US 1507670 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
sept. 9', 1924. 1,507,670
L. F. ElSEl-E K 'HowER BATH sTALL Doon Filed April 9, 1923 '.lShvcots-Sheot 1 In Uenor Sept. 9 1 924.
L.. F. ElsELE SHOWER BATH STALLDOOR :s shuts-sheet 2 Filed Avril 9, 1923 WW M794,
L. F. Elst-:LE
SHOWER' BATH sTALL Doon Filed April' 9, 1923 3 Shun-ShutA 5 ulrtrltfr 4 x ,lill llllll Patented Sept. 9, 1924.
l, UNlrEDv STATES LOUIS F. EISVELE, 0F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Application led April 9, 1923. Serial No.rv 630,698.
To all 'whom t may concern.'
Be it known thatI, Louis F. ErsnLn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shower-Bath-Stall Doors, of which the following is a specification.
One object of my present invention 1s to provide an improved door for shower bath stalls which will ,eliminate any exposed butt hinges and at the same time will be of an exceptionally strong and durable construction which can be neatly finished to provide a high class door.
Another object is to so form my improved door that even through thesame includes a heavy glass panel, the mounting and hinging structure will provideastrong and eth- `cient bearing which can be readily secured to marble or other material out of which the shower bathv stall is made.
These objects, and other advantageous ends which -will be described hereinafter7 I attain in the following manner, reference being had to the accompanyingV drawings in which y y Figure 1 is a front elevation ofa door structure madein accordance with myl invention, y
Figure 2 is a section taken o-n the line 2-2 of Figure 1, l p
` Figure 3 is a section taken on the' line 3-'-3'of Figure2, c Y l Figure 4: is a section taken on the line 1-41 of Figure 3, y
Figure 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 3,
Figure 6 is an enlarged section taken on the line 6 6 of Figure 1,
Figure 7 is an enlarged section taken on the line 7 7 of Figure 1, n
FigureS is an enlarged section the line 8-8 of Figure 1,
Figure 9 is an enlarged section taken on the line 9-9 of Figure 1 illustrating the same secured to a portion of a shower bath stall such for example asa marble slab forming a part of the 'showerbath stall,
Figure 10 is an enlarged section taken on taken on the line 10-'10 of vFigure 1 illustrating the1 same attached to a shower bath stall, anc .s l
Figure 11 is a perspective view of the top of my'improved door construction.
` `Referring to the drawings, my improved door inc-ludestwo upright. channel sections 12 and 13 and a transversely extending bottom channel section 14 which', at its opposite ends, connects with the lower portions o-f the upright" sections 12 and v1.3 preferably by a miter fit. A top` section 15 is'also made of channelmitered at its oppositeends and abutting the-upper'miteredA ends of the upright sections 12 and 13.
Within the channel of the top section 15 are soldered or otherwise suitably secured the.
leg portions 16 and 17 of twol angle members 1Sand 19 respectively. These angle mem#y bers have other leg portions 20v and'21` eX-v tending at right angles thereto and are adaptedk to be projected intothechannels of the upright sections 12vandl 13 and secured thereto b-y screws -22v which v pass through the opposed edges of the upright sections. The portion `20 of the angle y member 18 is preferablymade: angular in cross section to flatly Ifit againstthe angularinner surfaces of the channel section`12 and the angular portion 21 of the angle member 19 yis preferably madel circularlin cross sectionr4 yso as to lit against'the curved end portion 23 of the upright member 13.
I have illustrated a transverse channel bar` 24 having its opposed ends abutting the inner edges of the upright sections 12 and 13; said transverse channel bar including a me# tallic filler strip 25 which has its Opposite ends abutting fillerstrips 26- and 27 which are soldered, brazed or otherwise lsecured within the uprightchannel. sections 12 yand 13 at positions located a' distance from the inner surfaces 28 and 29ksoas to provide spaces 30 Aand 31 between the filler strips and the inner surfaces 28 and 29 and also to lprovide spaces 32 and 33 for the accommodation of the opposedside edges of a glass panel 311. The lower ends of the iller' strips 26 and27 .are bent at an angle within the bottoml section 14 and are opposed to each other as shown at and 36. A filler strip 3T is positioned within the bottom channel section 14 and has its opposite ends abutting the filler strips 26 and 27; said liller strip 37 resting on the angular portions 35 and 36 of the filler strips 26 and 2T.
The filler st rip 37 is spaced below the top edges of the bottom channel section to provide room for the bottom edge portion of the glass panel 34. The filler strip 26 is spaced from the surface 28 o-f the upright section by spacing rings 3S which are placed within the channel befo-re the filler strip is inserted so as to form gages for the proper location of th-e filler strip 26.
A filling strip 39 is placed within the top channel section 15 between the sides there of with its bottom surface flush with the lower edges of the top section and this filler strip is spaced by inserting gaging blocks 40 between the angular portions 16 and 17 of the members 18 and 19; said parts being brazed or soldered in position.
The filler strip 25 is spaced from the innermost surface 41 `of the transverse channel bar 24 by gaging rings 42 and screws 43 lead inward through the upright sections into tapped holes in the opposite ends of the filler strip 25 to secure the latter in position and also to hold the transverse bar 24 to the upright members of the frame. The filler strip 25 is spaced inward from the lower edges 44 to provide room for the upper edge portionof the glass panel 34. The filler strip 39 and the top of the transverse bar 24 are provided with oppositely disposed holes; the holes in the filler strip 39 beingscrew thread'ed to allow `grating bars 45 `to be screwed therein; said grating bars providing shoulders 46 for abutment with the lower surface of the filler strip 39 and having portions 47 of reduced diameter for entering the holes in the topl of the transverse bar 24 so that a Ventilating space is provided above the panel 34 which is desirable when the-'door is used in a shower bath or vapor bath stall.
After the filler strip 27 has been inserted the upright section 13 is cut out or recessed at portions within its length through the part 23 and also partway into the filler strip 27 to provide recesses in which are inserted metallic sleeves 4S; there being three of these sleeves and recesses illustrated. Then three pins 49 are inserted before the top sectio-n 15 is attached and these pins are pushed y through the space 31 into and partway through the respective sleeves 48. After this action screws 5() are inserted through a mounting bar 51 which extends upright; said screws also passing through the sleeves into the respective hinged pins 49. The mounting bar 51 has an upright plate portion 52 extending at an angle therefrom inl alignment with the inner side surface 53 and this plate portion can be attachedv to any upright structure such for example as a marble slabv 54 which constitutes a part of the bath stall and which provides the doorway. This securing of the plate portion 52 can be accomplished by the use of bolts 55 which on their outer ends may be provided with fancy or ornamental heads and the inner ends of the bolts are provided with cap nuts 56 as clearly shown in Figures 9 and 10. It will be noted that the top section 15 can be readily attached or removed and there will be no exposed hinge plate sections. At the same time an extremely strong and well mounted door is provided;
in which the panel 34 can be slid into position after which the transverse bar can be inserted. Y
I preferably provide facing pieces or strips 57 at positions within the upright sections above the filler strip 25 so as to close the portions of the upright sections between the filler strips 25 and 39.
This door is particularly serviceable for high class installation work in the making of bath stalls where exceptionally accurate work is required and where the nished appearance of the ydoor is of first consideration. By arranging the sleeve structure with the hinge pins and securing the hinge pins to the sleeves and to the mounting bar` by the screws 50, an extended bearing is provided to allow the door proper to swing on the comparatively long hinge pins so that the wear will be distributed over a comparatively great area and for this reason the possibility of sagging due to wear is reduced to a minimum.
A water shed plate 58 is secured to the inner surface of the bottom section 14 and serves to deflect the water when the latter is used in connection with a bath stall and I provide handles 59 which are secured to the upright section 12 against` opposite surfaces and the screws or other securing means can extend through the filling strip 27 so as to provide a secure mounting forr the handles. y
`While I have described my invention as taking a particular form, it will be understood that the various parts of my invention may be changed without depart-ing from the spirit thereof, and hence 1 do not limit myself to the precise construction set forth, but consider that I am at liberty to i 1 claim as new and desire to secure by Leti ters Patent is 1. A door having recesses therein; mounti ing means having sleeves extending into said recesses; and pins proJecting from said `sleeves into said door at positions beyond lchannel portion, said channel. portion having recesses spaced apart; mounting means having sleeves extending into said recesses; and pins in said channel portions secured tosaid sleeves and projecting into the space within the channel portion beyond the confines of said recesses; substantially! as described.
3. A door having a frame with a channel port-ion pro-vided with recesses; mounting means; sleeves projecting into said recesses; pinsv extending through said sleeves and into the space Within said channel portion at positions beyo-nd the confines of said recesses; and means for securing said mounting means, sleeves, and pins together; subs-tantially as described.
4:. A door having a frame with a channel portion provided with recesses; mounting means; sleeves projecting in to said recesses;
pins extending through said sleeves and into the space within said channel portion at positions beyond the confines of said recesses; and screws leading into said mountingA means, sleeves and pins whereby said pins, sleeves and mounting means are securedI together; substantially as described.
5. A door structure including a frame having upright channel sections and a bottom channel section secured to said upright sections; filling strips within said upright sections and spaced inward from the innermost edges thereof, said lling strips having angular portions fitting within said bottom section; and a panel fitting within` said; frame between said filler strips; 'substantially as described.
6. A doo-r structure including a door frame having upright channels and a top section having angular members projecting into the topf portions of the upright channels; and means for detachably securing said angular members within said upright channels; a panel mounted within the upright channels, substantially as described. l
7 A door structure including a door frame having upright channels and a top section having angular members projecting into the top portions of the upright channels; means for det-achably securing said angular members within .said upright channels; a trans-k verse channel bar spaced below said top section, said frame including a bottom channel section opposed to said transverse channel bar; and a panel fitting within said upright sections, transverse channel bar and bottom channel section; substantially as described. .v
8. A door structure including a door frame having upright channel portions and a top into the top portions of the upright sections; means for detachably securing said angular members within .said upright sections; a
transverse channel bar spacedv below said top section, said frame including a bottom channel sec-tion opposed to said transverse chansection having angular members projecting nel bar; a panel fitting within said upright i I sections, transverse channel b-ar and bottom channel section, said top section kincluding a iilling strip pro-vided with holes, the top of said transverse channel bar having holes therein; and bars having portions fitting within the holesin said ,filling strip and said transverse channel bar; substantially as described. y
9.- A door structure including a channel frame; filler strips within the channels of the frame; a panel within the channels between the filler strips, oneside of the chan-y nel yfra-me being recessed; mounting means having sleeves fitting within the recesses, and pins secured to the sleeves and extending intothe frame between the channel and the filler strip. Y .l
10. A door structure including a channel frame; filler strips within ythe channels and spaced from their inner surfaces; a panel mounted withinl thel frame between the strips, one side channel and its filler strip being recessed; m `iunting means "having sleeves fitting within the recesses, and pinsl secured to the sleeves and having their ends extending within the kframe between th channel and the filler strip.
ll. A door. structure includingv a door frame comprising a bottom channel, upright v channels and atop section; filler strips vhaving angular parts at the lower ends mounted within the upright channels and their lower ends within the bottom channel; a lle'r' strip within the bottom channel resting on the angular parts; angular members on the top