US 1508411 A
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S. M. RIKER BELT BUCKLE Filed Nov. 2, 1.922
jfmwljfjizizg BY 4 w Patented Sept. 16, 1924.
SAMUEL M. BIKER, or cirnsrrnn, new JERSEY.
Application filed November To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, SAMUEL M. BIKER, a citizen of the United States, residin at Chester, in the county of Morris and State of New'Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Belt Buckles; and 1 do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains'to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in belt buckles; and the invention has refer ence, more particularly, to improvements in belt buckles of the pivoted clamp-j aw type. the said pivoted clamp-jaw means being of such novel construction that it readily adjusts itself to both thick and thin belt bodies arranged operatively therewith, and
' to this end my invention provides a novel construction of clamp-jaw arranged in novel relation to the pivoted loop-member from which the same springs.
The invention has for its principal object to provide in connection with a plate buckle body a novel construction of pivoted loop member to which the fixed end of the belt body may be attached, said pivoted loop member having a novel construction of double clamp-jaw forming a part thereof which is adapted to clamp the free end of the belt body by one or the other of its gripping or biting portions according to the thickness of said belt body.
Other objects of this invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood from the following detailed description of the same.
WVith the objects of this invention in view, the same consists, primarily, in the novel belt buckle hereinafter set forth; and, the invention consists, furthermore, in the novel arrangements and combinations of the various devices and parts, as Well as inthe details of the construction of the said parts, all of which will be more fully described in the following specification, and then finally embodied in the appended claim.
The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which z- Figure 1 is a front face view of the novel belt buckle illustrating one embodiment of this invention, a belt body being shown op- 2, .lfi2 2.- Serial No. 598,484.
eratively attached thereto; Figure 2 is a side elevation of the same; Figure 3 is arear fHCG VIBW of the novel'buckle, the belt body being removed therefrom; Figure 4: 1s; a
transversesection through the same, taken on line 4-4 in said Figure 3; "Figure 5 is a central longitudinalivertical section on an enlargedls'cale through then'ovel buckle with belt body opera'tively attaohedthereto and shown inside elevation, this-view illustrating the operation of the "novel clamp-jaw structure when engaging oi gripping a comparatively thick-belt'body;and
Figure 6 is a view similar to that shownin Figure 5, but'illustratingithe operation of the novel clamp-jaw stiaicture when engaging or bcltbodyi i H I Similar characters ofreference-are 6111:: ployed in all of the above described views, to indlcate corresponding parts. Referring now to said drawings, the buckle shown therein comprises a main mom. her or buckle body consisting of a face plate 1, which is preferably outwardly convexed,
gripping a comparatively thin and which is provided alongits longitudinal I edges with rearwardly projecting side belt .flanges 2, and which is "further provided l with inwardly bent keeper flanges 3 spring from the free edges of said-sideflanges to lie in. a plane substantially parallel to and spaced rearwardly from the plane of said face-plate 1. Said side flanges 2 are provided at one of their ends with rearwardly projecting perforate ears orextensions-v 4.1 l The reference character 5 transverse "base portion of pivoted" loop member from which extends outwardly be- 'yond the adjacent end of the buckle body a loop portion 6. Projecting:upwardly from the inner longitudinal edge. of-said base portion dis a primaryJc'lamp-jaw member 7. Projecting from the respective ends of said primary clamp-j aw member 7, adjacent to the junction thereof withthe base porindicates" the tion 5 are pivot studs or journal members 8, ,which are journaled 1n the perforate ears or extensionsf l, to thereby pivotally connect said'loop memberwith the buckle body.
That portion of said primary clamp-jaw .member 7 projecting abovethe pivotal con-.
nection of the loop member'thus provided is'inclined forwardly, and its free edge is chamfered to'provide the; sharp biting or clamping edge 9 as shownf Connected with I the outer longitudinal edge of said'ba-se portion 5, intermediate the outwardly eXtending sides or arms 10 of said loop portion 6, is an upwardly projecting inwardly-inclined secondary clamp-jaw member 11 which is parallel to but outwardly spaced or off-set from said primary clamp-jaw member 7. The free edg of said clampjaw member 11 is suitably chamfered to provide the sharp biting or clamping edge 12 as shown. The secondary clamp-jaw member 11 is somewhat shorter than the primary clamp-j aw member 7 so that normally the bit-mg or clamping edge of the former lies in a slightly lower plane relative to the opposed bottom or inner surface ofthe face plate 1 than does the biting or clamping edge of the latter.
In attaching the beltbody 13 to the buckle, one end 14 is looped and fastened about the free end of said loop portion 6 so as to have a fixed relation thereto. In applying the belt and buckle to the waist of the wearer, the belt body 13 is caused to encircle the wearers waist, and the free end 15 of the belt body is inserted between the back of the face plate 1 and the keeper flanges 3 at one end of the buckle body, and is then passed between the back of the face-plate and the clamp a-w members 7 and 11 (the loop member beingswung inwardly toward the body of the wearer to rotate said base-portion 5 thus swinging away from the back of the face-plate the said clamp jaw members so that the belt end may be easily moved past said parts), and is then drawn up to tighten the belt body around the waist to the desired degree. When the belt body is thus adjusted about the wearers waist, the tension to which the same is adjusted tends to pull upon the loop member 6, swinging the latter in an outward direction to thereby turn or swing the clamp jaw-members toward the belt body 13 to pinch or clamp the same at a point backed by the faceplate 1. If it happens that the belt body 13 is comparatively thick, the primary clamp aw 7 will engage and grip the same, since its are of movement about the pivotal point of swing of the loop member is comparatively short (all of which is illustrated in Figure 5 of the drawings), but if it happens that the belt body 13 is comparatively thin, so that th primary clamp-jaw member 7 does not effectively bite the same, then said primary clamp-j aw member 7 tends to swing beyond the center or point of nearest approach to the face-plate, but the secondary clamp-jaw 11 by reason of its longer or greater arc of movement or swing will thereupon move into gripping or biting relation to the comparatively thin belt body 13 (all as shown in Figure 6 of the drawings).
From the above description of the construction and operation of the buckle it will be readily apparent that this invention provides a novel clamp element arrangement and structure which will readily accommodate itself to different thicknesses of belt bodies to which the buckle may be operatively connected.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim ,asnew and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is
A belt buclne comprising a face plate having longitudinal side flanges, a clamp loop pivoted between said flanges adjacent to one end of said face plate and spaced rearwardly therefrom, said clamp loop having a base portion, a loop portion extending from said base portion beyond the adjacent end of said face plate, an inner clamp-jaw member extending normally toward said face-plate from the inner edge of said base-portion, an outer clamp-jaw member of reduced height extending normally toward said face-plate from the outer edge of said base-portion, and pivotal means for said clamp-loop alined with said inner clamp-jaw member whereby the arc of movment of said inner clamp-jaw member toward said face plate is shorter than the arc of movement of said outer clamp-jaw member toward said face-plate.
In testimony that l claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this Q lth day of October, 1922.
SAMUEL M. BIKER.
Witnesses Grouse D. lticrmims, From MILL-ER.