|Publication number||US15035 A|
|Publication date||Jun 3, 1856|
|Publication number||US 15035 A, US 15035A, US-A-15035, US15035 A, US15035A|
|Inventors||Samuel L. Denney|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
NITED STATES PATENT @einem li`\/lPROVElVlEN'l"y IN HAND CORNSPLANTERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 15,035, dated June 3, 1856.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, SAMUEL L. DENNEY, of the city and county of Lancaster, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented anew and Improved Hand Corn-Planter; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this speciiication- Figure l being a side elevation; Fig. 2, an elevation of a portion ot' the front side of planter,with asmall part ofthe casingremoved; Fig. 3, a bottom view ofthe planter; Fig. 4, a vertical section in the line Q/ y of Fig. 3; Fig. 5, a top View of a four-way conducting-funnel; Fig. 6, a sectional view of` the planting-cylinder U detached from the planter; Fig. 7 a vertical section of the lower portion ofthe planter, showingin section the perforated false bottoni D of theseed-box, and side views of the brush B and of thefour-way funnel F; and Figs. 8 and 9 are views representing one ot' the plantin g-receptacles detached.
Similar letters indicate like parts in all the figures.
The respective movements of my improved planter are combined with a rectangular box, Gr, and with each other in such a manner that four separate kernels of corn are deposited at an equal and proper distance from each other l at each' downward movement of said planter, substantially as hereinafter set forth. Eduction-apertures m n L tare formed in each angle.
ofthe bottom ofthe .box G, which communicate with improved planting-receptacles placed underneath them, and combined with the bottom ofsaid box and with each other in themanner represented in the accompanying drawings.
Each planting-receptacle is composed of an incising-tooth,N, combined with a hinged vibratory pouch-piece, M. The incising-teeth N ot` the planting-receptacles descend from the plates N' N', which are bolted to the bottom ot the box G. Each pouch-piece M is hinged to its respective incising-tooth N bymeans of the pivot @,which passes through aperturesin the lips ot' said pouch-piece and through an eyehole insaid tooth. The lips of thepouch-pieces M of the planting-receptacles so closely embrace the edges ot the incising-teeth that they prevent the soil from entering said receptacles and obstructing the movements ot' said pouch` pieces. The upper ends of each pair ofpouches vshown in Fig. l.
are combined with each other by means of a spring', S, which causes the lower ends of said pouches to perfectly close the 'lower ends ot' the planting-receptacles. I
. A piston-rod, P, is combined with each planting-receptacle by passing through an aperture in the outwardly-projecting iange a from the upper end of each tooth N, and through an aperture in the shoulder formed by the offset in said tooth, as shown in Fig. 4. Each pair of the piston-rods P P is join-ted to a sliding slat, E, which works on the outer side of the box G. The said sliding slats E E are connected to each other at their'npperends bythe handle A, which works in slots in the upward projecting portions ot' the sides ot the box, as The lower ends ofthe said sliding slats E E are guided by means ot' the lugs O projecting from the sides ofthe box G and working in vertical slots in said slats.
A four-way funnel, F, rests upon the bottom ot' the box G, whose four waysfg h lc are oi' such a shape that at their Lipper ends they each receive the kernel ot' corn thatmay be ejected from one of the months ofthe perforations in the cylinder C and conduct the same to the aperture in the bottom of the box leading to the appropriate planting-receptacle. The kernels of corn will be ejected from the mouths ot' the two outer pert'orations in the Vcylinder C through the apertures g It', Fig. 7, above the upper ends ot' the vertical partitions a d ot' the funnel,and, fallingin the vertical passages g h to the apertures Z m in the bottom of thc planter, they will pass into the planting-receptacles placed beneath said apertures. The kernels of corn will be ejected frourthe mouths of the central perforations in the cylinder Cinto the funnel-waysfk,t'o1med by the vertical partitions d e d,the inclined boards b b', and the diverging partitions c' c', which will conduct the said kernels to the apertures n t in the bottom ofthe planter, leading to the planting-receptacles situated beneath said apertures.
The bottom D ofthe seed-box is situated a short distance aboveV the cylinder C, and a suitable number oi'perforatons,oo, are formed in said bottom to admit the kernels of corn freely to the cylinder U; but the said perforations should not be ot' such a size as to allow so great al quantity of. corn to rest upon said cylinderas to obstruct its free movements.
hen the cylinder() isin the position shown in Fig. 4 the weight ot the pistons a. ct a a, which work loosely in the diametrical perforations in said cylinder, will cause them to drop to the positions represented in said figure and form cups above the upper ends of said pis- ,tons for the reception into each of av kernel of corn. A brush, B, descending from the bottom D of the seed-box to the periphery of the cylinder G, shuts off the space above the said cylinder from the four-way funnel and prevents the passage of any corn to said funnel save what is carried forward in the mouths of the perforations in said cylinders.
To insure the instant ejectment of the kernels of corn from the cups'in the cylinder G, the lower ends, ot' the pistons a a. c ct are made to project a short distance below the periphery of said cylinder, and acurved cam-piece, L, is secured to the side of the box G in such a position that when the said cylinder is turned upon its axis to carry the seed-cups under and beyond the'. brush B the said lower ends ofthe pistons a a aa will strike against the said campiece L and be forced inward a sufficient distance to project the kernels ofcorn from the respective seed-cups of which the said pistons form the bottom.
An arm, d, projecting from one end of the cylinder G, isjointed to one of the slidingslats E by means ot' the bridle-piece e.
It will therefore be perceived that when the downward movement of the said slides and handle will cause the piston-rods to descend and open the pouch-pieces of the planting-receptacles and discharge therefrom the kernels ,e
of corn, and at the same time the cylinder C will be thrown into the position shown in Fig. 4, to receive another charge of corn ,into the seedcups for the next forward movement of said cylinder.
What I claim as my in venton, and desire to secure by Letters Patent,is
The combination ot' theplanting-cylinder C, the pistons a a', and the funnel F, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
The above specification ot my new and useful improvement in hand planting-machines signed and witnessedv Vthis 21st day of March, 1856.
SAML. L. DENNEY.
Witnesses Z. C. RoBBINs, ARTH. O. WA'rKlNs.