US 1511881 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. H. GIBSON STORM SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed May 4, 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet l LSILII.
J. H. GIBSON STORM SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed May 4, 192-2 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 film I ans n. mason, or maoomwn, new roan.
Application filed may a,
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, James a citizen of the United States, and a resi dent of Brooklyn, in the county of. Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Storm- Sash Constructions, of which the following is a specification. i
My invention relates to building closures. The object of my invention is to provide a frame and sash construction which may be used in conjunction with the usual sash and window construction commonly used in building residences and in this connection serves to make amore complete shelter for the room which it protects in winter time.
A furtherobject is to provide a sash construction adapted to hold removable sash units which may hold glass sheets such. as used in buildings, or screens of wire mesh, or cloth, or metal sheets, or boards, etc., which are interchangeable and may be removed or changed at will and in an easy way. V y A further objectis to provide a frame and sash construction which may be manufactured and sold as an independent article ofmanufacture so that any one having a resiall deuce may purchase and install the sash in the building without employing a skilled mechanic. L
The novel features of construction are herein set forth and claimed, it being understood that the main casing or frame is adapted to hold any of the sash units made as a part of the construction, all of which are preferably made of the same size and shape as to their frame dimensions, and will therefore fit any space provided in the main frame or casing.
Referring to the drawings which form art of this application,
igure 1 is a perspective view of a frame and sash construction as it appears when installed in a window casin of a residential building, one side of sand casing being shown in vertical section to disclose the means used in holding the frame securely in position in said casing.
Figure 2 is a view shown in vartical crosssection taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Figure 3 is a horizontal view taken on line 33 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 1s a side view of the frame shown partly in section, and means'carried thereby H. Gmsom.
1922. Serial no. 558,372.
to support a sash in inclined relation there-v with.
Figure 5 is an illustrational view showing some details of the sash construction and means used for holding the sash in position in the frame.
Figure 6 is a view illustrating the thumbnut construction employed to hold the sash in theframe.
Figure 7 is a view of the inner side of the frame with the board construction used when the house is closed for a season or at night for purposes of safety or during a violent storm, etc.
Figure 8 is a perspective view of the outer side of said board construction.
Figure 9 is a view of a window mounted in the frame and viewed from the inner side of the room.
Figure 10 is a perspective view of a sash unit.
A, indicates thewindow casing of a building' of the usual .type constructed for a residence.
B and B respectively indicatethe usual guide channels for the sashes generally used,
vwhich are not herein shown.
C-indicates my new. frame which is set in the casing A on the outer side thereof at a short distance, usually from one to four inches from the'channel B, and held therein by laterally extending screws CC etc. which extend through the frame C and into the casingA. D indicates one of the removable sash units which is preferably made rectangular in 'form and fits closely'within a rectangular shaped-recess D formed in the frame C, and against a cloth or felt packing abutment strip D cemented or otherwise fastened permanently to the frame C. Each sash is provided with four corner angle braces of metal EE, etc., to hold the frame together and. at the same time to provide a wearing surface for the face of the thumb-nuts F and Spring-clips G which bear against it.
As shown in Figure 6, the thumb-nut F is carried by a threaded bolt F which extends through the fraine C from the outer side thereof, the nut screwing on the bolt F and bearing against the metal plate E mounted in the frame D. The face of the nut may be oblong in shape so that when turned in locked relation to the sash D it overlaps the sash to hold it in the frame C and when turned a quarter turn it unloc 's the sash. A yielding cushion H preferably of soft rubber, is interposed between the face of the frame C and nut F and serves to prevent the nut from unscrewing and to hold the bolt F from rattling when the nut-is in unlocked relation with the frame D. The end of the bolt is upset after the nut is screwed thereon to prevent the bolt from being unscrewed from the outside by any one.
The frame 0 is provided with a cross strip C through which extend two of pins I-I respectively which serve as a support for the upper sash D and alsoserve to hold a metal strip J which extends across the frame C and is attached thereto at each end by screws J 'J respectively. These pins also serve to hold the two spring clips GG in operative position.
One or more pins indicated by K may also be used as illustrated to support the strip J and also the upper sash D. Where the frames arevery large, two sashes may be used as indicated in Figure 1.
Referring to Figures 4 and 5, in order to secure ventilation of the room, provision has been made to support the sashes having air tight panels therein suchas glass, in open and inclined relation to the frame C as illustrated. The frame G is provided with a shallow recess L-L respectively in each side thereof near its upper end, and a'metal support M is held in each recess by a screw M on which it swings. The support M is provided with a slot M with one or more lateral extensions M. A pin N is carriedby each side of the respective sash D and extends into the adjacent slot M and may rest ineither of the extensions thereof to hold the sash at the desired angle. These supports M are made of spring material and readily. bend in a lateral direction to permit the removal of the sash when it is desired to remove the same from the frame Recefsses Q O are provided in the frame C to receive the projecting pins NN- respectively when the upper sash D is placed in the lower portion of frame 0.
Figures 7 and 8 show the construction of the board panel indicated by P, the two vertical strips P'P.' respectively being placed on the exposed side of thesaid panel D.
The lower end of the upper sash and the I upper end of the lower sash rest under the overlapping portions of the metal band J which holds them in position and therefore it is only necessary to unlock the thumbnuts F in order to freely remove the sashes. Now it will be noted that when each of ular sashes which are supported in the channels B and B are closed, a closed space or chamber is formed between them the size of which depends upon the distance they are spaced apart from each other, and therefore in winter time an air seal or insulating chamber is provided which serves materially in preventing the heat within the room from being conducted away.
It will be observed that the sashes are placed in and removed from their supporting frame entirely from the inside of the room, thus making it easy to remove them for purposes of cleaning, etc., and also preventing the Window from being opened from the outside, and all looking and fastening means are also located on the inner side, protectingthem in bad weather and if deemed desirable, the inner windows could be dispensed with and this type of construction substituted.
Having thus described my invention I claim as newi 1. In a closure construction comprising a frame, an upper and. lower panel member therein and retaining means carried by the upper and lower rails of said frame and engageable with the adjacent edges of said members, the combination of a. stri having shoulders and extending transverse y across saidframe, a band cooperating with said shoulders to form a recess receiving the lower edge of said upper member and the upper edge of the lower member respectively, spring clips engaging the respective sides of said members, and fastening means passing throu h s'aid clips and said band and securing t em to said strip.
2. In a closure construction comprising a frame, an upper and lower panel member therein and retaining means carried by the upper and lower rails of said frame and engageable with the adjacent edges of said members, the combination of an abutment piece having shouldered recess thereon including a band-plate and mounted in position to receive the lower edge of the upper member' and, the upper edge of the lower day of April A. D. 1922.
JAMES H. GIBSON. Witness:
FRANK M. ASHLEY.