|Publication number||US1511340 A|
|Publication date||Oct 14, 1924|
|Filing date||Mar 5, 1923|
|Priority date||Mar 5, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1511340 A, US 1511340A, US-A-1511340, US1511340 A, US1511340A|
|Original Assignee||Paul Jackson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (34), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oce., M, w24. I www@ P. JACKSON COMBINATION TOOL Filed March 5, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet l vwe Info@ PUZ a716/(50M Oct. M
P. JACKSON COMBINATION TOOL Filed March 5, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 kso Patented Oct. 14,1924.
UNITED STATES PAUL JACKSON, OF PORT ARTHUR, TEXAS.
Application filed March 5, 1923. Serial No. 623,040.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Pam. JACKSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Port Arthur, in the county of Je'erson and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful improvements in a Combination Tool, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to a combination tool having for its rincipal object to provide a simple and e cient structure which is reliable for various purposes -and operations and which may be manufactured at a comparatively low cost.
A particular object of the invention is to provide a ratchet wrench which may be rotate in respect to its handle as may be deslre With the above and numerous other objects in view as will appear as the description progresses, the invention resides in certain novel features of construction, and in the combination and arrangement of arts as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawing- Figure 1 is a side elevation oi the tool showing the same with portions in an open position,
F ig. 2 is an edge elevation thereof,
Fig 3 is a simi ar view looking at the opposite edge,
Fig. a 1s a side elevation of the plier and wrench portion of the tool,
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing portions in section and a. cover plate removed in order to illustrate the ratchet mechanism for the wrench, and
Fi 6 is a longitudinal section taken substantially on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Referring to the drawing in detail it will be seen that the tool consistsvof a pair of pivoted handles 1 and 2 which terminate in plier jaws 3 and d. The portion 5 between the handle 2 and jaw 1i is reduced and passes through an opening or slot in the portion 6 between the jaw 3 and handle 1. A barrel member 7 fulcrums the handles and jaws together and is held in place by the plate 8 at one end while the other end is provided with a head 9 having a pocket 10 therein for forming a socket wrench. This socket Wrench is of the ratchet ty e and will be hereinafter referred to generally by the letter A. The intermediate portion of the barrel 7 of this ratchet Wrench A is constructed with an annular series of ratchet teeth 11 engageable by the springpressed pawl 12 slidably mounted in the pocket 13 provided in the portion 6. lA recess 14 is provided in the portion 6 and a rod 15 is diposed therein penetrating through the opening 16 and notched intermediate its ends as at 17 for engagement with the edge of this opening. This rod is bifurcated at its upper end so as to form a dog 18 which is held in normal engagement with the ratchet teeth 11 and an extension 18 normally abutting one side of the recess 14. A pair of springs 19 are disposed in the recess 14 and normally hold the rod 15 in the position disclosed in Fig. 5. rThis rod is slotted as at 2() intermediate its ends for receiving a pin 21 rotatably mounted in the recess 2O (it will be noted by referring to Figs. 1 and t that the ends of pin 21 are rounded) whereby the movement of the rod is limited. When it is desired to slightly adjust or rotate the ratchet wrench in relation to the handles 1 and 2, in order that the Wrench may be more easily engaged with a nut or the like, the rod 15 is swung down from the position as shown in Fig. 5, so as to disengage the notch 17 from the upper edge of opening 16 and then pushed in- Wardly so that the dog 18 which engages the ratchet teeth 11 will rotate the barrel 7. Referring particularly to Fig. 5 it will be seen that by pushing inwardly upon the rod 15 the spring 19 will be compressed while the spring 19 is stretched orI expanded. When the rod is released the springs 19 and 19 will return the same to its normal position. 1t is tc be noted that the movement of the rod is limited by the notch 17 engaging the edge of opening 16 and the extension 18 abutting one side of the recess 1t.
The portions 5 and 6 are notchedas at 2t which notches are normally registered with each other when the jaws 3 Vand e are in a closed position, and thus a wire may be placed in these notches and cut when the jaws 3 and l1 are opened. Rectangular recesses 25 are disposed in the handles 1 and 2 and when registered with each other form a square socket wrench.
The lower end or free end of the handle 1 terminates in a blade 26 and a reduced portion 27 is disposed between the blade and the handle. A similar blade 29 is provided with the slotted portion 30 for receiving the portion 27 and these portions 27 and 30 are piv- CilA a this blade and terminates ina wrench member 33 which may be-engaged with nuts hav- I in slots therein onftheir outer faces and in ot er contingencies.` The handle 1 is reduced as at 34 so that when the shank 32 is disposed adjacent thereto a pivoted button 35 may be f rotated in` engagement with the bifurcated terminal 33 and the shank held in closed position in relation to the handle 1.
The handle 2 terminates in ascrew-drivei' blade 34 and a reduced portion 35 is disposed between the handle and this blade f or being disposed in a slotted portion 36 pivoted to the portion 35 by a pin or other suitable means 37. On this portion 36 there is disposed an awl 38 at one end and a shank 39 at the other end which has a terminal forming a wrench. The handle 2 is reduced as at 40 for receiving the shank 39 so that a pivoted button 41 may be disposed over the bifurcated terminal so that the shank 39 may be held in closed position in relation to `tion thereof. It is desired, however, to
point out that numerous changes in the de tails of construction and in the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new is 1. In a tool of the class described, a handle, a rotatable barrel mounted in the handle and having a socket at one end and a series of ratchet teeth intermediate its ends, saidv handle provided with a pocket, a springpressed pawl in said pocket engagingl Said ratchet teeth,`said handle provided with a recess, a rod mounted in said recess, springs for holding the terminal of the rod in engagement with said ratchet teeth, said rod extending beyond the handle so that it may v be actuated for rotation of the barrel in the manner and for the purpose specified.
.2. In a tool of the class described, a ratchet wrench including a handle, a barrel rotatable in the handle and com rising a socket at one end and a series of ratclliet teeth intermediate its ends, said handle rovided with a pocket a spring-pressed paw in said pocket en aging said ratchet teeth, said handle provided with a recess, a rod in said recess and provided with a slot intermediate its ends, a pin disposed transversely of said recess passing through said slot for limiting the movement of said rod, a dog on the end of said rod engageable with said barrel so that the rod may be moved for rotation of the barrel, and
springs for normally holdin the rod with',
its dog in engagement wit teeth.
3. In a tool of the class described, a ratchet wrench including a handle, a barrel rotatasaid ratchet ble in the handle and comprising a socket head at one end and a series of ratchet teeth intermediate its ends, said handle provided with a pocket, a spring-pressed pawl in saidpocket engaging said ratchet teeth, said handle provided with a recess, a rod in said recess and provided with a slot intermediate its ends, a pin disposed transversely in said recess and passing through said slot limiting the movement of said rod, a dog formed on the end of said rod engageable with said barrel so that the rod may be moved for rotating the barrel, an extension at one end of the rod Within the recess, said rod provided with a notch engageable with one edge of the opening to said recess and said extension normally resting on one side of said recess, a spring mounted inthe recess at one end and having its other end engaged with the extension, and a second spring mounted in the recess and engaged with the rod adjacent its dog.
In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
PAUL JACKSON. Witnesses: l JEFF JOHNSON, Ro'i. L. RU'rAN.
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|U.S. Classification||81/60, 81/58.1, 7/131|