US 1505092 A
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Aug. 19, 1924.
1,505,092 H. J. GR-UPE CANDLE MAKING Filed Oct 6. 1921 avwentoz Patented Aug. 19, 1924.
llNl'lED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY J. GBUPE, OE MOUNT VERNON, NEW YORK.
Application filed October To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HENRY J. GRUPE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mount Vernon, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Candle Making, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
My invention relates to improvements in the manufacture of candles such as night candles, and more particularly has reference to means in combination therewith for holding the wick in upright position after the candle has burned down and offers little or no support to the wick.
At the present time it is the practice to use a small sheet metal stamping with a hole punched through the centre through which the wick is threaded, and after which the bur or lips around the hole are turned in, retaining the wick in position, and the corners are turned up for securing the stamping in the base of the candle. This procedure involves considerable time not only to thread the wick and to pull it through, but further time is lost in the second operation for resetting the lips or bur and for turning over the corners, whereas according to my invention I have found that by taking a resilient clip of suitable uiiaterial such as wire, preferably flat on one side and fashioned somewhat after the shape of cotter pin with the ends separated, the wick can be readily inserted and retained in position without the threading operation and without the subsequent resetting operation referred to.
In the accompanying drawings, I have illustrated in Fig. 1 in front elevation, part being broken away, a suitable form of night candle with my wick retaining clip in position, shmving an embodiment of my invention. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail of the wick and the clip in perspective.
In the form shown in the drawing, I have shown a clip fashioned somewhat after the form of a cotter pin with the ends 3--4c sufficiently widely separated not only to serve as a guide for pressing the wick into aosition, but also to serve as a stand or support for the wick to hold the same in upright position when the wax of the candle has burned away to such extent that it ofiers little or no support to the wick, and for the same reason the loop 5 of the clip is pref- G, 1921. Serial No. 505,757.
erably elongated laterally. With this arrangenient it will be readily apparent that a sufficiently wide and secure base or support is provided and the wick or taper 6 pinched or gripped between the flat inner sides of the clip is securely retained in upright position. The body of the candle during manufacture having been provided with a central hole or passage, the wick may be readily inserted in the usual manner and the clip may then be easily pressed into the wax, leaving the base of the candle or night light uniform, smooth, and flush as shown in Fig. 1.
lVhile I have shown a half rounded form of wire, fashioned after a cotter pin, it will be readily apparent that a flat or other form of wire or ribbon of material may be used and may be shaped otherwise than after the form of a cotter pin if desired, the object being to present sufficient width and flat surface for supporting the wick upright while at the same time providing means for gripping the base of the wick.
Of course it will be understood that vari ous modifications may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
1. In combination with one end of acandle wick, a resilient retaining member through which said wick projects.
2. In combination with one end of a candle wick, a resilient retaining member through which said wick projects, said member having diverging sides through which said wick is inserted.
3. In combination with one end of a candle wick, a cotter pin-like structure having the ends separated to receive said wick.
a. In combination with one end of a candle wick, a wire-like structure bent back to form a loop in a plane at right angles to the longitude of said wick, said structure adapted to serve as a base for holding said wick upright.
5. In combination with one end of a candle wick, a wire-like structure bent back upon itself and having flat sides in contact between which said wick may be retained in upright position.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.
HENRY J. GRUPE.