US 1509048 A
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M. M. MARCUSE DISPENSING CABINET Sept. 16 1924.
' Filed May 9, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept' 1924' M. M. MARCUSE DISPENSING CABINET Filed May 9, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet. 2
5711) z-nbm) Patented Sept. 16, 1924.
UNETEE STATEd MOSES M. MARCUSE,
015 NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed. May 9,
of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Dispensing Cabinets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to dispensing cabinets and particularly to that class of dispensing cabinets used for delivering interleaved sheets of paper or the like. The especial object of the invention is to provide an improved cabinet for use particularly with paper towels, napkins and the like, it being obvious however, as the description proceeds, that the invention is applicable also to other uses.
In dispensing cabinets of this general type there is contained within the cabinet a vertical pile of paper towels or napkins, interleaved, and because of theweight of the pile, difficulty is often experienced in withdrawing a sheet from the pile without 25 mutilating the same by tearing or the like. This difiiculty is prevented in accordance with the present invention by providing supports on the opposite sides of the delivery opening of the cabinet which are actuated by the withdrawal of a sheet to relieve the pressure of the pile upon the portion of the sheet that is being withdrawn. 7
In accordance with this present invention the sheet supports comprise rollers resiliently mounted adjacent both sides of the delivery opening and over which the sheet being withdrawn is adapted to pass. Normally the supporting rollers maintain the pile spaced from the bottom of the cabinet and consequently from the delivery opening but upon the withdrawal of a sheet, one or the other of the rollers is by reason of the pressure exerted thereon, by the with drawal of a sheet, lowered relatively to the other roller, thereby relieving to some extent the pressure of the pile 011 the sheet being withdrawn. This together with the roller bearing surfaces over which the sheet passes, enables the sheet to be withdrawn without mutilating the same.
With these objects in view the invention consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangements of parts hereinafter more fully described and illustrated.
1922. Serial No. 559,576.'
In the drawings accompanying this application Fig. 1 is. a sectional view of a cabinet constructed in accordance with this present invention,
Fig. 2 is a section taken on the plane indicated by line 22 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is a section taken on the plane indicated by line 3-3 in Fig. 1,
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a modified form of construction,
Fig. 5 is a section taken on theplane indicated by line 55 in Fig. 4.-, I
Fig. 6 is a section taken on the plane indicated by line 6-6 in Fig. 4c, v I
Fig. 7 is a view simllar to Fig. 1 of another modified construction,
Fig. 8 is a section taken on the plane indlcated by line 8-8 of Fig. 7, and,
Fig. 9 is a section taken on the plane in dicated by line 99 of Fig. .7.
Referring generally to all of the figures, the parts common to the three forms of the invention will be described. In these figures the reference character 10 indicates a dispensing cabinet in the form of a box-shaped casing, this being representative of the types of cabinets now generally employed, and 11 indicates a longitudinal delivery opening through which the towels'of a stack of are withdrawn. Referring now more particularly to Figs. 1 to 3, the first form of my invention will be described in detail. Disposed parallel to interleaved towels 12 individual the longitudinal edges-of the delivery open- 111g 11 are delivery or anti-friction rollers 13. Each roller 13 is carried by a shaft 14 journalled in one end of a resilient supporting member 15 herein shown as a fiat spring. The other end of each resilient supporting member 15 is rigidly anchored to the casing as at 16 and preferably to the vertical sides thereof. Obviously each roller is supported at both ends and the resilient members 15 are so formed that they normally hold the roller supported thereby in a raised position as illustrated at theright in Fig. 1.
Obviously whena pressure is exerted upon one of therollers 13, greater than the strength ofthe resilient supporting members, the roller so influenced will move downwardly on an, arcuate path. For limiting the movement of the rollers'there is provided a pair of stop pins 17 preferably are engaged by thespring arms 26 for projecting from the vertical side walls of the casing and being'alternately engaged by the resilient member 15. Under normal-conoriginal supportingposition spaced from the i delivery opening 11.
By referring more particularly to Figs. 4 to 6, the second form of 'tl'ieinvention will be described; In this form the deliveryrollers 18 are carried by shafts i9 which extend a=distance beyond'the-ends of the rollers and project into arcuate slots formed in the walls ofthe'cabinet' 10:" Resilient supporting membersQl, preferably'inthe form of fiat springsjournally support the-shafts 19 and are rigidly secured at their other ends as at 22. to the walls of the cabinet.
As in the first" construction the delivery rollers '18 normally-assume a position where the shafts -19 engage the upper limit'ingends ofithslOts-QO. hemhowever, a sheet is withdrawn one or the other-of the rollers is lowered its movement in this direction beingliinite'd by' thebottom end of the slots assoeiate'dw'ith its shaft 19i Here also the lowering of one or the other of the rollers reliei' esthe pressure'of-the'pile on the sheet beinggwithdraw-n thereby enabling-the same to be pulledout through the delivery opening without liability of being' torn.
In Figs. 7 to 9 the thirdform of this invention-i. illustrated. 111 this modification the delivery rollers 23 are provided with sh'ait'ts 2a; the-'- ends ofWv-hicli are" ou'rnall'ed in the ends 'of'resilient members prefer ably 'of spring metal, bent'to fornrsprmg arin' ortions 26, see particularly 7. In this construction the" main portion of each resilient *member 25 restson-th'e bottom o'f' th'ecabinet 10' and is rigidly secured thereto by'fasteni'ng means 27. The spring arms 26- position'the rollers 23'parallel to the longitudinaledges of the delivery opening 11 and hold them in a raised position spaced from the bottom of the cabinet.
scribed in'the first two forms of the invention may be employed for limiting the movement of-the rollers 23' and in this present instanceI provide stop pins- 28 which de-- fining the displacement of the rollers '23. Obviously, however, the arcuateslots may be employed with equal facility as may numerous other types of stop members with- Obviouslyeither otthe types of limiting stops deout in any manner affecting the principle of this invention,
From the foregoing it will be obvious to those skilled in this art that I have providedadispensingcabinet from which paper towels, napkins or the like may be withdrawn. without mutilating or otherwise tearing the same. This is assured because the pile of towels is normally supported by the resiliency mounted rollers and when a towel or the like is withdrawnt-he additional pres sure exerted upon one or the other of the rollers causes this rollerto be moved to a lower plane'than its companion-roller, thereby relatively relieving the pressure oi the pile of sheets'upon the portion o'lf the sheet that is beingwithdraw-n; Furthermore, these rollers provide anti-friction means whic-h assist--niaterial.ly.- in the delivery ot' the'sheet.
Obviously it may be found convenient to mount the supporting members illustrated in the first twoforms-of the'invention on the bottom, ends orsides ottl ie'dispensing cabinet, the principle ofitheinvention' While in.
in either case remaining the same. each instancell have illustrated the resilient roller supporting members as formed of fiat spring members, other resilient flexible supporting means maybe provided without sacrifieingany of the advantages of the present constructions.
Therefore I reservethe right to make SUClT-Cl'HLHgBS in' 'the arrangementand details of construction oi this invent-ion as may come with the purview ofthe accompanying" claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claiin is 1. A dispensingcabinet having a'bott'om provided with a delivery slotand'independ entsupporting means resiliently mounted in saidvcabinet Orr-opposite:- sides of said slots, one of said supporting means being lowered"relatively to the other, away from the-pile,up'on tlre withdrawal of:a sheet to relieve the pressure ofthe pile: on the sheet being" withdrawn;
2. A dispensing cabinet for paper sheets havinga slot/ in the bottom thereof, a pair of supporting men'lbers-located on opposite sides of the slot and means for mounting said members so-that upon withdrawal of a sheet the latter will actuate-- one of said. members to" lower the same to relievethe pressure of the pile of sheets upon the sheet duringwithdrawal, the pile of sheets being supported by the: other member.-
3. A; dispensing cabinet having a deliv ery slot, supportingmeans for the pile of sheets disp'osedl on: opposite sides of said slot, said supporting means embodying resiliently supported downwardly displaceable rollers, the withdrawal of a sheet being adapted to lowera the roller disposed .on
the side of the delivery slot from which the sheet is being Withdrawn to relieve the pressure of the pile of sheets upon the sheet during Withdrawal.
4. In a dispensing cabinet provided With a delivery slot in the bottom thereof, a pair of delivery rollers located on opposite sides of said slot, resilient supporting members for said rollers, stops for limiting the movement of said rollers, the Withdrawal of a sheet acting to lower the roller disposed on the side of the delivery slot from Which the sheet is being Withdrawn to relieve the pressure of the pile of sheets upon the sheet being Withdrawn.
5. In a paper sheet dispensing container having a bottom slot, a pair of movable paper sheet supports located on opposite ing a bottom slot, resiliently displaceablesupporting members mounted in said container and arranged on both sides of the slot and independently movable away from the pile of sheets for relieving the pressure on the sheet being Withdrawn, the other sup porting member remaining in load-sustainmg posltion.
MOSES M. MARCUSE.