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Publication numberUS1510416 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1924
Filing dateApr 15, 1922
Priority dateApr 15, 1922
Publication numberUS 1510416 A, US 1510416A, US-A-1510416, US1510416 A, US1510416A
InventorsFrederick Pietz, John Coletti
Original AssigneeFrederick Pietz, John Coletti
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Forceps
US 1510416 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

pto 1924' F.- PlETZ ET AL.

FORCEPS Filed April 15 1922 WITNESS:

Patented Sept. 3i), i924.

FBEDERICK IPIETZ AND JOHN COLETI'I, QF SAGINAW, MICHIGAN.

FORCEPS.

Application filed. April 15, 1922.

T0 all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that we, FREDERICK Prn'rz and JOHN CoLn'rTr, citizens of the United States, residing at Saginaw, in the county of Saginaw and State of Michigan, have invented new and useful improvements in Forceps, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to surgical apparatus, particularly to forceps designed primarily for use as a hemostat, the device being of such construction as to have a novel spring pressed pivot point which will operate positively to prevent any looseness of the jaws even after long continued use.

An additional object is the provision of a device of this character in which the handle members are provided with novel automatically operating locking means for holding the jaws clamped tightly wherever the device is used.

It is well known that forceps of this type are used by surgeons in closing blood vessels for preventing bleeding while operations are being performed.

It is also well known that after long use the ordinary forceps or hemostat becomes loose at the joint so that the handles have a certain degree of relative play which permit the jaws to relax their grip upon the vein or artery.

It is with these defects in view that we have designed the present device which is free from these objections and which is moreover capable of use not only as a hemostat but also for holding Sponges, gauze or in fact any other article or material used in surgery and in other arts.

An additional object is the provision of a device of this character which will be simple and inexpensive in construction, etilcient and durable in use and a general improvement in the art.

lVith the above and other objects and advantages in view, the invention consists in the details of construction to be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which;

Figure 1 is an elevation of the device,

Figure 2 is a side view,

Figure 3 is a detail longitudinal section through the pivot point,

Figure 4. is a cross section therethrough and Serial No. 553,039.

Figure 5 is a detail section showing the locking means. Referring' more particularly to the drawings we have shown our device as comprising a pair of similar members 10 which are plvoted in crossed relation as indicated at 11 and which have one end terminating in loops 12 constituting finger grips and their other ends terminating in jaws 13 which may be straight or which may be curved as shown in the drawings.

One of the essential features of the device is the provision of a recess 14 which is formed in one of the members 1() and which extends longitudinally thereof. Located within this recess is a bowed leaf spring 15 through which passes a reduced extension 16 on the pivot l1, the extremity of the extension being subsequently upset to provide retaining means.. The locking means consists of a pair of extensions 17 which are formed on theiinger loops 12 and which extend toward each other in overlapping relation as shown.V Carried by one extension 17 is a keeper 18 which is formed as a rivet passed through the extension and having one end upset as shown at 19 and the upper end formed as an enlarged head having an inclined face 2O and a shoulder 21. The other extension 17 is formed with a series of holes 22 within any one of which the keeper 18 may engage and one edge of each hole is preferably slightly beveled as indicated at 23.

The above described forceps are used in exactly the saine manner as those of the well known type and it will be observed that when the handles or finger grips are drawn together to exert the clamping action by the jaws 13 the keeper 18 will ride over the ex tension 17 formed with the holes 22, the keeper engaging within one of the holes with its shoulder 21 abuttingly engaging against the unbeveled face of the hole so that opening of the jaws will be positively prevented. It is to be noted that the bowed lea-f spring 15 associated with the pivot pin 11 always operates to maintain a tight joint and prevent any looseness whatever which might result 'from long continued use.

From the foregoing description and a study of the drawings it will be apparent that we have thus provided a simply cona structed and consequently inexpensive instrument which is high-ly advantageous for use as a hemostat inasmuch as slipping will be positively prevented by virtue of the peculiar pivotal connection and theA novel automatic locking means.

While We have shown and described the preferred embodiment of the invention, it is of course to be understood that we reserve the right to make such changes in the forni, construction and arrangement of parts as Will not depart from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claim. i

We claim:

ln forceps including a pair of handle members pivoted in cross relation, said handle members terminating at one end in tin-V ger grips and at their other ends in active jaws, lugs formed integrally upon the handle members near thetinger grin equipped ends thereot` and extending toward each other, one lug being formed With a plurality of openings extending therethrough and the other carrying a rivet having a projecting portion adapted to be engaged Wit-hin a selected one of said openings, Said projecting portion having a Abeveled surface and square retaining shoulder.

In testimony whereof We aliizr our signatures. i

FREDERICK PIETZ. 'JOHN COLETTL

Referenced by
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US5015249 *Dec 26, 1989May 14, 1991Nakao Naomi LEndoscopic stapling device and method
US5049153 *Jun 26, 1990Sep 17, 1991Nakao Naomi LEndoscopic stapling device and method
US5116347 *Jan 29, 1991May 26, 1992Butler Robert BTick remover for people and animals
US5156609 *May 3, 1991Oct 20, 1992Nakao Naomi LEndoscopic stapling device and method
US5222961 *Jan 8, 1992Jun 29, 1993Naomi NakaoEndoscopic stapling device and related staple
US5370648 *Dec 16, 1993Dec 6, 1994Cracraft; Danny S.Sliver and splinter removal apparatus with magnifying lens
US5487749 *Mar 23, 1994Jan 30, 1996Smith; James R.Surgical needle holder
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US5618308 *Dec 15, 1995Apr 8, 1997Wright Medical Technology, Inc.Surgical instrument capable of disassembly
US5620460 *Jun 22, 1995Apr 15, 1997Smith; James R.Surgical needle holder
US5707373 *Apr 26, 1996Jan 13, 1998Ikonos CorporationBone fastener and instrument for insertion thereof
US5746748 *Dec 27, 1995May 5, 1998Phyllis AdamsCircumcision instrument
US6205699 *Jun 30, 1998Mar 27, 2001Fabio BogniFish hook remover
US6258091May 30, 1997Jul 10, 2001Walter Lorenz Surgical Inc.Bone fastener and instrument for insertion thereof
US6270500Jan 31, 2000Aug 7, 2001Karl-Dieter LerchDevice for postoperative fixation back into the cranium of a plug of bone removed therefrom during a surgical operation
US6273903Nov 8, 1999Aug 14, 2001Peter J. WilkEndoscopic stapling device and related staple
US6328743Apr 6, 2001Dec 11, 2001Karl-Dieter LerchDevice for postoperative fixation back into the cranium of a plug of bone removed therefrom during a surgical operation
US6379363Sep 24, 1999Apr 30, 2002Walter Lorenz Surgical, Inc.Method and apparatus for reattachment of a cranial flap using a cranial clamp
US6494886Jun 22, 2000Dec 17, 2002Granit Medical Innovation, Inc.Off-set clamp mechanism and associated method for minimally invasive surgery
US6589244Apr 23, 2001Jul 8, 2003Walter Lorenz Surgical, Inc.Bone fastener and instrument for insertion thereof
US6685707Sep 25, 2002Feb 3, 2004Walter Lorenz Surgical, Inc.Cranial clamp and method for fixating a bone plate
US6726688Oct 22, 2001Apr 27, 2004Karl-Dieter LerchDevice for postoperative fixation back into the cranium of a plug of bone removed therefrom during a surgical operation
US6962591Mar 8, 2004Nov 8, 2005Karl-Dieter LerchDevice for postoperative fixation back into the cranium of a plug of bone removed therefrom during a surgical operation
US7122041Apr 15, 2003Oct 17, 2006Wilson-Cook Medical Inc.Clip device
US7833238Apr 19, 2005Nov 16, 2010Granit Medical Innovations, LlcEndoscopic anchoring device and associated method
US7967602 *Oct 7, 2008Jun 28, 2011John Theodore LindquistPliers for forming orthodontic wires
US8152822Nov 28, 2007Apr 10, 2012Cook Medical Technologies LlcCombination therapy hemostatic clip
US8425412Jul 11, 2007Apr 23, 2013Cook Medical Technologies LlcPapilla spreader
US8500739Apr 6, 2007Aug 6, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCSecuring device to secure fixation devices to bone portions
DE10101425A1 *Jan 13, 2001Jul 25, 2002Aesculap Ag & Co KgSurgical instrument with two swivel arms indents or recesses arms where they adjoin in swivel or adjoining area so arms can diverge in parallel for contact surface cleaning.
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WO1986004804A1 *Feb 5, 1986Aug 28, 1986Walton MedicalDevice for garotting a breast
WO1997029708A1 *Feb 7, 1997Aug 21, 1997Advanced MicroboticsBone fastener and instrument for insertion thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/205, 606/208
International ClassificationA61B17/28
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/2812
European ClassificationA61B17/28D