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Publication numberUS1509898 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1924
Filing dateAug 27, 1923
Priority dateAug 27, 1923
Publication numberUS 1509898 A, US 1509898A, US-A-1509898, US1509898 A, US1509898A
InventorsGeorge E Mcconnell
Original AssigneeGeorge E Mcconnell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1509898 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. E. M CONNELL VELOCIPEDE Filed Aug. 27, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEY Sept. 30 1924-;

s. a. MCCONNELL VELOCIPEDE 2 Sheets-Shunt Filed. Aug. 27 1923 INVENTOR AITORNEY Patented Sept. 30, 1924.

, To all whom it may concern:


cnoaen n. ireconnm, or AURORA, rumors.


Application filed August 27,1923. ierial Ro. 659,577.

Be it known that I, GEORGE in. MOCON- 'NELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Aurora, in the county of Kane and State of Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Velocipedes, of

which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to toys and more particularly to a toy of the type such as commonly known as scooters, and an object of the invention isto provide a device of this type which embodies a simple, practical driving mechanism which is operatively connected to the rear axle of the scooter to permit the scooter to be propelled with relatively small effort on the part of the child operating it.

Another object of this invention is to provide a scooter or toy as specified which embodies means whereby the normally idle movement of the operating lever is converted into a power generating movement, thereby causing application of driving power to the driving axle of the scooter upon both the upward and downward movements of the operating pedal or-lever.

Other objects of the invention will appear in the following detailed description taken in connection withthe accompanying draw-' in s-wherein:-

ig. 1 is a side elevation of the improved scooter.

Fig. 2 is atop plan of the scooter.' Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a vertical section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2. V

Fig. 5 is a detail section taken on the' line 5-5 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is a detail section on the line 6 -6 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 7 is a fra showing parts bro line 7-7 of Fig. 2.

Referring more particularly to the drawin'gs, the improved wheeled toy or scooter comprises a supporting frame 1 which is refen away and taken on the erably constructed of a single piece 0 bar metal and comprises the side. rails 2 upon which the platform 3 is supported, and which have the rear driving axle carried .hfv their rear ends. The forward ends of rails 2 are bent inwardly and upwardly as shown at 5, and are connected by asuitable coupling structure. of any approved type as indicated at 6 to the fork 7, the lower end of which carries thefront axle 8 while is provided with a entially spaced perip entary vertical section,-

the upper endcarries a gripping handle 9. The rearv drive axle 4 has a pair of driving -wheels 10 thereon and it also has a gear 11 mounted thereon which meshes witha gear 12 carried by the shaft 13.

Braces 14 are carried by the platform 3 I and have their free ends inserted through.

as clearly shown in Fig. 4: of the drawings.

A shaft 15 is carried .by the upper ends of the braces 14, and it has an operating lever 16 rockably mounted thereon, the forward end of which lever is widened to provide a foot rest as shown at 17 which has up-standing flanges 18 on its ends so as to prevent a childs foot from sliding off the foot rest. The operating lever 16 has a rearwardly extending arm 19 formed thereon and a downwardly extending" arm 20 formed thereon. The rearwardly extending arm 19 has a cord 21 connected thereto which is coiled about a drum 22 mounted on the shaft 13. The shaft 13 is supported by suitable inwardly extending extensions 24; formed on the side rails 2. The drum 22 is connected to the shaft13 through the medium of a coil spring 25 which 1s tento prevent the cord 21 from moving or slipping laterally off of the drum and the drum is provided with a hub extension v2? which lurality. of circumferher-a1 recesses 28. Pawls 29 are pivotally mounted in the recesses 28' andthey are urged outwardly into engagement with the ratchet teeth 30 by springs'31. The ratchet teeth 30 are formed on the inner perimeter of a flange 32 formed on one side of the'gear 12. The gear 12 has a second flange 33 formed thereon which is rovided with internal ratchet teeth 34 wit which the awls 35 -cooperate. The pawls 35 are carried by the drum 36, in the same manner in which the pawls 29 are carried by the drum 22. The cord 37 which is connected to and winds about the drum 36 is connected to the arm 20. A spring 38 is attached to the forward end ofthe frame 1 and is connected by! means of a suitable cord, cable or the like 39 to the arm ,20, as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 7 of the drawings. v

The flange=32 has'ratchet teeth 40 on its outer perimeter with which a spring pressed pawl 41 engages to prevent over-running or reversed rotation of the gear 12 and consequentl of the rear axle 4 and drive wheels 10 uring operation of the device.

In operating the device, when the lever 16 is forced downwardly b the foot of the operator, itwill move t e arm 19 up- 'wardly and unwind the cord 21 from the drum 22, which will, through the medium of the pawls 29 impart rotation to the gear 12 and then 'as the downward pressure is relieved on the lever 16, the spring 38, which is tensioned when the lever 16 is moved downwardly, will reflex and through; its connection with the arm 20 will move the arm 20 forwardly, and move the lever 16 upwardly during which time the arm 19 will move downwardly. The forward movement of the arm 20 will unwind the cord 37 from the drum 36 which cord has been wound upon the drum 36 during the downward movement of the lever 16 by the coil spring 45. The rotation of the drum 36 will be transmitted to the gear 12 through the medium of the pawls 35 and ratchet teeth 34 which are arranged to rotate the ear in the same direction in which it would be rotated 'b the drum 22; thus power will be administered to the car 12 on both the upward and downwar movement of the lever 16, which power is transmitted from the gear 12 to the gear 11 and to the driving axle 4 for propelling the vehicle or scooter. It is, of course, to be understood that the invention may be constructed in other manners and the parts associated in different relations and, therefore, I do not desire to be limited in any manner except as set forth in the claims hereunto appended.

Having thus described my invention what I claim is I 1. A velocipede comprising a driving axle, a pivotally mounted operatlng lever adapted to be forced downwardly by manual pressure, a spring connected to the lever for moving the lever upwardly, means including the spring associated with the lever for transmitting driving power to said drivin axle upon both downward and upwar movement of the lever, and means for preveiliting reversed rotation of the driving ax e.

' 2. A velocipede comprising a driving axle, a platform, an operating lever pivotally carried by the platform, a power transmission shaft, ears connecting said power transmission s aft and drive axle, a rearwardly and a downwardly extending arm connected to said operating lever, means connecting said arms and said ears for rotating the gears ositively upon th downward and upwar movement of said operating lever, and a spring'connected to one of said arms for moving said operating lever upwardly.

3. A velocipede of the character described comprising a wheeled su porting frame including side rails, a plat orm arranged on the frame, fparallel s aced braces arising from the plat orm and aving their lower ends bent at right angles and secured to the inner sides of the side rails, an 0 crating lever pivoted intermediate its en s between the braces, a downwardly extending arm formed on the lever at its pivot point, a driving axle rotatably mounted in the rear ends of the side rails, a power transmission shaft gear connecting said shafts for cooperative association, means for driving said power transmission shaft including a pawl actuated means, drums resiliently mounted to the power transmission shaft and ada ted to impart rotation to the pawl actuate means, said drums being connected to the operating lever and downwardly extending arm respectivel and a fixed coil spring adapted to rotate said drums and move sald operating lever upwardly simultaneously for its downward propulsion stroke.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4761014 *Apr 28, 1987Aug 2, 1988Huang Kung HsiungPropulsion of scooters
US4779863 *Jun 26, 1987Oct 25, 1988Yang Kuey MRunning exercise bicycle
US6209900 *May 27, 1998Apr 3, 2001Yoshiki Industrial Co., Ltd.Cycle provided with a moving fulcrum type leverage
US6619682Sep 21, 2001Sep 16, 2003Cactus Marketing Services, L.L.C.Scooter
US7686316 *Nov 30, 2006Mar 30, 2010Peter David PasternakPedal drive mechanism
US20040004341 *Jul 3, 2003Jan 8, 2004Cactus Marketing Services, L.L.C.Scooter
US20070120341 *Nov 30, 2006May 31, 2007Pasternak Peter DPedal drive mechanism
US20080247014 *Apr 5, 2007Oct 9, 2008Fein Gene SData system for storing holographic media
EP0475875A1 *Aug 12, 1991Mar 18, 1992Blanco Juan Manuel PerezMeans for moving scooters and skates forward due to the effect of the user's weight
WO2003004303A3 *Jul 1, 2002Mar 13, 2003Cactus Marketing Services L LScooter
U.S. Classification280/258
International ClassificationB62M1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB62M1/30
European ClassificationB62M1/30