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Publication numberUS1503972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1924
Filing dateSep 13, 1922
Priority dateSep 13, 1922
Publication numberUS 1503972 A, US 1503972A, US-A-1503972, US1503972 A, US1503972A
InventorsEskil Berg
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric boiler
US 1503972 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 5, 1924. 1,503,972

E. BERG ELECTRIC BOILER Filed Sept. 13, 1922 Inventor: Eskil Ber"8-,

5 HisALtor-n e5.

Patented Aug; 5

seconcl boiler which i 'q l ce vaporized. Tie T er serves to generate ancl is itseli concl To all whom it may concern: Be 1t known that l ESKIL Zen of the lluiteul gatates resirliug Soho nectady, in the county oi Schenectady J ooiler a 5 State of New Yorlt, have inven eoi certain first boiler go new anol useful Improvements in Electric 0 l ooilers, of which the following a speci yths figur i a ncation. boiler apparatus emuc' T118 Preseili llllentmfi the boilers being Ell'fi imi. boilers oi the type in which 0.2 electrocles slip into li uol contains 1 a to the drawing, 5 in a ing and generate vapor b *he passage oi of: suitable boiler con electric current through the Usu-= L project one or more elev ally the liquiol is Water anti the vapor gentwo shown in the present stance: eratecl is steam but my inyei ion. is Well As is Well untlerstoo(l the numbers c m adapted for use with other qui is as is trotlcs among other things the pointed out more fully hereinaftero Chamois 1 f the current supblietl The so In connectlon with electric boilers rangenient shown is to be taken as 2i condition is sometimes met Where it 01 any suitable type of electric boiled L0- is not practical to apply the elec c current atljacent boiler 5 is a second boiler 2? 76 having a lic uicl feecl pipe andl tlsc arge pipe in boiler 7 is a CU--.4. 01 It the source of electrical energy structure 19 connected atone encl by able ancl to be usecl tor generating; the top of boiler a and at the is of low voltage it may be that th A pipe the of b (fo'r example, pure Water) 01* 4 '5 c; I 'iormctl a closecl cite" resistance to the passage of cu directly to the liquid; to be yapotizecl llu. stances of thls ass as follows:

avail iroin boiler 5 thin oioe structure or pipe structure d v "I I} pipe 12, is ooiier 6 to to i. ovicling boiler Z l than boiler 5 o;

e crest? @o o e r y a be very clltiicult or liner Q fiv um iv a l i a boiler which will offer sumciei esis as cateu at may be inserts between the electrodes, An electr c oouer to assist the low by gv generates saturated steam f y to trans-jet the E om from a liquid to which it is ct l boilers 5 7- a e to apply the current directly oecause o1: the for o'lta lug oi fact that passage of current tilt J the ctrio boil r 5 is to eye-i ti t e it seller 7 is out p the vet r the reuuiretl 0 liquid adversely afiects it clue cl or other cause.

The object of my inventio an electric boiler which will any of the above or similar o e ectrical practical manner and for a cousitl ii any sui r What I believe to be novel anti have h ooe x t attention is directed to the accon l 'uicl in the boiler cc description ancl the claims appe i ctrotles to vary the den According to my invention cey are submerged in too wa er: boiler containin the electrooes ano use is.-

gen in boiler flows it a liquid suited to the voltage available through. V v

' K and. heats the liquid, therein he and it then utilize the Vapor thus vaporizing it. The vapors are then carried oil through pipe 9 to the point Where .they are to be used. The vapors from boiler in passing through heating coil 10 are condensed and returned to boiler 5. There is thus established in connection with boiler 5 a closed heating system. This makes it a very simple matter to regulate boiler 5 because the same liquidis boiled continuously and its makeup or electrical resistance does not change. i

The boilers may be run at various temperatures and pressures to meet the requirements of particular cases. Usually it will be desirable to run boiler 5 at a substantially higher pressure and temperature than boiler 7, so there will be rapid interchange of heat between the two and the size of the coil 10 kept Within oractical limits.

Some specinc examples of applications of my invention as follows:

A condition be met wh re low voltage current is available use in opera boiler and the liquid to he vap rized, for example, is quite pure so t -tiii lb has a higi r "istance', in s" h a the boiler may as supplied .W a Water so tion of calcium chloride so or similar substa ce which h tion having relatively low electrical resistance. The liquid oi high res'stance to he ooilet ple Water,

to boiler 'i and is vaporized from boiler 5 coil or pipe Again a con on may he met with T high voltage cu r nt is and th 5 uid to he vaporized has a relatively low resistance for example impure Water. in this case a liquid having high electrical resista-nce, for example pure Water be used the boiler 5 and a liquid having low resistance, for example impure vaporized boiler 7.

in other applications of my invention, it will. be clear "with eithe high resist ance liquid or low resistance liquid used in the boiler 5, any desired liqrxl may be vaporized in the'boiler 'Z'.

it me boiler 5 utilize the ors thererrom to stance of lower boiling point i furthermore, use a substance 1 ch has a hii h boiling noint and -With the apparatus which I now consider to represent the best embodiment thereof, but I desire to have itunderstood that the apparatus shown is only illustrativeand that the invention may be carried out by other means. 4

"What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the U ted States is:

l. in combination, electric boiler, a

sec nd holler, a pipe structure in t' e second boiler connected to the electric boiler.

. electric boiler elecit. a second boiler second boiler, and con- L119, heating coil combination,

ties which project V s coil in the e comprising electric boiler else dos which dip into the lieu cl l I elect boil cl'iaracterized o the por generated in the elect-r sheeting means vapo second boiler which it is condensed and rear ned tothe electric boiler A boiler structure comprising an electrio boiler having electrodes which di into the liquid to be vapoiisev in the eectiic boiler, a second boiler cor ining a fluid to be heated and having inlet and an outlet for fluid, and means located in the second boiler in thermal contact with the fluid therein and connec d with the electric boiler to form thereto a closed circulating rem for the liquid vaporized in said elecct that the ow coiler is used ing liquid a

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2427308 *Aug 25, 1945Sep 9, 1947Harry SchmitzElectric hot-water radiator
US2485762 *Jul 25, 1947Oct 25, 1949Comb Eng Superheater IncSurge tank for electric boilers
US2748249 *Mar 9, 1953May 29, 1956Mario ColleratiMethod of and apparatus for heating fluids
US3576968 *May 19, 1969May 4, 1971Collie Robert LElectrode heating system
US3666917 *Dec 12, 1969May 30, 1972Hydroflow CorpHeating system utilizing an electrolytic device in a closed hydraulic circuit
US3855449 *Dec 20, 1972Dec 17, 1974K SchneiderArrangement for producing heat
US3862395 *Nov 22, 1972Jan 21, 1975Gen ElectricHtw heating systems having electrode boilers as the source of htw
US4414462 *Jul 17, 1981Nov 8, 1983General American Transportation CorporationTank car heating system
US4803343 *Dec 23, 1986Feb 7, 1989The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.Electric fluid heating apparatus utilizing a vaporizable working fluid
US5838879 *Dec 27, 1995Nov 17, 1998Howard Harris Builders, Inc.Continuously cleaned pressureless water heater with immersed copper fluid coil
U.S. Classification392/322, 392/456, 392/324
International ClassificationF22B1/30, F22B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF22B1/303
European ClassificationF22B1/30B