US 1511613 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M M, 1924. LSIILME W. JOERN CONCRETE REFUSE, CONTAINER Filed June 13. L922 2 Sheets-Sheet l Patented et. 14, 19241,
WILLIAM JOERN, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
CONCRETE REFUSE CONTAINER.
Application filed June 13 1922. Serial No. 567,903.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM JoERN, citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Concrete Refuse Containers, of which the following is a specification. f
This invention relates to an improved refuse container, being particularly designed for use as a garbage or ash box, and seeks, as one of its principal objects, to provide an eflicient container of this character which will be constructed of cement and thus highly durable and free from rust.
The invention has as a further object to provide a refuse container built up from a plurality of slabs forming the walls of the container.
Another object of the invention in this connection is to provide a container wherein the several slabs forming the container walls will be constructed to mate in such manner that the several walls may be securely locked in assembled relation.
And the invention has as a still further object to provide a container which may normally be tightly closedbut wherein the container may be readily emptied.
' Other and incidental objects will appear hereinafter;
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved refuse container,
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view taken medially through the device,
Figure 3 is a perspective view showing the walls of the container disassembled,
Figure 4; is a detail sectional view showing the manner in which the walls are locked together, and
Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view showing one of the guide rails for the doors of the device.
In carrying the invention into effect, I preferably form my improved refuse container of a plurality of cement slabs assembled to produce the container. More particularly, I employ a bottom slab 10, side slabs 11, end slabs 12 and atop slab 13. These slabs may, of course, be varied in dimensions to meet the requirements of the container desired and, if found necessary, may be appropriately reinforced, as by the use of reinforcing rods, for strengthening the slabs. As best shown in Figure 3, the
and bottom edges of the slabs.
bottom slab 10, which slab forms the bottom wall of the container, is provided in its upper face with a marginal channel 11 and, as brought out in Figure 2, the lower edges of the side and end slabs are formed to snugly fit in said channel, the sideand end slabs being connected to the bottom slab by pouring fresh cement into the channel at the time the side and end slabs are set in position. Accordingly, when the cement sets, the side and end slabs will be firmly united with the bottom slab and, preferably, a fillet 14 of cement is formed in the angles between the side, end and bottom slabs to define rounded corners at the bottom of the container.
The side and end slabs 11 and 12 form, of course, the side and end walls of the container and,-as best brought out in Figure 3,
these slabs are each cut away at their ends to define reversely presented offsets or shoulders 15 lying midway between the top The slabs are thus adapted to mate in the manner shown in Figure 1, the shoulders of the slabs abutting and, in this connection, it is to be observed that by disposing the shoulders medially between the top and bottom edges of the slabs, as indicated, the side slabs as well as the rear end slab may be reversed end for end. Assembly of the slabs will thus be facilitated. Set into the shoulders 15 to lie flush therewith are, as shown in detail in Figure 4, mating sleeves or sockets 16 and engaged in said sleeves are pins 17 locking the several slabs in assembled relation. If desired, the side and end slabs may also be cemented together at their meeting faces. In assembling the slabs, three of said slabs are first connected by means of the locking pins 17 when the fourth slab is then connected at one vertical edge by an other of said pins. The final one of the pins is then mounted at the oppositevertical edge of the latter slab and in order that said slab may be swung into place, the mating offset of the adjacent slab is chippedaway to accommodate the projecting end of the pin. Preferably, that one of the sockets .16 removed by thus chipping away said offset is positioned over the projecting end of the pin mentioned so that after. said slab has been swung into place, plastic cement may be applied to again form the offset with the socket embedded therein. The top slab 18, which slab forms the top wall of the container, is provided at its lower side with a marginal vchannel 18 and, as shown in Figure 2, the side and end slabs are formed-at their'u'pper edges to snugly fitin said channel, fresh cement being preferably poured into the channel at the time the top; slab is applied, for sealing the-slab in position. Formed int-he forward end slab to open through the bottom edge thereof is a front door 'openingll and formed in the-top slab is a top "door opening '20 which, however,
'ably,-the rails .are-each provided with a seterminates short of the forward edge of the latter :slab'. Embedded in these slabs, at opposite sidesof the-. door openings therein,
are parallel metal-guide rails 21 which, as shown in detail in F gure 5, are substantially z shaped in cross'sectron and ate thus "provided with bottom flanges sunk inthe slabs for timely securing the rails ,in' positi-on as well as Wit-htop. flanges overhanging the-slabs in, spaced relation thereto. :1 Prefen rieswof openings 22 therein through which 'the cement of the slabs may enter, when plastic, for further securing the rails against displacement. Slidable loetween the top flanges-of the rails of the front door opening 519 is a preferably metal frontidoor 23 and slidable beneaththe top fiang'esof the rails of the top door opening 26 is a top door..2 TThe front door 23 will, of course, normally gravitate to closed position and attention is nowdirected to the fact that the top slab 13 is tapered in thickness to wardits forward edge so that when the-top door 24 is closed, this: door will be held closed due to the inclination of the top face of the top slab. However, the top door may, of course, be readily shi fted to open position, so that refuse may be easily -dumped into the 'containerjthrough the top door opening. To clean the container, the front door '23 is opened, when vthe contents of-the container may bereadily drasvnout I through the frontdoor opening. 1 I 'acoo1'dspirit of the appended claims.
Having thus described the, invention, what claimed as new is: A -c 1. A concrete'refuse container formed ofimating top, bottom, end and side slabs one provided with a door opening therein, guide rails sunkinto said slab at opposite sides of the door: opening, and a d o slidable between said :rails normally closing thedoor opening.
2., A concrete refuse-container formedot mating top, bottom, side and end slabs, the
top slab being provided with a dooropeuing therein,guiderails at opposite sides of said openingwprovided at their lower margins w th ,fianges embedded in the top slab and at their upper margins with flanges ex- 1 tending toward each other in the direction of the opening, and a door slidable between said rails retained by the latter flanges thereof and normally closingthe door open- .ing,
3. A concrete refusetcontainer formed of mating top, bottonnend 'and side slabs, the -side=-and and slabs being formed with anal:-
ing ofi'sets, alinedanetal sleeves permanent- 1y embedded in said Qififsets reinforcing saidclfsets and forming sockets, andpins snugly fitting at their end portions in said sockets to extend between the offsets locking the side and end slabs in assembled relation.
In testimony whereof I'aflix'my signature.
WILLIillllE JOERN. he]