US 1508334 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 9 1924.
W. R. INGALLS CAMP s'rovE Filed dan. 29 1924 A TTORNE YS Patented Sept. 9, 1924.
UNITED S'll'itTElSil WILEY-IR ROSMAN INQALLS, 0J? PQRTLAND, MAINE.
CAMP STOVES Application IedJ'anuary 29, 1024i S'ertai No. Qri
To orll whom may concern:
Bie it known thatV I, linens RosMAN IN- oALLs, a citizen oi? the Dominion, of Canadar and ar resident ofV Portland, in the county ot.v Cumberland. and State ot' Maine, haveV invented a new and Improved Camp Stove:1 of Which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to improvements in camp stoves and while I appl this term to the device because it is especially adapted for use by campers and the like it is understood, of course, that the stovecan be employed for many purposes and is not limited to this particular use.
An object of the invention is to provide a stove which will be small and compact, which will employ alcohol or the like as a fuel, and which will give the maximum of efiiciency under any and all conditions,
A further object is to provide a stove at a reasonably low price and which will occupy but small space and which will be economical and eiiicientin operation.
IVith these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts which will be more fully hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.
Figure 1 is a top plan view.y partly in section, illustrating my improved stove;
Figure 2 is a view in side elevation ot this stove;
Figure 3 is a view in longitudinal section through the stove.
1 represents the casing of the stove which is preferably of cylindrical form having a closed bottom 2 and an open top. In the lower portion of the casing 1 L provide a burner 3. This burner is of general truncated torm having its larger lower end restingr upon the bottom 2 and provided around its outside with an annular trough 4. Openings 5 are formed in the main portion of the burner 3 communicating with the trough et so that alcohol or similar fluid poured into the trough will overflow through `the openings 5 into the bottom of the casing l. Other openings 6 are provided in the burner 3 adjacent its upper end, and, as seen most clearly in Figure 1, the upper extremity of the burner is open. Nithin the casing 1 and directly above the burner 3 cross partitions 7 are located, di-
viding the upper portion` o the casing inf to four compartments or chambers, each of which compartments is provided with an opening' S in the wall of the casing 1 to permit ein tol flow into the. casin and it will benoted that, by reason. of tIte partitions 7, eventhongh there be a strong wind blowing a. strong draft can. enter at. one chamber ot' the casin only, so that it will not materially inter ere with the proper burning of the stove. To control the inlet of air I provide a damper 9 around the outside of the casing 1. This damper 9 constitutes a strip of sheet metal bent into cylindrical torm and having lugs 10 at one end projecting through slots 11 in the other end and bent backward upon themselves to hold the strip in cylindrical form. A laterally projecting fingerhold 12 is provided on one end oi the strip to afford a ready means for moving the damper, and openings 12 are provided in the damper to register with the openings 8 and to permit the size of said openings to be controlled, as will be readily understood. This damper 9 is held in operative position by means of' two beads 13 and 14 formed on the casing 1 and between which the damper is located but is freely movable. To extinguish blaze, all that is necessary is to turn damper until openings in sides ot stove are closed.
In operation it is to be understood that the cooking utensil or utensils can be located on top of the casing 1 after the stove is in operation. To start the burner, alcohol or similar fluid is poured into the casing and fills trough 4 up to the level of the openings 5 and then flows into the interior of the burner. The alcohol in the trough 4 is first ignited and as it burns it heats the body of burner 3 causing the fuel within the burner to vaporize, and this vapor is ignited at the top of the burner by the fiame from the burning fuel in the trough. The fuel in the trough is soon ex hausted so that only the fuel from within the burner which is vaporized will burn at the top of the burner 3 and give the maximum of heat and efficiency with the minimum consumption of fuel.
Various slight changes and alterations might be made in the general form of the parts described without departing Jfrom my invention, and, hence, I do not limit myself to the precise details set forth but consider myself at libert)1 to make such slight changes and alterations as fairly fall Within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
I claim- 1. stove of the character described, comprising a casing1 cross partitions in the upper portion oi the casing dividing' the same into a plurality of compartments, said easing havilmr openings in its Wall communieating with said compartments, and a damper movable on the casing and having openings therein registeringr With the openings in the casing.
2. A stove of the character described, coniprising a casing. cross partitions in the upper portion ot' the casing dividing the same into a plurality of compartments, said casing having openings in its wall communieating with said compartments, a damper controlling the openings in the casingy and a liquid fuel burner in the bottom of the casing below the partitions.
A stove of the character described. comprising a casing, a truncated conical burner in the bottom of the easing, an annular trough around the outside of the burner at its lower end, said burner adapted to receive and consume alcohol and the like, and having perforations therein communiing with the trough and other perforationsl therein adjacent the upper open end of the burner, and cross partitions in the upper end of the casing directl;T above the burner.
VILBUR ROSMAN INGALLS.