|Publication number||US1511775 A|
|Publication date||Oct 14, 1924|
|Filing date||Aug 14, 1919|
|Priority date||Aug 14, 1919|
|Publication number||US 1511775 A, US 1511775A, US-A-1511775, US1511775 A, US1511775A|
|Inventors||Frederic Rioux Eugene, Lee Colter Robert|
|Original Assignee||Frederic Rioux Eugene, Lee Colter Robert|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E. F. RIOUX ET AL ICE APPLICATOR m. M 1924. LHJS Filed Aug. 14 1919 3 Sheets-Sheet l if; iuux Lml EP and Um; M- 19 24. MMJYS E. F. RIOUX ETAL ICE APPLICATOR 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Aug. 14 1919 JTQE.
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. .ICE APPLICATOR Filed Aug. 14 1919 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 EEL%,
Patented @ct. M, W241.
IlEUGml'E FIREDERIC RIOUX, 015 NEW YORK, N. 'Y., AND ROBERT LEE COLT l:
it or WAUCHULA, FLORIDA.
ICE APPLICATOR Application filed August 14:, 1919. serial No. 317,608.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, EUGENE F. Bronx, a subject of the King of Great Britain, and ROBERT L. CoL'rER, a citizen of the United 5 States, residing at New York, New York,
and VVauchula; Florida, respectively, have invented certain new and USGflIl IIHPIOVG- ments in an lfice Applicator, of which the following is a specification. y
Our present invention relates to devices for applyin ice to the human body for the reduction temperature, for relief of inflammation and in the treatment of pain, and relates more particularly to such as is particularly well adapted to be applied to the head and retained in the desired. adjusted position, but is also susceptible of use as an external remedy in the application of heat ,or cold to other parts of the 1:0 hody.
The principal objects of our invention are, first, to provide an applicator comprising a bag shaped at its underside to substantially the shape of the frontal bone of the skull and adapted to extend overa portion of the temporal bones and including means for for retaining the bag against accidental displacement, so arranged that a portion of the bag may beshifted from over the forehead to an over the crown of the head, or vice versa, should one portion or the other become cool to that extent where it is objectionable; Second,
to provide an applicator embodying a bag and retaining means therefor as aforesaid, so arranged that a portion of. the bag may be manually shifted by the patient without danger of it becomin displaced and 'so that the greater portion 0% the weight of the bag and its contents may rest upgn the pillow, as when a person is resting in bed, thus re lieving from time to time the weight upon the forehead; third, to provide an applicator bag for ice or ice water which will permit a substantial portion .of the cooling medium to flow and come to rest over the temples where such is most desired, with the remainder of the device either over the forehead or crown of the head; fourth, to provide a retaining means for the bag so which is readily adjustable to efiectively retain the bag in adjusted position on the head of the person; and fifth, to provide a bag and retaining means therefor so artill . applicator.
ranged that all of the parts may be made and attached to one another by non-corrodt5 ible material.
Other objects and advantages of our invention will be more fully set forth in the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which drawings:
Figure l is a side elevation of an ice applicator constructed according to our invention, as in use, extending over the fore- 06 head of the patient.
Figure 2 is a similar view showing the bag shifted to rest umn a pillow and extend over the crown of the head of the patient.
Figure 3 is a perspective view of the Figure dis a view similar to Fig, l, but showing the bag in transverse vertical section.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary lon 'tudinal vertical sectional view through the ag with a portion of the connections in operative i'elation thereto.-
F'gure 6 is a perspective view of a por- W tion "of the retainin means.
In the drawings, w ere similar characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views, A designates generally the bag to contain ice water, provided with a filler e5 cap B; and C means for retaining the bag against accidental displ m about the head of the user.
'It is preferred to I form the bag -A of rubber or other suitable flexible material, an elongated in shape with the underside 7 concave longitudinally and transversely so as to fit nicely over the frontal bone of the skull, or in other words, the foreh and extend over a portion of the tempera e5 bones when the device is in use, the end portions 8 of the bag tapering so as to form lobes to overlie the temples, and in which the ice or other cooling mediunrmay flow and come to rest,asshowninFigu-iie5of the we drawings so as to efi'ectively cool the tema ples. The inlet opening 9 for ice or liquid may be surrounded by an internally screwthreaded'flange 10, which may be made-of ,hard rubber, or similar material, to receive l the screw threaded projection 11 of the mp B it preferred to also form the cap of non-oorrodible material, such as rubber or celluloid.
In practice it has been found that ice bags generally in use do not remain positioned, as desired with respect to the head, but often become displaced asthe patient moves about, and that it is undesirable to,
.permit the ice bag to remain over the forechin stra jectionabl'e. In the example shown this means comprises a strap-12 adapted to be disposed beneath the chin of the patient and hereinafter termed the chin strap; a strap 13 extending about the rear portion" of the cranium transversely thereof; and means 14 connecting the straps 12and13 to'the bag A adjacent the end portions thereof. The 12 may be made: adjustable in any suita le manner, in the example shown this being'accomplished by means of a friction member 13 engaging. the strap in such: a manner'as to be shiftable lon itudinally order to thereof and forming a loop 16. connect thestra s 12 and 13, a clas member 17 provided wit an eye 18 is carried by the looped portion 16, while one-end portion of strap 13 carries a c0 acting clasp member 19'provided with a tongue 20 adapted to extend through the eye 18. 'ghe other end portion of stra 12 may be connected to the I opposite end 0 strap 13 as by stitching as at The connectin means 14, disposed at each end portion 0% the bag may comprise a coupling member 22 connected with straps 12 and 13, and straps 23 securingthe coupling member to the bag. A strap 24 may also be provided connecting strap 13 .to the bag to prevent the strap 13 from shifting downwardly with respect .to the head.
In order that the adjustment of strap 12 may be moreeifectivh so as to adapt the applicator for use in connection with any particular patient, it is preferred to have. a slidable connection of strap 13"with each coupling member 22. This may be readily accomplished by dividing the strap 13' at its end portions into secondary straps 25 and 26; the ormer being trained through an elongated slot 27 of member 22, as clearly shown in'Fi re 6 of the drawing, this secondary strap eading from the main portion of the split strap to the slot 27 at one side of the member and then downwardly on the other side to its juncture with strap 12, while secvulcanized thereto.
bination an elongated bag orm bottom concave with respect to its majorsaid bag .on I the head of the user, includingstraps secured to the underside of the bag inwardly ondary strap 26 may be trained through the elongated slot 28, leading from the main portion of strap 12 at the other side of member -22'andthen downwardly from its opposite side to the juncture with strap 12, or its connection therewith. This arrangement also permits a shifting movement of the mombers 22 with respect to strap 13 as the bag is moved over the head of the user. It is preferred to dispose the straps 23 in diverging relation from the member 22, providing a space therebetween so that the coolin medium may be more eifectively dis se in close relation to the temples. hese straps 23 maybe-of rubber or other suitable material formed integral with the cap, or
In order to enable the atient to shift the bag from the position s own in Figure 1 to the position shown in Figure '2 of the drawings without displacing the retainin means from operative relation to the hea and also to perinit the lobes 8 to remain ad--.
j acent the temples, it is referred to connect the straps 12 and 13 to t e under side. of the bag as by means 14, in the example shown, the diverging end portions of the straps 23 being secured to the underside 7 of the bag,
as clearly shown in Figure 3 of the drawing. Thus when thestrap 12 is pro rly adjusted the means 0 retains alongitu inal portion of the under sides of the bag in intimate contact with the head of the user to retain the bag on the head but permitting shifting of other portions of t e bag to overlie the .forehead or the crown of the head, Figure. 2 of the drawings showing the manner in which the patient ma grasp the upper portion of the'bag in or er to shift it and so that a, ortion of its wei ht will rest upon the pil ow and expose t e fonehead. i
It is preferred to make the members 15 17, 19 and-22 of non-corrodible material such'as rubber or celluloid so that the applicator will be relatively light in weight and sanitary;
Chan s in details of, construction of'this' means may be made without departing 1. An ice applicator com risin .in' comwith its axis, and means for retainin of its end portions.
2. An ice applicator com risin bination an elongated bag orm in comwith its ,bottom concave with respect to' its major the underside of the bag I 3. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag, and means for retaining said bag on the head of the user, including straps secured to the underside of the bag inwardly of its end portions with lobes of the bag to overlie the temples of the user.
a. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag shaped to overlie the frontal bone and portions of the temporal bones of the skull of the user, a chin strap and a rear transverse cranium strap connected together at a point adj aoent each end portion of said bag, and means slidably connecting said straps with said bag adjacent its end portions.
5. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag shamd to overlie the frontal bone and portions of the temporal bones of the skull of the user, an adjustable chin strap and a rear transvelse cranium strap connected together at a point adjacent each end portion of said bag, and means slidably connecting said straps with said bag adjacent its end portions.
6. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag shaped to overlie the frontal bone and portions of the temporal bones of the skull of the user, a chin strap and a rear transverse cranium strap connected together at a point adjacent each end portion of said bag, a coupling at each end portion of the bag slidably connected with said straps, and diverging straps extending from said coupling and connected to said hag adjacent each end portion thereof.
7. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag shaped to overlie the frontal bone and portions of the temporal bones of the skull of the user, a chin strap and a rear transverse cranium strap connected together at a point adjacent each end portion of said bag, a strap connecting said transverse strap to the rear portion of said bag, and means connecting said chin and transverse straps to said bag at points adjacent the end portions of the latter.
8.. An ice applicator comprising in combination an elongated bag concave longitudinally on its underside, and means for retaining a longitudinal portion of the underside of said bag in intimate contact with the head of the user to retain the bag on the head but permitting shifting of the other portion of the bag to overlie the forehead or the crown of the head.
EUGENE EEEDERIC RIOUX. ROBERT LEE GULTEE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3090045 *||Sep 26, 1960||May 21, 1963||Hurst Howard Lee||Thermal head appliance|
|US4279037 *||Oct 15, 1970||Jul 21, 1981||Morgan Frank S||Adjustable headgear suspension|
|US5163425 *||Feb 16, 1988||Nov 17, 1992||Masao Nambu||Deformable cap for scalp cooling|
|US8236038||Apr 20, 2007||Aug 7, 2012||University Of Pittsburgh-Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education||Method and apparatus of noninvasive, regional brain thermal stimuli for the treatment of neurological disorders|
|US8425583||Feb 2, 2011||Apr 23, 2013||University of Pittsburgh—of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education||Methods, devices and systems for treating insomnia by inducing frontal cerebral hypothermia|
|US9089400||Apr 22, 2013||Jul 28, 2015||University of Pittsburgh—of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education||Methods, devices and systems for treating insomnia by inducing frontal cerebral hypothermia|
|WO2003047479A1 *||Dec 2, 2002||Jun 12, 2003||Paxman Coolers Ltd||Cover for human scalp cooling cat|
|U.S. Classification||607/110, 2/7|
|International Classification||A61F7/00, A61F7/10|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F2007/0001, A61F7/103|