes through the turned-over ends of the gages beyond the edge of the paper-table. By tightening the screw, the gages may be fastened. to the paper-table without the necessity of passing the fastening means through the table. A
screw 27 aasses throu h the table and age b o r.
and is .merely for the purpose of factory adjustn' ent. It. is not used in the ordinary operation of the machine. I
- In order. that. sheets inserted from the front may pass rearwardly without sin countering obstructions, the lower part 12 of the table has. an elevated portion 30 adapted to lead the sheets over the pivotal connections. The sheets are then taken up on an inclined surface 31 on the upper part 13 of the table. A depression 32 is provided in the upper part of the table in which lodge the down-bent ends of the slidable gages 21, 22, 23, to prevent the sheets from catching thereunder. I I
It can thus be seen that the paper-table 10 can be swung forwardly upon its pivot to allow access to the mechanism at the rear of the machine. However, the normal position of the table is backward, as shown in Figure 4, and, to maintain this position, there is pivoted on each end wall 3 a bracket 34 held b 'stud 35, which when loosened. acts as a pivot. The bracket has a bent end 36 in which operates a stud 37 adapted to engage a slot 38 in the paper-table when The upper part 13' of the.
carried by member 41.
swung to effective position to lock the table in its rearward position. By loosening studs and 37, the bracket may be swung t0 the dotted-line position in Figure 1, allowing the table to be swung forwardly.
At the front of the machine is mounted a collating table substantially as described in said co-pending application 405,013. Said collating table comprises sections 40 and 41 adjustably secured by screws passing through slots 51 to a support 42 carried by brackets 43 fixed to a rod 44in the end walls 3 of the carriage. The heads of screws 50 lie in recesses so as not to project above the surface of the collating table.
It may be necessary to adjust the statement-sheet relatively to the ledger-sheet after their insertion in the machine.
Since the statement-sheet is narrower than the ledger-sheet, means are provided on portion 41 of the collating table outside the range of the statement-sheet for holding the ledger-sheet while the statement-sheet is being shifted; This means consists of a clamp The clamp comprises a presser-block 52 of any suitable material, such as rubber, on an arm of a bent lever 53 fixed on a. shaft 54 carried by a bracket 55 supported on the outside of one of theinen'ibers of the collating table (in thiscase 41). A spring 56 is attached to the collating table and to an arm of the bent lever 53, so that. the spring may act to urge the block 52 towards the collating table, or to urge the same to its retracted position, according as the spring is carried to one side or the other of the axis of the-shaft 54. A. finger-piece 57 may be provided to throw the clamping device into and out of effective position andmay serve to limit the retraction of the clamping device by con.- tacting with the support 42.
The presser-bloc'k 52 holds the wider or ledger-sheet while the narrower or statement sheet is adjusted relatively thereto. When the adjustment is completed, the feed-rolls (3 and the paper-finger 58. may be swung into position to maintain the statement and .ledger-sheets in position on the collating table, and the clamping device is. released. T 1e paper-finger is supported on a pivot 59 on thefront rail of the carriage and held in effective or ineffective position by a leafspring (not shown) engaging a block 60 on which the paper-finger is fixed.
In the operation of the device, it can be seen from Figure 2 that the upstanding flanges of the gages 21 and 23 on the rear paper-table are in alignment withthe upstanding ;ianges of the members 40 and 41 of the front collating table. A sheet inserted from either the front or the rear will thus be guided at both side .edges in the front and in the rear of the platen. In ad dition, another and smaller sheet may be ill) On the members 40 and 4-1.
guided,the smaller sheet being the top sheet at the front of the platen and the bottom sheet at the rear thereof. In the rear, one of the side gages, in this case 21, is used for the alignment of both sheets. A secondary gage 22is provided for the other side edge of the narrow sheet. Since the wider sheet must pass over gage 22 in order to be gaged against member 23, the upstanding flange of gage .22 is constructed lower than the flanges or gages 21 and 23. Figure 7. shows the relative positioning of the flanges and sheets. It is thus apparent that both wide and narrow sheets are each provided at the rear with guiding means at each side edge. At the front, however, the wide sheet. is
guided at each side edge by the upstanding flanges o't' members40 and ll, while the narrower is guided only at one side edge (in this caseby the flange of member 40), relying upon finger 58 for additional means vto maintain the relative positioning of the sheets.
[The member of the front collating table which gages the edges-of both sheets (in this case 40), has its upstanding flange continued beyond the lower edge of the collating table, diminishing in height, until it reaches a position nearly on the line with theuprinting point as shown at 61. This gives the maximum guidance to the sheet, since the latter engages with the elongated flange almost simultaneously with reaching the printing 'point. The usual wing-scales 63 are vmounted adjacent the platen, and have their tips 62 turned slightly upward to enable said scales to ride over the flange It will be seen that the side gages 21 and 23, which maybe called primary gages, form with the rear paper-table 10 a main or primary guiding chute to guide the wider or ledger-sheet, fitting therein, so that, when the .ledger sheet is passed around the platen, "it will lit in the front chute formed by the collating table and the upstanding-flanges Furthermore, it will be seen that the side gage 22 forms with the side gage 21 and the rear papertable a secondary chute, whereby the narrower orstatement sheet will be guided to the front chute, so that theleft edge of the statement-sheet Will lie along the left side of. the front chute when passed around the platen. 7
Variations may be resorted to within the scope of the invention, and portions or the improvements may be used without others.
Having thus described my invention, I claimrf 1'. In a typewriting' machine, the combination with a cylindricalplaten, or means for guiding wide and narrow work-sheets to the platen in predetermined superposed relation, comprising wide and narrow paper-chutes, one within the other, the wide chute com rlsin a air of l11 l1 side a es b b b 7 and the narrow chute comprising one or said high side gages and a relatively low side gage between the high side gages, all three of said side gages being adjustable, the arrangement: being such that the widths of both chutes may be adjusted simultaneously by the adjustment of their common side gage, and the width of either chute may be adjusted independently or the other by the adjustment of its individual side gage.
2. In a'typewriting machine, the combination with a cylindrical platen, of means at the introductory side of the platen for guiding wide and narrow work-sheets to the platen in predetermined superposed relation, comprising wide and narrow paperchutes, one within the other, the wide chute comprising a pair of high side gages, and the narrow chute comprising one of said high side gages and a relatively low side gage between the high side gages, all three of said side gages being adjustable, the arrangement being such that thewidths or both chutes may be adjusted simultaneously by the adjustment or their common side gage, and the width of either chute may be adjusted independently of the other by the adjustment ofitsindividual side gage, a collating chute at the delivery side of the platen adjustable to the same width as the wide introductory chute and into alignment therewith, and a clamp on the collating chute at the side oppositeto that of the 001m mon side gage of the introductory chutes to clamp the wide sheet individually, while the narrow sheet is adjusted thereover, the clamp being also adjustable with the side of the collating chute on which it is-mounted.
In a typewriting machine, the combination with a cylindrical platen, of a front collating chute having its upper intermediate portion cut away, a rear introductory chute having its side members in alignment with theside gages or the front collating chute,a narrow introductory chute having one of its edges in alignment with an edge of the front collating chute, and the other of its edges, visible through the cut-away portion or the front collating chute, and a finger swingable to and from position to hold the work-sheets in place.
- 4. Ina typewriting machine, in combination,-a platen, aplatenframe comprising ends having substantially horizontal tops and upwardly and rearwardly inclined rear edges, a rear paper-table comprising a lower portion connected with said ends along their upwardly and rearwardly inclined edges, and an upperportion hinged to said lower portion, said upper portion having a notch in; each side edge, a bracket mounted on a vertical pivot on each end of the platenframe, so as to be swung about its pivot into position with its head at the rear of the upper portion of the rear paper-table and adjacent said notch, and a screw on each of nected with said ends, and a portion hinged to the first-mentioned portion, the hinged portion havinga notch in each side edge, a bracket secured by a screw'oneachend of the platen-frame, so that, when the screw is loosened, the bracket maybe swung about i the latter to bring the head of the bracket adjacent the hinged portion of the paper table when the latter is in effective position, or to move thehea-d of the bracket away therefrom, and a screw on the, head of each ofthe brackets to enter the notch at the adjaeent side, of said hinged portion of the papentable when-the bracket is moved to effective position, tightening of the last mention-ed screw clamping said hinged portion of the paper-table 'to'the bracket to maintain it in effective position.
6; In a typewriting machine, in combina tion, a platen, a platen-frame comprising ends, arear paper-table comprising a lower portion fixedly connected with said ends,
and anupper portion hingedto said lower portion to be swung forwardly to facilitate access to the rear of the machine, a holding bracket for the hinged upper 'portion pivotally mounted on each' end ofthe'platenframe tobe swung to and from the adjacent side edge of the hinged portion of the paper-table, and a screw-and-openslot connection between the bracket and hinged upper portion of the paper-table, whereby the screw may be loosened and the bracket swung away from its effective position to permit the hinged portion to. be swung forwardly, or the bracket may be swung to effective position-to co-operate with the hinged portion of the paper-table, and said hinged portion clamped to the, bracket by tightening the screw 0f the screw-and-openslot connection.
7.-In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen, of apaper-table having the edge thereof farthest from the platen turned back from the paper-engaging face thereof, an adjustable side gage slidable along said paper-table, said gage having an extension extending substantially beyond the edge of the turned-back portion 7 of the paper-table and then returning adjacent the other face of the turned-back edge to form jaws on the opposite sides of said turned-back portion and means acting on-said jaws beyond the edge of the turned-back portion of the paper-table to force the jaws together to clamp the side gage in position on the paper-table.
8. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen, of a rear paper-table, anvadjustable gage slidable on said papertable, said gage having an extension engaging the upper edge'of said table and extending beyond said edge, and means passing through said extension beyond said upper edge, to fasten the gage to the table, without said means engaging said table.
9. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen, of a rear paper-table having a turned-down upper edge, an adjustable gage slidable on said paper-table, said gage having an extension forming jaws engaging said upper edge, and extending beyond said edge, and fastening means passing through said jaws beyond the upper edge, said jaws gripping said edge to fasten the gage to the table. 7
10. In a. typewriting machine, the combination with a platen and feed-rolls on the under side thereof, of a sectional rear papertable having raised portions on its upper and lower halves and so positioned on either side of a. connecting hinge to permit the free insertion of awork-sheet from either the entry or delivery side of said platen when said feed-rolls are disengaged.
11. In a typewriting machine, the combi nation with a platen and feed-rolls on the under side thereof, of a sectional rear paper-table having raised portions on its upper and lower halves and so positioned on either side of a connecting hinge to permit the free insertion of a work-sheet from either the entry or delivery side of said platen when said feed-rolls are disengaged, and a depression formed on the upper half of'said table to receive the depressed ends of paper-gages that may be mounted on said table to prevent the possibility of said work-sheet being retarded by said gages when it is being inserted into the machine from the delivery side of said platen.
12. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a. platen and feed-rolls on the under side thereof, of a rear paper-table comprising a lower table-portion having a plurality of depressions near its lower edge in which is held a hinge pivot, a raised central portion to guide the edge of aworksheet over said hinge pivot, and a plurality of openings adjacent said depressions to re; ceive a plurality of tongues formed on the lower edge of an upper tableportion, so that they may be bent around said hinge pivot, said upper table portion having a groove formed in its lower edge above said tongues to receive the depressed ends of paper-gages that may be mounted on said between said groove and said tongues to may be inserted from either the entry or guide the edge of said Work-sheet over the delivery sides of said platen When sald feedends of said. paper-gages as they he 1n rolls are disengaged.
said groove, the hinge formed by said de- JESSE A. B. SMITH. pressions, hinge pivot and tongues being Witnesses:
so protected by said raised central and in- EDITH'B. LIBBEY,
termediate portions that said Work-sheet CATHERINE A. NEWELL.