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Publication numberUS1510359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1924
Filing dateNov 27, 1923
Priority dateNov 27, 1923
Publication numberUS 1510359 A, US 1510359A, US-A-1510359, US1510359 A, US1510359A
InventorsGale Alfred Van
Original AssigneeGale Alfred Van
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair waver and curler
US 1510359 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 30 1924.

A. VAN GALE HAIR WAVER AND CURLER Filed Nov. 27. 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet l IN V EN TOR.' z A TT ORNEYS.

i 22? i, Q

I; @Jy/ffl@ @w 1,510,359 Sept. y A. VAN GAI-E HAIR AwAvER AND CURLER Filed Nov. 27, 1923 2 sneeze-sheet 2 7 /4/ /57 L 76 Z4' /5 f /7 o "m /7 6 yf] (jf INVENTOR; m/af A TTORNEYS.

Patented Sept. 30, 1924.

UNITED STATES ALFRED VAN GALE, F NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.

HAIR wAvEn. Nn cUnLEn.

Application lled November 27, 1923. Serial No. 677,206.

T o all whom it may concern.'

- Be it known that I, ALFRED VAN GALE, a citizen of the United States, residin at Newark, in the county of `Essex and tate of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hair Wavers and Curlers; and I do hereby declare the following vto be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates, generally, to improvements in devices for waving and curl-- ing human hair; and the invention .has reiference, more particularly, to a novel ha1r waver or curler for womens use.

The invention has for its principal object to provide a novel construction of hair waver and curler upon which the hair may be wound; the device having means for lockin'g or fastening the same against accidental separation from operative relation to the hair; and the body of the device being of a polygonal shape 1n cross-section, so as to provlde angular portions around which the hair may be bent, whereby a well-del'irled wave is imparted to the tress of hair wrapped around the body of the device.

Other objects of this invention are to provide a novel construction of hair waver and curler, the body of whichis adapted to co' operatively receive a novel heating element designed for use therewith; and, furthermore, to provide a novel means for supplying s-uiiicient moisture to the hair waver and curler device, that in treating the hair an initial combination of heat and moisture may be rovided to first soften the hair and render t e same more readily conformable to the shaping action of the waver or curler body.

@ther objects of this invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, willbe clearly understood from the following detailed description of the same.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of the novel hair waver and curler device applied to the head of the user; said view also showing the operative application of the detachable heating element to the device; Figure 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the body of the device, the heatin element -being shown in part elevation and in part section. Figure 3 is a side elevation or face view of the device and the heating element therefor; Figure 4: is another side elevation of the de-v vice, with the heating element withdrawn therefrom, said heating element being partly broken away; Figure 5 is a cross section of the device taken on line 5-5 in Figure 2, said view being drawn on a slightl enlarged scale, and showing a tress o hair operatively wound thereon; Fi re 6 is another cross section, taken on ine 6--6 in Figure 2, also drawn on an enlarged scale; Figure 7 is another cross section, taken on line 7 7 in Figure 2, also drawn on an en-4 larged scale; Figure 8 is a fragmentary perspective of a portion of the body of the device, showing one side wall partly broken away to disclose the moisture retaining element and the heating element disposed within the interior of the device; Figure 9 is a perspective Aview of the moisture retaining element per se; and Figure 10 is a fragmentary View showing the method of dipping the device in water prior to use in order to saturate the moisture retaining element thereof.

Similar characters of reference are employed in all of the hereinabove described views, to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring now to said drawings, the reference character 11 indicates the hollow or tubular body of the novel hair waver and curler device. This main body is made of an angular shape in cross-section, preferably of triangular form, so as plurality of iaces, the junctures of adjoining faces providing angular portions or 1ongitudinal ribs 12 around which the tress of hair to be treated ma be bent, when wrapping said tress of hair around the body of the device.

Said main body 11 is provided at the end of one of its faces with a perforate ear or bearing member 13, in which is journaled the transverse hinge or pintle portion 14.- of a longitudinal clamp-bar 15. Said clampbar 15 is thus hingedly secured to .one end of the body 11 so as to extend longitudinalto provide a i ly over one face of the latter. Said clampbody 11.

a plurality of catch teeth or serrations 16. Pivotally connected by its journal portions 17 to the walls of said main body 11, and so as to extend transversely over the outer end of the face of the latter over which said clamp-'bar 15 extends, is a retainer or keeper loop 17, adapted to cooperate with the serrated end of said clamp-bar.

Suitably secured by one end in connection with another face ofsaid main body 11, so as to extend longitudinally o-ver said face, is a spring clip element 18, the tension of which tends to move the same toward the face of the main body to which it is attached.

rlhe above description specifies the main or essential features of the novel hair Waver or curler device. ln applying the saine to thedhair, the Jfollowing methods may be pursue The clamp-bar 15 is released and turned upwardly and back away from the main The user then takes the tress ot hair to be treated, and winds the same about the main body 11, until the latter is brought close to the head, whereupon the clamp-bar 15 is turned over and downwardly across the hair thus wound on the main body, and the keeper-loop 17 is turned upwardly over the serrated end of the clamp-bar 15 to engage in one of the notches intermediate adjoining serrations or teeth 16. lf the users hair is abundant or thick, the keeper-loop 17 will be engaged with a serration or tooth 16 toward the extremity of the clamp-bar, the keeper-loop 17 then standing substantially at right angles to the face of the main body, thus providing the maximum space between the main bod 11 and the clamp-bar 15. lf, however, the liair is thin or so short as not to bulk: so largely on the body 11 when wound thereon, the keeper-loop 17 will be swung inward to engage with one of the inner teeth or serrations 16, in which position said keeper-loop will incline toward the face of the main body, thus pressing the clamp-bar more closely toward the face of the latter, and accordingly reducing the space between the clamp-bar and main body. F rom this description it will be understood, that the position of the clamp-bar, when operatively locked over the hair wound on said main body, may be varied to conform to the bulk or amount of hair 'thus engaged with said main body, so that under all circumsta-nces the device will be securely retained in operative relation to the hair.

lt will be understood, that in winding the hair over the main body, the tress thereof is caused to be bent rather sharply over the angular portionsor ribs 12 at the junotures of adjoining faces oiE the main body 11, so itv `follows that a decided or pronounced wave or curl to the hair, as the case may be, will be more readily produced.

lf the user'possesses bobbedL hair, it is tound to be more didicult to apply the device by windng the hair thereon because of the comparatively short length ot the tresses, it being rather difficult to hold the ends of the tresses against slipping until the winding ot the hair on the main ody is fairly started. 'lhese difficulties are overcome in the present invention by the provision oit the spring clip element 18. lin the case of bobbed hair, the' ends oi the tress thereof, to be wound upon the main body 11, are iirst caught under the spring clip element 18, and are clamped thereby to one face of the .body 11, being thus held against slipping while winding the hair upon said body 11. Alter the trees is wound upon said body 11, the clamp-bar 15 is closed and locked over the same in the manner already above described.

ln some instances it may be desirable, as

for example in producing ringlets or curls instead of waves, to wind the tres: of hair upon the clamp-bar 15, and then lock down the latter against the main body 11 to hold the-device in operative relation to the hair.

The above-described essential features of the hair waver and curler device may be satisfactorily used, as above described without heat or moisture, if so desired, the device in such easel requiring to be left in the hair for a comparatively long period of time. When, however, quick results.are desired, it is advisable to apply heat, either alone or in combination with initial moisture, whereby the time required for the operation of either waving or curling may be greatly shortenedo ln order to provide a convenient means for applying heat, l have devised for combination with the above-described Waver and curler device a novel construction of heating element. 'll`his heating element comprises an iron 19 in the form of a rod, having a suitable handle member 20 attached to one end thereof, said handle member being preferably made of a material which is a poor conductor of heat so that the user may conveniently manipulate the iron when the latter is heated. Slidably mounted on said iron 19 is a heat retaining sleeve 21, which is ot a diameter larger than the diameter oit the iron 19, and which possesses at its respective ends inwardly projecting annular flanges 22 which bear and slide on the iron, thus leaving a heat retaining chamber 23 intermediate the surface of the iron and the cylindrical walls of said sleeve 21. ln order to retain said sleeve 21 cooperatively connected with the iron 19, the latter is pinched or llattened at one point 'to provide stops 24, which by engagement with the flanges 22 of the sleeve 21, limits the sliding movement of the latter on the iron. rlhe diameter ot the iron 19 is oil' such size Lthat it may be easily inserted into the interior of the hollow main body 11 of the curler device through an open end of the latter. The iron 19 is heated to the'desred degree, and then its free end is inserted into the body 11. The movement of the iron into `the body 11, engages and stops the sleeve 21 against the end of the body, causing said sleeve 21 to slide back on the iron as the latter penetrates the body .11. When thus entered 1n the bod 11, the heat from. the iron radiates to an heats the walls of the body -11, and thus subjects the hair wound on the latter to the effect of heat. The sleeve 21 encloses much of that portion of the iron 19 which does not enter the body 11, and aids in retaining the heat of the iron against a too quick loss by radiation to the atmosphere.

The main bodyV 11 is also provided with means for retaining a certaln amount of moisture, should it be desired to utilize the effect of moisture with heat from the iron 19 lin the treatment of the hair. This moisture retainin means comprises a clipl or frame 25 preerably made of metal to form a pair of spaced arms 26, between vwhich is secured, by the embrace of the same, a pad element 27 made of felt or other material adapted to absorb moisture. The clip or frame 25 with its arms 26 is of such shape that it may be inserted within the outer end of the tubular main body 11, so as to be rictionally retained within the same, preferabl with its arms 26 disposed transverse y of the interior of said main body 11.

The walls of said main body 11 are provided with longitudinal rows of perforations or openings 28, which communicate with the interior of said main body 11. Before wrapping or winding the hair to be treated about the main body 11, the same is dipped or submerged in water, in the manner indicated in Figure 10 of the drawings, whereupon water will be absorbed by the pad element 27. The user thereupon Wraps or winds the hair upon the main body 11, and then locks down theclamp-bar 15 over the same, as already described. The iron 19, having been heated, is thereupon thrust into the interior of the main body 11 until its free end is stopped against the inner arm 26 of the clip 25, to which the heat of the iron is transmitted, and which in turn transmits heat to the moisture saturated pad element 27. The heat `thus vaporizes the moisture, which vapor or steam finds its way out of the interior of the main body 11 through the perforations or openlconforms itself to the cross-sectional contour of the body 11. The continued heat,

changes may be made inthe various arrangements and combinations of the several devices and parts, as well as in the details of the construction of the same, without departing from the scope of this invention as set forth in the foregoing specification,

and as defined. in the appended claims. Hence, I do not limit my lnvention to the exact arrangements and combinations of the several devices and parts as described in said specification, nor do I confine myself to the exact details of the construction of said parts as illustrated inthe accompanying drawings.

1. A device of the kind described, comprising a body of angular cross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, a keeper loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, and the free end of said clamp-bar having a plurality o catch means selectively engageable by said keeper loop.

2. A device of the kind described, comprising a body of angular cross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, the greater portion of said clamp-bar having formed therein a series ofundulations, a transverse keeper loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, and the free end portion of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said kee er loop.

3. A device of the kind described, comprising a body of angular cross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, the reater portion of said-clamp-bar having ormed therein a series of undulations, a transverse keeper loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, the free. end portion of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said keeper loop, a longitudinal spring clip element associated with another face of said bod and means for securing an end of said cllp element to said body adjacent to one end of the latter.

'4. A device of the' kind described, comprising a body of angular cross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, a keeper loop ati bil)

pivoted to the opposite end ot said body, and the tree end ot said clamp-bar having a plurality ot catch means selectively. engageable by said keeper loop, a longitudinal spring clijoelement associated with another tace oit said body, and means for securing an end ot said clip element to said body adjacent to one end ot the latter.

5. A device oli the kind described, comprising a tubular body 4ot angular cross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally Iconnected with one end ot said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, a keeper-loop pivoted to theopposite end ot said body, the tree end ot said clamp-bar having a plurality oi catch devices selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, and a detachable heating iron for insertion into the interior of said body.

6. A device of the kind described, cornprising a tubular body of angularcross sectional shape, a clamp-bar pivotally connected With one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one face of the latter, a keeper-loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, the free end of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch devices selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, a detachable heating iron for insertion into the interior of said body, a longitudinal spring clip element associated with another face of said bod and means Jfor' securing an end of sai clip element to said body adjacentto one end of the latter.

7.. A device ot the kind described, comprising a tubular body of angular cross sectional shape, the Walls ot said body having longitudinally disposed rows of pertorations communicating with the interior of said body, a clam -bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one-face ot the'latter, a keeper-loop Eivoted 'to the opposite end of said body, the tree end ot said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch devices selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, a moisture absorbent pad positioned Withln said tubular body adjacent to the outer end of the latter, and a detachable heating iron for insertion into the interior ot said body.

8. A device ot the kind described, comprising a tubular body ot angular cross sectional shape, the vvalls ot said body having longitudinally disposed rovvs of peritorations communicating with the interior olD said body, a clamp-bar pivotally connected vvith one end oru said body to extend longitudinally over one tace oit the latter, a keeper-looppivoted to the opposite end ot said body, the tree end ot saidclamp-bar having a plurality ot 'catch devices selectively engageable by said tubular bod adjacent to the outer end ot the latter, a etachable heating iron :tor insertion into the interior ot saidbody, a

longitudinal yspring clip element associated attenua with another tace oil said body, and means tor securing an end ot said clip element to said body adjacent to one end oi the latter.

9. A device ot the kind described, comprising a tubular body oi triangular shape in cross-section, a clamp-bar pivotally 4connected with one end ot' said body to entend `longitudianally over one tace ot the latter,

the greater portion ot said clamp-bar having ilormed therein a series of undulations, a transverse keeper-loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, and the tree end portion ot said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said keeper-loop.

l0. A device of the kind described, comrising a tubular body of triangular shape 1n cross-section, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over one tace of the latter, the greater portion of said clamp-bar having formed therein a series of undulations, a transverse keeper-loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, the free end portion of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, a longitudinal spring clip element associated with another face of said body, and means for securing an end of said clip element -to said body adjacent to one end of the latter. f

l1. A device of the kind described, comprising a tubular body vot triangular shape in cross-section, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end of said body to extend longitudinally over the face of the latter, the. greater portion of said clamp-bar having Jformed therein a series of undulations, a transverse keeper-loop pivoted to the opposite end of said body, the Jfree end portion of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, the Walls of said body having n longitudinal rovvs of perforations communieating with the interior of said body, a moisture absorbent pad, a metallic clipframe tor embracingand holding said pad, said pad and its trame being secured Within the outer end of said body, and a detachable heating iron tor insertion into the interior ot said body, said heating iron having a hollovv heat retaining sleeve slidably disposed thereon..

l2. A' device ot the kind described, com- -yprising a tubular body oi triangular shape in cross-section, a clamp-bar pivotally connected with one end ot said body to extend longitudinally over one tace ot the latter` the greater portion ot said clamp-bar having formed therein a series et nndulations, a transverse keeper-loop pivoted to the opposits end of said body, the tree end portion of said clamp-bar having a plurality of catch teeth selectively engageable by said keeper-loop, the vvalls ot said body having longitudinal rows of perforations communicating with the interior of said body, a moisture absorbent pad, a metallic clip- -rame for embracing and holding said pad,

said pad and its frame being secured within the outer end of said body, a detachable heating iron for insertion into the interior of said body, said heating iron having s, hollow heat retaining sleeve slidably disposed thereon, a longitudinal spring clip element associated with another face of said body,

and means for securing an end of said clip element -to said body adjacent to one end of the latter.

In testimony, that I claim the invention 15 set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this 24th day of November, 1923.

ALFRED VAN GALE. Witnesses:

GEORGE D. RICHARDS, FLORA

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3934114 *Jun 20, 1974Jan 20, 1976Sperry Rand CorporationHair styling device having vapor generating means
US4009367 *Jan 29, 1975Feb 22, 1977Conair CorporationSteam-producing curling iron
US4034201 *Apr 28, 1975Jul 5, 1977Clairol IncorporatedSteam curling iron having interchangeable hair winding mandrels
US4710609 *Mar 27, 1986Dec 1, 1987Michael SwitlickiProcess for heating hair curlers by microwave energy
US4866248 *May 19, 1987Sep 12, 1989Wahl Clipper CorporationHair curling iron for providing three-dimensional Z-shaped curls
US4984591 *Jun 20, 1988Jan 15, 1991Conair CorporationOrthogonally asymmetric geometric hair rollers
US5120933 *Jul 27, 1988Jun 9, 1992Wahl Clipper CorporationCurling iron having flattened heating tube and depressions in selected surfaces
US5884635 *Apr 16, 1998Mar 23, 1999O'brien; Aideen ConnollyClamping hair curler system
US6138685 *Jan 19, 1999Oct 31, 2000O'brien; Aideen C.Clamping hair curler system
US7243661 *Jan 7, 2005Jul 17, 2007Helen Of Troy LimitedHair styling appliance
DE2409018A1 *Feb 25, 1974Aug 29, 1974Bristol Myers CoDampffrisierstab
DE2462344A1 *Feb 25, 1974Mar 17, 1977Bristol Myers CoDampffrisierstab
DE2462344B2 *Feb 25, 1974Oct 5, 1978Bristol-Myers Co., New York, N.Y. (V.St.A.)Title not available
DE2462344C3 *Feb 25, 1974Aug 22, 1985Bristol-Myers Co., New York, N.Y., UsTitle not available
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/233, 219/222, 132/255
International ClassificationA45D2/00, A45D2/12
Cooperative ClassificationA45D2/12
European ClassificationA45D2/12