US 1509845 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' 42 INVENTOR. 41 6% elaon Jfloby 3 A TTORNEY Patented Sept. 30, 1924.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
SHELDON s. ROLBY, on NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO HART AND Enron- INsoN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, or NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT, A COR- IPOBATION OF CONNECTICUT.
Application filed January 5, 1923. serial No. 610,843.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, SHELDON S. Bony, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New Britain, county of Hartford, and
State of Connecticut, have invented certam new and useful Improvements in Toilet Partitions, of which the following is a specification.
' This invention relates to toilet systems, and more particularly to an improved form of metallic toilet compartment having a back partition provided with a removable section to permit access to the piping and vent space in the rear of said compartment.
()ne object of this invention is to provide a toilet compartment of the above nature which will be simple, cheap to manufacture, neat in appearance, easy to erect and take down, and very efiicient and durable in use.
With this and other objects in view, there has been illustrated on the accompanying drawing one form in which the invention may be conveniently embodied in practice.
Fig. 1 represents a perspective view of a system of metallic toilet compartments, one
compartment being broken away to show the interior construction thereof.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the removable section of the back partition of said compartment, shown part y in section and with certain parts broken away.
Fig. 3 is a top view of the back partition, the rear uprights, and portions of the side walls of the compartment.
Fig. 4 is an end sectional view of said removable section, taken along the line 44 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 5 is a front sectional fragmentary view, on an enlarged scale, of one of the attaching hook-brackets and bolts for detachably securing the removable section to the uprights.
Fig. 6 is a top view of one of the attaching hook-brackets.
In the construction of metallic toilet systems, it has been customary to arrange the compartments in sets or rows. side by side, and to have the flush pipes from all of the toilets connected to a common supply pipe located in the vent space behind the toilet compartments. With the former type of toilet systems, when it was desired to make repairs, it was necessary to first remove the .ments. As will be evident, this former type of construction required that a space be provided between the last toilet of the row and the end wall of the-room to permit access to the side partition, and it was also necessary to make the vent space large enough for a man to enter. Ordinarily, in order to conserve space, it was customary to make the piping and vent space quite narrow, with the result that the plumber was obliged to work in a cramped position, and under poor conditions of ventilation and light.
According to the present invention, the above and other disadvantages have been eliminated. This has been accomplished by constructing each toilet compartment with a portion of its back wall removable so that the plumber will be able to reach into the rear vent space from each compartment. This present invention makes it possible to eliminate the side space formerly left between the last compartment and the end wall, and thus to utilize the entire floor space from wall to wall of the room. In addition, since it is no longer necessary for the plumber to bodily enter the vent space behind the partition, said space may be made mlplch narrower than was formerly permiss1 e. the plumber, mechanic or other repair-man may work directly over the pipes in the vent space without being cramped, and with plenty of light and air. Moreover, in installations'where two sets or rows of toilet com-' partments are arranged back to back, the adjacent backs of two opposite compartments may be removed, so that a helper can work directly opposite the plumber.
Referring now to the drawings in which like reference numerals denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, the toilet system herein illustrated comprises a series of six sheet metal toilet compartments, three on each side, arranged back to back, and having a vent section located therebetween. The side walls of each compartment are preferably raised slightly from the floor and are connected to a pair of front uprights 10 and a pair of rear uprights 11. The uprights 10, and 11 are preferably made from strips of sheet metal By means of'the present invention,
bent into rectangular shape, each upright preferably comprising a relatively wide channel member 12 tightly embracing or telescoping a pair of relatively narrow channel members 13 and 14. The narrow channel members 13 and 14 have their inner arms disposed on opposite sides of one of the side walls 15 and are connected together and to said side wall by a bolt 16 and nut 17. A series of four transverse head rails 18 and a pair of longitudinal head rails. 19 and 20 are joined to the top of the uprights in any suitable manner as by bolts, screws, rivets, orwelding, in order to form a rigid top frame.
Located in the front of each compartment is a hinged door 21 of usual construction, said door being provided wlth the customary handle 22. Each of the compartments is provided with a toilet bowl 23, located near the rear wall, said bowl having a vent pipe 23' a flushing pipe 24 extendlng rearwardly through the lower statlonary section 25 of said rear wall, into a central piping and vent space 26- where said pipes are connected to a common vent pipe and a common supply pipe, not shown respectively. The vent space 26 is closed at 1ts ends by a pair of partitions 27, 27, whlch may be permanently secured in place.
The stationary lower section 25 of the rear wall of each compartment is permanently connected to the rear uprights 11 1n any suitable manner, as by spot-welding or riveting. The upper section of said rear wall, however, is detachably mounted on said uprights 11. The detachable section comprises a main body 28, having L-shaped side flanges 29 and 30, said flanges being provided with sections 31 and 32 which are parallel to the main body 28 and are adapted to lie in front of the uprights 11, as
clearly shown in Fig. 6. In order to hold the removable upper member on the uprights 11, a pairof L-shaped side flanges 29 and 30 are provided, each of said side flanges having a pair of hook-brackets and 34 located at the top and near the bottom respectively. The hook brackets 33 and 34 are preferably spot-welded to the intermediate section of the flanges 29 and 30. The outer' section of each of said hook brackets is disposed parallel to the body 28 and has its lower edge formed with a vertical slot 35, each of said slots being adapted to fit over a bolt 37 mounted horizontally in one of the uprights 11, as clearly shown in Fig. 6. Each bolt 37 is provided with a rear head 38, and has its forward portion threaded at 39 to receive a nut 40, said bolt passing through alined apertures in the channels 12 and 13, and in the outer section of the hook brackets.
In order to form an overlapping joint between the movable and stationary sections of the rear wall of the compartment, the bottom of the body member 28 has a Z- shaped flange member 41 spot-welded to the body member at a series of points 42. The lower vertical edge of the Z-shaped member 28 extends in front of the top edge of the fixed bottom section 25 of the back, and is spaced therefrom by a forwardly extending horizontal flange 43 on said section 25.
In order to facilitate the manipulation of the removable member, a triangular shaped channel flange 44 is adapted to embrace the top of the body section 28, as clearly shown in Fig. 4, and is secured thereto preferably by spot-welding, "at a series of points 45.
In operation, whenit is desired to remove the detachable section 28 of the back of the toilet compartment, the four nuts 40 are first unscrewed from the bolts 39, thereby releasing the hook brackets 33 and 34. The operator then grasps the Z-shaped flange member 41 with one hand and the channel flange 44 in the other hand, and pushes upwardly until the hook brackets 33 and 34 have left the bolts 39. The removable section may then be readily moved forward and taken out of the compartment. It will then be easy for the operator to reach the piping in the vent space 26 in order to make necessary repairs.
While the invention has been'herein illustrated as applied to a toilet compartment, it will be understood that it may also be employed in various other constructions, such for example as shower bath compartments. dressing room compartments, etc.
While there has been disclosed in this specification one form in which the invention may be embodied, it is to be understood that this form is shown for the purpose of illustration only, and that the invention is not to be limited to the specific disclosure, but may be modified and embodied in various other forms without departing from its spirit. In short, the invention includes all the modifications and embodiments coming within the scope of the following claims.
Having thus fully described the invention, what is claimed as new, and for which it is desired to secure Letters Patent, is:
1. In a toilet system. a series of toilet compartments. a common piping and vent space communicating with each of said compartments. each compartment having a rear wall. a detachable panel in said wall adapted to permit access to said piping and vent space, said panel being removable without disturbing the piping in said toilet compartments or in said piping and vent space.
2. In a toilet compartment, a pair of rear uprights, a partition comprising an upper and a lower section secured to said uprights, the upper section of said partition being detachable, said detachable section Ill) having its side and bottom edges provided with L-shaped flanges, the flanges on the side edges having hook members, bolts mounted in said uprights and adapted to fit within said hook members to form seats therefor, the flange on the bottom edge of said upper section being adapted to overlap the top edge of the lower section of said partition when the parts are in closed position.
3. In a toilet compartment, a pair of rear uprights, a partition extending between said uprights, said partition comprising a stationary lower section and a removable upper section, said upper section having a bottom flange overlapping the upper edge of the lower section of said partition, each side edge of said upper section having an L- sha ed hook-bracket secured thereto, each of sai uprights having a bolt extending horizontally therethrough, to form a seat for one of said brackets, each of said brackets having a vertical slot in its lower edge adapted to fit over one of said bolts, and nuts threaded on said bolts for detachably locking the removable upper section in position.
4. In a toilet compartment, a pair of rear uprights, a partition extending between said uprights, said partition comprising a stationary lower section and a removable upper section, said upper section having a bottom flange overlapplng the upper-edge of the lower section of said partition, each side edge of said upper section having an L- shaped hook-bracket secured thereto, each of said uprights having a bolt extending horizontally therethrough, to form a seat for one of said brackets.
5. In a toilet compartment, a pair of side walls, a rear wall, a pair of uprights at the joints between said side walls and rear wall, said rear wall having a removable member detachably connected to said uprights, whereby said removable member ma be disengaged from said uprights to permit access to the space behind said compartment.
6. In a toilet compartment, a pair of uprights, a partition extending between said uprights and having a removable upper section, said removable section having a slotted bracket on each of its side edges, each of said uprights having a bolt adapted to form a seat for one of said brackets, and nuts threaded upon each of said bolts to detachably lock the removable member in closed position.
7. In a toilet compartment, a pair of uprights, a partition extending between said uprights and having a removable upper section, said removable section comprising a sheet metal body having forwardly offset flanges at the side and bottom edges thereof, the flange at said bottom edge being adapted to overlap the top edge of the bottom section of said partition, said side flanges being adapted to overlap said uprights, and means for detachably securing said side flanges to said uprights.
8. In a toilet compartment, a pair of uprights, a partition extending between said uprights and having a removable upper section, said removable section comprlsing a sheet metal body having forwardly offset flanges at the side and bottom edges thereof, said side flanges adapted to overlap said uprights, and means for detachably securing said side flanges to said uprights, the top of said removable member having an enlarged loop-shaped rib to form a handhold for manipulating said removable upper section.
9. In a toilet system, a toilet compartment having side walls and a rear wall, said rear wall having a removable upper section to permit access to the piping space behind said compartment, the bottom of said re movable section having a Z-shaped flange, said flange being adapted to overlap the stationary top edge of the bottom section of said rear wall.
10. In a toilet compartment, a pair of rear uprights, a rear partition extending between said uprights, side walls connecte to said uprights, said rear partition having a removable upper section, the side edges of said removable upper section having forwardly extending flanges, a plurality of L- shaped hook brackets spot-welded to said flanges and means for detachably securing said brackets to said uprights.
11. In a compartment for toilets, dressing rooms, and the like, a pair of side walls, a rear wall, said rear wall having an upper section and a lower section, said upper section being removable to permit access to the space behind said rear wall, said upper section being detachably held in position by hooking means and being adapted to be unhooked by sliding it upwardly with respect to said lower section.
12. In a unit compartment for toilets, dressing rooms, and the like, a pair of side walls, a rear wall, said rear wall having an upper section and a lower section, said upper section being removable to permit access to the space behind said rear wall, said upper section being provided with hooks, supports for said hooks, said upper section being released by sliding it upwardly to disengage said hooks from said supports.
In testimony whereof, I have aflixed my signature to this specification.
bHELDON S. ROBY.