|Publication number||US1506769 A|
|Publication date||Sep 2, 1924|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1922|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1506769 A, US 1506769A, US-A-1506769, US1506769 A, US1506769A|
|Inventors||Newell Jr George T|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 2 1924. l 1,506,769
- G. T. News-1l., JR
THERMOSTAT Filed Abril ll, 1922 WITNESSES: INVENTOR J/w-M ,5 @v l,
ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 2, 1924.
` UNITED STATES 1,506,169 PATENT OFFICE.
GIDRGE T. NEWELL, JR., OF BEVERLY, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Application lcd April 11, i922. Serial Ilo. 551,745.
.To all whom t may concern Be it known that I., Grenen T. NEWELL, dr., a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Beverly, in the county of Burlington and State of New Jersey, have invented anew and useful improvement in Thermostats, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to control devices and particularly to thermostats and it has for its object to provide a relatively simple, inexpensive and rugged construction that shall insure quick and positive operation of the device.
lin practicing my invention, I provide a vrelativr-zly thin-wall sheet-metal casing having open ends and mount therein a combined terminal and supporting-member insulated from the casing. A substantially straight bimetallic strip is mounted, at one of its ends, on the supporting member, means being provided for adjusting the free end of the strip. A second bimetallic strip is located in a substantially parallel spacedapart loc-ation relatively to the first strip and has an integral return-bent portion by which it is operatively secured on the supporting member, an insulating strip being placed between the two bimetallic strips. Rivets hold the two bimetallic strips, the insulating strips and the supporting member in proper operative positions relatively to each other and to the casing.
In the single sheet of drawings,
Figure 1 is a view, partly in longitudinal vertical section and partly in side elevation, of a device embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a view, in vertical longitudinal section thereof taken on Ithe line II-H of Fig. 3, and
Fig. 3 is a View, in vertical lateral cross section thereof, taken on the line III-III of Fig. 1.
A metallic casing l1 having relatively thin Walls is provided with. a substantial'y coextensive cover member 12 which is quickly removable therefrom. The casing 11 and the cover 12 may be of any suitable or desired length and of any suitable or desired form in lateral. cross-section, but, for convenience in manufacturing the same, may be made substantially rectangular in crosssection. The cover 12 is. made removable to permit of easy and quick assembly of the operative elements inside of the casing.
At one end and inside of the casing 11 is located a longitudinally extending strip 18 of a suitable insulating materia, such as mica, upon the outer surface of which is operatively mounted a combined terminal and supporting member le. @ne end of a longitudinally extending bimetallic strip is located in operative engagement with the supporting member and terminal 14:. The strip 15 is substantially straight throughout its lengthl and means, comprising an adjustable screw l, is provided at the inner end of the supporting member 1l to permit of adjusting the `ree end of the strip 115 which may be provided with a suitable contact member 17 secured thereagainst. A relatively short strip 18 of insulating material, such as mica, is located against the outer surface of the bimetallic strip 15 to insulate the same 'from an integral returnbent portion 19 o a second bimetallic strip 20 which comprises the return-bent portion 19, a substantially straight main portion 21 and an integral. connecting portion 22, substantially semicircular in contour. The free end of the straight portion 21 of the second bimetallic stripy may be provided with a contact member i?. A plurality of rivets 23 may. be employed( to hold the two bimetallic strips, the insulating strips and the terminal and supporting member in proper operative positions relatively to each other and inside of the casing. Therivets 23 extendthrough enlarged openings 24" in the terminal and sup-porting member l14e to permit of insulating them `from the supporting m amber while securing the return-bent portion of the second strip both mechanically and electrically to the casing.
The hereinbefore described construction provides a path for an electriccurrent beginning with, for example, the terminal member ld, to the fixed end of the first bimetallic strip and therethrough to the contact member 17, from there to the contact member 17 on the second bimetallic strip, to the return-bent portion, rivets, casing,
.and rom there out to the supply conductor (not shown) which may be operatively connected to the casing by means of a connecting screw 25 suitably located on the casing. The bimetallic strips may be built up in any, suitable or desired manner and it is to e noted that the metal having the larger coelicient of expansion is placed on either for the casing 11 and the cover 12 and by leaving the, ends of the casing open. a quick movement of the two thermostatic strips relatively to any change-of temperature is obtained and hence the timelag of a thermostat constructed in accordance with my invention is relatively small. By employing substantially -coextensive bimetailic strips, one of which embodies an integral arcuate portion at a relatively large distance from the movableend of the strip, I obtam a relatively large motion of the free end of the lstrip as referred to a co-operating contact mem er. I am aware, of course, that the entire length of the straight portlon of the bimetallic strip embodying a return-bent ortion assumes a somewhat curved form but I have found that the movement of the free end is apparently greater than would be given by a coextensive substantially straight bimetallic strip. I believe that the expansion or contraction of the metals constituting the bimetallic strip relatively to the other is magnified in accordance with the length of the straight portion thereof, thus resulting in a relatively large movement of the free end and, consequently, a quick and positive make or break of the circuit controlled by the thermostat. By employingg` vone substantially straight s trlp and a second stri extending substantially coextensive wit the first strip and having a return-bent portion, I may mount both of these on a single supporting member .and by permitting the substantially straight strip to electrically engage the` suportlng member,this member may .also serve as a terminal for the device, thus providing a relatively simple thermostat comprising a relatively small number of parts.
Variousvmodifications may be made in the device embodying my invention without departing from `the s irit and scope thereof and I desire that on y such limitations shall be placed thereon as are imposed by the prior art or are specifically set forth in the appended-claims. y v
I claim as my invention: 1. A thermostat comprising an vopen-end casing of relatively thin material, a supporting member located at one end thereof and insulated therefrom, a substantially straight bimetallic strip adjustably mounted on said supporting member, a .second bimetallic strip having a main portion extending substantially parallel to, coextensive with and spaced from, said first strip and having a return-bent portion, the metals in the main portion of the second strip being oppositelyplaced to those in the first stri insulation between said straight bimetallic strip and saidreturn-bent portion, and means for securing said return-bent portion, insulation, straight bimetallic strip, and supporting member in said casing.
v2. A thermostat comprising an open-end casing of relatively thin material, a terminal and supporting member located in said casmg at one end thereof, insulation between said casing and said terminal and su porting member, a straight bimetallic strip engaging said supporting member and extendmg longitudinally of said casing, means carried by said supporting member for adjusting the position of the free end of said bimetallic strip, and a second bimetallic strip insulatedly mounted on said first strip by a return-bent portion thereof and having a mainy portion extending substantially parallel to said first strip and co-operating therewith to control a circuit therethrough.
3. In a thermostat, in combination, a combined casing and terminal member, a combined supporting and terminal member. insulatedly mounted in said casing at one end thereof, a substantially straight bimetallic strip adjustably mounted on said supporting member, a second bimetallic strip having a main portion extending substantially parallel to said first strip and being operatively supported in said casing by van integral return-bent portion, insulating means between said first bimetallic strip and thereturn-bent portion of said second strip, and means for operatively securing the return-bent portion, one end of the first bimetallic strip, the supporting member and the insulatmgmeans against the casing.
4. In a thermostat, in combination, a casing, a pair of oppositely moving, co-operating, 4substantially parallel and coextensive, spaced-apart, bimetallic strips in said casing each having one end operatively secured thereto, one of said bimetallic strips having integral -means for causing a greater movement of the free end thereof with a predetermined variation of temperature, thansaid second strip.
5. In a thermostat, in combination, a casing, a combined terminal and supporting member, a pair of co-operating, oppositely moving, substantially parallel and coextensive, spaced-apart, bimetallic strips in said casing, each having one end operatively en gaging said supporting member, one of said strips having integral means for causing a greater movement of its free end with a predetermined variation of tem erature than occurs in said second strip, lnsulation belll tween said casing' and supporting block and I between the adjacent ends of said strips and means for securing all of said parts in proper operative positions in said casing.
- 6. In a thermostat, in combination, a casing, a combined terminal and supporting member, a pair'of (zo-operating, oppositely moving, substantially parallel and coextensive, spacedfapart, bimetallic strips in said casing each having one end operatively engaging said supporting member, one of. said strips having integral means for causing a greater movement of its free end with a redetermined variation of temperature t an occurs in said second strip, means carried by said supporting member for adjusting the position of the free end of said second strip. nsulatlon between said casin and suppor ing block and between the a jacent ends of subscribed my name this first day of Apri] L GEORGE T. NEWELL. Je.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2497397 *||Jan 19, 1946||Feb 14, 1950||Franklin Dales George||Thermostat switch|
|US2949519 *||Jun 10, 1957||Aug 16, 1960||C E Armstrong Company||Thermostat|
|US4445105 *||Jun 28, 1982||Apr 24, 1984||Portage Electric Products, Inc.||Thermostat|
|U.S. Classification||337/370, 374/E05.37|
|International Classification||G01K5/00, G01K5/62|