|Publication number||US1512166 A|
|Publication date||Oct 21, 1924|
|Filing date||Dec 4, 1923|
|Priority date||Dec 4, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1512166 A, US 1512166A, US-A-1512166, US1512166 A, US1512166A|
|Inventors||Jr Beirne Gordon, Mccarty Robert|
|Original Assignee||Skenandoa Cotton Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Get. 21. 1924. 11,512,166
B. GORDON, JR, ET AL WINDING AND DYEING- MBCHANlSM Filed Dec. 4. 1923 INVENTORJS My 6M?" ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 21, 1924.
UNITED' STATES PATENT OFFICE.
IBEIRNE GORDON, JR, AND ROBERT MGGARTY, OF UTICA, NEW YORK, .ASSIGNORS TO THE SKENANDOA COTTON COMPANY, OF UTICA, NEW YORK,
acoaroaa'non or I NEW YORK.
. v WINDING AND DYEINQ MECHANISM.
Application and December '4, 192a. Serial-R0. 678,408.
To all whom it may canoe m:
Be it known that Bmm- GORDON Jr., and ROBERT MCCARTY, citizens of the U nited States, and residents of Utica, in the county 5 of Oneida and State of New York, h ave' invented certain new and useful Improvements in Winding and Dyeing Mechanism, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to the dyeing of yarn in the process of winding and more particularly to the application of the color or dye to the yarn intermittently or erio'dically so as to produce yarn having a ternate lengths colored and uncolored which is required fOr' producing certain desired eifects in the fabric, to be knitted or otherwise produced therefrom, and consists in .an improved and simplified device better ada ted for more successfully producing the a ter-' 80 nate or random dyeing ofthe 'yarn'than has been heretofore accomplished.
Our improved mechanism for the alter- .nate application of dye to yarn is designed particularly to be incorporated with and as 5 an attachment to the type of winding machine employing a traverse or reciprocating type of thread guide operatingin con unction'with the winding spindle, as for instance the winding machine known commercially as the Foster winder. An important feature of our improved device, as associated with the traverse type of winding machine, consists in the employment of the traverse or reciprocatin movement of the 86 yarn as the instrumentahty for making and breaking contact of the yarn with the color applying means for applying the color alternately to spaced lengths of the yarn as desired. The improved arrangement accord- 40 ingly effects a substantial economy of parts by the elimination of special mechanism to make and break engagement with the dye applying surfaces and moreover as associated with the specific type of winding ma- 46 chinereferred to possesses the further and valuable advantage of insuring uniform re? sults as to the length of and spaced relation of the dyed'portions irrespective of the speed of the winding operation and rate of the movement of the yarn through the machine.
Other important features and advantages of our improved mechanism will be understood by reference to the accompanying drawings-wherein like reference characters .tures of our invention as illustrated in Figof the accompanying description are applied to the corresponding parts in the several views.v
In the drawings our improved mechanism is illustrated diagrammatically of which,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of an approved in stallation.
Fig. 2 is a view in front elevation.
gig. 3 is a view in vertical cross-section an Fig. 4 is a view corresponding to the latter and lllustrating a suitable modified device for producin the alternate dyeing effect.
In the preierred embodiment of the feaures 1, 2 and 3 the improved mechanism for applying th'edye to theyarn in alternate lengths is shown incorporated with and operatively associated with atraverse acting widing machine of the type referred to wherein the :yarn a is passed upwardly from a supply-cop or bobbin 1 with a' continuous feed movement through stationary guide 2 and traverse guide 3 to the winding spindle where the yarn is wound upon eonical tubes or shells 4; to produce a conical spool as here illustrated, suitable for use assupply spools in knitting machines. In the standard type of traverse action winding machine, as here illustrated diagrammaticall the winding mechanisms are assemble and operated in multiple with the traverse or reciprocating thread guides 3 mounted upon a traverse bar 5 operating with a reciprocatin movement longitudinally of the bar an the tubes 4, or wound spools 4' are rotated by having bearing and driving engagement with continuously driven driving drum 6 mounted upon. the longitudinally extended driving shaft '7.
In accordance with our present invention, the means applying the color or dye to the yarn is positioned or interposed between the stationary yarn guide 2 and the traverse or reciprocating guide 3 in suitable manner 100 whereby the lateral motion imparted to the yarn will be operative to bring the yarn in and out of contact with a dye applying element. As here shown the means for applying the dyeto the yarn consists of a color roller 9 which is a cylindrical roller mounted upon the longitudinal extending roller shaft 10; it being understood that a" color 2v to, traverse and diameter fthe d e roll is suchthat its upper ripheral sur ace is in the normal path 0 the yarn passing from the guides uide 3 whereby the yarn when positionef contact with the roller surface to receive the dye therefrom; The-dye roll 9 is here shown positionedin alignment with the central transverse plane of the winding spindle and is of relatively shortened lengthwhereby the action of the traverse movement will move the yarn into and out of engagement with the color transferring or-outer peripheral surface of the roll. The length of the color'a plying surface of the color roll 9, as here s own, corresponds approximately to one-half the distance of the traverse 'movement of the yarn on the line -of engagement with the roll with the result that the yarn will be dyed in alternating lengths with intervening undyed lengths or' spacing corresponding to the length of the dyed ortions. The arrangement as describe thus provides for alternate or random dyein by the movement into and out ofv contact wit a dye roll of the yarn during its means for moving n'ormal traverse movement as related to the winding operations: 'In. addition to thereby eliminating the requirement of special the yarn into and'out' of contact with. the dye roll this arrangement offers the further advantage that the wiping contact of the yarn with the surface of the roll is a component of a forward motion related to the progressive feed of the yarn and a lateral motion transmitted by thetraverse guide resulting ina more efiicient and uniorm transferring of the dye to the yarn in that-the yarn is constantly enga ing a renewed surface. of the roller. As llustrated the dye sellers 9 are desirably formed with beveled or otherwise inclinedsurfaces 12 to facilitate thepassage of the yarn onto the acting surface of. the roll. I
As will be readily appreciated, the length of the dye ap lying rolls may be varied with relation to t e traverse J movement of the yarn to produce variations in the lengthof yarn to which the color is applied. This obviously may be accomplished by employ varying ing dyeln rolls of varying lengths orby e position of the guide roll with machine is run.
thereover will have wiping respectto the path of movement of the yarn.
In the operation of the winding mechanism of the type described it will be understood that the movement of the traverse guide 3 maintains a constant ratio with respect to the feed movement of the yarn'and accordingly, the application of color to the yarn in thedescribed arrangement will be uniform irrespective of the speed at which the In Figure 4 we have illustrated diagrammaticallyx a further and modified type of our mec anism" adaptedfor intermittently applying colon to yarn during the winding process wherein 12' indicates a supply cop or bobbin from which the yarn a passes upwardly through a stationary guide 13, through a traverse guide 14, to the wound spool 15 having bearing and driving support upon the driving drum. For applying the color in alternating lengths a segmental color roll 17 is suitably journaled tooperate within' a color trough or vat 18, the color roll in this instance being of a length to contact with the yarn throughout the full traverse movement, The roller 17 is suitably rotated .to efiectthe transfer of the color to the yarn when the segments arein position to engage the yarn and to leave portions of the yarn uncolored when the seg ments are in intermediate position'and accordingly out of contact with the yarn. This arrangement accordingly provides a mechanism suitable for the intermittent application of the color to the yarn with the advantage that. in the transfer of the-color to the yarn the yarn will be moved both forwardly and transversely over the periphery of the roll so as to obtain'an adequate and uniform supply of dye material therefrom'. a
While we have illustrated and described an approved embodiment of the features of our invention it will be understood that man variations may be made therein without eparting from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. It
is accordingl intended that all matter scribed, the combination with a winding ma chine comprising means to transfer yarn or the like from one holder therefor to an-. other and having a traverse or reciprocating guide operative to. impart a traverse movement to the yarn, of means to apply coloring matter to the yarn, intermittently, said' means being positioned within a portion of the plane of the traverse movement of the yarn whereby the coloring matter is transferred thereto by engagement of the yarn with the color applying means during a portion of its traverse movement only, substantially as described.
2. In a mechanism of the character described the combination with a winding machine comprising means to transfer yarn or the like from one holder therefor to another and having a traverse or reciprocating guide operative to impart a traverse guiding movement to the yarn, of means to apply coloring matter to the yarn intermittently, said means consisting of a color roller rotatable Within a dye bath and hav ing its upper color transferring surface positioned within the plane of the traverse movement of the yarn and having its said transferring surface of a length less than the transverse movement of the yarn in the line of contact therewith whereby the traverse movement will effect the alternate engagement and disengagement of the yarn with the roller for the coloring of the yarn in alternate lengths.
3. In a mechanism of the character described, the combination with a winding machine comprising means to transfer yarn or the like from one holder therefor to another and having a stationary guide and a traverse or reciprocating guide operative to impart a traverse guiding movement to the yarn, of means to apply coloring matter to the yarn consisting of a dye roller rotated within a dye bath, said roller having its u iper color transferring surface interposed etween the stationary and traverse guides and positioned within the plane of the traverse movement of the yarn and being of a length fractional of the length of the traverse movement of the yarn in the plane of contact therewith whereby the traverse movement of the yarn will alternately efi'ect engagement and disengagement of the yarn with the" color roller and the coloring matter will be transferred by a wiping contact of the yarn with the color roller as a component of a forward motion resulting from the feed movement of the yarn and a lateral motion transmitted thereto by. the traverse guide, substantially as described. I
Signed at Utica, in the county of Oneida and State of New York, this 27th day of November, A. D. 1923.
BEIRNE GORDON, JR. ROBT. MoCARTY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4047271 *||Jan 2, 1976||Sep 13, 1977||Interdye Technology Corporation||Method for space dyeing yarn|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H2701/31, B65H71/007|