US 1504544 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- Aug 12 1924,
A. E. KINTNER DOOR LATCH Filed Oct. 6, 1921 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A. E. KINTNER DOOR LATCH Filed Oct. 6, 192] 2 Sheels'$heet 2 Patented Aug. 12, 1924.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALCUIN E. KINTNE-R, 01E PAINESVILLE, OHIO, ASSIGNOR, BYs MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO THE NEFE COMPANY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, A CORPORATION.
Application filed October 6, 1921. SeriaI No. 505,911.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALoUIN E. KINTNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Painesville, in the county of Lake and btate 5 of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Door Latches, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a door latch, more particularly to a combined latch and in look capable of application to a door, whereby it maybe held closed and also looked, when desired.
One object of the inventionis to pro vide a latch of simple construction capable .3 of being easily applied to a door.
Another object of the invention is to provide a latch of novel construction capable of application to either a right-hand or lefthand swinging door.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved combined latch and lock of relatively simple construction and capable of ready application to doors of various types.
vide a reversible door latch and to combine therewith a relatively simple locking member correlated to operate in either position in which the latch is placed.
Afurther object of the invention is to provide an improved combined latch and lock capable of application to a sliding door.
A further object of the invention. is to provide an improved latch so constructed that it may. be applied to a right-hand swinging door, a left-hand swinging door or a sliding door, as desired.
Other objects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which my invention relates from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a fragmentary view of a door frame and door to which is.
Another object of the invention is to pro side of the door.
right; the former figure showing the looking member in normal position and the lat ter figure showing the locking member in operated positionand locked by a suitable lock.
Referring to the drawings, 1 indicates a door frame. 2 indicates a'door hinged along its left-hand edge to the frame 1 by suitable hinges 3, only one being shown. 4
indicates a latch pivoted at its inner end on r a pivot pin 5, whereby its outer or free end may be engaged with or disengaged from a keeper, indicated as an entirety at 6. The pivot pin 5 may. be secured or mounted upon the door 2 in any suitable manner, but by preference the pin 5 extends through an opening 7 in the door 2 and, is secured therein by a nut 8 screw-threaded on its inner end. In order that the latch 4 may be adapted for a right-hand or left-hand swinging door, I prefer to form it from a substantially U-shaped member 4 andgto dispose the legs P of the U upon opposite sides of the door 2 and to pivot both ends of the member'on' the pivot pin 5. At a point centrally of the base 4* of the U. the metal is bent outwardly and then back on itself, as shown a1t4, to form a projection P which engages and disengages the keeper 6 in the manner to be hereinafter set forth.
Intermediate their ends, the legs 4* of the U-member are preferably bent laterally or outwardly to form handles by means of which the latch may be elevated at either 7 indicates a sheathing preferably comprising a U-shaped member formed from sheet metal, and adapted to fit the opposite sides of the door 2 and guard it against wear or damage due to the operation of the latch 4. Near their inner ends, the side plates 7*, 7 of the sheathing 7 are formed with alined openingsfi", which serve as suit able, bearingsfonthe pivot pin 5. The end wall ofthe member 7 is preferably cut "away, asshown ati7, to form shoulders 7 whiQlLli-mit: the raising and lowering, of; the latch 4; Whern thesheaithing isprov ded, the latch 4 is made of proper size to fit in the cutaway 7 and engage the shoulders- 7 "The j sheathing may be; secured to the fdoor'2 by suitable screws 8:
' per fp efer bly cempr se a pla e d we: dses, iesp'e t a ln nd p idedas thei'keeper fi ispositioned on the door framefl. 9- indicatesa flange extending "along each inclinedfedge 6 69?,- to form a.
aaye v, W d guide ii ce f e tc :4.to;ride *on When'the door is closed. The
's'et fort -I ,7 V
11f indicates aloeking member adapted to engage thelatch .tfand flock it in the. notcht r uj ShOWil'lIl' Figs. 1,2 and 3' as'applie 'lxto a a 's i lf ar P fer ly form n grally wiith tlie extension 6P. preference (as shown n Fig. 5), the notches 626*", and
uides '65, 6,Tare disposed equal distances rorn a longitudinal line extending centrally the extension 6". The, keel er; is
left hand-lg swinging'door; when so disposed, the gui'de' GP'andii'otCh f are arranged for,
a menty hi W9 1i. W h o is r fl-haaii; sw n in -deer, Pl te 1S app ied -in zthe same 'mann'er, but it is r ed he f he snide an o e 1L are aizrangedfon the upper side; of the plate for en ag 'F s i r 10;indicate an opening formed in the free by the latch 4, as shown endfof thelezctlension ti preferably in line wi-th the central, longitudinal axis thereof.
The purpose t me Qpenie 10 willb e later.
35F a he we y e- Thev in 'menrber, 11-" is, common toiboth notches 6 her by-hwy nemte s a ockin he] event th e keeper 6 .is applied to eithera right hand; or agleft-hand'door. Theloele 'ing member 11 preferably comprises a body P t on- 2; pi te a 13110 ae.i rs .erably the 'outer face-of the plate 6" at a pointbetween "the bottom walls of heine eh s 3 i, ndijap ir f i singtarms 14, 15,provided' with shoulders 2 .5%1re PsaiYe y, at. he e. nds- 7 arm 4; .1 are f' q nl le g h by the shoulde'r ofj one; or, the other may overlie tlie adjacent notch accordingly the" keeper is app liedjto a r'ight-hand'or fi-hand. n ing. o -1 In a the locking member, 11 is shownin dotted lines in its normal position. (fat'which time the latch 4"may engage anddisen'gage th'e'notch but by swinging the. locking member to the position shown in full ines, the shoulder 14 of the arm 14 will overlie the notch 6 and thereby lock the latch a therein.
.Whfin in this latter position, one of the it will be understood that the locking member 11 will in normal position be disposed as shown, in Fig. 7and when it is desired to lock the latch 4,it willbe swung on the pivot 13 until the shoulder 15 of the arm 15 will overlie the. notch 6*. When so arranged, the arm 11 and extension may be secured together by, a pad-lock 17 in the manner already described in connection with the arm 15.
In Figs. 8, 9, 10 and 11, I have shown a slightly modified form of construction particularly adapted for use for latching and. looking a sliding door. In these views, 1 indicates the door frame and 2 indicates the door slidable longitudinally in guides 2"" of any desired construction. In this form 0 construction all the elements of the combined latch and lock are similar in construction to like elements referred to in con-.
nection with the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 7, inclusive, except, the latch, indicated at 4". As shown in Fig. 8, the extension 4* ofthe latch 4; is formed on its lower edge with'a notch 17, the walls of which are' adapted to. engage and disengage the bottom wall of one of the notches 6, 6", of the keeper. 6 Topermit the latch 4" to automatically engage the keeper as the door 2* slidesto closed position, the free end of the extension? is beveled, as shown at 18. In operation, the.beveled edge 18 rides, on the bottom wall of the notch 6' to elevate thelatclr lf, in order that the notch 17 may engage the keeper- The keeper 6* may be applied to the door frame 1* so that either notch 69?, 6 may be usedfor latchingthe door 25'. The latch Q may be locked in latched. position by the shoulder 14 provided, on'the arm 14* ot a locking member llfi'which is similar in construction and operation to the locking member 11 correlated with the latch shown in Figs. 1 to 7, inclusive,
7 While the form of construction shown in Figs. 1. to 7, inclusive, is suitable for right.
hand and left-hand swin in doors 0111 Y the form of construction shown in Figs. 8 to 11, inclusive, may be used'on either a righthand or, left-hand swinging door, if desired as well as ona sliding door. When the'latter form of construction is applied, to a swinging door, the latch at will operate similar to the latch 4, since that portion of the extensio'n' i disposed between outer side Illa") lid wall of the notch 17 and thebevel edge 18 is adapted to engage the adjacent flange 9* of the keeper 6 and guide the latch extension 4" into the adjacent notch 6 and thus permit the walls of the notch 17-to engage the bottom wall of the keeper notch, as shown in Fig. 8.
It will be understood that my disclosures and the description herein are purely illustrative and are not intended to be in any sense limiting, as widely differing embodiments and applications of my invention will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.
What I claim is: v
1. In a door latch, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate having a notch in its upper portion arranged to receive said latch, and a locking member movably mounted on said keeper and having arms, one arranged to overlie said latch when it is in said notch to lock' it therein and the other arranged to be secured to said keeper to maintain the first mentioned arm in locking position.
2. In a doorslatch, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate having notches in its upper and lower portions either arranged to receive the latch accordingly as the latch and keeper are applied for a right-hand or left-hand door, and a locking member movably mounted on said keeper having arms each operative to overlie the adjacent notch and lock the latch therein, and the other arm arranged to be secured to said keeper to maintain the operative arm in locking position.
3. In a door latch, the combination of a latch comprising a U-shaped member the legs of which are disposed upon and pivoted to the opposite sides of the door and an extension arranged intermediate its ends, and a keeper adapted to be fixed to a door frame and formed with aligned notches in its upper and lower edges and provided with an arm having upper and lower edges inclined toward each other, whereby one of said edges serves to guide the latch to the adjacent notch accordingly as the keeper is applied to the door frame.
4. In a door latch, the combination of a latch having a beveled free end and a notch formed in its lower edge, and a keeper having a notch formed in its upper edge and provided with an extension having an inclined upper edge for guiding the latch to the adjacent notch when the latch is applied to a swinging door.
5. In a door latch, the combination of a latch having a beveled free end and a notch formed in its lower edge, a keeper having a notch formed in its upper edge and provided with an extension having an inclined upper edge for guiding the latch to the adjacent notch when the latch is applied to a swinging door, and a locking member pivoted to said keeper and arranged to be moved into position to overlie the notch in said keeper to lock the latch therein.
6. In. a door latch, the combination of a latch having a beveled free end and a notch formed in its lower edge, a keeper having a notch formed in its upper edge and provided with an extension having an inclined upper edge for guiding the latch to the notch formed in the keeper when the latch is applied to a swinging door, and a locking member having a pair of arms, said member being pivoted to said keeper, whereby it may be moved to dispose one arm into position to prevent unlatching of the latch and the other arm in alignment with said extension, whereby it may be locked thereto.
7. In a combined latch and lock, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate having a notch and an arm having an inclined edge for guiding the latch to said notch, and a locking member pivoted to said keeper and arranged to be moved into position to overlie the notch in said keeper to lock the latch therein.
8. In a combined latch and lock, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate having a notch and an arm having an inclined edge for guiding the latch to said notch, and a locking member having a pair of arms, said member being pivoted to said keeper, whereby it may be moved to dispose one arm in position to prevent unlatching of the latch and the other arm in alignment with said first mentioned arm, whereby it may be locked thereto.
9. In a combined latch and lock, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate formed with notches in its upper and lower edges and provided with an extension having inclined upper and lower edges, whereby said plate may be applied to a door frame for engagement by the latch when applied to either a right-hand or left-hand swinging door, and a locking membermovably mounted on said keeper and common to both of said notches, whereby it may operate to lock the latch in either position of said keeper.
10. In a combined latch and lock, the combination of a latch adapted to be pivoted to a door, a keeper comprising a plate formed with notches in its upper and lower edges and provided with an extension having inclined upper and lower edges, whereby said plate may be fixed to a door frame for engagement by the latch when applied to either a right-hand or left-hand swingsajid keeper.
to a door, a keeper v com ri ingpl te 7 formed with -notehes 1n itsripper andlower i edges 1 and provided with an extension: :hav-
ing inclined upper zmd lower I edges, Whereby said p1a' te 'hiuy be i applied to a demfraineFfOr engagement "by the latch when applied "to" either a ri ght hend or left-hand ;12. 'In aoonibinedliitoh and-10ck5 the C0111? bina'tionof a latch adapted to *be pivoted to e5 door, a\, keeper Comprising a plhte formed with notches in its "ripper and-lower I edges end "provided with an extension having inolined upper and'lo'wer edges; whereby "said pl'atemay befixed to a door franie foren'gageiflelit by' the latch when applied 'oombineition of a-dateh. adapted to be I oted to' a. door -Land. formed with a beveled .free end and a notch in its lower edge, :11 keeper comprising a plate formed with applied for Tight-hand or sivinging door or a sliding door.
' 'to eithern-Tight-hand: or left-hand swingi ing 'door, and a locking member movably "mounted on said keeper and provided with a pair of arms each adapted to overlie =ono of'said-"notches, whereby said member may operate to'lock the latch in either position of said keeper, said arms being so disposed that *when-"one is positioned to lock the ilatch infthe adjacent notch the other is aligned with :said: extension, whereby it may be:1oeked thereto.
13. In't"a=- e01nbined latoh and lock, the
notc'hes-in Kits =upper. and lower edges. and
7 provided With anextension having upper by'i 'said niember 'n'l' z'iy operate to lock the "latch -'in either-position of said keeper.
and lower, inclined edges, and a locking member-coininon to'said notches and movab1eons'a1d keeper tofa, position to prevent unlatehing' of said latch from either not-eh formed insaid keeperaceordingly as it is left-hand In testimony whereof I have hereunto I affixed my signature.