|Publication number||US1504889 A|
|Publication date||Aug 12, 1924|
|Filing date||Jul 11, 1922|
|Priority date||Jul 11, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1504889 A, US 1504889A, US-A-1504889, US1504889 A, US1504889A|
|Inventors||Peter Hansen Hans|
|Original Assignee||Peter Hansen Hans|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 12, 924. 1,504,889
H. P. HANSEN TENT Filed July 11 1922 Cir Patented Aug. 12, 1924.
UNITED STATES 1,504,889; PATENT OFFICE.
HANS PETER HANSEN, QF GISCBOBNE, NEW ZEALAND.
Application filed July 11, 1922. Serial No. 574,180.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HANS PETER HANsE subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Peel Street, Gisborne, in the Dominion of New Zealand, have invented new and useful Improvements in or Relating to Tents, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has been devised in order to provide an improved construction of collap'sible or folding frame for tents. This construction is such that the frame for the full tent is made up of a number of separate members each formed of a number of sections hinge-jointed together in such a manner that they may be folded into the compass of a single section, or may be unfolded to form a frame of the cross sectional shape of the tent to be erected.
The frame member has its sections so hinge-jointed together that they will be locked rigidly in the unfolded or assembled positions and thereby to form a strong and rigid support for the canvas covering of the tent.
The formation of the tent frame of these members, each capable of being folded or collapsed into small compass, will provide for the easy portability of a frame and its cover, as the whole maybe packed into a small bundle that may be carried in a vehicle as ordinary luggage. The provision of such a frame also will save the necessity of cutting trees or saplings to provide a frame for use in the erection of a tent, an operation that cannot always be conveniently carried out when travelling on a camping trip.
The invention consists in a special construction of frame member made up of a number of separate sectional lengths hingejointed together so that the lengths may be relatively positioned, to enclose between them and the grounds surface, an area corresponding to the cross sectional shape of tent that is desired, such hinges being so formed as to lock the lengths in their proper relative positions, when turned thereto, against any collapsing of the frame, inward with the weight of the tent cover.
Such a construction of frame member is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an elevation of the frame member in the extended position ready for use.
Figure 2 is an elevation thereof, folded up.
Figures 3 and 4 are respectively front and side elevations, onan enlarged scale, of the hinge joints used for connecting certain of the sectional lengths together.
Figuresf) and 6 are respectively similar views of the joints for connecting other lengths together.
In the example shown, the frame member is so made as to form a tent of cross sectional shape having a peak roof and side walls inclining outward toward their bottom ends. Such member therefore is formed of six sectional lengths, two of which, A and B, are used to form the peak roof portion, and two, C and D, on each side, to form the wall portion for that side. These several lengths are made of any approved material, such as wood battens bound with metal ferrules wherever needed to strengthen their ends from splitting, or of lengths ofmetal rod, or piping or the like. They are also made all of approximately the same length:
The two lengths A and B are hinge-j ointed together at their inner ends,and the other or outer ends thereof are respectively hingejointed to the upper endsof the lengths C on the corresponding sides, by means of the form of hinge shown in Figures 3 and 4 of the drawings. This consists in attaching a hinge plate E to project beyond each end to be joined and bending it sideways at an angle to the plane of the sections length and overlapping it with the similar plate onthe other length and then connecting them by a pivot pin F passed through their outer ends. The angles at which the-two plates E are bent are such that the two sections may turn freely in one direction until they extend lengthwise with each other, but when turned in the other direction will engage and look when they assume the angle it is required they shall assume in the formation of the frame and then be held rigidly against collapsing 'further in this dlrection. In this position the two plates are coincident with each other, as shown in Figure 1 so that any possibility of the hinge turning by pressure from within may be prevented by providing a ring G (Figures 3 and 4) and slipping it down over the plates. These rings G may then be employed for the attachment to the frame of the tent cover or of guy ropes for holding the frame in the erected position.
When the sectional lengths are made of metal, the hinge plates E may be formed integrally therewith instead of separate pieces secured thereon.
The manner of hinge-jointing the length G on each side, with the length D, is such as to allow of the two lengths extending continuously in the same plane and of being looked as a rigid stay, or of being unlocked and for the length D being the length C. This iseffected by splitting the adjacent ends of the two lengths and insertinga hinge link H within the splits so as to extend across the joint and then pivoting the link. within the two ends by cross pivot pins J. The adjacent portions of the two endsare rounded and a metal sleeve K -is fitted round the member C so as to be capable of sliding up on its rounded end to occupy a position above the hinge, as shown inoFigures 5 and 6, or. down to overlap such end and to fit over the rounded adjacent end of the length ,D, as shown in Figure 1. In this latter position therefore, the sleeve will hold the two lengths so that they extend rigidly vas one length, while in the former position the hinge will be released so that theone length may fold on the other in the required manner. When the sectional lengths are made of wood, the rounded ends ofxC and D will preferably be' inserted in metal ferrules on which the sleeve K will swung in on to The bottom end of each section D is furnished with a peg extension D that will be driven into the ground to aid in holding the frame in its erected vertical position.
Any desired number of these frames may be used for supporting a tent cover of ordinarytextile material shaped to correspond with the frames, such cover being attached to the frames in any of the well known methods, as for instance by means of thimble rings secured to the cover edges and threaded over the pegs formed by the hinges E and by being threaded up the lengths of the legs of the frame formed by the lengths C and D. The top ends of the several frames are connected together by a guy rope extending between them and drawn taut by the guying of the end frames so that altogether a strong and rigid framing for the tent is provided.
I claim Collapsible frame for tents, comprising a plurality of separat members, each composed of a plurality of hinge-jointed sectional lengths adapted to form respectively the peak roof portion and the side-wall portion, hinge plates each adapted to project beyond each end to be joined together and bent sideways at an angle to the plane of the sections length and overlapping with the hinge plate on the other length, a pivot pin passing through the outer ends of the overlapping hinge-plates, the said hinge plates coinciding with each other in the assembled position of the said frame members. and a ring adapted to he slipped over the said hinge plates to hold them in locked position.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
HANS PETER HANSEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2898924 *||Aug 12, 1958||Aug 11, 1959||Gesser Ross D||Portable chapel tent frame|
|US2942609 *||Sep 24, 1958||Jun 28, 1960||Ferguson Elton O||Car top tent|
|US3285260 *||Nov 12, 1964||Nov 15, 1966||Blaine F Rowe||Sun shade|
|US3690334 *||Nov 16, 1970||Sep 12, 1972||Herbert Boyd Miller||Portable hunting blind|
|US4361180 *||Dec 17, 1979||Nov 30, 1982||Stuevecke Claus P||Stretcher frame FR decorative materials|
|US5069238 *||Oct 4, 1990||Dec 3, 1991||Marks Lloyd A||Pivotable joint and joint locking mechanism for a foldable frame|
|US5178583 *||Dec 9, 1988||Jan 12, 1993||The Secretary Of State For Defence In Her Britannic Majesty's Government Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland||Releasable folding link member for providing opening torque|
|US6035877 *||Feb 24, 1999||Mar 14, 2000||Losi, Jr.; Raymond||Collapsible shelter|
|US7044146||Feb 20, 2004||May 16, 2006||Variflex, Inc.||Portable shelter with rolling element bearings|
|US20040211455 *||Feb 20, 2004||Oct 28, 2004||Variflex, Inc.||Portable shelter with rolling element bearings|
|US20110284044 *||Nov 24, 2011||Covering Di Baldussi Carlo||Covering tent with foldable tunnel structure|
|US20130014794 *||Jan 17, 2013||Ki Ho Jin||Foldable tent|
|US20130206197 *||Jan 30, 2013||Aug 15, 2013||Alaska Structures, Inc.||Portable shelter and frame|
|US20160076272 *||Jul 13, 2015||Mar 17, 2016||Shelterlogic Corp.||Erectable shelter structures and methods of assembly and disassembly|
|WO1989005265A1 *||Dec 9, 1988||Jun 15, 1989||The Secretary Of State For Defence In Her Britanni||Folding linkage|
|International Classification||E04H15/34, E04H15/48|